Thunukkai Divisional Council

Last updated
Thunukkai Divisional Council

துணுக்காய் பிரதேச சபை
Type
Type
Leadership
Chairman
Veerakathi Rasaraththinam, TNA
since July 2011
Deputy Chairman
Sabaratnam Selvaratnam, TNA
since July 2011
Seats9
Elections
Last election
2011 Sri Lankan local government elections

Thunukkai Divisional Council (Tamil : துணுக்காய் பிரதேச சபைTuṇukkāy Piratēca Capai; TDC) is the local authority for Thunukkai DS Division in northern Sri Lanka. TDC is responsible for providing a variety of local public services including roads, sanitation, drains, housing, libraries, public parks and recreational facilities. It has 9 members elected using the open list proportional representation system.

Tamil language language

Tamil is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Douglas, and Chindians. Tamil is an official language in three countries: India, Sri Lanka and Singapore. In India, it is the official language of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the Union Territory of Puducherry. Furthermore, Tamil is used as one of the languages of education in Malaysia, along with English, Malay and Mandarin. Tamil is spoken by significant minorities in the four other South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana and the Union Territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India.

Local government is the third and lowest level of government in Sri Lanka – after the central government and provincial councils. The local government bodies are collectively known as local authorities. They are responsible for providing a variety of local public services including roads, sanitation, drains, housing, libraries, public parks and recreational facilities. Local authorities are divided into three different groups: municipal councils, urban councils and divisional councils. As of November 2017 there were 341 local authorities. All local authorities are elected using the mixed electoral system.

Sri Lanka Island country in South Asia

Sri Lanka, officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea. The island is geographically separated from the Indian subcontinent by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait. The legislative capital, Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, is a suburb of the commercial capital and largest city, Colombo.

Contents

History

In 1987 there was a major re-organisation of local government in Sri Lanka. District Development Councils were abolished and replaced by Divisional Councils (Pradeshiya Sabha or Pradesha Sabhai). The Pradeshiya Sabha Act No. 15 of 1987 was passed by Parliament on 15 April 1987 and on 1 January 1988 257 Divisional Councils started functioning. The Divisional Councils were generally commensurate with their namesake Divisional Secretary's Divisions. Thunukkai Divisional Council was established as the local authority for Thunukkai DS Division. However, according to the pro-LTTE TamilNet, the Sri Lankan government had suspended all local government in the north and east of the country in 1983 using emergency regulations. [1] The civil war prevented elections from being held for TDC until 2011 as the LTTE did not hold elections when it controlled the area. [2]

Parliament of Sri Lanka

The Parliament of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka is the supreme legislative body of Sri Lanka. It alone possesses legislative supremacy and thereby ultimate power over all other political bodies in the island. It is modeled after the British Parliament.

TamilNet

TamilNet is a news website that provides news and feature articles on current affairs in Sri Lanka, specifically related to the erstwhile Sri Lankan Civil War. The website was formed by members of the Sri Lankan Tamil community residing in the United States and publishes articles in English, German and French.

Northern Province, Sri Lanka Province in Sri Lanka

The Northern Province is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country. The provinces have existed since the 19th century but did not have any legal status until 1987 when the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka established provincial councils. Between 1988 and 2006 the province was temporarily merged with the Eastern Province to form the North Eastern Province. The capital of the province is Jaffna. The majority of the Sri Lankan Civil War was played out in this province.

In March 1994 elections were held in the east and in Vavuniya in the north. However, elections weren't held in other areas of the north, including the Jaffna peninsula, because most of these areas were at that time controlled by the rebel Tamil Tigers. In August 1995 the Sri Lankan military launched an offensive to recapture the Jaffna peninsula. By December 1995 the military had captured most of the Valikamam region of the peninsula, including the city of Jaffna. By 16 May 1996 the military had recaptured the entire peninsula. [3] In late 1996 the government announced elections would be held for 23 local authorities in Jaffna District, Kilinochchi District, Mannar District and Vavuniya District but following opposition from Tamil political parties postponed them. [4] On 3 December 1997 the government announced that elections would be held for the 17 local authorities on the Jaffna peninsula. [5] The elections were held on 29 January 1998.

