Thung Chang District

Last updated
Thung Chang

ทุ่งช้าง
Thung Chang, Nan province, Thailand.jpg
Amphoe 5508.svg
District location in Nan Province
Coordinates: 19°23′14″N100°52′33″E / 19.38722°N 100.87583°E / 19.38722; 100.87583 Coordinates: 19°23′14″N100°52′33″E / 19.38722°N 100.87583°E / 19.38722; 100.87583
Country Thailand
Province Nan
Government
  District officerKiansak Pomthongkham
Area
  Total760.811 km2 (293.751 sq mi)
Population
(2013)
  Total18,375
  Density24/km2 (63/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code 55130
Geocode 5508

Thung Chang (Thai : ทุ่งช้าง, pronounced  [tʰûŋ t͡ɕʰáːŋ] ) is a district ( amphoe ) in the northern part of Nan Province, northern Thailand.

Thai language language spoken in Thailand

Thai, Central Thai or Ayutthaya or Siamese, is the sole official and national language of Thailand and the first language of the Central Thai people and vast majority of Thai of Chinese origin. It is a member of the Tai group of the Kra–Dai language family. Over half of Thai vocabulary is derived from or borrowed from Pali, Sanskrit, Mon and Old Khmer. It is a tonal and analytic language.

Amphoe Second level administrative subdivision of Thailand

An amphoe is the second level administrative subdivision of Thailand. Usually translated as "district". Amphoe make up the provinces, and are analogous to counties. The chief district officer is Nai Amphoe (นายอำเภอ). Amphoe are divided into tambons,, or sub-districts.

Nan Province Province in Thailand

Nan is one of the northern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are : Uttaradit, Phrae, and Phayao. To the north and east it borders Sainyabuli of Laos.

Contents

History

Thung Chang District dates back to the Khwaeng Khun Nan (ขุนน่าน), which was converted into the district Lae (และ) in 1914. In 1961 it was renamed Thung Chang, as the district office had been moved to tambon Thung Chang. [1] [2]

A khwaeng is an administrative subdivision used in the fifty districts of Bangkok and a few other city municipalities in Thailand. Currently, there are 180 khwaeng in Bangkok. A khwaeng is roughly equivalent to a tambon in other provinces of Thailand, smaller than an amphoe (district). With the creation of the special administrative area of Bangkok in 1972 the tambon within the area of the new administrative entity was converted into khwaeng. The recommended English translation is subdistrict.

Lae City in Morobe, Papua New Guinea

Lae is the capital of Morobe Province and is the second-largest city in Papua New Guinea. It is located near the delta of the Markham River and at the start of the Highlands Highway, which is the main land transport corridor between the Highlands region and the coast. Lae is the largest cargo port of the country and is the industrial hub of Papua New Guinea. The city is known as the Garden City and home of the University of Technology.

Tambon central government unit in Thailand

Tambon is a local governmental unit in Thailand. Below district (amphoe) and province (changwat), they form the third administrative subdivision level. As of 2016 there were 7,255 tambons, not including the 180 khwaeng of Bangkok, which are set at the same administrative level, thus every district contains eight to ten tambon. Tambon is usually translated as "township" or "subdistrict" in English — the latter is the recommended translation, though also often used for king amphoe, the designation for a subdistrict acting as a branch of the parent district. Tambon are further subdivided into 69,307 villages (muban), about ten per tambon. Tambon within cities or towns are not subdivided into villages, but may have less formal communities called chumchon (ชุมชน) that may be formed into community associations.

Geography

Neighboring districts are, from the east clockwise, Chaloem Phra Kiat, Pua, Chiang Klang and Song Khwae of Nan Province. To the north is Xaignabouli of Laos.

Chaloem Phra Kiat District, Nan District in Nan, Thailand

Chaloem Phra Kiat is a district (amphoe) of Nan Province, northern Thailand.

Pua District District in Nan, Thailand

Pua is a district (amphoe) in the central part of Nan Province, northern Thailand.

Chiang Klang District District in Nan, Thailand

Chiang Klang is a district (amphoe) in the northern part of Nan Province, northern Thailand.

The eastern part of the district is in the Luang Prabang Range of the Thai highlands. [3]

Luang Prabang Range mountain range in Laos and Thailand

The Luang Prabang Range, named after Luang Prabang, is a mountain range straddling northwestern Laos and Northern Thailand. Most of the range is located in Sainyabuli Province (Laos), as well as Nan and Uttaradit Provinces (Thailand), with small parts in Phitsanulok and Loei Provinces. Several rivers such as the Nan, Pua and Wa river, have their source in this range. Phu Fa waterfall, the biggest and the tallest waterfall in Nan Province, is also located in these mountains. This range is part of the Luang Prabang montane rain forests ecoregion.

