Thymus integer is a strongly aromatic, sprawling, gnarled subshrub generally less than 10 cm high. It produces white to dark rosy purple flowers between March and June.
This plant is often found on dry, rocky, igneous hillsides at altitudes of 100–1700 meters.
A Cyprus endemic, it is common in the Troödos Mountains and the Akamas area.
The genus Thymus contains about 350 species of aromatic perennial herbaceous plants and subshrubs to 40 cm tall in the family Lamiaceae, native to temperate regions in Europe, North Africa and Asia.
Akamas, is a promontory and cape at the northwest extremity of Cyprus with an area of 230 square kilometres. Ptolemy described it as a thickly wooded headland, divided into two by summits [a mountain range] rising towards the north. The peninsula is named after a son of Theseus, hero of the Trojan War and founder of the city-kingdom of Soli.
Thymus moroderi is a small plant from the genus Thymus. It is endemic to some areas in the southern, driest part of the Alicante province along with some isolated and similarly subarid locations in the contiguous Región de Murcia (Spain).
Bosea cypria is an evergreen shrub. It hangs on walls, cliffs, or trees. Its fruit is a globose red berry. It flowers from April to July.
Onobrychis venosa, veined sainfoin is a perennial, spreading or suberect herb 10–25 cm high, with a short stem. Leaves alternate, compound, imparipinnate, leaflets ovoid to suborbicular 10-40 x 5–30 mm with characteristic bronze venation, hairy only along margins. Zygomorphic flowers with yellow petals with conspicuous dark-red nerves in axillary racemes. Flowers from February to March. The fruit is a circular flattened hairy pod.
Sideritis cypria, Cyprus ironwort. Erect perennial herb with a woody base, 60 cm high, with densely hairy tetragonal shoots. Leaves, opposite, simple, obscurely serrate, densely hairy, thick, oblanceolate, 3-12 x 1–5 cm. Flowers in verticillasters subtended by the cup-like bracts, zygomorphic, corolla bright yellow. Flowers from June to August. Fruit of 4 nutlets.
Nepeta troodi, commonly known as Troodos cat-mint is a suberect, aromatic, perennial herb, 20–50 cm high, with a woody base and hairy tetragonal shoots. Leaves opposite, simple, serrate, cordate at base, deltoid, apex obtuse, 1-4 x 0.6–2 cm, petiolate, densely hairy. Flowers in many flowered verticillasters, zygomorphic, corolla white with the lower lip dotted purple. Flowers June to October. Fruit of 4 nutlets.
Alyssum troodi is a 10–25 cm high perennial subshrub. Leaves 5–10 mm long obovate-spatulate, covered with a silvery indumentum. Flowering and sterile shoots on the same plant, On the sterile shots the leaves form terminal clusters. Flowers have 3 mm long golden-yellow petals. The siliques are 7–8 mm long, elliptic and glabrous. Flowers from May to July.
Sedum cyprium, the Cyprus stonecrop, is an erect, monocarpic, succulent herb with an unbranched stem, 10–30 cm high. Leaves succulent, simple and entire reddish in sunny positions, the basal leaves in rosettes, hairless, spathulate, 3-6 x 1–2 cm, the higher leaves are thinly glandular and spirally arranged. the numerous actinomorphic flowers are greenish or reddish, gathered in a cylindrical panicle. Flowers June-Sep. Fruit a many -seeded follicle.
Bupleurum sintenisii, the dwarf hare's ear, is an annual herb, 1–5 cm high, hairless and glaucous. Leaves alternate, simple, entire, linear, 10-20 x 0.5-1.5 mm. The inconspicuous flowers are yellowish to brownish and crowded in umbels. Flowers from May to July. The fruit is a dry schizocarp, covered by hooded bristles.
Sedum porphyreum, the purple stonecrop, is a small, annual, succulent herb, 3–6 cm high, with hairless, reddish-green stems. Leaves succulent, simple, entire, spirally arranged, hairless, stalkless, elliptical to oblong, 3–15 x 2–8 mm, green or green-reddish. Flowers actinomorphic, petals white with purplish keel. Flowers Mars to May. Fruit a follicle.
Cynoglossum troodi, Troodos hound's tongue is an erect, perennial herb, 10–25 cm high, with branched stems covered with stiff hairs. Leaves alternate, simple, entire, stalkless, oblong to lanceolate, densely hairy, the basal in tufts, 2-5 x 0.5–1 cm, the upper sparse and smaller. Flowers actinomorphic in cymose inflorescences, very small, corolla brick-red, tubular, 5-lobed. Flowers May–August. Fruit of 4 nutlets with rigid spinules.
Onosma fruticosa is an erect, much branched shrub, 30-100 cm high, young shoots covered with bristles. Leaves alternate, simple, entire, stalkless, oblanceolate, 7-20 x 2-5 mm, thick, margins revolute, with a mixture of short hairs and long scabridulous bristles. Flowers tubular, nodding, solitary, corolla golden yellow, turning brownish with age. Flowers February-May. Fruit of 4 nutlets.
Gladiolus triphyllus, the three-leaved gladiolus, is an erect perennial herb, 15–30 cm high, glabrous, glaucous, with an ovoid corm. Leaves usually 3 or 4, alternate, simple, entire, linear, the two lower 10-30 x 0.3-0.5 cm, the upper much reduced. Flowers on a spike, zygomorphic, perianth of 6 petaloid parts, 2.5–3 cm long, pale or dark rose pink, smelling only in the afternoon, bracts 1.5–3 cm long. Flowers Mars-May. Fruit a capsule.
Alyssum chondrogynum is a much branched subshrub with suberect, woody-at-base, stems, 20–50 cm high. Leaves alternate, simple, entire, grey-green, thick, obovoid to suborbicular, 8-16 x 7–13 mm, with short stellate hairs. Flowers actinomorphic, in terminal corymbose inflorescences, golden yellow, with 4 petals and sepals. Flowers April–June. Fruit an obovoid silicle with short stellate hairs.
Hypericum repens is a prostrate, perennial herb up to 10 cm high, with rooting, hairless shoots, up to 20 cm long. Leaves opposite, simple, entire, elliptical to narrowly spathulate with rounded top, 5-9 x 3–4 mm and black dots (glands) on the margin. Flowers actinomorphic in cymose inflorescence, petals golden yellow, with red nerves, glands present on sepals and petals. Flowers May–July (August). Fruit a capsule.
Rubia laurae, Cyprus madder is a trailing perennial with a woody rootstock, stems 10–100 cm long. Leaves 4-whorled, simple, irregularly serrulate, glaucous, coriaceous, sessile, with a broad asymmetrical base, 8–30 x 2–8 mm. Flowers in terminal cymes, small, yellow-brownish, with a 5-merous corolla. Flowers May–August. Fruit a black, globose, fleshy, drupe.
Acinos troodi, Troödos rock thyme is a perennial spawling herb with a woody rootstock and reddish-green 5–20 cm long hairy shoots. Leaves opposite, simple, obscurely dentate, broadly ovate, 2-7 x 2–8 mm, petiolate, thinly hairy. Flowers in congested verticillasters, corolla bifid, pink or purple, much longer than calyx, flowers June–August, fruit of 4 nutlets.
Taraxacum holmboei, the Troödos dandelion, is a rosulate perennial herb, up to 10 cm high. Leaves simple, all in rosette, deeply divided (pinnatifid), with deltoid-acute lobes, glabrous, oblong in outline, 3.5-10 x 8-2.5 cm. Flowers in capitula, with yellow, ligulate florets, flowering May–June. Fruit a pappose achene.
Taraxacum aphrogenes, the Paphos dandelion, is a perennial, lactiferous, rosulate, hairless herb, up to 12 cm high. Leaves all in rosette, simple, divided almost to midrib, into unequal, bluntish, suborbicular lobes, fleshy, oblong, 3-8 x 0.3-2 cm. Flowers in capitula, with yellow, ligulate florets. Flowers October–December in advance of the leaves. Fruit a pappose achene.
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