Thury-Harcourt

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Thury-Harcourt
Thury-Harcourt 01.jpg
Blason de la ville de Thury-Harcourt (Calvados).svg
Location of Thury-Harcourt
Thury-Harcourt
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Thury-Harcourt
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Thury-Harcourt
Coordinates: 48°59′02″N0°28′23″W / 48.984°N 0.4730°W / 48.984; -0.4730 Coordinates: 48°59′02″N0°28′23″W / 48.984°N 0.4730°W / 48.984; -0.4730
Country France
Region Normandy
Department Calvados
Arrondissement Caen
Canton Le Hom
Commune Thury-Harcourt-le-Hom
Area
1
4.90 km2 (1.89 sq mi)
Population
 (2019) [1]
2,010
  Density410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal code
14220
Elevation18–156 m (59–512 ft)
(avg. 100 m or 330 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Thury-Harcourt (French pronunciation:  [tyʁi aʁkuʁ] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a former commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France. On 1 January 2016, it was merged into the new commune of Thury-Harcourt-le-Hom. [2] The town is 24 kilometres (15 mi) south of Caen, in the Orne valley. It is part of Norman Switzerland, which attracts visitors for various sports and outdoor activities with its hilly terrain.

Contents

History

The original name is Thury, but the Marquis of Thury received a benefice from Henry d'Harcourt under the name of the Duke of Harcourt in 1709, requiring a change of name. The town was occupied by the forces of Nazi Germany in June 1940 after France's surrender ended the Battle of France. For four years the village lived under Nazi occupation as part of the German military administration in occupied France during World War II. Thury-Harcourt was liberated by British soldiers who were part of the 59th (Staffordshire) Infantry Division. The 59th (Staffordshire) Infantry Division fought their way into and through Thury-Harcourt in August 1944. [3] [4]

Administration

Town hall Thury-Harcourt mairie.jpg
Town hall
The Orne valley takes an oxbow curve near Thury-Harcourt Orne thury harcourt.jpg
The Orne valley takes an oxbow curve near Thury-Harcourt

At the local elections of March 2014, the mayor Paul Chandelier was re-elected. The municipal council consists of 19 members, including the mayor and 5 deputy mayors. [5]

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19621,191    
19681,190−0.1%
19751,363+14.5%
19821,586+16.4%
19901,803+13.7%
19991,825+1.2%
20081,914+4.9%

Sights

Frontage of the Chateau of Thury-Harcourt Chateau de Thury-Harcourt.JPG
Frontage of the Château of Thury-Harcourt
Saint Sauveur Church Thury-Harcourt-calvados-eglise.jpg
Saint Sauveur Church

In the battles of the Second World War, after the Normandy landings the town was bombed for the first time on 30 June 1944; the château escaped damage. It was during fierce fighting against the British 59th (Staffordshire) Infantry Division on 13–4 August 1944 that the German forces retreated from the town and set fire to the chateau, which had suffered little damage up to that point. The fire destroyed many public archives, a library of nearly 15,000 volumes, and hundreds of family records.

Thury-Harcourt railway station was destroyed by air strikes in 1944 and reconstructed in the 1950s. The passenger line opened in 1873 and was closed in 1971. Freight service stopped in 1983. A tourist train from Louvigny (close to Caen) to Clécy operated from 1991 to 1994.

Personalities

Statue of Paul Heroult Thury harcourt Heroult.jpg
Statue of Paul Heroult

Events

In the sixteenth century many families emigrated to Canada, taking with them the curate and abbot of the parish, (Lesueur). He founded the parish Saint-Sauveur, Quebec. Pierre Legardeur got general control of Nouvelle-France and gave his name to the towns of Le Gardeur and Repentigny in Quebec.

See also

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References

  1. Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2019, INSEE
  2. Arrêté préfectoral 22 December 2015 (in French)
  3. Knight, Peter (1954). The 59th Division: Its War Story. London: Frederick Muller (for 59th (Staffordshire) Infantry Division Reunion Organisation)
  4. "THE 59TH (STAFFORDSHIRE) DIVISION CAPTURES THE TOWN OF THURY-HARCOURT [Allocated Title]".
  5. ouest-france.fr Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine