Thupaba Dewi

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Thupaba Dewi
သုပဘာ ဒေဝီ
Queen consort of Pegu
Tenure1403 – 1421
Bornin or after 1376
Ava (Inwa)
Died?
Pegu (Bago)?
Spouse Razadarit
Father Swa Saw Ke
Mother Saw Beza
Religion Theravada Buddhism

Thupaba Dewi (Burmese : သုပဘာ ဒေဝီ, pronounced  [θṵpa̰bà dèwì] ; Pali : Supabhādevī) was an Ava princess who became a queen consort of King Razadarit of Hanthawaddy.

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Brief

She was born Min Hla Myat to Saw Beza and King Swa Saw Ke of Ava. She was the youngest of three children and had two elder brothers Min Swe and Theiddat. [1] She was born in or after 1376. [note 1] She was also known by the title of Thupaba Dewi (Pali: Supabha Devi). [1]

In 1403, [note 2] her eldest brother, now King Minkhaung I, gave her to King Razadarit of Hanthawaddy in a marriage of state. [2] [3]

Notes

  1. The eldest child Minkhaung was born on 13 September 1373 per (Maha Yazawin Vol. 2 2006: 55; footnote 1). The second son Theiddat was two years younger per (Hmannan Vol. 1 2003: 439), meaning he was born 1375/76. Therefore Hla Myat could have been born 1376 at the earliest.
  2. Standard chronicles ((Maha Yazawin Vol. 1 2006: 329) and (Hmannan Vol. 1 2003: 469)) say that she was given in marriage to Razadarit in late 768 ME (early 1407) at the end of Razadarit's invasion of Ava. But according to a contemporary inscription, per (Yazawin Thit Vol. 1 2012: 220–221), the invasion took place in 1401/02. Attempts to reach a truce began about 10 days after Ava forces defeated Pegu forces at the battle of Nawin near Prome on Tuesday, 3rd waxing of Tabodwe 764 ME (26 December 1402). It means the first attempt to negotiate began around 5 January 1403.

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References

  1. 1 2 Hmannan Vol. 1 2003: 436
  2. Hmannan Vol. 1 2003: 469
  3. Pan Hla 2005: 236

Bibliography