Church of St Germain, Thurlby
|OS grid reference|
|• London||115 mi (185 km) S|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
Thurlby is a village and civil parish in the North Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England, about 9 miles (14 km) south-west of the city of Lincoln and about 9 miles (14 km) north-east of the town of Newark-on-Trent. It is most notable for Thurlby Hall, home of the Bromhead baronets. The population is included in the civil parish of Witham St Hughs.
In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government, they are a territorial designation which is the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties, or their combined form, the unitary authority. Civil parishes can trace their origin to the ancient system of ecclesiastical parishes which historically played a role in both civil and ecclesiastical administration; civil and religious parishes were formally split into two types in the 19th century and are now entirely separate. The unit was devised and rolled out across England in the 1860s.
North Kesteven is a local government district in the East Midlands. Just over 100 miles (160 km) north of London, it is east of Nottingham and south of Lincoln. North Kesteven is one of seven districts in Lincolnshire, England and is in the centre of the County. Its council, North Kesteven District Council, is based in Sleaford in the former offices of Kesteven County Council.
Non-metropolitan districts, or colloquially "shire districts", are a type of local government district in England. As created, they are sub-divisions of non-metropolitan counties in a two-tier arrangement.
Thurlby is mentioned in Domesday Book – in 1086 the village consisted of 22 households.
Domesday Book is a manuscript record of the "Great Survey" of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle states:
Then, at the midwinter , was the king in Gloucester with his council .... After this had the king a large meeting, and very deep consultation with his council, about this land; how it was occupied, and by what sort of men. Then sent he his men over all England into each shire; commissioning them to find out "How many hundreds of hides were in the shire, what land the king himself had, and what stock upon the land; or, what dues he ought to have by the year from the shire."
The parish church is a Grade II* listed building dedicated to Saint Germain and dating from the 11th century, with a 13th-century west tower. It was much restored in the 19th century, and has a porch over a Norman doorway and a 15th-century font.In the churchyard is a medieval churchyard cross which is believed to stand in its original position west of the tower. It is believed to have been restored in 1842 and is a scheduled monument.
A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England in England, Historic Environment Scotland in Scotland, Cadw in Wales, and the Northern Ireland Environment Agency in Northern Ireland.
Saint Germain was the bishop of Paris and is a saint of the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Catholic Church. According to an early biography, he was known as Germain d'Autun, rendered in modern times as the "Father of the Poor".
The Victorian restoration was the widespread and extensive refurbishment and rebuilding of Church of England churches and cathedrals that took place in England and Wales during the 19th-century reign of Queen Victoria. It was not the same process as is understood today by the term building restoration.
Thurlby Hall is a Grade II listed small country house dating from the early 18th century.The house was the home of the Bromhead baronets. Major Sir Edmund Gonville Bromhead (1791–1870) 3rd Baronet, was the father of Gonville Bromhead who won the Victoria Cross at the 1879 battle of Rorke's Drift in the Zulu War. Gonville Bromhead's older brother Benjamin Parnell Bromhead succeeded their father as 4th Baronet.
The Bromhead Baronetcy, of Thurlby Hall in the County of Lincoln, is a title in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. It was created on 19 February 1806 for the soldier Lieutenant-General Gonville Bromhead. His eldest son, the second Baronet, was a mathematician. He died unmarried and was succeeded by his younger brother, the third Baronet. He was a Major in the Army and fought at the Battle of Waterloo. His eldest son, the fourth Baronet, was a Colonel in the Indian Staff Corps. He was succeeded by his grandson, the fifth Baronet. He was a Lieutenant-Colonel in the Indian Army. As of 2007 the title is held by his son, the sixth Baronet, who succeeded in 1981. However he does not use his title.
Major Gonville Bromhead VC was a British Army officer and recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to members of the British armed forces. He received the medal for his part in the defence of Rorke's Drift in January 1879 where a small British garrison of 139 soldiers successfully repulsed an assault by some 4,000 Zulu warriors. Bromhead was portrayed by Michael Caine in the film Zulu, which depicted the battle.
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest and most prestigious award of the British honours system. It is awarded for valour "in the presence of the enemy" to members of the British Armed Forces. It may be awarded posthumously. It was previously awarded to Commonwealth countries, most of which have established their own honours systems and no longer recommend British honours. It may be awarded to a person of any military rank in any service and to civilians under military command although no civilian has received the award since 1879. Since the first awards were presented by Queen Victoria in 1857, two-thirds of all awards have been personally presented by the British monarch. These investitures are usually held at Buckingham Palace.
