Thung Salaeng Luang National Park

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Thung Salaeng Luang National Park
KaengSophaBelow.jpg
Kaeng Sopha waterfall
Thailand adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location within Thailand
Location Phitsanulok, Phetchabun Provinces, Thailand
Coordinates 16°49′40″N100°52′12″E / 16.82778°N 100.87000°E / 16.82778; 100.87000 Coordinates: 16°49′40″N100°52′12″E / 16.82778°N 100.87000°E / 16.82778; 100.87000
Area1,262 km (784 mi) [2]
Established27 May 1963 [3]
Visitors52,126 [4] (in 2019)
Governing body Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation

Thung Salaeng Luang National Park (Thai : อุทยานแห่งชาติทุ่งแสลงหลวง, RTGS: Utthayan Haeng Chat Thung Salaeng Luang) is a 1,262 square kilometres (487 sq mi) national park in Phitsanulok and Phetchabun Provinces of Thailand. It encompasses substantial portions of Wang Thong and Lom Sak Districts. [5]

Contents

Topography

The park consists of limestone hills, slate and hardpan at altitudes ranging from 300 to 1,028 metres (984 to 3,373 ft), Khao Khae is the highest point in the park. [6] Thung Salaeng Luang is inlaid with meadows, especially in the southern portions of the park. The park is the source of numerous streams. There are large salt licks at Pong Sai in the northwest and Pong Thung Phaya in the southwest. The Wang Thong River flows through the park. [7]

History

Thung Salaeng Luang was proposed for inclusion in the national parks system In 1959. Thung Salaeng Luang was declared the 3rd national park in 1963, covering an area of 1,282 square kilometres (495 sq mi). At the request of the Thai Army 20 square kilometres (7.7 sq mi) were withdrawn from the national park. That is why a "new" national park area was created in 1972. Thung Salaeng Luang was "reestablished" as a national park on 27 May 1975, covering an area of 1,262 square kilometres (487 sq mi). [2] From the late-1960s to the early-1980s, the park's forest was used as a base for guerrillas of the Communist Party of Thailand. [7]

Flora

The park features numerous forest types, including hill evergreen, conifer, tropical evergreen, dry evergreen, mixed deciduous and dry dipterocarp forest.
Plant species have a significant variety:
Evergreen species: [6] [8] [9]

Dipterocarp species: [6] [8] [9]

Deciduous species: [6] [8] [9] [10]

Flowering plant species: [8] [9] [10] [11]

Carnivorous plant species include: [9] [11]

Orchids species include: [9] [11]

Fauna

The number of sightings in the park are:
Mammals, include: [2]

Birds, the park has some 170 species, of which some 115 species of passerine from 37 families, represented by one species: [12] [13]

Yellow-eyed babbler Yellow-eyed babbler (Chrysomma sinense) Photograph by Shantanu Kuveskar.jpg
Yellow-eyed babbler

and some 55 species of non-passerine from 20 families, represented by one species: [12] [13]

Indochinese roller Coracias affinis - Kaeng Krachan.jpg
Indochinese roller

Reptiles, include: [14]

Amphibians, include: [14]

Fishes, include: [14]

Butterflies, include: [10] [11]

Places

Poi waterfall Thailand 336 poi waterfall.jpg
Poi waterfall

Climate

Sunrise at Thung Salaeng Luang N.P. Thung Salaeng Luang National Park.jpg
Sunrise at Thung Salaeng Luang N.P.

The average annual temperature is 25 °C (77 °F), although temperatures often reach 30 °C (86 °F) during late spring and early summer. The average annual rainfall is 1,700 millimetres (67 in). [7]

Malaria

Historically, malaria has been a health issue in the park. [7]

Effects of human presence

Communist insurgents as well as hill tribes and other intruders have destroyed some of the park's flora and fauna over the years. [7]

Location

See also

Related Research Articles

Phetchabun Mountains

The Phetchabun mountains are a mountain massif in Phetchabun, Phitsanulok, Loei and Chaiyaphum Provinces, Thailand. It consists of two parallel mountain chains, with the valley of the Pa Sak River in the middle.

Wang Thong district District in Phitsanulok, Thailand

Wang Thong is a district (amphoe) of Phitsanulok province, central Thailand.

Namtok Kaeng Sopha Waterfall in Phitsanulok Province, Thailand

Namtok Kaeng Sopha is a waterfall in Wang Thong District, Phitsanulok Province, Thailand. It is in Thung Salaeng Luang National Park on the Wang Thong River off of Lomsak Road. It is the largest waterfall in Phitsanulok. Kaeng Sopha is a tiered waterfall shaped like a stairway. Kaeng Sopha is the subject of a June 2007 postage stamp in Thailand in the Thailand Waterfall series.

