Thung Salaeng Luang National Park

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Thung Salaeng Luang National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
KaengSophaBelow.jpg
Kaeng Sopha waterfall
Thailand adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location within Thailand
Location Phitsanulok and Phetchabun Provinces, Thailand
Coordinates 16°49′40″N100°52′12″E / 16.82778°N 100.87000°E / 16.82778; 100.87000 Coordinates: 16°49′40″N100°52′12″E / 16.82778°N 100.87000°E / 16.82778; 100.87000
Area1,262 km2 (487 sq mi)
Established1963 (1972) (1975)
Visitors147,997 [1] (in 2015)
Governing body Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation
Phitsanulok Wildlife
Endangered

Tiger
Phayom
Hopea ferrea
Dalbergia oliveri

Vulnerable

Asiatic black bear
Hopea odorata
Sumatran pine

Near threatened

Siamese fireback
Oriental darter

National Parks

Kaeng Chet Khwae
Namtok Chat Trakan
Phu Hin Rong Kla
Phu Soi Dao
Thung Salaeng Luang

Contents

Thung Salaeng Luang National Park (Thai : อุทยานแห่งชาติทุ่งแสลงหลวง; RTGS: Utthayan Haeng Chat Thung Salaeng Luang ) is a 1,262 km2 (487 sq mi) national park in Phitsanulok and Phetchabun Provinces of Thailand. It encompasses substantial portions of Wang Thong and Lom Sak Districts. [1]

Topography

The park consists of limestone hills, slate and hardpan at altitudes ranging from 300 to 1,028 metres (984 to 3,373 ft), Khao Khae is the highest point in the park. [2] Thung Salaeng Luang is inlaid with meadows, especially in the southern portions of the park. The park is the source of numerous streams. There are large salt licks at Pong Sai in the northwest and Pong Thung Phaya in the southwest. The Wang Thong River flows through the park. [3]

History

Thung Salaeng Luang was proposed for inclusion in the national parks system In 1959. Thung Salaeng Luang was declared the 3rd national park in 1963, covering an area of 1,281.6 km2 (494.8 sq mi). At the request of the Thai Army 19.2 km2 (7.4 sq mi) were withdrawn from the national park. That is why a "new" national park area was created in 1972. Thung Salaeng Luang was "reestablished" as a national park on 27 May 1975, covering an area of 1,262.4 km2 (487.4 sq mi). [4] From the late-1960s to the early-1980s, the park's forest was used as a base for guerrillas of the Communist Party of Thailand. [3]

Flora

Deciduous dipterocarp and mixed evergreen-deciduous forest with lowland shrub, such as Mussaenda parva and broadleaved evergreen, such as Livistona palm and Mountain date palm. [5] :106 Plants include Barleria strigosa , Christmas berry and Pseuderanthemum andersonii . [5] :108
Flowers at Thung Non Son are: dok ngon nak (Murdannia giganteu), dusida flower, kradum ngoen and uang nuan chan orchid. [6] :106107

Fauna

The number of sightings in the park are:
Three species of mammals, include: [7]

One species of turtles in the park: [7]

Ten species of lizards, include: [7]

Fifteen species of reptiles, include: [7]

Four species of amphibians, include: [7]

This park is famous for its butterflies, such as Common archduke. [5] :104
The park has 113 species of birds, of which 78 species of passerines include: [7]

35 species of non-passerines, include: [7]

Places

Poi waterfall Thailand 336 poi waterfall.jpg
Poi waterfall

[6] :98101,106107 [8]

Climate

Sunrise at Thung Salaeng Luang N.P. Thung Salaeng Luang National Park.jpg
Sunrise at Thung Salaeng Luang N.P.

The average annual temperature is 25 °C (77 °F), although temperatures often reach 30 °C (86 °F) during late spring and early summer. The average annual rainfall is 1,700 millimetres (67 in). [3]

Malaria

Historically, malaria has been a health issue in the park. [3]

Effects of human presence

Communist insurgents as well as hill tribes and other intruders have destroyed some of the park's flora and fauna over the years. [3]

Facilities

There are seven bungalows at the park's headquarters and five bungalows at Nong Mae Na office, also four campsites but no concessions in the park. [3]

Related Research Articles

Phitsanulok Province Province of Thailand

Phitsanulok, one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces, lies in lower northern Thailand. It borders Sukhothai and Uttaradit on the north, Loei and Phetchabun to the east, and Phichit and Kamphaeng Phet to the south. In the northeast it borders Laos.