Howell is a hamlet in the North Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, approximately 1 mile (1.6 km) north of the A17, 4 miles (6 km) east from Sleaford, and 1.5 miles (2.4 km) north from Heckington. It is in the civil parish of Asgarby and Howell.
Addlethorpe is a small village situated just off the A52 west of Ingoldmells in the East Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England.
Thurlby is a village and civil parish in the South Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England. It is situated just west of the A15 road, 2 miles (3 km) south from the town of Bourne, and on the edge of the Lincolnshire Fens. It is sometimes referred to as Thurlby by Bourne to distinguish it from other villages in Lincolnshire with the same name. Thurlby and the hamlet of Northorpe to its north are conjoined. The parish had a population of 2,136 at the 2001 census, although this had increased to 2,153 at the 2011 census.
Roughton is a village and civil parish in the East Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England. Roughton population in 2011 was 644.
Caythorpe is a large village and civil parish in the South Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England. The population at the 2011 census was 1,374. It is situated on the A607, approximately 3 miles (5 km) south from Leadenham and 8 miles (13 km) north from Grantham. Caythorpe Heath stretches east of the village to Ermine Street and Byards Leap.
Edenham is a village and civil parish in the South Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England. It is approximately 3 miles (5 km) north-west of Bourne, and on the A151 road. While the civil parish is called "Edenham", the parish council is called Edenham, Grimsthorpe, Elsthorpe & Scottlethorpe Parish Council. The population of the civil parish at the 2011 census was 291. The parish is principally located in the valley of the East Glen which flows through the village.
Sudbrooke is a small village and Civil Parish in the West Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England. It is situated 4.5 miles (7 km) north-east from the centre of Lincoln. The population of the civil parish at the 2011 census was 1,788.
Sir Edward Thomas Ffrench Bromhead, 2nd Baronet FRS FRSE was a British landowner and mathematician, best remembered as patron of the mathematician and physicist George Green.
Stubton is a small village and civil parish in the South Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England. The population of the civil parish at the 2011 census was 295. The village is situated 8 miles (13 km) north from Grantham and 5 miles (8 km) south-east from Newark-on-Trent in Nottinghamshire. Adjacent villages include Claypole, Dry Doddington, Beckingham and Brandon.
Raithby by Spilsby or Raithby is a village and civil parish in the East Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England. It is situated about 2 miles (3.2 km) north-west from the town of Spilsby.
Stixwould is a small village in the civil parish of Stixwould and Woodhall, in the East Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England.
Rowston is a village and civil parish in the North Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England, situated approximately 6 miles (10 km) north from the town of Sleaford. The population of the civil parish at the 2011 census was 178.
Snarford is a village and civil parish in the West Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England. It is situated approximately 9 miles (14 km) north-east from the city and county town of Lincoln and 6 miles (10 km) south-west from the town of Market Rasen. It is in the civil parish of Friesthorpe.
South Hykeham is a village and civil parish in the North Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England. The population of the civi parish at the 2011 census was 835. It is situated approximately 3 miles (5 km) south-west from the city and county town of Lincoln, and on the A46 road. Since 1931, South Hykeham formed part of the civil parish of Aubourn Haddington and South Hykeham, but this relationship was broken in 1991 and South Hykeham is again a civil parish.
North Ormsby is a village and civil parish in the East Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England. It is situated approximately 7 miles (11 km) north-west from the market town of Louth.
Stapleford is a village and civil parish in North Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England, and about 6 miles (10 km) north-east from the town of Newark-on-Trent and 12 miles (19 km) south-west from the city of Lincoln. The population is included in the civil parish of Beckingham.
Toynton St Peter is a village and civil parish in the East Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England, approximately 2 miles (3 km) south from the town of Spilsby.
Tydd St Mary is a village and civil parish in the South Holland district of Lincolnshire, England, about 9 miles (14 km) east of the town of Spalding and about 5 miles (8.0 km) north of Wisbech, Cambridgeshire. The Civil Parish includes the village of Tydd Gote which lies partly in Tydd St Mary and partly in Tydd St Giles, Cambridgeshire.
Weston is a village and civil parish in the South Holland district of Lincolnshire, England. It is situated approximately 2 miles (3 km) north-east from the town of Spalding. The Civil Parish also includes Weston Hills. The population of the civil parish including Austendike was at the 2011 census 2,054.