Thurles

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Thurles

Durlas Éile ("strong fort of Ely")
Town
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Clockwise from top: Mall River Walk; Cathedral of the Assumption; Liberty Square c. 1983; Liberty Square at night; St. Patrick's College; northeast view of the town
Thurles sarsfields flag.png
Flag
Thurles Coat of arms.png
Coat of arms
Motto(s): 
Irish: Fleadh agus Fáilte (Festival and Welcome)
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Thurles
Location of Thurles in Ireland
Coordinates: 52°40′44″N7°48′50″W / 52.679°N 7.814°W / 52.679; -7.814 Coordinates: 52°40′44″N7°48′50″W / 52.679°N 7.814°W / 52.679; -7.814
Country Ireland
Province Munster
County County Tipperary
Elevation
99 m (325 ft)
Population
 (2016) [1]
  Total7,940
Eircode
E41
Telephone area code 0504
Website www.thurles.ie

Thurles ( /ˈθɜːrləs/ ; Durlas Éile) is a town in County Tipperary, Ireland. It is located in the civil parish of same name in the barony of Eliogarty and in the ecclesiastical parish of Thurles. The cathedral church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cashel and Emly is located in the town.

Contents

Location and access

Thurles is located in mid-County Tipperary and is surrounded by the Silvermine Mountains (to the northwest) and the Slieveardagh Hills (to the southeast). The town itself is built on a crossing of the River Suir.

The M8 motorway connects Thurles to Cork and Dublin via the N75 and N62 roads. The N62 also connects Thurles to the centre of Ireland (Athlone) via Templemore and Roscrea. The R498 links Thurles to Nenagh. Thurles railway station opened on 13 March 1848. [8]

History

Ancient history

The historic Hayes' Hotel in Liberty Square Thurles Liberty Square Hayes Hotel 2012 09 06.jpg
The historic Hayes' Hotel in Liberty Square

The ancient territory of Éile obtained its name from pre-historic inhabitants called the Eli, about whom little is known beyond what may be gathered from legends and traditions. The extent of Éile varied throughout the centuries with the rise and fall of the tribes in occupation. Before the 5th century A.D. the details of its history which can be gleaned from surviving records and literature are exceedingly meagre, obscure and confusing. During this century however Éile appears to have reached its greatest extent, stretching from Croghan Bri Eli (Croghan Hill in Offaly) to just south of Cashel (in Corca Eathrach Eli). The southern part of this territory embraced the baronies of Eliogarty and Ikerrin, a great part of Middle Third, the territory of Ileagh and a portion of the barony of Kilnamanagh Upper.

By the 8th century, the territory of ancient Éile had broken up into a number of petty kingdoms: the O'Carroll occupied the northern portion, the O'Spillanes held Ileagh, the Eóganacht Chaisil had annexed Middle Third while the O'Fogartys held what is now the barony of Eliogarty. The O'Fogarty's gave their name to the town. In Irish, Durlas Éile means "Strong Fort of Éile", or more correctly Durlas Éile Uí Fhogartaigh ("Strong Fort of the O'Fogarty's of Éile"). [9] The clan dominated the regions of Templemore and the Devil's Bit stretching as far as the Tipperary/Kilkenny border.

Feudal period

Towards the end of the twelfth century the power of the O'Donoghue clan began to wane, and by the early part of the thirteenth century, the Norman Butler dynasty came to be the most powerful. It is to the Butlers that Thurles owes much of its early development. Their architectural legacy may be seen today with two of the original family fortresses still standing (the Black Castle near the centre and O'Fogarty Castle by the Suir). Theobald Walter, 1st Baron Butler (Theobald Butler) was the ancestor of the Irish branch of the Butler dynasty. His father had been the hereditary holder of the office of Chief Butler of England and when Theobald assisted Kings Henry II of England and John of England in their invasions of Ireland, he was named "Chief Butler of Ireland". He was also granted a large section of the northeastern part of the kingdom of Limerick. Later in 1328, his descendant, James Butler, was created Earl of Ormond by King Edward III of England.