Wang Thong River

The Wang Thong River is a river in Thailand. Its source lies in the Phetchabun Mountains in the Khao Kho District, Thailand. It flows through Thung Salaeng Luang National Park and forms Namtok Sri Dit and Namtok Kaeng Sopha in the Wang Thong District of Phitsanulok Province, and finally flows through into the Bang Krathum District, passing through Ban Sam Ruen and on to the border of Phitsanulok and Phichit, where it drains into the Nan River at 16°31′06″N100°19′36″E. The land drained by the Wang Thong River is part of the Nan Basin and the Chao Phraya Watershed.

Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park

Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park is a national park located in the Loei and Phitsanulok Provinces of Thailand. The protected area is located in the forested mountains of the Luang Prabang Range close to the border with Laos and is part of the Luang Prabang montane rain forests ecoregion. The park was the base of operations of the long fight of Thai combatant in communist war of Thailand.

Topographical features within the Phitsanulok Province of Thailand include the Phetchabun Mountains, the Nan River and several of its tributaries, waterfalls, swamps, forests, grasslands, caves, a reservoir and an extensive network of canals. Populated areas of the province are largely cleared of natural vegetation and adapted for farming. The land in the province is in the Greater Nan Basin, which is part of the Chao Phraya Watershed. The province includes land within both of the greater Nan basin's sub-basins, i.e., the Nan Basin and Yom Basin. The provincial capital of Phitsanulok is sometimes called Song Kwae, the "city of two rivers", an ancient name dating to a time centuries ago when the Nan and Khwae Noi Rivers met near the city. These two rivers of the Phitsanulok Province are still of major significance to the residents of the region.

Namtok Chat Trakan National Park

Namtok Chat Trakan National Park is a national park located in Chat Trakan and Nakhon Thai Districts of Phitsanulok Province of Thailand, established in 1987. It encompasses Lam Kwae Noi, Daeng and Chat Trakan forests a substantial portion of Chat Trakan District.

Khwae Noi National Park is a national park in Chat Trakan, Nakhon Thai, Wang Thong and Wat Bot districts in Phitsanulok Province, Thailand, it was formerly known as Kaeng Chet Kwae National Park.

Nam Nao National Park

Nam Nao National Park is a protected area in Phetchabun Province in northern Thailand. The park is a large forest filled with pineries, grasslands, and jungle. The park is home to approximately 360 species of birds and 340 species of butterflies. The average annual temperature is 25 degrees Celsius (77°F). Between December and January temperatures drop to as low as 2-5 degrees Celsius (36-41°F). Nam Nao National Park is part of a Level I "tiger conservation unit" (TCU). It encompasses 1,000 square kilometres (390 sq mi).

Khao Kho National Park National park in Thailand

The Khao Kho National park is located in Lom Kao, Lom Sak, Khao Kho and Mueang Phetchabun districts in Thailand's Phetchabun province. The national park covers an area of 483 square kilometres (186 sq mi) and was established in 2012.

Phu Soi Dao National Park named after 2,120 metres (6,960 ft) high Phu Soi Dao mountain, is a protected area at the southern end of the Luang Prabang Range in the Thai/Lao border area, on the Thai side of the range. It is located in Ban Khok and Nam Pat Districts of Uttaradit Province and Chat Trakan District of Phitsanulok Province. The park was established as Thailand's 109th national park in 2008.

Tat Mok National Park

Tat Mok National Park is a national park in Phetchabun Province, Thailand. Established on 30 October 1998, it is the 87th national park in Thailand. Both park and the waterfall are named after Tat Mok Mountains.

Lam Nam Nan National Park is a national park in Thailand's Phrae and Uttaradit provinces. The national park covers an area of 999 square kilometres (386 sq mi) and was established in 1998, it is home to rugged mountains and the reservoir of the Sirikit Dam.

Ton Sak Yai National Park

Ton Sak Yai National Park is a national park in Nam Pat, Tha Pla, Thong Saen Khan and Mueang Uttaradit districts in Uttaradit Province, Thailand, it was formerly known as Khlong Tron National Park.

Tabo–Huai Yai Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary in Bueng Sam Phan, Nong Phai, Mueang Phetchabun districts of Phetchabun Province and Nong Bua Daeng, Phakdi Chumphon districts of Chaiyaphum Province of Thailand. The sanctuary covers an area of 652 square kilometres (252 sq mi) and was established in 1997.

Khao Noi–Khao Pradu Non-hunting Area is a non-hunting area in Mueang Phitsanulok District, Wang Thong District and Wat Bot District of Phitsanulok Province. It covers an area of 129 km2 (50 sq mi) and was established in 1998.

Wang Pong–Chon Daen Non-hunting Area is a non-hunting area in Mueang Phetchabun District and Wang Pong District of Phetchabun Province. It covers an area of 148 km2 (57 sq mi) and was established in 1987.

Khao Kho Non-hunting Area is a non-hunting area in Khao Kho District of Phetchabun Province. It covers an area of 44 km2 (17 sq mi) and was established in 1986.

Tham Pha Tha Phon Non-hunting Area is a non-hunting area in Noen Maprang District of Phitsanulok Province. It covers an area of 284 ha and was established in 1983.

References

  1. "Protected areas". UNEP-WCMC. 2020. Retrieved 4 October 2021.
  2. 1 2 3 "ทุ่งแสลงหลวง" [Thung Salaeng Luang]. Department National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation (in Thai). Retrieved 20 August 2021.
  3. "พระราชกฤษฎีกา กำหนดบริเวณที่ดินป่าทุ่งแสลงหลวง ในท้องที่ตำบลวังบกแอ่น ตำบลชมพู ตำบลบ้านมุง ตำบลไทรย้อย อำเภอวังทอง ตำบลหนองกะท้าว ตำบลบ้านแยง อำเภอนครไทย จังหวัดพิษณุโลก และตำบลน้ำชุน ตำบลแคมป์สน อำเภอหล่มสัก ตำบลท่าพล อำเภอเมืองเพชรบูรณ์ ตำบลวังโป่ง อำเภอชนแดน จังหวัดเพชรบูรณ์ ใหเป็นอุทยานแห่งชาติ พ.ศ. ๒๕๑๘" [Royal Decree: Determine the forest land area Thung Salaeng Luang in the area of Wang Nok Aen Subdistrict, Champoo Subdistrict, Ban Mung Subdistrict, Sai Yoi Subdistrict, Wang Thong District, Nong Kathao Subdistrict, Ban Yaeng Subdistrict, Nakhon Thai District, Phitsanulok Province and Nam Chun Subdistrict, Kaem Son Subdistrict, Lom Sak District, Tha Phon Subdistrict, Mueang Phetchabun District, Wang Pong Subdistrict, Chon Daen District, Phetchabun Province to be a national park. B.E. 2518 (1975)](PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 92 (101): 136–139. 27 May 1975. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  4. "สถิตินักท่องเที่ยวที่เข้าไปในอุทยานแห่งชาติ ปีงบประมาณ พ.ศ.2562" [Statistics of tourists visiting National Parks fiscal year 2019]. Department of National parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation (in Thai). 2019. Retrieved 16 February 2021, no.91 Thung Salaeng Luang N.P.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  5. "Thung Salaeng Luang National Park". Department of National Parks (Thailand). Archived from the original on 26 March 2016. Retrieved 24 March 2016.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 "NATIONAL PARKS in THAILAND: Thung Salaeng Luang National Park" (PDF). Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation. 2015. pp. 107–108. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 National parks in northern Thailand
  8. 1 2 3 4 "ทุ่งแสลงหลวง" [Thung Salaeng Luang]. Department National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation (in Thai). Retrieved 28 October 2021, พืชพรรณ - flora.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  9. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Plant names". DNP-Botany. Retrieved 20 July 2021.
  10. 1 2 3 Elliot, Stephan; Cubitt, Gerald (2001). THE NATIONAL PARKS and other Wild Places of THAILAND. New Holland Publishers (UK) Ltd. pp. 104–109. ISBN   9781859748862.
  11. 1 2 3 4 5 Great Savanna of Thailand (PDF). Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation. 2013. pp. 33–35. Retrieved 20 August 2021.
  12. 1 2 "Wildlife in Thung Salaeng Luang". GibbonWoot (managing company). 2021. Retrieved 20 August 2021, Thai National Parks website is NOT an official government website of the Department of National Parks. T.A.T. license 12/02497.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  13. 1 2 "Thung Salaeng Luang National Park". Avibase - The World Bird Database. Retrieved 28 October 2021.
  14. 1 2 3 "ทุ่งแสลงหลวง" [Thung Salaeng Luang]. Department National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation (in Thai). Retrieved 28 October 2021, สัตว์ป่า - fauna.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  15. "ทุ่งแสลงหลวง" [Thung Salaeng Luang]. Department National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation (in Thai). Retrieved 28 October 2021, สถานที่ท่องที่ยว - tourist attractions.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  16. "ส่วนอุทยานแห่งชาติ, 10 อุทยาน" [National parks section, 10 parks]. Office of Conservation Area 11 (Phitsanulok) (in Thai). 2021. Retrieved 10 July 2021.