Vavuniya City in Sri Lanka

Vavuniya is a city in the Northern Province, Sri Lanka, governed by an Urban Council. It is also the main settlement in the Vavuniya District.

Valikamam Region in Northern, Sri Lanka

Valikamam is one of the three historic regions of Jaffna peninsula in northern Sri Lanka. The other two regions are Thenmarachchi and Vadamarachchi. Alternative spellings include Valikaamam or Valigamam.

Jaffna City in Sri Lanka

Jaffna is the capital city of the Northern Province of Sri Lanka. It is the administrative headquarters of the Jaffna District located on a peninsula of the same name. With a population of 88,138 in 2012, Jaffna is Sri Lanka's 12th most populous city. Jaffna is approximately six miles from Kandarodai which served as an emporium in the Jaffna peninsula from classical antiquity. Jaffna's suburb Nallur served as the capital of the four-century-long medieval Jaffna Kingdom.

On 1 January 2002 local authority elections were called for the entire country. [6] [7] It was later announced that elections would be held on 25 March 2002 in the north and east, and on 20 March 2002 in the rest of the country. [8] [9] The normal life term of Sri Lankan local government bodies is four years. On 21 March 2002 the Election Commissioner announced that the elections in the north and east, except for eight local authorities in Ampara District, had been postponed until 25 September 2002. [10] [11] On 17 September 2002 elections in the north and east were postponed, for a second time, until 25 June 2003. [12] In June 2003 elections in the north and east were postponed, for a third time, until 24 January 2004. [13] In January 2004 elections in the north and east, except for local authorities in Ampara District, were postponed, for a fourth time, until 23 October 2004. [14]

Ampara District Administrative District in Eastern, Sri Lanka

Ampara District is one of the 25 districts of Sri Lanka, the second level administrative division of the country. The district is administered by a District Secretariat headed by a District Secretary appointed by the central government of Sri Lanka. The capital of the district is the town of Ampara. The district was carved out of the southern part of Batticaloa District in April 1961.

On 27 January 2006 local authority elections were called for the entire country. [15] [16] It was later announced that elections would be held on 30 March 2006 across the entire country. [17] The Election Commissioner subsequently postponed the elections in the north and Batticaloa District until 30 September 2006. [18] On 23 September 2006 elections in the north and Batticaloa District were postponed until 30 June 2007. [19] [20]

Election results

2011 local government election

Results of the local government election held on 23 July 2011: [21]

Alliances and partiesVotes%Seats
  Tamil National Alliance (EPRLF (S), ITAK, PLOTE, TELO, TULF)2,19871.69%7
 Citizen's Front (Citizen's Front, EPDP, SLFP et al.)84727.63%2
  United National Party 210.68%0
Valid Votes3,066100.00%9
Rejected Votes335
Total Polled3,401
Registered Electors5,227
Turnout65.07%

The following candidates were elected: [22] Sellaiah Amirthalingam (TNA); Thiyagu Jeyarasa (TNA); Veerakathi Rasaraththinam (TNA); Sabaratnam Selvaratnam (TNA); Thangarajah Sivakolunthu (UPFA); Thankavel Sivakumaran (UPFA); Nageswaran Sujanthan (TNA); Paramalingam Thavamohan (TNA); and Visuvalingam Yogalingam (TNA).

Veerakathi Rasaraththinam (TNA) and Sabaratnam Selvaratnam (TNA) were appointed Chairman and Deputy Chairman respectively. [22]

Related Research Articles

Chavakachcheri Divisional Council is the local authority for Thenmarachchi DS Division in northern Sri Lanka, except for the town of Chavakachcheri which has its own local authority. CDC is responsible for providing a variety of local public services including roads, sanitation, drains, housing, libraries, public parks and recreational facilities. It has 15 members elected using the open list proportional representation system. CDC is sometimes called Thenmarachchi Divisional Council.