Market day (August 1848) Market day thurles ireland 1848.jpg
Market day (August 1848)
Wesleyan Chapel, Thurles, Tipperary, Ireland (p.9, 1849) Wesleyan Chapel, Thurles, Tipperary, Ireland (p.9, 1849) - Copy.jpg
Wesleyan Chapel, Thurles, Tipperary, Ireland (p.9, 1849)

Commerce

Slievnamon Road Thurles Slievnamon Road Thurles.jpg
Slievnamon Road Thurles
West Gate Street Thurles Co Tipperary West Gate Street Thurles.JPG
West Gate Street Thurles Co Tipperary

Thurles was originally an agricultural market town. It is now a retail town, with chain stores like Dunnes Stores, Supervalu, Lidl, Aldi, Boots, and Holland and Barrett established in the town. The headquarters of the meat processing factory Dew Valley Foods is also located in the Thurles environs. Thurles Shopping centre was recently extended and plans to open a new a Tesco store to replace the current store in Liberty Square have also been announced.[ when? ] Stakelum's Hardware, which recently moved to the Nenagh road, is one of the biggest family owned business in the town. McKevitt's "Costcutter" is another large family business that operates with one supermarket in the town. High technology industries have been established in the Thurles Technology Park.

Music and arts

The Source Arts Centre

Source Arts Centre and Library Source arts centre.jpg
Source Arts Centre and Library

The Source Arts Centre opened on 2 October 2006 and has become the biggest music, theatre and arts venue in north Tipperary. It consists of a 250-seat auditorium with fully flexible seating, and a dedicated gallery space. The year-round programme of events includes film, theatre, dance, ballet, opera, music, family events and visual art exhibitions. Acts like Aslan, Foster and Allen, The Fureys are among the list to have played there.

Féile festival

The Féile Festival, which ran from 1990 to 1997, was held in Semple Stadium. At the height of its success, an estimated 100,000 people attended the festival, which was also known as "The Trip to Tipp". [11] Acts that played included The Prodigy, The Cranberries, Blur, Bryan Adams, Van Morrison, Rage Against the Machine, The Beautiful South and Deacon Blue.

The festival was revived in 2019 with Sinead O'Connor among others playing. [12]

Thurles Arts Festival

Thurles Arts Festival started in 2009. Organised by local councillor Jim Ryan. It will return for a third time in 2011 with various events around the town in Pubs, Clubs and The Source arts centre.

Amenities and features

Semple Stadium

Thurles is the birthplace of the Gaelic Athletic Association, founded in 1884 in Hayes' Hotel. Semple Stadium, where the centenary All-Ireland hurling final was played, is the second largest GAA stadium in Ireland with a capacity of 53,500, second only to Croke Park in Dublin. The stadium is the "spiritual home" of Munster hurling and many famous matches, especially Munster Finals, have been played. In 1984 it hosted the All Ireland Hurling Final to celebrate 100 years since the founding of the GAA in Thurles.

Thurles Cathedral

The Cathedral of the Assumption Thurles Cathedral South Facade III 2012 09 06.jpg
The Cathedral of the Assumption
The parish, numbered 32,
within the Archdiocese ParishesInCashelAndEmlyWithLegend3.jpg
The parish, numbered 32,
within the Archdiocese

The Cathedral of the Assumption is the mother church of the ecclesiastical province of Cashel and the cathedral church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cashel and Emly. It is not in its original site of the Rock of Cashel. This is due to the assumption of certain ecclesiastical properties by the established Church of Ireland at the time of the English Reformation. Instead, following the relaxation of the Penal Laws, the Roman Catholic Archbishop chose to locate his cathedra and residence in nearby Thurles. The present Cathedral of the Assumption stands on the site of earlier chapels in the centre of the town. Work on the cathedral, with its Romanesque architectural style and its facade modelled on that of Pisa, commenced in 1865. It was consecrated by Archbishop Thomas Croke on 21 June 1879. The architect was J.J. McCarthy while Barry McMullen was the main builder. Mr. J.C Ashlin was responsible for the enclosing walls, railing and much of the finished work. The cathedral's main features include a rose window, a free-standing baptistery and a magnificent altar. Particularly noteworthy is the tabernacle, the work of Giacomo della Porta, who was a pupil of Michelangelo.

