Last updated
Directed by Koji Chino
Written by Journal Gyaw Ma Ma Lay
Release date
December 8, 2003 (2003-12-08)
Running time
201 mins
Country Myanmar
Language Myanmar
Budget 2.6 million US dollar

Thway (Burmese : သွေး) is a 2003 film and the first Japan/Myanmar collaboration. It was directed by Koji Chino. The film is based on a bestselling novel, Thway, written by Journal Gyaw Ma Ma Lay. The Burmese name of the movie is Thway. The English name is The Bonds of Blood and the Japanese name is Chi no Kizuna.

Burmese language language spoken in Myanmar

The Burmese language is the Sino-Tibetan language spoken in Myanmar where it is an official language and the language of the Bamar people, the country's principal ethnic group. Although the Constitution of Myanmar officially recognizes the English name of the language as the Myanmar language, most English speakers continue to refer to the language as Burmese, after Burma, the older name for Myanmar. In 2007, it was spoken as a first language by 33 million, primarily the Bamar (Burman) people and related ethnic groups, and as a second language by 10 million, particularly ethnic minorities in Myanmar and neighboring countries.

Japan Constitutional monarchy in East Asia

Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south.

Myanmar Republic in Southeast Asia

Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a country in Southeast Asia. Myanmar is bordered by India and Bangladesh to its west, Thailand and Laos to its east and China to its north and northeast. To its south, about one third of Myanmar's total perimeter of 5,876 km (3,651 mi) forms an uninterrupted coastline of 1,930 km (1,200 mi) along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. The country's 2014 census counted the population to be 51 million people. As of 2017, the population is about 54 million. Myanmar is 676,578 square kilometres in size. Its capital city is Naypyidaw, and its largest city and former capital is Yangon (Rangoon). Myanmar has been a member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) since 1997.



Toshiyuki Nagashima is a Japanese actor. He won the award for Best Newcomer at the 3rd Hochi Film Awards for Kaerazaru hibi and for Best Actor at the 6th Hochi Film Awards for Enrai.


Yumi is a university student who learns that she has a younger brother (Maung Maung) in Myanmar, who was born to her Japanese father Toshio Yoshida and a Myanmar woman, Ma Thwe Thwe. Toshio was a Japanese soldier sent to Myanmar during World War II. Yumi decides to visit Myanmar to meet her younger brother Maung Maung. Despite many difficulties, she finally meets Maung Maung. The beautiful but sad affection between Yumi and Maung Maung is described in the film.

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.


This film employs both Japanese and Burmese languages with Burmese subtitles. It appeared at Thamada Cinema, Yangon on 24 May 2006. [1] Director Koji Chino attended the debut of the film in Tokyo on 8 December 2003 and in Kyoto, Osaka and other cities. The Japanese debut was crowded with Japanese World War II veterans. He screened the movie in Mandalay on 30 and 31 May 2006. [2]

Mandalay Cultural City in Mandalay Region, Myanmar

Mandalay is the second-largest city and the last royal capital of Myanmar (Burma). Located 716 km (445 mi) north of Yangon on the east bank of the Irrawaddy River, the city has a population of 1,225,553.

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  1. "Embassy of Japan in Myanmar". Retrieved 2012-09-24.
  2. Archived January 7, 2008, at the Wayback Machine .
  3. "映画-Movie Walker | 映画作品・映画館・上映時間・映画ランキング". Retrieved 2012-09-24.