|Directed by||Koji Chino|
|Written by||Journal Gyaw Ma Ma Lay|
|December 8, 2003|
|Budget||2.6 million US dollar|
Thway (Burmese : သွေး) is a 2003 film and the first Japan/Myanmar collaboration. It was directed by Koji Chino. The film is based on a bestselling novel, Thway, written by Journal Gyaw Ma Ma Lay. The Burmese name of the movie is Thway. The English name is The Bonds of Blood and the Japanese name is Chi no Kizuna.
The Burmese language is the Sino-Tibetan language spoken in Myanmar where it is an official language and the language of the Bamar people, the country's principal ethnic group. Although the Constitution of Myanmar officially recognizes the English name of the language as the Myanmar language, most English speakers continue to refer to the language as Burmese, after Burma, the older name for Myanmar. In 2007, it was spoken as a first language by 33 million, primarily the Bamar (Burman) people and related ethnic groups, and as a second language by 10 million, particularly ethnic minorities in Myanmar and neighboring countries.
Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south.
Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a country in Southeast Asia. Myanmar is bordered by India and Bangladesh to its west, Thailand and Laos to its east and China to its north and northeast. To its south, about one third of Myanmar's total perimeter of 5,876 km (3,651 mi) forms an uninterrupted coastline of 1,930 km (1,200 mi) along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. The country's 2014 census counted the population to be 51 million people. As of 2017, the population is about 54 million. Myanmar is 676,578 square kilometres in size. Its capital city is Naypyidaw, and its largest city and former capital is Yangon (Rangoon). Myanmar has been a member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) since 1997.
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Yumi is a university student who learns that she has a younger brother (Maung Maung) in Myanmar, who was born to her Japanese father Toshio Yoshida and a Myanmar woman, Ma Thwe Thwe. Toshio was a Japanese soldier sent to Myanmar during World War II. Yumi decides to visit Myanmar to meet her younger brother Maung Maung. Despite many difficulties, she finally meets Maung Maung. The beautiful but sad affection between Yumi and Maung Maung is described in the film.
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This film employs both Japanese and Burmese languages with Burmese subtitles. It appeared at Thamada Cinema, Yangon on 24 May 2006.Director Koji Chino attended the debut of the film in Tokyo on 8 December 2003 and in Kyoto, Osaka and other cities. The Japanese debut was crowded with Japanese World War II veterans. He screened the movie in Mandalay on 30 and 31 May 2006.
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