Thurston, Suffolk

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Thurston
Thurston Sign.JPG
Thurston village sign
Suffolk UK location map.svg
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Thurston
Location within Suffolk
Population3,232 (2011 Census)
OS grid reference TL929650
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BURY ST EDMUNDS
Postcode district IP31
Dialling code 01359
Police Suffolk
Fire Suffolk
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Suffolk
52°15′00″N0°49′33″E / 52.24994°N 0.8259°E / 52.24994; 0.8259 Coordinates: 52°15′00″N0°49′33″E / 52.24994°N 0.8259°E / 52.24994; 0.8259

Thurston is a village and a parish in Suffolk situated about 4 miles (6 km) east of Bury St Edmunds and 10 miles (16 km) west of Stowmarket.

Suffolk County of England

Suffolk is an East Anglian county of historic origin in England. It has borders with Norfolk to the north, Cambridgeshire to the west and Essex to the south. The North Sea lies to the east. The county town is Ipswich; other important towns include Lowestoft, Bury St Edmunds, Newmarket, and Felixstowe, one of the largest container ports in Europe.

Bury St Edmunds market town and civil parish in the county of Suffolk, England

Bury St Edmunds, commonly referred to locally as Bury, is a historic market town and civil parish in Suffolk, England. Bury St Edmunds Abbey is near the town centre. Bury is the seat of the Diocese of St Edmundsbury and Ipswich of the Church of England, with the episcopal see at St Edmundsbury Cathedral.

Stowmarket town and civil parish in Mid Suffolk, Suffolk, England

Stowmarket is a small market town in Suffolk, England, on the busy A14 trunk road between Bury St Edmunds to the west and Ipswich to the southeast. The town is on the main railway line between London and Norwich, and lies on the River Gipping, which is joined by its tributary, the River Rat, to the south of the town.

Contents

In mid-2005, Thurston's estimated population was 3,260, making it one of the larger communities in the area, [1] falling slightly to 3,232 at the 2011 Census. [2]

Thurston railway station opened in 1846 and is still operating today. The village also has frequent bus service to neighbouring towns, including Bury St Edmunds. The village is located under 2 miles (3 km) from the A14 and under 40 miles (64 km) from the M11 motorway.

Thurston railway station Thurston, Mid Suffolk, Suffolk, IP31

Thurston railway station serves the village of Thurston in Suffolk, England. The station, and all trains serving it, are operated by Greater Anglia.

A14 road (England) major road in England

The A14 is a trunk road in England, running 127 miles (204 km) from the Port of Felixstowe, Suffolk to its western end at the Catthorpe Interchange; a major intersection at the southern end of the M6 and junction 19 of the M1 in Leicestershire. The road forms part of the unsigned Euroroutes E24 and E30.

M11 motorway motorway in England

The M11 motorway is a 55-mile (88.5 km) motorway that runs north from the North Circular Road (A406) in South Woodford to the A14, northwest of Cambridge, England. Originally proposed as early as 1915, various plans were considered throughout the 1960s, with final construction being undertaken between 1975 and 1980. The motorway was opened in stages, with the first stage opening in June 1975, and the completed motorway becoming fully operational in February 1980. Running from South Woodford to Girton, the motorway provides direct access to Harlow, a large new town, as well as the city of Cambridge and since 2002, the motorway has greatly improved access to London Stansted Airport, the fourth busiest airport in the United Kingdom.

History

The village is recorded in the Domesday Book as having a population of 66 households. It was part of the lands of the Abbey of Bury St Edmunds, then one of the largest landlords in England. [3] [4]

Domesday Book 11th-century survey of landholding in England as well as the surviving manuscripts of the survey

Domesday Book is a manuscript record of the "Great Survey" of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle states:

Then, at the midwinter [1085], was the king in Gloucester with his council .... After this had the king a large meeting, and very deep consultation with his council, about this land; how it was occupied, and by what sort of men. Then sent he his men over all England into each shire; commissioning them to find out "How many hundreds of hides were in the shire, what land the king himself had, and what stock upon the land; or, what dues he ought to have by the year from the shire."

Bury St Edmunds Abbey partly ruined abbey in Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, England

The Abbey of Bury St Edmunds was once among the richest Benedictine monasteries in England, until the Dissolution of the monasteries in 1539. It is in the town that grew up around it, Bury St Edmunds in the county of Suffolk, England. It was a centre of pilgrimage as the burial place of the Anglo-Saxon martyr-king Saint Edmund, killed by the Great Heathen Army of Danes in 869. The ruins of the abbey church and most other buildings are merely rubble cores, but two very large medieval gatehouses survive, as well as two secondary medieval churches built within the abbey complex.

By the 1870s, the village had grown substantially. It is mentioned in John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales as a community with 2,200 acres of land, a population of 740 and 157 households. As of July 2017, an additional 700 homes are to be built, increasing the village population by nearly 50%. This has been met with controversy and is currently under review. [5] The village's farming past is reflected in its listed buildings, which include several former farmhouses and associated farm buildings. [6]

Rev. John Marius Wilson (c.1805–1885) was a British writer and an editor, most notable for his gazetteers. The Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales, was a substantial topographical dictionary in six volumes. It was a companion to his Imperial Gazetteer of Scotland, published 1854–57.

The Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales is a substantial topographical dictionary first published between 1870 and 1872, edited by the Reverend John Marius Wilson. It contains a detailed description of England and Wales. Its six volumes have a brief article on each county, city, borough, civil parish, and diocese, describing their political and physical features and naming the principal people of each place.

Listed building Protected historic structure in the United Kingdom

A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England in England, Historic Environment Scotland in Scotland, Cadw in Wales, and the Northern Ireland Environment Agency in Northern Ireland.

St. Peter's Church, Thurston and war memorial (geograph.org.uk) St. Peter's church and War Memorial, Thurston, Suffolk - geograph.org.uk - 220998.jpg
St. Peter's Church, Thurston and war memorial (geograph.org.uk)

St. Peter's Church is at the geographical centre of the village and has services every Sunday at 10.30 am. The original church was Medieval, but was largely rebuilt in 1861 after a dramatic collapse of the tower onto the nave the night before major renovations were due to begin. Its architect was John Henry Hakewill (son of the distinguished architect Henry Hakewill), and rebuilding took 18 months and cost around £3,500. Some 14th and 15th-century features, including the font, chancel windows and vestry were retrieved and reinstated in the Victorian church. [5] [7]

Medieval architecture architectural style

Medieval architecture is architecture common in the Middle Ages, and includes religious, civil, and military buildings. Styles include pre-Romanesque, Romanesque, and Gothic. While most of the surviving medieval architecture is to be seen in churches and castles, examples of civic and domestic architecture can be found throughout Europe, in manor houses, town halls, almshouses, bridges, and residential houses.

Henry Hakewill was an English architect.

The church is Grade II listed. [8] The church's ring of five bells was augmented to six, after a donation of a bell from St Albans Abbey by the charity the Keltek Trust in 2012. [9]

Thurston also has a small Methodist church in Church Road, which also conducts regular services. [10]

The original village hall, still known as The Cavendish Hall, was gifted (both land and building costs) to Thurston in 1913 by Julia Florence Cavendish, the American-born wife of Tyrell William Cavendish, who lost his life on the Titanic. The couple had joined the ship's maiden voyage to New York to see Julia Cavendish's father Henry Siegel shortly after purchasing Thurston House, which they were renovating. After Tyrell's death, Julia asked the Parish Council if the Hall could be built as his memorial, but sold Thurston Hall without living in it. [11] [12] [13]

Village amenities

In addition to Cavendish Hall, Thurston has a second hall, known as the New Green Centre, which opened in 1991. It is set in parkland and operates as a venue for village sports activities, clubs, meetings and events. Other activities in the village include an Air Training Corps squadron. [14]

The village has two pubs, The Victoria on Norton Road and The Fox and Hounds on Barton Road, near the railway line. [15] There is also a bar at the Grange Hotel (formerly known as Thurston Grange), a mock Tudor hotel with banqueting and conference facilities. [16]

There is a small business park, known as Thurston Granary, located in the village and other businesses include Harvey's Garden Plants, a family-run garden centre/tea room that has won Gold Medals at Chelsea. [17]

The local public upper school is Thurston Community College, with about 1,500 pupils from the village and surrounding communities. The school also has a sixth form, with 400–500 students, and a primary school.

The village has two churches. As mentioned above; the parish church, St Peter's, is part of the Benefice of Holy Innocents at Great Barton and Thurston St Peter's. Thurston is also home to the Forge, a modern, vibrant church that meets in the New Green Centre on Sunday afternoon. Forge Thurston is the second of several locations for the Forge, a multi-site church that meets across Suffolk. Visit www.forgechurch.com/thurston for more information on Forge Thurston.

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References

  1. "Estimates of total population of areas in Suffolk" (PDF). Suffolk County Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 December 2008. Retrieved 31 July 2008.
  2. "Civil Parish 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  3. "Thurston | Domesday Book". Domesdaymap.co.uk. Retrieved 13 May 2013.
  4. "St Edmundsbury Local History – The Little Domesday Book". Stedmundsburychronicle.co.uk. 22 April 2010. Retrieved 13 May 2013.
  5. 1 2 "History of Thurston in Mid Suffolk | Map and description". Visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 13 May 2013.
  6. Good Stuff IT Services. "Listed Buildings in Thurston, Suffolk, England". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 13 May 2013.
  7. "Suffolk Churches". Suffolk Churches. Retrieved 13 May 2013.
  8. Good Stuff IT Services. "Church of St Peter – Thurston – Suffolk – England". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 13 May 2013.
  9. David Kelly. "Thurston, Suffolk". Keltektrust.org.uk. Retrieved 13 May 2013.
  10. "Thurston – East Anglia District". Eamethodist.org.uk. Archived from the original on 29 June 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2013.
  11. "History". Thurston-village.co.uk. Archived from the original on 13 December 2010. Retrieved 14 May 2013.
  12. "Cavendish Children Escape :: New York Times". Encyclopedia-titanica.org. 23 April 1912. Retrieved 14 May 2013.
  13. "Suffolk Connections to the Titanic". GB: Hartest.onesuffolk.net. Retrieved 14 May 2013.
  14. "863 Thurston Squadron". 863sqn.org.uk. 26 December 2011. Archived from the original on 23 December 2012. Retrieved 13 May 2013.
  15. "Thurston summary from". Suffolk Camra. Retrieved 14 May 2013.
  16. "Eating out: The Grange Hotel, Thurston". EADT Suffolk Magazine. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
  17. "15. Harvey's Garden Plants "The Orchard Room at the heart of the nursery is". The Independent. 9 March 2012. Retrieved 14 May 2013.

External sources

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Thurston, Suffolk at Wikimedia Commons