Thurston Hollow

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Thurston Hollow
Thurston Hollow Creek
Thurston Hollow looking upstream.jpg
Thurston Hollow looking upstream
Location
Physical characteristics
Source 
  locationslopes of a ridge in Eaton Township, Wyoming County, Pennsylvania
  elevationbetween 1,180 and 1,200 feet (360 and 366 m)
Mouth  
  location
Moneypenny Creek in Eaton Township, Wyoming County, Pennsylvania
  coordinates
41°28′39″N75°55′23″W / 41.47747°N 75.92303°W / 41.47747; -75.92303 Coordinates: 41°28′39″N75°55′23″W / 41.47747°N 75.92303°W / 41.47747; -75.92303
  elevation
869 ft (265 m)
Length1.4 mi (2.3 km)
Basin features
ProgressionMoneypenny Creek → Susquehanna RiverChesapeake Bay
Tributaries 
  leftone unnamed tributary

Thurston Hollow (also known as Thurston Hollow Creek) is a tributary of Moneypenny Creek in Wyoming County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is approximately 1.4 miles (2.3 km) long and flows through Eaton Township. [1] The stream's watershed has an area of 1.62 square miles (4.2 km2). Thurston Hollow is not designated as an impaired waterbody. The surficial geology in its vicinity consists of Wisconsinan Till, alluvium, and bedrock. It has one unnamed tributary.

Tributary stream or river that flows into a main stem river or lake

A tributary or affluent is a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or main stem river or a lake. A tributary does not flow directly into a sea or ocean. Tributaries and the main stem river drain the surrounding drainage basin of its surface water and groundwater, leading the water out into an ocean.

Moneypenny Creek river in the United States of America

Moneypenny Creek is a tributary of the Susquehanna River in Wyoming County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is approximately 2.2 miles (3.5 km) long and flows through Eaton Township. The creek's watershed has an area of 3.24 square miles (8.4 km2). The creek has one named tributary, which is known as Thurston Hollow. Moneypenny Creek has experienced flash flooding. The surficial geology in its vicinity consists of Wisconsinan Till, bedrock, alluvium, and Wisconsinan Ice-Contact Stratified Drift. The creek's watershed is a Coldwater Fishery and a Migratory Fishery.

Wyoming County, Pennsylvania County in the United States

Wyoming County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 28,276. Its county seat is Tunkhannock. It was created in 1842 from part of Luzerne County.

Contents

Course

Thurston Hollow looking downstream Thurston Hollow looking downstream.jpg
Thurston Hollow looking downstream

Thurston Hollow begins on the slopes of a ridge in Eaton Township. It flows north-northeast for several tenths of a mile, passing through a pond, receiving an unnamed tributary from the left, and enters a valley. The stream then turns nearly due north for several tenths of a mile and passes through another pond before turning east-northeast. Several hundred feet further downstream, it reaches its confluence with Moneypenny Creek. [1]

Pond A relatively small body of standing water

A pond is an area filled with water, either natural or artificial, that is smaller than a lake. It may arise naturally in floodplains as part of a river system, or be a somewhat isolated depression. It may contain shallow water with marsh and aquatic plants and animals.

Thurston Hollow joins Moneypenny Creek 0.95 miles (1.53 km) upstream of its mouth. [2]

Hydrology

Thurston Hollow is not designated as an impaired waterbody. [3]

Geography and geology

The elevation near the mouth of Thurston Hollow is 869 feet (265 m) above sea level. [4] The elevation of the stream's source is between 1,180 and 1,200 feet (360 and 366 m) above sea level. [1]

River mouth end of a river

A river mouth is the part of a river where the river debouches into another river, a lake, a reservoir, a sea, or an ocean.

Sea level Average level for the surface of the ocean at any given geographical position on the planetary surface

Mean sea level (MSL) is an average level of the surface of one or more of Earth's bodies of water from which heights such as elevation may be measured. The global MSL is a type of vertical datum – a standardised geodetic datum – that is used, for example, as a chart datum in cartography and marine navigation, or, in aviation, as the standard sea level at which atmospheric pressure is measured to calibrate altitude and, consequently, aircraft flight levels. A common and relatively straightforward mean sea-level standard is instead the midpoint between a mean low and mean high tide at a particular location.

River source The starting point of a river

The source or headwaters of a river or stream is the furthest place in that river or stream from its estuary or confluence with another river, as measured along the course of the river.

The surficial geology along the lower reaches of Thurston Hollow mainly consists of alluvium. To the east, the surficial geology consists of bedrock and some Wisconsinan Till. To the west, the surficial geology consists entirely of Wisconsinan Till. [5]

Alluvium Loose soil or sediment that is eroded and redeposited in a non-marine setting

Alluvium is loose, unconsolidated soil or sediment that has been eroded, reshaped by water in some form, and redeposited in a non-marine setting. Alluvium is typically made up of a variety of materials, including fine particles of silt and clay and larger particles of sand and gravel. When this loose alluvial material is deposited or cemented into a lithological unit, or lithified, it is called an alluvial deposit.

Bedrock Lithified rock under the regolith

Bedrock in geology is the lithified rock that lies under loose softer material called regolith within the surface of the Earth's crust or other terrestrial planets.

Till Unsorted glacial sediment

Till or glacial till is unsorted glacial sediment.

Watershed

The watershed of Thurston Hollow has an area of 1.62 square miles (4.2 km2). [2] The stream is entirely within the United States Geological Survey quadrangle of Center Moreland. [4] Its designated use is for aquatic life. [3]

UGI Energy Services, Inc. once applied for a permit to construct, operate, and maintain the Auburn Line Extension Project, a pipeline with a length of 27.4 miles (44.1 km). Such a project would some stream reaches along at least one unnamed tributary to Thurston Hollow. [6]

History

Thurston Hollow does not have a name of its own, but takes its name from the valley through which it flows. [2] The valley of Thurston Hollow was entered into the Geographic Names Information System on August 2, 1979. Its identifier in the Geographic Names Information System is 1199681. [4]

Thurston Hollow is also known as Thurston Hollow Creek. [6]

Farming has been done in the vicinity of Thurston Hollow. [7]

See also

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Tinker Hollow is a tributary of Little Creek in Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is approximately 1.0 mile (1.6 km) long and flows through Clifford Township. The watershed of the stream has an area of 1.33 square miles (3.4 km2). The stream is not designated as an impaired waterbody and has wild trout naturally reproducing within it. The surficial geology in its vicinity includes Wisconsinan Till, alluvium, Wisconsinan Ice-Contact Stratified Drift, bedrock, and a lake.

References

  1. 1 2 3 United States Geological Survey, The National Map Viewer , retrieved September 10, 2015
  2. 1 2 3 Pennsylvania Gazetteer of Streams (PDF), November 2, 2001, pp. 2, 24, retrieved September 10, 2015
  3. 1 2 United States Environmental Protection Agency, 2006 Waterbody Report for Thurston Hollow , retrieved September 10, 2015
  4. 1 2 3 Geographic Names Information System, Feature Detail Report for: Thurston Hollow , retrieved September 10, 2015
  5. Duane D. Braun, Surficial geology of the Center Moreland 7.5-minute quadrangle, Wyoming and Luzerne Counties, Pennsylvania, p. 15, retrieved September 10, 2015
  6. 1 2 "WATER OBSTRUCTIONS AND ENCROACHMENTS", Pennsylvania Bulletin , July 20, 2013, retrieved September 10, 2015
  7. Central Reporter...: All Cases Determined in the Courts of Last Resort, Volume 9, 1887, p. 310, retrieved September 10, 2015