Chaiyaphum Province Province of Thailand

Chaiyaphum is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat) lies in central northeastern Thailand also called Isan. Neighboring provinces are Khon Kaen, Nakhon Ratchasima, Lopburi, and Phetchabun.

Phetchabun Mountains

The Phetchabun mountains are a mountain massif in Phetchabun, Phitsanulok, Loei and Chaiyaphum Provinces, Thailand. It consists of two parallel mountain chains, with the valley of the Pa Sak River in the middle.

Wang Thong District District in Phitsanulok, Thailand

Wang Thong is a district (amphoe) of Phitsanulok Province, central Thailand.

Namtok Kaeng Sopha

Namtok Kaeng Sopha is a waterfall in Wang Thong District, Phitsanulok Province, Thailand. It is in Thung Salaeng Luang National Park on the Wang Thong River off of Lomsak Road. It is the largest waterfall in Phitsanulok. Kaeng Sopha is a tiered waterfall shaped like a stairway. Kaeng Sopha is the subject of a June 2007 postage stamp in Thailand in the Thailand Waterfall series.

Wang Thong River

The Wang Thong River is a river in Thailand. Its source lies in the Phetchabun Mountains in the Khao Kho District, Thailand. It flows through Thung Salaeng Luang National Park and forms Namtok Sri Dit and Namtok Kaeng Sopha in the Wang Thong District of Phitsanulok Province, and finally flows through into the Bang Krathum District, passing through Ban Sam Ruen and on to the border of Phitsanulok and Phichit, where it drains into the Nan River at 16°31′06″N100°19′36″E. The land drained by the Wang Thong River is part of the Nan Basin and the Chao Phraya Watershed.

Topographical features within the Phitsanulok Province of Thailand include the Phetchabun Mountains, the Nan River and several of its tributaries, waterfalls, swamps, forests, grasslands, caves, a reservoir and an extensive network of canals. Populated areas of the province are largely cleared of natural vegetation and adapted for farming. The land in the province is in the Greater Nan Basin, which is part of the Chao Phraya Watershed. The province includes land within both of the greater Nan basin's sub-basins, i.e., the Nan Basin and Yom Basin. The provincial capital of Phitsanulok is sometimes called Song Kwae, the "city of two rivers", an ancient name dating to a time centuries ago when the Nan and Khwae Noi Rivers met near the city. These two rivers of the Phitsanulok Province are still of major significance to the residents of the region.

Namtok Chat Trakan National Park

Namtok Chat Trakan National Park is a national park located in Phitsanulok Province of Thailand, established in 1987. It encompasses Lam Kwae Noi, Daeng and Chat Trakan forests a substantial portion of Chat Trakan District.

This is a list of articles related to Thailand, sorted by alphabetical order. It represents the majority of articles contained within the Thailand category. For a list of key articles arranged by topic, see Outline of Thailand.

This is a list of articles related to Thailand, sorted by alphabetical order. It represents the majority of articles contained within the Thailand category. For a list of key articles arranged by topic, see Outline of Thailand.

Kaeng Tana National Park

Kaeng Tana National Park is in Khong Chiam District in Ubon Ratchathani Province, northeastern Thailand. It is on the Mun River. It was established on 13 July 1981 and is an IUCN Category II protected area.

Khao Kho National Park

The Khao Kho National park is located in Lom Kao, Lom Sak, Khao Kho and Mueang Phetchabun districts in Phetchabun province.

Phu Soi Dao National Park

Phu Soi Dao National Park, named after 2,120 m high Phu Soi Dao mountain, is a protected area at the southern end of the Luang Prabang Range in the Thai/Lao border area, on the Thai side of the range. It is located in Nam Pat District of Uttaradit Province and Chat Trakan District of Phitsanulok Province. The park was established as Thailand's 109th national park in 2008.

