Thury-Harcourt

Last updated
Thury-Harcourt
Part of Le Hom
Thury-Harcourt 01.jpg
Blason de la ville de Thury-Harcourt (Calvados).svg
Coat of arms
Location of Thury-Harcourt
Thury-Harcourt
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Thury-Harcourt
Normandie region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Thury-Harcourt
Coordinates: 48°59′02″N0°28′23″W / 48.984°N 0.4730°W / 48.984; -0.4730 Coordinates: 48°59′02″N0°28′23″W / 48.984°N 0.4730°W / 48.984; -0.4730
Country France
Region Normandy
Department Calvados
Arrondissement Caen
Canton Thury-Harcourt
Commune Le Hom
Area
1
4.90 km2 (1.89 sq mi)
Population
 (2017) [1]
2,018
  Density410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal code
14220
Elevation18–156 m (59–512 ft)
(avg. 100 m or 330 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Thury-Harcourt is a former commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France. On 1 January 2016, it was merged into the new commune of Le Hom. [2] The town is 24 kilometres (15 mi) south of Caen, in the Orne valley. It is part of Norman Switzerland, which attracts visitors for various sports and outdoor activities with its hilly terrain.

Contents

History

The original name is Thury, but the Marquis of Thury received a benefice from Henry d'Harcourt under the name of the Duke of Harcourt in 1709, requiring a change of name. The town was occupied by the forces of Nazi Germany in June of 1940 after France's surrender ended the Battle of France. For four years the village lived under Nazi occupation as part of the German military administration in occupied France during World War II. Thury-Harcourt was liberated by British soldiers who were part of the 59th (Staffordshire) Infantry Division. The 59th (Staffordshire) Infantry Division fought their way into and through Thury-Harcourt in August of 1944. [3] [4]

Administration

Town hall Thury-Harcourt mairie.jpg
Town hall
The Orne valley takes an oxbow curve near Thury-Harcourt Orne thury harcourt.jpg
The Orne valley takes an oxbow curve near Thury-Harcourt

At the local elections of March 2014, the mayor Paul Chandelier was re-elected. The municipal council consists of 19 members, including the mayor and 5 deputy mayors. [5]

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19621,191    
19681,190−0.1%
19751,363+14.5%
19821,586+16.4%
19901,803+13.7%
19991,825+1.2%
20081,914+4.9%

Sights

Frontage of the Chateau of Thury-Harcourt Chateau de Thury-Harcourt.JPG
Frontage of the Château of Thury-Harcourt
Saint Sauveur Church Thury-Harcourt-calvados-eglise.jpg
Saint Sauveur Church

In the battles of the Second World War, after the Normandy landings the town was bombed for the first time on 30 June 1944; the château escaped damage. It was during fierce fighting against the British 59th (Staffordshire) Infantry Division on 13–4 August 1944 that the German forces retreated from the town and set fire to the chateau, which had suffered little damage up to that point. The fire destroyed many public archives, a library of nearly 15,000 volumes, and hundreds of family records.

Thury-Harcourt railway station was destroyed by air strikes in 1944 and reconstructed in the 1950s. The passenger line opened in 1873 and was closed in 1971. Freight service stopped in 1983. A tourist train from Louvigny (close to Caen) to Clécy operated from 1991 to 1994.

Personalities

Statue of Paul Heroult Thury harcourt Heroult.jpg
Statue of Paul Heroult

Events

In the sixteenth century many families emigrated to Canada, taking with them the curate and abbot of the parish, (Lesueur). He founded the parish Saint-Sauveur, Quebec. Pierre Legardeur got general control of Nouvelle-France and gave his name to the towns of Le Gardeur and Repentigny in Quebec.

See also

Related Research Articles

Acqueville, Calvados Part of Cesny-les-Sources in Normandy, France

Acqueville is a former French commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region of northwestern France. On 1 January 2019, it was merged into the new commune of Cesny-les-Sources.

Amayé-sur-Orne Commune in Normandy, France

Amayé-sur-Orne is a French commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region of northwestern France. Its inhabitants are known as Amayéens or Amayéennes

Angoville, Calvados Part of Cesny-les-Sources in Normandy, France

Angoville is a former commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region of north-western France. On 1 January 2019, it was merged into the new commune of Cesny-les-Sources.

Argences Commune in Normandy, France

Argences is a French commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region of north-western France. It is in the urban area of Caen, 15 kilometres from the city.

Audrieu Commune in Normandy, France

Audrieu is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region of north-western France.

Aunay-sur-Odon Part of Les Monts dAunay in Normandy, France

Aunay-sur-Odon is a former commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region of north-western France. On 1 January 2017, it was merged into the new commune Les Monts d'Aunay.

Authie, Calvados Commune in Normandy, France

Authie is a French commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region of north-western France.

Banneville-la-Campagne Commune in Normandy, France

Banneville-la-Campagne is a French commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region of north-western France.

Barbery, Calvados Commune in Normandy, France

Barbery is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region of north-western France.

Clécy Commune in Normandy, France

Clécy is a French Commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.

Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte Commune in Normandy, France

Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte is a commune in the Manche department in Normandy in north-western France.

Lisieux Subprefecture and commune in Normandy, France

Lisieux is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France. It is the capital of the Pays d'Auge area, which is characterised by valleys and hedged farmland.

Le Gardeur may refer to:

Ver-sur-Mer Commune in Normandy, France

Ver-sur-Mer is a commune in the Calvados department and Normandy region of north-western France. It is situated at the eastern end of Gold Beach between Arromanches and Courseulles. The town lies 20 km north-west of Caen and 14 km north-east of Bayeux.

Arrondissement of Caen Arrondissement in Normandy, France

The arrondissement of Caen is an arrondissement of France in the Calvados department in the Normandy region. It has 201 communes. Its population is 384,540 (2016), and its area is 1,595.7 km2 (616.1 sq mi).

59th (Staffordshire) Infantry Division British Army unit

The 59th (Staffordshire) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that was formed during the Second World War and fought in the Battle of Normandy. In March 1939, after Germany re-emerged as a significant military power and occupied Czechoslovakia, the British Army increased the number of divisions in the Territorial Army (TA) by duplicating existing units. The 59th (Staffordshire) Motor Division was formed in September 1939, as a second-line duplicate of the 55th Motor Division. The division's battalions were all, initially, raised in Staffordshire.

Saint-André-sur-Orne Commune in Normandy, France

Saint-André-sur-Orne is a village in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.

Norman Switzerland

Norman Switzerland is a part of Normandy, France, in the border region of the departments Calvados and Orne. Its name comes from its rugged and verdant relief resembling the Swiss Alps, with gorges carved by the river Orne and its tributaries, and by erosion in the Armorican Massif between Putanges-Pont-Écrepin and Thury-Harcourt. The river has created a rugged landscape.

Cambes-en-Plaine War Cemetery Military cemetery in Normandy

Cambes-en-Plaine War Cemetery is a Second World War cemetery of Commonwealth soldiers in France, located seven km northwest of Caen, Normandy. The cemetery contains 224 graves of which one is unidentified.

Geoffroy de Harcourt

Geoffroy de Harcourt, "the lame" Viscount of Saint-Sauveur, was a 14th century French noble.

References

  1. Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2017, INSEE
  2. Arrêté préfectoral 22 December 2015 (in French)
  3. Knight, Peter (1954). The 59th Division: Its War Story. London: Frederick Muller (for 59th (Staffordshire) Infantry Division Reunion Organisation)
  4. https://www.iwm.org.uk/collections/item/object/1060019771
  5. ouest-france.fr Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine