Thuru

Last updated
Toro
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Toro
Location in Bolivia
Highest point
Elevation 5,179 m (16,991 ft) [1]
Coordinates 18°57′46″S66°26′11″W / 18.96278°S 66.43639°W / -18.96278; -66.43639 Coordinates: 18°57′46″S66°26′11″W / 18.96278°S 66.43639°W / -18.96278; -66.43639
Geography
Location Bolivia, Oruro Department, Challapata Province
Parent range Andes

Thuru (Aymara for rough, [2] also spelled Toro) is a 5,179-metre-high (16,991 ft) mountain in the Andes in Bolivia. It is located in the Oruro Department, Challapata Province, Challapata Municipality. It lies south-west of the mountain Wawachani and north-west of the mountains Wichhu Qullu and Wila Qullu.

Aymara language native language in South America

Aymara is an Aymaran language spoken by the Aymara people of the Andes. It is one of only a handful of Native American languages with over one million speakers. Aymara, along with Spanish, is one of the official languages of Bolivia and parts of Peru. It is also spoken, to a much lesser extent, by some communities in northern Chile, where it is a recognized minority language.

Andes mountain range running along the tu mamide of South America

The Andes or Andean Mountains are the longest continental mountain range in the world, forming a continuous highland along the western edge of South America. This range is about 7,000 km (4,300 mi) long, about 200 to 700 km wide, and of an average height of about 4,000 m (13,000 ft). The Andes extend from north to south through seven South American countries: Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Argentina.

Bolivia country in South America

Bolivia, officially the Plurinational State of Bolivia is a landlocked country located in western-central South America. The capital is Sucre while the seat of government and financial center is located in La Paz. The largest city and principal industrial center is Santa Cruz de la Sierra, located on the Llanos Orientales a mostly flat region in the east of Bolivia.

The river Jach'a Jawira (Aymara for "big river", Jachcha Jahuira) which later is called Kuntur Nasa ("condor nose", Condor Nasa) after it reaches the mountain of the same name originates south-east Thuru. It flows to the south-west. [1] [3]

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Kuntur Nasa (Oruro) mountain in Bolivia

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Ñuñu Qullu (Dalence)

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Taypi Qullu (Mejillones)

Taypi Qullu is a 5,062-metre-high (16,608 ft) mountain in the Cordillera Occidental in the Andes of Bolivia. It lies in the Oruro Department, Mejillones Province, La Rivera Municipality. Taypi Qullu is situated south of the mountain Chullumpiri, south-west of Laram Pukara and north-west of Janq'u Qullu. The river Ch'iyar Qullu Jawira flows along its slopes and then to the south-west.

Qutapata (Murillo)

Qutapata is a 5,288-metre-high (17,349 ft) mountain in the Cordillera Real in the Bolivian Andes. It is situated in the La Paz Department, Murillo Province, La Paz Municipality, near the border with the Sud Yungas Province, Yanacachi Municipality. Qutapata lies south-west of the mountain Sirk'i Qullu, west of the mountain Jathi Qullu and south of the lake Sirk'i Quta.

Wila Quta (Oruro)

Wila Quta is a mountain in the Andes in Bolivia reaching up to 5,144 metres (16,877 ft) above sea level. It is located in the Oruro Department, Challapata Province, in the south-east of the Challapata Municipality. Wila Quta is situated south of the Jach'a River and north of Nacional Route 1. It lies next to the mountain Wila Qullu, northwest of it, which reaches the same height.

Wila Qullu (Challapata)

Wila Qullu is a 5,125-metre-high (16,814 ft) mountain in the Andes in Bolivia. It is located in the Oruro Department, Challapata Province, Challapata Municipality, Challapata Canton. Wila Qullu is situated south-east of Chunkara Lake.

Wawachani

Wawachani is a 5,136-metre-high (16,850 ft) mountain in the Andes in Bolivia. It is sistuated in the Oruro Department, Challapata Province, Challapata Municipality. It lies north-west of the mountains Wichhu Qullu and Wila Qullu and east of Thuru.

Wila Qullu (Chunkara)

Wila Qullu is a mountain in the Andes in Bolivia, about 5,060 metres (16,601 ft) high. It is situated in the Oruro Department, Challapata Province, Challapata Municipality, Challapata Canton. Wila Qullu lies south-east of the mountains Thuru and Wawachani and north-west of Wichhu Qullu. It is situated north of Chunkara Lake.

Jacha Qullu (Loayza)

Jach'a Qullu is a 4,390-metre-high (14,403 ft) mountain in the Bolivian Andes. It is located in the La Paz Department, Loayza Province, Malla Municipality. Jach'a Qullu is situated south-west of the mountains Wila Willk'i, Malla Qullu and Janq'u Qalani (Jankho Khalani). It lies west of Malla. The river Jach'a K'uchu Jawira flows along the northern slopes of Jach'a Qullu.

Tata Chiyar Qullu mountain in Bolivia

Tata Ch'iyar Qullu or just Ch'iyar Qullu(Charkkollu) is a mountain in the Bolivian Andes, about 4,800 metres (15,748 ft) high. It lies in the La Paz Department, Murillo Province, Palca Municipality. Ch'iyar Qullu is situated near the river Chuqi Quta, south-west of the lake Ch'uxña Quta and north-west of the village of Chuqi Quta (Choquecota, Choquekhota).

Layqa Qullu mountain in Bolivia

Layqa Qullu is a 6,166-metre-high (20,230 ft) peak in the Cordillera Real in the Andes of Bolivia. It is one of the highest peaks in the Illimani massif. It is situated in the La Paz Department, Murillo Province, Palca Municipality, and in the Sud Yungas Province, Irupana Municipality. Layqa Qullu lies south-east of the highest point of the massif, north-west of Link'u Link'u and Silla Pata.

Wila Salla (Oruro)

Wila Salla is a 4,652-metre-high (15,262 ft) mountain in the Andes of Bolivia. It is located in the Oruro Department, Eduardo Abaroa Province, Challapata Municipality. It lies southeast of Wila Qullu and Wila Quta.

Wila Salla (Oruro-Potosí)

Wila Salla is a 4,616-metre-high (15,144 ft) mountain in the Andes of Bolivia. It is located in the Oruro Department, Eduardo Abaroa Province, Challapata Municipality, and in the Potosí Department, Tomás Frías Province, Tinguipaya Municipality. It lies southeast of Kuntur Nasa.

Kuntur Samaña mountain in Bolivia

Kuntur Samaña is a 4,587-metre-high (15,049 ft) mountain in the Bolivian Andes. It is located in the La Paz Department, Inquisivi Province, Colquiri Municipality. Kuntur Samaña lies at the Qala Uta River, northeast of Jach'a Warmi Qullu.

Kuntur Uta

Kuntur Uta is a 4,328-metre-high (14,199 ft) mountain in the Andes of Bolivia. It is located in the Oruro Department, Challapata Province, Challapata Municipality. Kuntur Uta lies at the Berenguela River, west of the village of Ancacato.

References

  1. 1 2 Bolivian IGM map 1:50,000 Estancia Calacota 6336-IV
  2. Radio San Gabriel, "Instituto Radiofonico de Promoción Aymara" (IRPA) 1993, Republicado por Instituto de las Lenguas y Literaturas Andinas-Amazónicas (ILLLA-A) 2011, Transcripción del Vocabulario de la Lengua Aymara, P. Ludovico Bertonio 1612 (Spanish-Aymara-Aymara-Spanish dictionary)
  3. "Challapata". INE, Bolivia. Retrieved October 13, 2014.