Thure de Thulstrup

Last updated
Thure de Thulstrup Bror Thure Thulstrup - from Svenskt Portrattgalleri XX.png
Thure de Thulstrup

Thure de Thulstrup (April 5, 1848 – June 9, 1930), born Bror Thure Thulstrup in Sweden, [1] was a leading American illustrator with contributions for numerous magazines, including three decades of work for Harper's Weekly . [2] Thulstrup primarily illustrated historical military scenes.



Thulstrup was born in Stockholm, Sweden. [3] His father was Sweden's Secretary of the Navy amongst other such positions. [4] After graduating from the Royal Swedish Military Academy, [5] Thulstrup joined the Swedish military as an artillery officer at the age of twenty. However, he soon left Sweden for Paris, where he joined the French Foreign Legion and saw service in the Franco-Prussian War. [4] Thulstrup also served in the French part of Northern Africa as a member of the First Zouave Regiment. [5]


Thulstrup's Battle of Shiloh, completed in 1888 Thure de Thulstrup - Battle of Shiloh.jpg
Thulstrup's Battle of Shiloh , completed in 1888

After leaving the French Army, Thulstrup moved to Canada in 1872 to become a civil engineer. [5] He moved to the United States in 1873, [6] where he became an artist for the New York Daily Graphic, and, later, Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper , documenting local events. [7] As his skills improved, he became able to move into more and more prestigious roles, including work for Century , Harper's Monthly , and Scribner's Magazine . [2] While living in New York, Thulstrup studied at the Art Students League. [6] His military pictures include a series of paintings depicting the American Civil War, and illustrations of a Virginian lifestyle in the middle of the eighteenth century. [5]

Thulstrup primarily illustrated historical military scenes, [3] [8] [9] and was praised by one of his publishers, Louis Prang, as "the foremost military artist in America", a sentiment echoed by other contemporary critics. [10] He also illustrated various other subjects. [8]

Personal life

Thulstrup married Lucie Bavoillot in 1879. [11] He died on June 9, 1930, [1] leaving behind no children, and no personal papers of his have survived. [4] Following his death, his illustrations have been labeled as "some of the most familiar scenes of American life now extant". [10]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of Palmito Ranch</span> Final battle of the American Civil War

The Battle of Palmito Ranch, also known as the Battle of Palmito Hill, is considered by some criteria as the final battle of the American Civil War. It was fought May 12 and 13, 1865, on the banks of the Rio Grande east of Brownsville, Texas, and a few miles from the seaport of Los Brazos de Santiago, at the southern tip of Texas. The battle took place more than a month after the general surrender of Confederate forces to Union forces at Appomattox Court House, which had since been communicated to both commanders at Palmito, and in the intervening weeks the Confederacy had collapsed entirely, so it could also be classified as a postwar action.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Robert Anderson (Civil War)</span> United States Army officer during the American Civil War

Robert Anderson was a United States Army officer during the American Civil War. He was the Union commander in the first battle of the American Civil War at Fort Sumter in April 1861 when the Confederates bombarded the fort and forced its surrender to start the war. Anderson was celebrated as a hero in the North and promoted to brigadier general and given command of Union forces in Kentucky. He was removed late in 1861 and reassigned to Rhode Island, before retiring from military service in 1863.

<i>Harpers Weekly</i> American political magazine

Harper's Weekly, A Journal of Civilization was an American political magazine based in New York City. Published by Harper & Brothers from 1857 until 1916, it featured foreign and domestic news, fiction, essays on many subjects, and humor, alongside illustrations. It carried extensive coverage of the American Civil War, including many illustrations of events from the war. During its most influential period, it was the forum of the political cartoonist Thomas Nast.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Benson John Lossing</span> American journalist

Benson John Lossing was a prolific and popular American historian, known best for his illustrated books on the American Revolution and American Civil War and features in Harper's Magazine. He was a charter trustee of Vassar College.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of Appomattox Court House</span> Battle of the American Civil War

The Battle of Appomattox Court House, fought in Appomattox County, Virginia, on the morning of April 9, 1865, was one of the last battles of the American Civil War (1861–1865). It was the final engagement of Confederate General in Chief, Robert E. Lee, and his Army of Northern Virginia before they surrendered to the Union Army of the Potomac under the Commanding General of the United States Army, Ulysses S. Grant.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Andrew A. Humphreys</span> American general

Andrew Atkinson Humphreys, was a career United States Army officer, civil engineer, and a Union General in the American Civil War. He served in senior positions in the Army of the Potomac, including division command, chief of staff, and corps command, and was Chief Engineer of the U.S. Army.

Battle of Namozine Church Battle of the American Civil War

The Battle of Namozine Church, Virginia, was an engagement between Union Army and Confederate States Army forces that occurred on April 3, 1865, during the Appomattox Campaign of the American Civil War. The battle was the first engagement between units of General Robert E. Lee's Confederate Army of Northern Virginia after that army's evacuation of Petersburg and Richmond, Virginia, on April 2, 1865, and units of the Union Army under the immediate command of Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan, who was still acting independently as commander of the Army of the Shenandoah, and under the overall direction of Union General-in-Chief Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant. The forces immediately engaged in the battle were brigades of the cavalry division of Union Brig. Gen. and Brevet Maj. Gen. George Armstrong Custer, especially the brigade of Colonel and Brevet Brig. Gen. William Wells, and the Confederate rear guard cavalry brigades of Brig. Gen. William P. Roberts and Brig. Gen. Rufus Barringer and later in the engagement, Confederate infantry from the division of Maj. Gen. Bushrod Johnson.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thomas T. Munford</span>

Thomas Taylor Munford was an American farmer, iron, steel and mining company executive and Confederate colonel and acting brigadier general during the American Civil War.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Samuel McGowan (general)</span> American judge (1819-1897)

Samuel McGowan was an American military officer, lawyer, politician, judge, and a Brigadier general in the Confederate army during the American Civil War. Born in South Carolina, he commanded a brigade in A.P. Hill's famous "Light Division" and was wounded several times. Ezra Warner's book, Generals in Gray, claims that "McGowan's career and reputation were not excelled by any other brigade commander in the Army of Northern Virginia." Following reconstruction, he was elected to the United States Congress but refused to take his seat, later serving as an Associate Justice of the South Carolina Supreme Court.

The Battle of Amelia Springs, Virginia was an engagement between the Union Army and Confederate Army of Northern Virginia that occurred on April 5, 1865 during the Appomattox Campaign of the American Civil War. It was followed by a second rear guard action near the same location on the night of April 5, 1865 and morning of April 6, 1865 during the Union Army pursuit of the Confederate forces which were fleeing westward after the fall of Petersburg and Richmond, Virginia at the Third Battle of Petersburg on April 2, 1865. The actions took place just prior to the Battle of Sailor's Creek on April 6, 1865. That battle would be the last major engagement between the Union Army under the overall direction of Union General-in-Chief, Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, and General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia before that Confederate army's surrender at Appomattox Court House, Virginia on April 9, 1865.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Louis Prang</span> American printer, lithographer, publisher and Georgist

Louis Prang was an American printer, lithographer, publisher, and Georgist. He is sometimes known as the "father of the American Christmas card".

<i>A Stillness at Appomattox</i> 1953 book by Bruce Catton

A Stillness at Appomattox (1953) is a non-fiction history book written by Bruce Catton. It recounts the American Civil War's final year, describing the campaigns of Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia during 1864 to the end of the war in 1865. It is the final volume of Catton's Army of the Potomac trilogy, having been preceded by Mr. Lincoln's Army (1951) and Glory Road (1952).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kurz and Allison</span> 19th-century chromolithograph publisher

Kurz and Allison were a major publisher of chromolithographs in the late 19th century. Based at 267-269 Wabash Avenue in Chicago, they built their reputation on large prints published in the mid-1880s depicting battles of the American Civil War. This was a period of recollection among veterans, and the company was trying to capitalise of this sentiment. In all, a set of thirty-six battle scenes were published from designs by Louis Kurz (1835–1921), himself a veteran of the war. Kurz, a native of Salzburg, Austria, had emigrated to the United States in 1848. While the prints were highly inaccurate and considered naive fantasies like Currier and Ives prints, they were still sought after. They did not pretend to mirror the actual events but rather attempted to tap people's patriotic emotions. When the Spanish–American War broke out in 1898, the company created several large prints of the major battles and of the subsequent campaign of the Philippine–American War. Later conflicts such as the Russo-Japanese War were also illustrated by the company.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Victor Girardey</span>

Victor Jean Baptiste Girardey was a Confederate States Army officer during the American Civil War. He was promoted from Captain to temporary Brigadier General less than a month before his death in battle. Girardey had served as a staff officer from the beginning of the war until August 3, 1864. Then, he was promoted to temporary brigadier general, to rank from July 30, 1864, and assumed command of Ambrose R. Wright's former brigade on the Darbytown Road on the eastern end of the defenses of Richmond, Virginia. On August 16, 1864, during the Second Battle of Deep Bottom, Girardey was killed in action near Fussell's Mill in Henrico County, Virginia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nathaniel H. Harris</span> American lawyer

Brigadier-General Nathaniel Harrison Harris was a senior officer of the Confederate States Army who commanded infantry in the Eastern theater of the American Civil War.

