Thurlby, North Kesteven

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Thurlby
St.Germain's church, Thurlby, Lincs. - geograph.org.uk - 57411.jpg
Church of St Germain, Thurlby
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Thurlby
Location within Lincolnshire
OS grid reference SK907616
  London 115 mi (185 km)  S
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LINCOLN
Postcode district LN5
Police Lincolnshire
Fire Lincolnshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Lincolnshire
53°08′39″N0°38′41″W / 53.144119°N 0.644837°W / 53.144119; -0.644837 Coordinates: 53°08′39″N0°38′41″W / 53.144119°N 0.644837°W / 53.144119; -0.644837

Thurlby is a village and civil parish in the North Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England, about 9 miles (14 km) south-west of the city of Lincoln and about 9 miles (14 km) north-east of the town of Newark-on-Trent. It is most notable for Thurlby Hall, home of the Bromhead baronets. The population is included in the civil parish of Witham St Hughs.

Civil parish Territorial designation and lowest tier of local government in England

In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government, they are a territorial designation which is the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties, or their combined form, the unitary authority. Civil parishes can trace their origin to the ancient system of ecclesiastical parishes which historically played a role in both civil and ecclesiastical administration; civil and religious parishes were formally split into two types in the 19th century and are now entirely separate. The unit was devised and rolled out across England in the 1860s.

North Kesteven District in England

North Kesteven is a local government district in the East Midlands. Just over 100 miles (160 km) north of London, it is east of Nottingham and south of Lincoln. North Kesteven is one of seven districts in Lincolnshire, England and is in the centre of the County. Its council, North Kesteven District Council, is based in Sleaford in the former offices of Kesteven County Council.

Non-metropolitan district Type of local government district in England

Non-metropolitan districts, or colloquially "shire districts", are a type of local government district in England. As created, they are sub-divisions of non-metropolitan counties in a two-tier arrangement.

Thurlby is mentioned in Domesday Book in 1086 the village consisted of 22 households. [1]

Domesday Book 11th-century survey of landholding in England as well as the surviving manuscripts of the survey

Domesday Book is a manuscript record of the "Great Survey" of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle states:

Then, at the midwinter [1085], was the king in Gloucester with his council .... After this had the king a large meeting, and very deep consultation with his council, about this land; how it was occupied, and by what sort of men. Then sent he his men over all England into each shire; commissioning them to find out "How many hundreds of hides were in the shire, what land the king himself had, and what stock upon the land; or, what dues he ought to have by the year from the shire."

St.Germain's chancel St.Germain's chancel - geograph.org.uk - 1387328.jpg
St.Germain's chancel

The parish church is a Grade II* listed building dedicated to Saint Germain and dating from the 11th century, with a 13th-century west tower. It was much restored in the 19th century, and has a porch over a Norman doorway and a 15th-century font. [2] In the churchyard is a medieval churchyard cross which is believed to stand in its original position west of the tower. It is believed to have been restored in 1842 and is a scheduled monument. [3]

Listed building Protected historic structure in the United Kingdom

A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England in England, Historic Environment Scotland in Scotland, Cadw in Wales, and the Northern Ireland Environment Agency in Northern Ireland.

Germain of Paris 6th-century Bishop of Paris

Saint Germain was the bishop of Paris and is a saint of the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Catholic Church. According to an early biography, he was known as Germain d'Autun, rendered in modern times as the "Father of the Poor".

Victorian restoration movement to refurbish and rebuild Church of England churches and cathedrals

The Victorian restoration was the widespread and extensive refurbishment and rebuilding of Church of England churches and cathedrals that took place in England and Wales during the 19th-century reign of Queen Victoria. It was not the same process as is understood today by the term building restoration.

Thurlby Hall is a Grade II listed small country house dating from the early 18th century. [4] The house was the home of the Bromhead baronets. Major Sir Edmund Gonville Bromhead (1791–1870) 3rd Baronet, was the father of Gonville Bromhead who won the Victoria Cross at the 1879 battle of Rorke's Drift in the Zulu War. Gonville Bromhead's older brother Benjamin Parnell Bromhead succeeded their father as 4th Baronet. [5] [6]

Bromhead baronets

The Bromhead Baronetcy, of Thurlby Hall in the County of Lincoln, is a title in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. It was created on 19 February 1806 for the soldier Lieutenant-General Gonville Bromhead. His eldest son, the second Baronet, was a mathematician. He died unmarried and was succeeded by his younger brother, the third Baronet. He was a Major in the Army and fought at the Battle of Waterloo. His eldest son, the fourth Baronet, was a Colonel in the Indian Staff Corps. He was succeeded by his grandson, the fifth Baronet. He was a Lieutenant-Colonel in the Indian Army. As of 2007 the title is held by his son, the sixth Baronet, who succeeded in 1981. However he does not use his title.

Gonville Bromhead British army major

Major Gonville Bromhead VC was a British Army officer and recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to members of the British armed forces. He received the medal for his part in the defence of Rorke's Drift in January 1879 where a small British garrison of 139 soldiers successfully repulsed an assault by some 4,000 Zulu warriors. Bromhead was portrayed by Michael Caine in the film Zulu, which depicted the battle.

Victoria Cross Highest military decoration awarded for valour in armed forces of various Commonwealth countries

The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest and most prestigious award of the British honours system. It is awarded for valour "in the presence of the enemy" to members of the British Armed Forces. It may be awarded posthumously. It was previously awarded to Commonwealth countries, most of which have established their own honours systems and no longer recommend British honours. It may be awarded to a person of any military rank in any service and to civilians under military command although no civilian has received the award since 1879. Since the first awards were presented by Queen Victoria in 1857, two-thirds of all awards have been personally presented by the British monarch. These investitures are usually held at Buckingham Palace.

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References

  1. Thurlby in the Domesday Book . Retrieved 18 August 2011.
  2. Historic England. "St Germain church (1061972)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 18 August 2011.
  3. Historic England. "Churchyard Cross (scheduled) (1013082)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
  4. Historic England. "Thurlby Hall (1317332)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
  5. "Edmund Gonville Bromhead". The Peerage. The Peerage. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
  6. "Thurlby by Lincoln", Genuki. Retrieved 18 August 2011