Kayts Divisional Council is the local authority for Island North DS Division in northern Sri Lanka. KDC is responsible for providing a variety of local public services including roads, sanitation, drains, housing, libraries, public parks and recreational facilities. It has 5 members elected using the open list proportional representation system. KDC is sometimes called Island North Divisional Council.

Nallur Divisional Council is the local authority for Nallur DS Division in northern Sri Lanka, except for 19 GN Divisions which are part of Jaffna Municipal Council. NDC is responsible for providing a variety of local public services including roads, sanitation, drains, housing, libraries, public parks and recreational facilities. It has 12 members elected using the open list proportional representation system.

Point Pedro Divisional Council

Point Pedro Divisional Council is the local authority for Vadamarachchi East and Vadamarachchi North DS Divisions in northern Sri Lanka, except for the towns of Point Pedro and Valvettithurai which have their own local authorities. PPDC is responsible for providing a variety of local public services including roads, sanitation, drains, housing, libraries, public parks and recreational facilities. It has 9 members elected using the open list proportional representation system. PPDC is sometimes called Vadamarachchi North Divisional Council.

Vadamarachchi South West Divisional Council is the local authority for Vadamarachchi South West DS Division in northern Sri Lanka. VSWDC is responsible for providing a variety of local public services including roads, sanitation, drains, housing, libraries, public parks and recreational facilities. It has 18 members elected using the open list proportional representation system.

Valikamam East Divisional Council is the local authority for Valikamam East DS Division in northern Sri Lanka. VEDC is responsible for providing a variety of local public services including roads, sanitation, drains, housing, libraries, public parks and recreational facilities. It has 21 members elected using the open list proportional representation system.

Valikamam North Divisional Council is the local authority for Valikamam North DS Division in northern Sri Lanka. VNDC is responsible for providing a variety of local public services including roads, sanitation, drains, housing, libraries, public parks and recreational facilities. It has 21 members elected using the open list proportional representation system.

Valikamam South Divisional Council is the local authority for Valikamam South DS Division in northern Sri Lanka. VSDC is responsible for providing a variety of local public services including roads, sanitation, drains, housing, libraries, public parks and recreational facilities. It has 16 members elected using the open list proportional representation system.

Valikamam South West Divisional Council is the local authority for Valikamam South West DS Division in northern Sri Lanka. VSWDC is responsible for providing a variety of local public services including roads, sanitation, drains, housing, libraries, public parks and recreational facilities. It has 16 members elected using the open list proportional representation system.

Valikamam West Divisional Council

Valikamam West Divisional Council is the local authority for Valikamam West DS Division in northern Sri Lanka. VWDC is responsible for providing a variety of local public services including roads, sanitation, drains, housing, libraries, public parks and recreational facilities. It has 14 members elected using the open list proportional representation system.

Velanai Divisional Council

Velanai Divisional Council is the local authority for Island South DS Division in northern Sri Lanka. VDC is responsible for providing a variety of local public services including roads, sanitation, drains, housing, libraries, public parks and recreational facilities. It has 11 members elected using the open list proportional representation system. VDC is sometimes called Island South Divisional Council.

Karachchi Divisional Council is the local authority for Kandavalai and Karachchi DS Divisions in northern Sri Lanka. KDC is responsible for providing a variety of local public services including roads, sanitation, drains, housing, libraries, public parks and recreational facilities. It has 19 members elected using the open list proportional representation system.

Pachchilaipalli Divisional Council is the local authority for Pachchilaipalli DS Division in northern Sri Lanka. PDC is responsible for providing a variety of local public services including roads, sanitation, drains, housing, libraries, public parks and recreational facilities. It has 9 members elected using the open list proportional representation system.

Mannar Divisional Council is the local authority for Mannar DS Division in northern Sri Lanka, except for the town of Mannar which has its own local authority. MDC is responsible for providing a variety of local public services including roads, sanitation, drains, housing, libraries, public parks and recreational facilities. It has 9 members elected using the open list proportional representation system.

Manthai West Divisional Council is the local authority for Manthai West DS Division in northern Sri Lanka. MWDC is responsible for providing a variety of local public services including roads, sanitation, drains, housing, libraries, public parks and recreational facilities. It has 12 members elected using the open list proportional representation system.

Nanaddan Divisional Council is the local authority for Nanaddan DS Division in northern Sri Lanka. NDC is responsible for providing a variety of local public services including roads, sanitation, drains, housing, libraries, public parks and recreational facilities. It has 9 members elected using the open list proportional representation system.

Manthai East Divisional Council is the local authority for Manthai East DS Division in northern Sri Lanka. MEDC is responsible for providing a variety of local public services including roads, sanitation, drains, housing, libraries, public parks and recreational facilities. It has 9 members elected using the open list proportional representation system.

Vavuniya North Divisional Council is the local authority for Vavuniya North DS Division in northern Sri Lanka. VNDC is responsible for providing a variety of local public services including roads, sanitation, drains, housing, libraries, public parks and recreational facilities. It has 13 members elected using the open list proportional representation system.

Vavuniya South Tamil Divisional Council is the local authority for Vavuniya DS Division in northern Sri Lanka, except for the town of Vavuniya which has its own local authority. VSTDC is responsible for providing a variety of local public services including roads, sanitation, drains, housing, libraries, public parks and recreational facilities. It has 10 members elected using the open list proportional representation system. VSTDC is sometimes called Vavuniya Divisional Council.

Venkalacheddikulam Divisional Council is the local authority for Venkalacheddikulam DS Division in northern Sri Lanka. VDC is responsible for providing a variety of local public services including roads, sanitation, drains, housing, libraries, public parks and recreational facilities. It has 9 members elected using the open list proportional representation system.

References

  1. "TNA urges PM to put off NE local polls". TamilNet . 11 September 2002.
  2. Aneez, Shihar (23 July 2011). "Sri Lanka's war-weary north votes amid intimidation, mistrust". Reuters .
  3. Amit Baruha (14 June 1996). "The Army Takes Jaffna". Frontline.
  4. "Local Elections Postponed". Tamil Times. XV (12): 5–6. 15 December 1996. ISSN   0266-4488.
  5. "Local Elections in Jaffna". Tamil Times. XVI (12): 5–6. 15 December 1997. ISSN   0266-4488.
  6. "Local elections on March 1". TamilNet . 1 January 2002.
  7. "Local polls on March 1". The Island, Sri Lanka. 2 January 2002.
  8. "Local Govt. Ordinance amendment bill before SC". TamilNet . 12 February 2002.
  9. Weerawarne, Sumadhu (11 February 2002). "Local polls on March 20, 25". The Island, Sri Lanka.
  10. "Northeast local elections postponed for Sept. 25". TamilNet . 21 March 2002.
  11. Weerawarne, Sumadhu (22 March 2002). "Elections chief has authority to put off local polls". The Island, Sri Lanka.
  12. "NE local government polls postponed". TamilNet . 17 September 2002.
  13. "Northeast elections postponed till January 24". TamilNet . 20 June 2003.
  14. "NorthEast local government elections postponed". TamilNet . 20 January 2004.
  15. "Nominations called for Local government elections". TamilNet . 27 January 2006.
  16. Satyapalan, Franklin R. (28 January 2006). "Polls chief sets LG polls nomination dates". The Island, Sri Lanka.
  17. "Local Government polls on 30 March". TamilNet . 16 February 2006.
  18. "Polling commences for 266 local councils in Sri Lanka". TamilNet . 30 March 2006.
  19. "Elections to 42 local bodies in NE postponed". TamilNet . 23 September 2006.
  20. Satyapalan, Franklin. R. (21 September 2006). "LG polls in North and East postponed again". The Island, Sri Lanka.
  21. "Local Authorities Election - 23.07.2011 Mullaitivu District Thunukkai Pradeshiya Sabha". Department of Elections, Sri Lanka.
  22. 1 2 "PART IV (B) — LOCAL GOVERNMENT Notices under the Local Authorities Elections Ordinance LOCAL AUTHORITIES ELECTIONS ORDINANCE (CHAPTER 262) Notice under Section 66(2)" (PDF). The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. 1716/32. 30 July 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 March 2012.