Young Marshall Moody

Young Marshall Moody was a Confederate States Army officer who was promoted to brigadier general near the end of the American Civil War. He was a teacher, merchant, and circuit court clerk in Marengo County, Alabama, before the war. He died from yellow fever during a business trip to New Orleans, Louisiana, on September 18, 1866.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Patrick Theodore Moore</span> Confederate States Army brigadier general

Patrick Theodore Moore was an Irish-born Confederate States Army brigadier general during the American Civil War. As colonel leading the 1st Virginia Infantry Regiment, he was severely wounded at the Battle of Blackburn's Ford on July 18, 1861 and was incapacitated for further field service. Thereafter, he served as an aide-de-camp, first to General Joseph E. Johnston and then to Lieutenant General James Longstreet, a judge advocate general on court martial duty and a brigade commander of Virginia Reserves in the Department of Richmond. He was a merchant and Virginia militia officer before the war and an insurance agent after the conflict.

Walter H. Stevens Confederate States Army brigadier general

Walter Husted Stevens was a Confederate States Army brigadier general during the American Civil War. He graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York and served in the corps of engineers, mostly in Louisiana and Texas. He was an engineer for the Army of Northern Virginia. He was reputed to be the last uniformed man to cross the Mayo Bridge during the evacuation of Richmond, Virginia after the Confederate defenses of Petersburg, Virginia collapsed on April 2, 1865. After the Civil War, Stevens became the superintendent and engineer of the Mexican Imperial Railroad. He died of yellow fever at Vera Cruz, Mexico, November 12, 1867.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bibliography of Ulysses S. Grant</span>

Ulysses S. Grant was the 18th president of the United States (1869–1877) following his success as military commander in the American Civil War. Under Grant, the Union Army defeated the Confederate military and secession, the war ending with the surrender of Robert E. Lee's army at Appomattox Court House. As president, Grant led the Radical Republicans in their effort to eliminate vestiges of Confederate nationalism and slavery, protect African American citizenship, and pursued Reconstruction in the former Confederate states. In foreign policy, Grant sought to increase American trade and influence, while remaining at peace with the world. Although his Republican Party split in 1872 as reformers denounced him, Grant was easily reelected. During his second term the country's economy was devastated by the Panic of 1873, while investigations exposed corruption scandals in the administration. Although still below average, his reputation among scholars has significantly improved in recent years because of greater appreciation for his commitment to civil rights, moral courage in his prosecution of the Ku Klux Klan, and enforcement of voting rights.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Llewellyn F. Haskell</span> Union Army officer

Llewellyn Frost Haskell was a Union Army officer during the American Civil War.


  1. 1 2 Hildebrand, Albin (1901). Svenskt porträttgalleri. Vol. 20. Tullberg.
  2. 1 2 Dictionary of Literary Biography (online edition), Thure de Thulstrup, p. 1.
  3. 1 2 The Swedish Pioneer Historical Quarterly. Vol. 13–14. Swedish Pioneer Historical Society. 1962.
  4. 1 2 3 Dictionary of Literary Biography (online ed.), Thure de Thulstrup, p. 2.
  5. 1 2 3 4 Swett Marden (2003). Little Visits with Great Americans or Success Ideals and How to Attain Them. Orison. Kessinger Publishing. p. 690. ISBN   978-0-7661-2727-2.
  6. 1 2 L. Larson, Judy (1984). American Illustration, 1890-1925: Romance, Adventure, & Suspense. Glenbow Museum. p. 142. ISBN   978-0-919224-47-6.
  7. Dictionary of Literary Biography (online ed.), Thure de Thulstrup, pp. 3–4.
  8. 1 2 Weitenkampf, F. (2008). American Graphic Art. Read Books. p. 194. ISBN   978-1-4437-8436-8.
  9. E. Neely, Mark; Holzer, Harold (2000). The Union Image: Popular Prints of the Civil War North. UNC Press. p. 222. ISBN   978-0-8078-2510-5.
  10. 1 2 Prang, Louis; Holzer, Harold (2001). Prang's Civil War Pictures: The Complete Battle Chromos of Louis Prang. North's Civil War. Vol. 16. Fordham University Press. p. 32. ISBN   978-0-8232-2118-9.
  11. Dictionary of Literary Biography (online ed.), Thure de Thulstrup, p. 5.

Further reading