Thymus integer

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Thymus integer
Thymus integer kz13.jpg
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Thymus
Species:
T. integer
Binomial name
Thymus integer

Thymus integer is a strongly aromatic, sprawling, gnarled subshrub generally less than 10 cm high. It produces white to dark rosy purple flowers between March and June. [1]

Contents

Habitat

This plant is often found on dry, rocky, igneous hillsides at altitudes of 100–1700 meters.

Distribution

A Cyprus endemic, it is common in the Troödos Mountains and the Akamas area.

Related Research Articles

<i>Thymus</i> (plant) Family of shrubs

The genus Thymus contains about 350 species of aromatic perennial herbaceous plants and subshrubs to 40 cm tall in the family Lamiaceae, native to temperate regions in Europe, North Africa and Asia.

Akamas

Akamas, is a promontory and cape at the northwest extremity of Cyprus with an area of 230 square kilometres. Ptolemy described it as a thickly wooded headland, divided into two by summits [a mountain range] rising towards the north. The peninsula is named after a son of Theseus, hero of the Trojan War and founder of the city-kingdom of Soli.

<i>Bosea cypria</i> species of plant in the family Amaranthaceae

Bosea cypria is a species of flowering plant in the Amaranthaceae family. It is a highly branched, evergreen shrub, 1–2 m high, erect, suberect, or hanging on walls, cliffs or trees, with hairless angular shoots. Leaves, opposite, simple, entire-+ elliptical, 2-6 x (1-2-3) cm, hairless, petiolate, dark green, occasionally red green. Flowers in branched spikes, hermaphrodite or unisexual 5-merous, very small, green brown, the floral symmetry is actionomorphic. The fruit is a globose red berry. Flowers from April to July. It is endemic to Cyprus and in the local Greek Cypriot dialect it is called ζουλατζιά

<i>Onobrychis venosa</i> Species of legume

Onobrychis venosa, veined sainfoin is a perennial, spreading or suberect herb 10–25 cm high, with a short stem. Leaves alternate, compound, imparipinnate, leaflets ovoid to suborbicular 10-40 x 5–30 mm with characteristic bronze venation, hairy only along margins. Zygomorphic flowers with yellow petals with conspicuous dark-red nerves in axillary racemes. Flowers from February to May. The fruit is a circular flattened hairy pod.

<i>Sideritis cypria</i> Species of herb

Sideritis cypria, Cyprus ironwort. Erect perennial herb with a woody base, 60 cm high, with densely hairy tetragonal shoots. Leaves, opposite, simple, obscurely serrate, densely hairy, thick, oblanceolate, 3-12 x 1–5 cm. Flowers in verticillasters subtended by the cup-like bracts, zygomorphic, corolla bright yellow. Flowers from June to August. Fruit of 4 nutlets.

Nepeta troodi, commonly known as Troodos cat-mint is a suberect, aromatic, perennial herb, 20–50 cm high, with a woody base and hairy tetragonal shoots. Leaves opposite, simple, serrate, cordate at base, deltoid, apex obtuse, 1-4 x 0.6–2 cm, petiolate, densely hairy. Flowers in many flowered verticillasters, zygomorphic, corolla white with the lower lip dotted purple. Flowers June to October. Fruit of 4 nutlets.

Sedum lampusae is a species of flowering plant in the family Crassulaceae. It is an erect herb to 50 cm, dying after one flowering. Basal leaves flat, glaucous, fleshy, spoon-shaped, 4–10 cm long, forming neat rosette which usually shrivels before the flowers open; steam leaves progressively smaller; inflorescence a long cylindrical or pyramidal spray, flowers numerous, crowded, brownish green, calyx-lobes and petals both 5, the latter narrow, pointed, 4 mm long, with a dark central vein. Stamens 10, follicles usually 5, erect, 5 mm long. Flowers from June to August. Common name is Lapta Damkoruğu.

Minuartia sintenisii, common name Troodos sandwort, is a dwarf annual, with few erect stems. Leaves linear-subulate, opposite. Sepals with a very narrow-hyaline margin. Petals up to 12 mm long, white, entire or slightly emarginate.

Alyssum troodi is a 10–25 cm high perennial subshrub. Leaves 5–10 mm long obovate-spatulate, covered with a silvery indumentum. Flowering and sterile shoots on the same plant, On the sterile shots the leaves form terminal clusters. Flowers have 3 mm long golden-yellow petals. The siliques are 7–8 mm long, elliptic and glabrous. Flowers from May to July.

<i>Sedum cyprium</i> Species of succulent

Sedum cyprium, the Cyprus stonecrop, is an erect, monocarpic, succulent herb with an unbranched stem, 10–30 cm high. Leaves succulent, simple and entire reddish in sunny positions, the basal leaves in rosettes, hairless, spathulate, 3-6 x 1–2 cm, the higher leaves are thinly glandular and spirally arranged. Its numerous actinomorphic flowers are greenish or reddish, gathered in a cylindrical panicle. Sedum cyprium flowers from June to September. Its fruit has a many-seeded follicle.

Bupleurum sintenisii is a species of flowering plant in the family Apiaceae. It is referred to by the common name dwarf hare's ear, and is an annual herb, 1–5 cm high, hairless and glaucous. Leaves alternate, simple, entire, linear, 10-20 x 0.5-1.5 mm. The inconspicuous flowers are yellowish to brownish and crowded in umbels. Flowers from May to July. The fruit is a dry schizocarp, covered by hooded bristles.

Ferula cypria, the Cyprus fennel, is an erect perennial herb up to 1 m high with sulcate stems. The compound alternate leaves are hairless and 4-pinnate, 25-45 x 20–30 cm, final segments are very small, linear and acute. The inconspicuous yellowish flowers are repeatedly branched in pyramidal inflorescences. Flowers from May to June. The fruit is a dry hairless schizocarp.

Cynoglossum troodi, Troodos hound's tongue is an erect, perennial herb, 10–25 cm high, with branched stems covered with stiff hairs. Leaves alternate, simple, entire, stalkless, oblong to lanceolate, densely hairy, the basal in tufts, 2-5 x 0.5–1 cm, the upper sparse and smaller. Flowers actinomorphic in cymose inflorescences, very small, corolla brick-red, tubular, 5-lobed. Flowers May–August. Fruit of 4 nutlets with rigid spinules.

<i>Gladiolus triphyllus</i> Species of flowering plant

Gladiolus triphyllus, the three-leaved gladiolus, is an erect perennial herb, 15–30 cm high, glabrous, glaucous, with an ovoid corm. Leaves usually 3 or 4, alternate, simple, entire, linear, the two lower 10-30 x 0.3-0.5 cm, the upper much reduced. Flowers on a spike, zygomorphic, perianth of 6 petaloid parts, 2.5–3 cm long, pale or dark rose pink, smelling only in the afternoon, bracts 1.5–3 cm long. Flowers Mars-May. Fruit a capsule.

<i>Alyssum chondrogynum</i> Species of flowering plant

Alyssum chondrogynum is a much branched subshrub with suberect, woody-at-base, stems, 20–50 cm high. Leaves alternate, simple, entire, grey-green, thick, obovoid to suborbicular, 8-16 x 7–13 mm, with short stellate hairs. Flowers actinomorphic, in terminal corymbose inflorescences, golden yellow, with 4 petals and sepals. Flowers April–June. Fruit an obovoid silicle with short stellate hairs.

<i>Hypericum repens</i> Species of flowering plant

Hypericum repens is a prostrate, perennial herb up to 10 cm high, with rooting, hairless shoots, up to 20 cm long. Leaves opposite, simple, entire, elliptical to narrowly spathulate with rounded top, 5-9 x 3–4 mm and black dots (glands) on the margin. Flowers actinomorphic in cymose inflorescence, petals golden yellow, with red nerves, glands present on sepals and petals. Flowers May–July (August). Fruit a capsule.

Rubia laurae, Cyprus madder is a trailing perennial with a woody rootstock, stems 10–100 cm long. Leaves 4-whorled, simple, irregularly serrulate, glaucous, coriaceous, sessile, with a broad asymmetrical base, 8–30 x 2–8 mm. Flowers in terminal cymes, small, yellow-brownish, with a 5-merous corolla. Flowers May–August. Fruit a black, globose, fleshy, drupe.

Micromeria chionistrae is a suberect to sprawling hairy-glandular subshrub up to 30 cm high. Flowers pink-purple, flowering June–November.

Taraxacum holmboei, the Troödos dandelion, is a rosulate perennial herb, up to 10 cm high. Leaves simple, all in rosette, deeply divided (pinnatifid), with deltoid-acute lobes, glabrous, oblong in outline, 3.5-10 x 8-2.5 cm. Flowers in capitula, with yellow, ligulate florets, flowering May–June. Fruit a pappose achene.

Cyprus Mediterranean forests

The Cyprus Mediterranean forests is a terrestrial ecoregion that encompasses the island of Cyprus.

References

  1. Cyprus Flora in Colour the Endemics, V. Pantelas, T. Papachristophorou, P. Christodoulou, July 1993, ISBN   9963-7931-0-X