The cathedral was extensively renovated and the sanctuary sympathetically remodelled on the occasion of its centenary in 1979.

Famine museum

St. Mary's church, belonging to the Church of Ireland, is built on the site of another pre-reformation church in Thurles. This structure was built by the Normans in the 12th century to provide them with a separate and more exclusive place of worship. The building is currently occupied and has a famine museum as well as a war museum. [13]

Library

Thurles Library is located in the arts centre.

Thurles Leisure Centre

In 2003, the county council demolished the old swimming pool with plans to build a new pool which were later scrapped. In 2007, a new swimming pool and gym was opened. [14]

Sport

Gaelic games

Thurles Sarsfields and Thurles Gaels are local Gaelic Athletic Association clubs. The latter is an amalgamation of three longstanding clubs, Thurles Kickhams, Rahealty and Thurles Fennellys and have their pitch in Kickham Park on the Mill Road in Thurles.

Association football

There are a number of association football (soccer) clubs in the area. These include Peake Villa (founded 1967 and playing in Tower Grounds), Thurles Town F.C. (playing in the Greyhound Stadium), Borroway Rovers (restarted 2002 and playing at Loughtagalla Park), Thurles Celtic (founded 2007 also Loughtagalla Park), and Suirside Wanderers (founded 2009 playing in the Vocational School grounds).[ citation needed ]

Horse racing

Thurles Racecourse is the main horse racing venue in the town and stages both National Hunt and flat racing. Racing has taken place at Thurles since 1732 when a three-day festival took place at the venue. The course is located 1.5 km west of the town centre. The course is an oval right-handed track of one and a quarter miles with 6 flights of hurdles and 7 steeplechase fences in each circuit. It is one mile, two furlongs long with a steep uphill finish. [15]

Other sports

The local rugby club, Thurles Rugby Club, was founded in 1924 and is located close to the water tower. Thurles Cricket Club was founded in 2010. [16] The local athletics club, Thurles Crokes Athletic Club, was founded in 1965.[ citation needed ]

Education

Primary

Primary schools serving the area include Gaelscoil Bhríde, Scoil Ailbhe CBS, Scoil Angela (Ursuline Convent) and Scoil Mhuire na Toirbhirte (Presentation Convent).

Secondary

Secondary schools include Thurles C.B.S., Coláiste Mhuire co-educational school, Presentation Convent and the Ursuline Convent.

Third-level and adult education

MIC St. Patrick's Campus, Thurles St. Patrick's College.jpg
MIC St. Patrick's Campus, Thurles

MIC St. Patrick's Campus, a former seminary runs teacher training degree courses. From 2011–2015 on its degrees were awarded by the University of Limerick. It is now part of Mary Immaculate College offering full-time courses in Irish, Religion, Business Studies and Accounting. From September 2019 the college will also offer courses in Maths. [17] [18]

A third-level college, the LIT Tipperary (formerly Tipperary Institute or TRBDI and later renamed Limerick Institute of Technology Tipperary), was established in 1998.

The Pallotine College in Thurles is a retreat, vocations and missions centre for the order.

Other third-level and further education schools include Colaiste Eile, Colaiste Mhuire Adult Education and Thurles Community Training Centre.[ citation needed ]

Notable people

International relations

Thurles is twinned with:

Annalistic references

From the Annals of the Four Masters:

See also

Related Research Articles

County Tipperary County in the Republic of Ireland

County Tipperary is a county in Ireland. It is located in the province of Munster. The county is named after the town of Tipperary, and was established in the early thirteenth century, shortly after the Norman invasion of Ireland. The population of the county was 159,553 at the 2016 census. The largest towns are Clonmel, Nenagh and Thurles.

