Thyenula armata

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Thyenula armata
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Araneomorphae
Family: Salticidae
Genus: Thyenula
Species:T. armata
Binomial name
Thyenula armata
Wesołowska, 2001

Thyenula armata is a jumping spider species in the genus Thyenula that lives in South Africa and Lesotho. [1] [2] It was first described by Wanda Wesołowska in 2001. [3]

Jumping spider family of arachnids

Jumping spiders are a group of spiders that constitute the family Salticidae. As at 1 February 2019, this family contained 636 described genera and 6115 described species, making it the largest family of spiders at 13% of all species. Jumping spiders have some of the best vision among arthropods and use it in courtship, hunting, and navigation. Although they normally move unobtrusively and fairly slowly, most species are capable of very agile jumps, notably when hunting, but sometimes in response to sudden threats or crossing long gaps. Both their book lungs and tracheal system are well-developed, and they use both systems. Jumping spiders are generally recognized by their eye pattern. All jumping spiders have four pairs of eyes, with the anterior median pair being particularly large.

<i>Thyenula</i> genus of arachnids

Thyenula is a spider genus of the Salticidae family. Its species are largely restricted to Africa.

South Africa Republic in the southernmost part of Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. It is bounded to the south by 2,798 kilometres (1,739 mi) of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho. South Africa is the largest country in Southern Africa and the 25th-largest country in the world by land area and, with over 57 million people, is the world's 24th-most populous nation. It is the southernmost country on the mainland of the Old World or the Eastern Hemisphere. About 80 percent of South Africans are of Sub-Saharan African ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different African languages, nine of which have official status. The remaining population consists of Africa's largest communities of European (White), Asian (Indian), and multiracial (Coloured) ancestry.

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References

  1. Wesołowska, W. (2001). "Two new species of Thyenula Simon, 1902 from South Africa (Araneae: Salticidae)". Annales Zoologici, Warszawa. 51: 261–264.
  2. Wesołowska, W.; Haddad, C. R. (2014). "An overview of the jumping spiders of Lesotho (Araneae: Salticidae), with descriptions of six new species". African Invertebrates. 55 (2): 229–268. Retrieved 12 May 2017.
  3. World Spider Catalog (2017). "Thyenula armata Wesolowska, 2001". World Spider Catalog. 18.0. Bern: Natural History Museum. Retrieved 12 May 2017.