Thai highlands Natural region in Thailand

The Thai highlands or Hills of northern Thailand is a mountainous natural region in the north of Thailand. Its mountain ranges are part of the system of hills extending through Laos, Burma, and China and linking to the Himalayas, of which they may be considered foothills.

Climate

Climate data for Thung Chang (1981–2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)35.8
(96.4)
36.4
(97.5)
38.7
(101.7)
40.3
(104.5)
39.9
(103.8)
37.5
(99.5)
36.8
(98.2)
36.5
(97.7)
35.0
(95.0)
35.0
(95.0)
34.4
(93.9)
33.5
(92.3)
40.3
(104.5)
Average high °C (°F)29.7
(85.5)
32.0
(89.6)
34.1
(93.4)
34.9
(94.8)
32.8
(91.0)
31.8
(89.2)
30.7
(87.3)
30.6
(87.1)
31.2
(88.2)
31.3
(88.3)
30.2
(86.4)
28.8
(83.8)
31.5
(88.7)
Daily mean °C (°F)20.4
(68.7)
22.1
(71.8)
24.8
(76.6)
27.2
(81.0)
27.0
(80.6)
27.1
(80.8)
26.5
(79.7)
26.3
(79.3)
26.0
(78.8)
25.3
(77.5)
22.5
(72.5)
20.4
(68.7)
24.6
(76.3)
Average low °C (°F)13.5
(56.3)
14.7
(58.5)
17.4
(63.3)
21.2
(70.2)
22.9
(73.2)
23.8
(74.8)
23.6
(74.5)
23.5
(74.3)
22.8
(73.0)
21.1
(70.0)
17.1
(62.8)
14.4
(57.9)
19.7
(67.5)
Record low °C (°F)7.0
(44.6)
8.6
(47.5)
10.5
(50.9)
14.2
(57.6)
18.0
(64.4)
21.0
(69.8)
20.0
(68.0)
21.4
(70.5)
17.5
(63.5)
13.6
(56.5)
9.3
(48.7)
2.6
(36.7)
2.6
(36.7)
Average rainfall mm (inches)22.5
(0.89)
15.3
(0.60)
46.2
(1.82)
120.5
(4.74)
220.1
(8.67)
216.2
(8.51)
328.2
(12.92)
386.7
(15.22)
270.0
(10.63)
90.5
(3.56)
20.5
(0.81)
13.4
(0.53)
1,750.1
(68.90)
Average rainy days2.01.54.310.018.017.821.724.518.410.73.21.2133.3
Average relative humidity (%)79747175828587898784807981
Mean monthly sunshine hours 322.4305.1350.3279.0220.1198.0161.2117.8183.0269.7264.0285.22,955.8
Mean daily sunshine hours 10.410.811.39.37.16.65.23.86.18.78.89.28.1
Source #1: Thai Meteorological Department [4]
Source #2: Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department (sun and humidity) [5]

Administration

Central administration

Thung Chang is divided into four sub-districts ( tambons ), which are further subdivided into 40 administrative villages ( mubans ).

Muban Administrative village in Thailand

Muban is the lowest administrative sub-division of Thailand. Usually translated as village and sometimes as hamlet, they are a subdivision of a tambon. As of 2008, there were 74,944 administrative muban in Thailand. As of the 1990 census, the average village consisted of 144 households or 746 persons.

No.NameThaiVillages Pop. [6]
1.Ponปอน82,761
2.Ngopงอบ115,551
3.Laeและ144,642
4.Thung Changทุ่งช้าง75,421

Local administration

There are two sub-district municipalities ( thesaban tambons ) in the district:

There are three sub-district administrative organizations (SAO) in the district:

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References

  1. nakornnan.com
  2. พระราชกฤษฎีกาเปลี่ยนชื่ออำเภอและตำบลบางแห่ง พ.ศ. ๒๕๐๔ (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 78 (33 ก): 382-. April 11, 1961.
  3. ดร.กระมล ทองธรรมชาติ และคณะ, สังคมศึกษา ศาสนาและวัฒนธรรม ม.1, สำนักพิมพ์ อักษรเจริญทัศน์ อจท. จำกัด, 2548, หน้า 24-25
  4. "Climatological Data for the Period 1981–2010". Thai Meteorological Department. p. 4. Retrieved 31 July 2016.
  5. "ปริมาณการใช้น้ำของพืชอ้างอิงโดยวิธีของ Penman Monteith (Reference Crop Evapotranspiration by Penman Monteith)" (PDF) (in Thai). Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department. p. 25. Retrieved 31 July 2016.
  6. "Population statistics 2013" (in Thai). Department of Provincial Administration. Retrieved 2014-12-03.