Cahir Town in Munster, Ireland

Cahir is a town in County Tipperary in Ireland. It is also a civil parish in the barony of Iffa and Offa West.

Nenagh Town in Munster, Ireland

Nenagh meaning “The Fair of Ormond” or simply "The Fair", is the county town and second largest town in County Tipperary in Ireland. Nenagh used to be a market town, and the site of the East Munster Ormond Fair.

Templemore Town in Munster, Ireland

Templemore is a town in County Tipperary, Ireland. It is a civil parish in the historical barony of Eliogarty. It is part of the parish of Templemore, Clonmore and Killea in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cashel and Emly.

Roscrea Town in Munster, Ireland

Roscrea is a historical market town in County Tipperary, Ireland. In 2016 the town had a population of 5,446. The town is one of the oldest in Ireland, having developed around the ancient monastery of Saint Crónán of Roscrea, parts of which remain preserved today.

Cashel, County Tipperary Town in Munster, Ireland

Cashel is a town in County Tipperary in Ireland. Its population was 4,422 in the 2016 census. The town gives its name to the ecclesiastical province of Cashel. Additionally, the cathedra of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cashel and Emly was originally in the town prior to the English Reformation. It is part of the parish of Cashel and Rosegreen in the same archdiocese. One of the six cathedrals of the Anglican Bishop of Cashel and Ossory, who currently resides in Kilkenny, is located in the town. It is in the civil parish of St. Patricksrock which is in the historical barony of Middle Third.

Thomond

Thomond, also known as the kingdom of Limerick, was a kingdom of Gaelic Ireland, associated geographically with present-day County Clare and County Limerick, as well as parts of County Tipperary around Nenagh and its hinterland. The kingdom represented the core homeland of the Dál gCais people, although there were other Gaels in the area such as the Éile and Eóganachta, and even the Norse of Limerick. It existed from the collapse of the Kingdom of Munster in the 12th century as competition between the Ó Briain and the Mac Cárthaigh led to the schism between Thomond and Desmond. It continued to exist outside of the Anglo-Norman controlled Lordship of Ireland until the 16th century.

Borrisoleigh Village in Munster, Ireland

Borrisoleigh is a village/small town in County Tipperary, Ireland. According to the 2011 census, the village has a population of 708, an increase of 82 people on the 2006 census. In recent years the population has exceeded 1,000 and historically the population has been around 8,000. It is in the ecclesiastical parish of Borrisoleigh and Ileigh in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cashel and Emly.

Holycross Village in Munster, Ireland

Holycross is a village and civil parish in County Tipperary, Ireland. It is one of 21 civil parishes in the barony of Eliogarty. The civil parish straddles two counties and the baronies of Eliogarty and of Middle Third. It is also an ecclesiastical parish in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cashel and Emly.

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cashel and Emly

The Archdiocese of Cashel and Emly is a Roman Catholic archdiocese in mid-western Ireland. The archdiocese is led by the Archbishop of Cashel and Emly, who serves as pastor of the mother church, the Cathedral of the Assumption and metropolitan of the ecclesiastical province of Cashel and Emly. The Diocese of Cashel was established in 1111 by the Synod of Rathbreasail. The ecclesiastical province, which was roughly co-extensive with the secular province of Munster, was created in 1152 by the Synod of Kells. The cathedral church of the archdiocese is located in Thurles, County Tipperary. The incumbent archbishop is Kieran O'Reilly.

Fogarty is a surname of Irish origin. The name Fogarty in Ireland is derived from the native Irish Ó Fogaratigh Sept who were located in County Tipperary where the name is still very prevalent to this very day.