Doi Luang National Park

Doi Luang National Park is one of the biggest national parks in Northern Thailand.

Namtok Sam Lan National Park

Namtok Sam Lan National Park is a national park in Saraburi Province, Thailand. Other names for the park include Khao Sam Lan National Park and Phra Puttachai National Park. Home to waterfalls, reservoirs and forests, the park is located near the cave temple Wat Phra Puttachai.

Taksin Maharat National Park

Taksin Maharat National Park is a national park in Tak Province, Thailand. Home to Thailand's largest tree, the park also features waterfalls, caves, and rock formations.

Tham Pla–Namtok Pha Suea National Park

Tham Pla–Namtok Pha Suea National Park is a national park in Mae Hong Son Province, Thailand. It is home to caves, waterfalls and steep mountain terrain.

Neolissochilus subterraneus is a species of cyprinid cavefish that is endemic to the Tham Phra Wang Daeng cave within Thung Salaeng Luang National Park, Phitsanulok Province in Thailand. The genus name derives from the Greek words "neos", "lissos", and "cheilos"; they mean new, smooth, and lip respectively.

Tham Phra Wang Daeng, also known as the Cave of the Monk, is a deep cave located in Thung Salaeng Luang National Park, Amphoe Noen Maprang, Phitsanulok Province, upper central Thailand. It is the longest cave in Thailand, the distance is about 13 kilometers. Buddhist statues and relics, carvings and reliefs, a subterranean river, multiple bat colonies, and a trove of speleothems populate the cave. In 2003, a biological expedition to the cave resulted in the discovery of new fish species, including discoveries in the Balitoridae and Cyprinidae families.

References

  1. 1 2 "Thung Salaeng Luang National Park". Department of National Parks (Thailand). Archived from the original on 26 March 2016. Retrieved 24 March 2016.
  2. National Parks in Thailand (PDF). Department of National Parks (Thailand). 2015. p. 107. ISBN   978-616-316-240-3 . Retrieved 15 January 2021.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 National parks in northern Thailand
  4. "พระราชกฤษฎีกา กำหนดบริเวณที่ดินป่าทุ่งแสลงหลวง ในท้องที่ตำบลวังบกแอ่น ตำบลชมพู ตำบลบ้านมุง ตำบลไทรย้อย อำเภอวังทอง ตำบลหนองกะท้าว ตำบลบ้านแยง อำเภอนครไทย จังหวัดพิษณุโลก และตำบลน้ำชุน ตำบลแคมป์สน อำเภอหล่มสัก ตำบลท่าพล อำเภอเมืองเพชรบูรณ์ ตำบลวังโป่ง อำเภอชนแดน จังหวัดเพชรบูรณ์ ใหเป็นอุทยานแห่งชาติ พ.ศ. ๒๕๑๘" [Royal Decree: Determine the forest land area Thung Salaeng Luang in the area of Wang Nok Aen Subdistrict, Champoo Subdistrict, Ban Mung Subdistrict, Sai Yoi Subdistrict, Wang Thong District, Nong Kathao Subdistrict, Ban Yaeng Subdistrict, Nakhon Thai District, Phitsanulok Province and Nam Chun Subdistrict, Kaem Son Subdistrict, Lom Sak District, Tha Phon Subdistrict, Mueang Phetchabun District, Wang Pong Subdistrict, Chon Daen District, Phetchabun Province to be a national park. B.E. 2518 (1975)](PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 92 (101): 136–139. 27 May 1975. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  5. 1 2 3 4 Elliot, Stephan; Cubitt, Gerald (2001). THE NATIONAL PARKS and other Wild Places of THAILAND. New Holland Publishers (UK) Ltd. ISBN   9781859748862.
  6. 1 2 Amazing Phitsanulok (PHITSANULOK GUIDEBOOK). Phitsanulok Provincial Administrative Organization (PPAO). 2019.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Thung Salaeng Luang National Park". Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation. 2020. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  8. Phitsanulok. Provincial Development Stategy Group Phitsanulok. 2005. pp. 69–82. ISBN   974-458-068-2.