Thung Wa District

Last updated
Thung Wa
ทุ่งหว้า
District
Amphoe 9106.png
District location in Satun Province
Coordinates: 7°6′33″N99°45′21″E / 7.10917°N 99.75583°E / 7.10917; 99.75583 Coordinates: 7°6′33″N99°45′21″E / 7.10917°N 99.75583°E / 7.10917; 99.75583
Country Thailand
Province Satun
Seat Thung Wa
Area
  Total 452.33 km2 (174.65 sq mi)
Population (2005)
  Total 20,683
  Density 45.75/km2 (118.5/sq mi)
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
Postal code 91120
Geocode 9106

Thung Wa (Thai : ทุ่งหว้า, pronounced  [tʰûŋ wâː] ) is a district ( amphoe ) of Satun Province, southern Thailand.

Thai language language spoken in Thailand

Thai, Central Thai or Ayutthaya or Siamese, is the sole official and national language of Thailand and the first language of the Central Thai people and vast majority of Thai of Chinese origin. It is a member of the Tai group of the Kra–Dai language family. Over half of Thai vocabulary is derived from or borrowed from Pali, Sanskrit, Mon and Old Khmer. It is a tonal and analytic language.

Amphoe Second level administrative subdivision of Thailand

An amphoe is the second level administrative subdivision of Thailand. Usually translated as "district". Amphoe make up the provinces, and are analogous to counties. The chief district officer is Nai Amphoe (นายอำเภอ). Amphoe are divided into tambons,, or sub-districts.

Satun Province Province in Thailand

Satun is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are Trang, Phatthalung, and Songkhla. To the south it borders Perlis of Malaysia.

Contents

History

Thung Wa was one of the three original districts of Satun. The main industry at the beginning of the 20th century was pepper production. When the production declined in the 1910s, many natives moved to the farmland of La-ngu minor district, while foreign merchants left the area completely. In 1930 the government adjusted the administrative structure to the changed economic situation, making La-ngu a district and reducing Thung Wa to a minor district ( king amphoe ) under La-ngu. [1] In 1973 Thung Wa regained district status. [2]

Geography

Neighboring districts are (from the north clockwise) Palian of Trang Province. Manang and La-ngu of Satun Province. To the west is the Andaman Sea.

Palian District District in Trang, Thailand

Palian is a district (amphoe) in the southern part of Trang Province, Thailand.

Trang Province Province in Thailand

Trang, also called Mueang Thap Thiang, is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand, on the west side of the Malay Peninsula facing the Strait of Malacca. Neighboring provinces are Krabi, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Phatthalung, and Satun.

La-ngu District District in Satun, Thailand

La-ngu is a district (amphoe) of Satun Province, southern Thailand. La-ngu's port, Pak Bara, is the ferry port year-round for boats going to most of the islands in Tarutao Marine National Park, which includes Ko Lipe. It is now the proposed site of Thailand's deep-seaport on the Andaman Sea.

A big part of the shoreline of the district as well as several islands are part of the Mu Ko Phetra National Park.

Mu Ko Phetra National Park national park of Thailand

Mu Ko Phetra is a marine national park in the Strait of Malacca off Thailand, covering mostly intact coastal line, open water, and about 30 islands of the southern part of Trang Province and the northern part of Satun Province. Established on 31 December 1984, it is the 49th national park and 14th marine national park of Thailand.

Ethnic groups

The Maniq people, from the Negrito ethnic group which immigrated from the northern states of Malaysia, inhabit tambon Thung Wa of Thung Wa District. [3]

The Maniq or Mani are an ethnic group of Thailand. They are more widely known in Thailand as the Sakai, but the Maniq dislike the word sakai because it is derogatory, implying 'slave' or 'barbarism'. They are the only Negrito group in Thailand and speak Maniq, a Mon language in the Aslian language group. It is thought they once spoke a language similar to the Andamanese language.

Negrito ethnic group

The Negrito are several different ethnic groups who inhabit isolated parts of a region known today as Austronesia. Their current populations include the Andamanese peoples of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, the Semang ethnic groups of Peninsular Malaysia, the Maniq people of Southern Thailand, and the Aeta people, Ati people, and 30 other official recognized ethnic groups in the Philippines.

Administration

The district is divided into five sub-districts ( tambon ), which are further subdivided into 35 villages ( muban ). Thung Wa is a township ( thesaban tambon ) which covers parts of tambon Thung Wa. There are a further five tambon administrative organizations (TAO).

Tambon central government unit in Thailand

Tambon is a local governmental unit in Thailand. Below district (amphoe) and province (changwat), they form the third administrative subdivision level. As of 2016 there were 7,255 tambons, not including the 180 khwaeng of Bangkok, which are set at the same administrative level, thus every district contains eight to ten tambon. Tambon is usually translated as "township" or "subdistrict" in English — the latter is the recommended translation, though also often used for king amphoe, the designation for a subdistrict acting as a branch of the parent district. Tambon are further subdivided into 69,307 villages (muban), about ten per tambon. Tambon within cities or towns are not subdivided into villages, but may have less formal communities called chumchon (ชุมชน) that may be formed into community associations.

Muban Administrative village in Thailand

Muban is the lowest administrative sub-division of Thailand. Usually translated as village and sometimes as hamlet, they are a subdivision of a tambon. As of 2008, there were 74,944 administrative muban in Thailand. As of the 1990 census, the average village consisted of 144 households or 746 persons.

No.NameThai nameVillages Pop.     
1.Thung Waทุ่งหว้า106,242
2.Na Thonนาทอน96,316
3.Khon Klanขอนคลาน42,305
4.Thung Bulangทุ่งบุหลัง52,174
5.Pakae Bohinป่าแก่บ่อหิน73,646

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References