Éile[ˈeːle], was a medieval petty kingdom in the southern part of the modern county of Offaly and parts of North Tipperary in Ireland. The historic barony of Eliogarty was the core of the kingdom.

Eliogarty

Eliogarty is a barony in County Tipperary, Ireland. This geographical unit of land is one of 12 baronies in County Tipperary. Its chief town is Thurles. The barony lies between Ikerrin to the north, Kilnamanagh Upper to the west, Middle Third to the south and County Kilkenny to the east. It is currently administered by Tipperary County Council.

Middle Third is a barony in County Tipperary, Ireland. This geographical unit of land is one of 12 baronies in County Tipperary. Its chief town is Cashel. The barony lies between Eliogarty to the north, Iffa and Offa East to the south, Clanwilliam to the west and Slievardagh to the east. It is currently administered by Tipperary County Council.

Slievardagh is a barony in County Tipperary, Ireland. This geographical unit of land is one of 12 baronies in County Tipperary. Its chief town is Mullinahone. The barony lies between Eliogarty to the north, Iffa and Offa East to the south and Middle Third to the west. It is currently administered by Tipperary County Council.

Loughmoe East civil parish across the River Suir from Loughmoe West

Loughmoe East is a civil parish in County Tipperary, Ireland.(Gaelic: Na Cealla Beaga). Also called CALLABEG, or KILNASEAR, the parish, in the barony of ELIOGARTY, County TIPPERARY, is in the province of MUNSTER, about 2 miles south-east of Templemore. This parish is situated on the river Suir, which separates it from Loughmoe-West, and on the road from Templemore to Thurles, and comprises 3417 statute acres.

Templetouhy (civil parish)

Templetouhy, often written Templetuohy, is a civil parish that lies mainly in the barony of Ikerrin, County Tipperary although a single townland lies in the barony of Eliogarty. It is part of the Thurles poor law union. Writing in 1837, Lewis said that the parish of Templetuohy had 2,653 inhabitants.

Catholic Education, an Irish Schools Trust (CEIST) is the Trustee body for 107 Catholic Voluntary Secondary Schools in Ireland.

References

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  2. "Census 2006: Volume 1 – Population classified by area". cso.ie. Archived from the original on 25 March 2012. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  3. "Server Error 404 - CSO - Central Statistics Office". www.cso.ie. Archived from the original on 20 September 2010. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  4. http://www.histpop.org Archived 7 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  5. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 February 2012. Retrieved 17 February 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. (eds.). Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  7. Mokyr, Joel; Ó Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700-1850". The Economic History Review. 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x. hdl: 10197/1406 . Archived from the original on 4 December 2012.
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  9. "Historical Postcard Collection: Thurles". Tipperary Libraries. Archived from the original on 28 September 2008. Retrieved 9 July 2009.
  10. "Wesleyan Chapel, Thurles, Tipperary, Ireland". Wesleyan Juvenile Offering. London: Wesleyan Mission-House. VI. 1849. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
  11. "Tipperary Star, "Trip to Tipp"". tipperarystar.ie. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  12. "Keep it Semple. Féile '19 line-up a Tipp back in time". RTÉ Entertainment. 18 July 2019.
  13. Famine Museum - St Mary's Famine History Museum Archived 26 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  14. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 December 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. "Course Profile". Go Racing. Archived from the original on 31 August 2012. Retrieved 19 September 2012.
  16. http://www.thurlescricketclub.com
  17. University of Limerick Degrees for Graduates of St Patrick’s College, Thurles Archived 14 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine University of Limerick Website, Friday, 6 May 2011.
  18. St Patrick’s College Thurles Offers UL Teaching Degrees Archived 31 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine Thurles Information, 5 May 2011.
  19. "UK Twin Towns". 29 February 2008. Archived from the original on 29 February 2008. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  20. Sister Cities - Ireland and the US - US Embassy in Dublin Archived 2 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine