Karl Kuno Thure Freiherrvon Uexküll (March 15, 1908, Heidelberg – September 29, 2004, Freiburg) was a German scholar of psychosomatic medicine and biosemiotics. He developed the approach of his father, Jakob von Uexküll, in the study of living systems and applied it in medicine.
His mother was Gudrun Baroness von Uexküll (Gräfin von Schwerin).
Honorary Doctor of the University of Tartu (1994)
Psychosomatic medicine is an interdisciplinary medical field exploring the relationships among social, psychological, and behavioral factors on bodily processes and quality of life in humans and animals.
Biosemiotics is a field of semiotics and biology that studies the prelinguistic meaning-making, or production and interpretation of signs and codes in the biological realm. This medical field of semiotics, in some European countries, is often known and spelled as semeiotics.
Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer was a German human biologist and geneticist, who was the Professor of Human Genetics at the University of Münster until he retired in 1965. A member of the Dutch noble Verschuer family, his title Freiherr is often translated as baron.
Jakob Johann Freiherr von Uexküll was a Baltic German biologist who worked in the fields of muscular physiology, animal behaviour studies, and the cybernetics of life. However, his most notable contribution is the notion of Umwelt, used by semiotician Thomas Sebeok and philosopher Martin Heidegger. His works established biosemiotics as a field of research.
In the semiotic theories of Jakob von Uexküll and Thomas A. Sebeok, umwelt is the "biological foundations that lie at the very epicenter of the study of both communication and signification in the human [and non-human] animal". The term is usually translated as "self-centered world". Uexküll theorised that organisms can have different umwelten, even though they share the same environment. The subject of umwelt and Uexküll's work is described by Dorion Sagan in an introduction to a collection of translations. The term umwelt, together with companion terms Umgebung and Innenwelt, have special relevance for cognitive philosophers, roboticists and cyberneticians, since they offer a solution to the conundrum of the infinite regress of the Cartesian Theater.
Carl Wolmar Jakob Freiherr von Uexküll is a writer, lecturer, philanthropist, activist and former politician. He served as a Member of the European Parliament 1987–1989, representing the German Green Party. In 1980, Uexkull founded the Right Livelihood Award, and in 2006, he co-founded the World Future Council. Born in Sweden, he holds both Swedish and German citizenship, and is a resident of the United Kingdom.
Baron Alexander von Bach was an Austrian politician. His most notable achievement was instituting a system of centralized control at the beginning of the reign of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria.
Anton Freiherr von Tröltsch was a German otologist who was a native of Schwabach.
August Leopold von Reuss was an Austrian ophthalmologist. He was born in Bilin, Bohemia, and died in Vienna. He was the son of geologist August Emanuel von Reuss (1811-1873), and father to pediatrician August Reuss (1879-1954).
Giorgio Prodi was an Italian medical scientist, oncologist and semiotician.
Uexküll is the historic German name of Ikšķile, a town in Latvia. It is also the name of a Baltic-German noble family. Uexküll was originally a Bremen noble family whose lineage can be traced to several places, the earliest originating in Stedingen, and later the Baltic States, Sweden, Württemberg, and Baden.
Moriz Freiherr von Lyncker was a Prussian officer of the German Empire and Chief of the Military Cabinet of Emperor Wilhelm II.
Hans Fuggervon der Lilie, full name Hans, Freiherr Fugger, Herr zu Kirchheim, Glött, Mickhausen, Stettenfels und Schmiechen, was a German arts patron, businessman and politician of the Fugger family.
Jakob von Uexküll Centre is an Estonia-based organisation for the work with the heritage of biologist Jakob von Uexküll.
Puhtu is a former islet and since the beginning of the 19th century a peninsula in western Estonia. Administratively it belongs to Virtsu small borough in Lääneranna Parish, Pärnu County.
Franz Xaver Ritter von Gietl was a German physician.
Paul Enck is Professor of Medical Psychology and Head of Research at the Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His research focus is psychophysiology and neurogastroenterology.
Jakob Geis, stage name Papa Geis was a Munich performer, folksinger, and musical director. He was considered a master of Bavarian cuplés. The dramatist and director Jacob Geis was his grandchild.
Alexander Rudolf Karl Freiherr von Uexküll was a Baltic German politician who was the mayor of Reval from April 1878 to June 1883. He was a member of the noble von Uexküll family, which had origins in Bremen. Von Uexküll studied in the University of Dorpat. He owned Heimar manor. His son was biologist and pioneer of biosemiotics Jakob von Uexküll. He was succeeded by Wilhelm Greiffenhagen.
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