District location in Satun Province
|• Total||452.33 km2 (174.65 sq mi)|
|• Density||45.75/km2 (118.5/sq mi)|
|Time zone||ICT (UTC+7)|
Thung Wa (Thai : ทุ่งหว้า, pronounced [tʰûŋ wâː] ) is a district ( amphoe ) of Satun Province, southern Thailand.
Thai, Central Thai or Ayutthaya or Siamese, is the sole official and national language of Thailand and the first language of the Central Thai people and vast majority of Thai of Chinese origin. It is a member of the Tai group of the Kra–Dai language family. Over half of Thai vocabulary is derived from or borrowed from Pali, Sanskrit, Mon and Old Khmer. It is a tonal and analytic language.
An amphoe is the second level administrative subdivision of Thailand. Usually translated as "district". Amphoe make up the provinces, and are analogous to counties. The chief district officer is Nai Amphoe (นายอำเภอ). Amphoe are divided into tambons,, or sub-districts.
Satun is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are Trang, Phatthalung, and Songkhla. To the south it borders Perlis of Malaysia.
Thung Wa was one of the three original districts of Satun. The main industry at the beginning of the 20th century was pepper production. When the production declined in the 1910s, many natives moved to the farmland of La-ngu minor district, while foreign merchants left the area completely. In 1930 the government adjusted the administrative structure to the changed economic situation, making La-ngu a district and reducing Thung Wa to a minor district ( king amphoe ) under La-ngu.In 1973 Thung Wa regained district status.
Neighboring districts are (from the north clockwise) Palian of Trang Province. Manang and La-ngu of Satun Province. To the west is the Andaman Sea.
Palian is a district (amphoe) in the southern part of Trang Province, Thailand.
Trang, also called Mueang Thap Thiang, is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand, on the west side of the Malay Peninsula facing the Strait of Malacca. Neighboring provinces are Krabi, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Phatthalung, and Satun.
La-ngu is a district (amphoe) of Satun Province, southern Thailand. La-ngu's port, Pak Bara, is the ferry port year-round for boats going to most of the islands in Tarutao Marine National Park, which includes Ko Lipe. It is now the proposed site of Thailand's deep-seaport on the Andaman Sea.
A big part of the shoreline of the district as well as several islands are part of the Mu Ko Phetra National Park.
Mu Ko Phetra is a marine national park in the Strait of Malacca off Thailand, covering mostly intact coastal line, open water, and about 30 islands of the southern part of Trang Province and the northern part of Satun Province. Established on 31 December 1984, it is the 49th national park and 14th marine national park of Thailand.
The Maniq people, from the Negrito ethnic group which immigrated from the northern states of Malaysia, inhabit tambon Thung Wa of Thung Wa District.
The Maniq or Mani are an ethnic group of Thailand. They are more widely known in Thailand as the Sakai, but the Maniq dislike the word sakai because it is derogatory, implying 'slave' or 'barbarism'. They are the only Negrito group in Thailand and speak Maniq, a Mon language in the Aslian language group. It is thought they once spoke a language similar to the Andamanese language.
The Negrito are several different ethnic groups who inhabit isolated parts of a region known today as Austronesia. Their current populations include the Andamanese peoples of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, the Semang ethnic groups of Peninsular Malaysia, the Maniq people of Southern Thailand, and the Aeta people, Ati people, and 30 other official recognized ethnic groups in the Philippines.
The district is divided into five sub-districts ( tambon ), which are further subdivided into 35 villages ( muban ). Thung Wa is a township ( thesaban tambon ) which covers parts of tambon Thung Wa. There are a further five tambon administrative organizations (TAO).
Tambon is a local governmental unit in Thailand. Below district (amphoe) and province (changwat), they form the third administrative subdivision level. As of 2016 there were 7,255 tambons, not including the 180 khwaeng of Bangkok, which are set at the same administrative level, thus every district contains eight to ten tambon. Tambon is usually translated as "township" or "subdistrict" in English — the latter is the recommended translation, though also often used for king amphoe, the designation for a subdistrict acting as a branch of the parent district. Tambon are further subdivided into 69,307 villages (muban), about ten per tambon. Tambon within cities or towns are not subdivided into villages, but may have less formal communities called chumchon (ชุมชน) that may be formed into community associations.
Muban is the lowest administrative sub-division of Thailand. Usually translated as village and sometimes as hamlet, they are a subdivision of a tambon. As of 2008, there were 74,944 administrative muban in Thailand. As of the 1990 census, the average village consisted of 144 households or 746 persons.
Sam Ngao with Tha Song Yang District is the northernmost district (amphoe) of Tak Province, western Thailand.
Lam Thap is a district (amphoe) of Krabi Province, southern Thailand.
Thung Yang Daeng is a district (amphoe) of Pattani Province, southern Thailand.
Manang is a district (amphoe) of Satun Province, southern Thailand.
Khuan Kalong is a district (amphoe) of Satun Province, southern Thailand.
Tha Phae is a district (amphoe) of Satun Province, southern Thailand.
Khlong Hoi Khong is a district (amphoe) of Songkhla Province, southern Thailand.
Bang Khan is a district (amphoe) of Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, southern Thailand.
Thung Yai is the westernmost district (amphoe) of Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, southern Thailand.
Thung Hua Chang is a district (amphoe) of Lamphun Province, northern Thailand.
Ratsada is a district (amphoe) in the northeastern part of Trang Province, Thailand.
Lamae is a district (amphoe) in the southern part of Chumphon Province, southern Thailand.
Charoen Sin is a district (amphoe) of Sakon Nakhon Province, northeast Thailand.
Thung Fon is a district (amphoe) in the eastern part of Udon Thani Province, northeastern Thailand.
Thung Si Udom is a district (amphoe) in the southwestern part of Ubon Ratchathani Province, northeastern Thailand.
Kham Muang is the northernmost district (amphoe) of Kalasin Province, northeastern Thailand.
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