|Thwing and Octon|
Typical parish landscape view
|Population||203 (2011 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Thwing and Octon (also known as Thwing) is a civil parish in the northern Yorkshire Wolds in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England.
Thwing and Octon is about 8 miles (13 km) north of the town of Driffield, and a similar distance west of Bridlington on the Yorkshire coast. It rises from about 45 m (148 ft) in the north-east corner of the parish to a high point of 163 metres (535 ft) in the south-west. The parish covers an area of 1,628.644 hectares (4,024.47 acres).
The civil parish is sparsely populated, with, according to the 2011 UK census, a population of 203,the same as the 2001 UK census figure. The main settlements are the village of Thwing and the smaller hamlet of Octon. There are farmsteads at Octon Grange, The Wold Cottage, and Willy Howe farm. Land use is almost entirely agricultural, predominately enclosed fields. There is a private crematorium, East Riding Crematorium, at Octon Crossroads, built in 1997.
Between 1894 and 1974 it was a part of the Bridlington Rural District, in the East Riding of Yorkshire.Between 1974 and 1996 it was part of the Borough of North Wolds (later Borough of East Yorkshire), in the county of Humberside.
There is evidence of significant human activity in the area beginning in at least the Neolithic Era: at Paddock Hill 0.6 miles (1 km) north of Octon, evidence of a henge dating from the late Neolithic has been discovered from crop marks and by excavation. The same site also shows evidence of re-use and modification into a hill fort during the Bronze Age, including artefacts typical of the Urnfield culture, and evidence of bronze metalworking. The site was re-used during the Anglo-Saxon period and contained houses including a grubenhaus and large rectangular hall; there was a cemetery with at least 130 inhumations east of the Bronze Age earthwork. During the 1200s a post mill was constructed.
Two tumuli have been recorded and excavated in the northern part of the parish: the large mound named 'Willy Howe'; 0.5 mi (0.8 km) to its west, in fields south of the village of Wold Newton.and another barrow, about
There are several other structures identified as barrows in the parish. 1150 to 750 BC) penannular ring of pale and yellow gold applied on a base metal core was found by metal detection in 2004 near Thwing.Other evidence of pre-historic settlement and activity include polished stone axes and flint implements including arrowheads, chisels and knives, as well as flint cores, tranchet axes and microliths; pebble maceheads; and bronze or Iron Age pottery. A late Bronze Age (c.
Finds of Roman pottery, including Samian ware, provide evidence of occupation during the Roman era, 0.6 miles (1 km) north-east of Thwing, with nearby rectilinear enclosures and trackways dating from the Iron Age or Roman period.and a potential Romano-British settlement has been located about
A monastic grange associated with Meaux Abbey was recorded at Octon Grange, north of Octon, in the 12th century.
The Wold Cottage meteorite fell in the parish in 1795, and is commemorated by a monument.
In 1812 the parish's population was recorded as 268 persons in 37 houses; the predominant occupation was farming. 4,060 acres (1,640 ha), the population had risen by a factor of two in the first half of the 19th century. It fell during the last decades of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century: by 1951 it was below the 1811 population level. By the 1961 census the population had been reduced to 244.According to Sheahan, in the 1850s the parish had a total population of 599, and an area of
The Yorkshire Wolds are low hills in the counties of the East Riding of Yorkshire and North Yorkshire in north-eastern England. The name also applies to the district in which the hills lie.
Flamborough is a village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is situated approximately 4 miles (6 km) north-east of Bridlington town centre on the prominent coastal feature of Flamborough Head.
Wold Newton is a small Yorkshire Wolds village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is situated approximately 9 miles (14 km) south of Scarborough and 9 miles (14 km) north-west of Bridlington. Wold Newton is located within the Great Wold Valley and the course of the Gypsey Race, a winterbourne chalk stream, passes through the south of the village. The village of Fordon is also part of the civil parish of Wold Newton. According to the 2011 UK census, Wold Newton parish had a population of 337, an increase on the 2001 UK census figure of 291.
Rudston is a small village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is situated between Driffield and Bridlington approximately 6 miles (9.7 km) to the west of Bridlington, and lies on the B1253 road. The Gypsey Race runs through the village, which lies in the Great Wold Valley. There are a number of Neolithic sites associated with the stream and its valley. It is the current Seat of the Clan Macdonald of Sleat.
Walkington is a village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is situated approximately 3 miles (4.8 km) to the south-west of the town of Beverley on the B1230 road, and Beverley Grammar School.
Hutton Cranswick is a village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is situated approximately 3 miles (5 km) south from Driffield town centre, and on the A164 road.
Garton on the Wolds is a village and civil parish on the Yorkshire Wolds in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is situated approximately 3 miles (5 km) north-west of Driffield town centre and lies on the A166 road.
Sledmere is a village in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England, about 7 miles (11 km) north-west of Driffield on the B1253 road.
Boynton is a village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is situated approximately 3 miles (5 km) west of the town of Bridlington and lies on the B1253 road.
Burton Fleming is a village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It lies close to the border with North Yorkshire. The village is situated approximately 7 miles (11 km) north-west of Bridlington and 6 miles (10 km) south of Filey.
Cottam is a hamlet and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. The hamlet is west of the B1249 Skipsea to Staxton road, and in the Yorkshire Wolds. It is 16 miles (30 km) north from the county town of Beverley, and approximately 4 miles (6 km) east from the village of Sledmere.
Thwing is a village in the Yorkshire Wolds, in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It forms part of the civil parish of Thwing and Octon.
Octon is a hamlet, and shrunken medieval village in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England.
Dickering was a wapentake of the historic county called East Riding of Yorkshire in England, consisting of the north-east part of that county, including the towns of Bridlington and Filey; its territory is now partly in the modern East Riding and partly in North Yorkshire. Established in medieval times, it ceased to have much significance in the 19th century when the wapentakes were superseded by other administrative divisions for most local government purposes.
Worsthorne-with-Hurstwood is a civil parish in the borough of Burnley, in Lancashire, England. It is situated on the eastern outskirts of Burnley.
Scagglethorpe is a village and civil parish in the Ryedale district of North Yorkshire, England. Until 1974 the village lay in the historic county boundaries of the East Riding of Yorkshire. It is situated just south from the A64 road, 3 miles (5 km) east from Malton and almost midway between York and Scarborough.
East Keal is a village and civil parish in the East Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England. It is situated approximately 13 miles (21 km) north from the town of Boston, 2 miles (3 km) south from the town of Spilsby, and on the edge of the Lincolnshire Wolds, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.
Willy Howe is a tumulus in the Yorkshire Wolds, East Riding of Yorkshire, England.
Sutton Grange is a small settlement in North Yorkshire, England, 2 miles (3 km) north west of Ripon. It was historically a township in the parish of Ripon in the West Riding of Yorkshire, and became a separate civil parish in 1866. By 1961 the population of the parish was only 40. In 1974 it was transferred to Harrogate district in North Yorkshire, and in 1988 it was absorbed into the civil parish of North Stainley with Sleningford.
William Hardy "Bill" Lamplough was a British teacher and archaeologist based in Yorkshire.