Thyra (river)

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Thyra

Berga Thyrabrucke Hinter den Ellern.jpg

The Thyra in Berga
Location between Stolberg and Berga in Mansfeld-Südharz, Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Physical characteristics
Main source in Stolberg
410 m
51°34′22″N10°57′17″E / 51.57278°N 10.95472°E / 51.57278; 10.95472
River mouth in the Helme
152 m above NN
51°26′29″N11°00′54″E / 51.44139°N 11.015°E / 51.44139; 11.015 Coordinates: 51°26′29″N11°00′54″E / 51.44139°N 11.015°E / 51.44139; 11.015
Length 20 km (12 mi)
Discharge
  • Location:
    at Stolberg gauge
  • Minimum rate:
    Record low: 8 l/s [1] (in 2003)
    Average low: 44 l/s [1]
  • Average rate:
    418 l/s [1]
  • Maximum rate:
    Average high: 5.19 m³/s [1]
    Record high: 19.6 m³/s [1] (in 1955)
Basin features
Progression HelmeUnstrutSaaleElbeNorth Sea
Landmarks Villages: Südharz, Berga
Bridges Thyra Viaduct
Navigable no

The Thyra is a 20-kilometre (12 mi) long river in the district of Mansfeld-Südharz in the Harz Mountains of central Germany.

Germany Federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, and the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

Contents

Course

The Thyra begins its course in the old quarter of Stolberg in the Harz Mountains at the confluence of three mountain streams - the Große Wilde, Kleine Wilde and Lude [2] - and then flows through Stolberg, where several streams join it, before heading south through a steep valley to Rottleberode. Here the Thyra valley becomes very wide, but near Uftrungen it narrows again. South of Uftrungen the Thyra leaves the Harz and enters the Goldene Aue, crossing the Bösenrode and Berga, before this little river enters the Helme.

Stolberg (Harz) Ortsteil of Südharz in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany

Stolberg  is a town and a former municipality in the district of Mansfeld-Südharz, in the German State of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. It is situated in the southern part of the Harz mountains, about 27 kilometres (17 mi) west of Sangerhausen, and 13 km (8.1 mi) northeast of Nordhausen. Since 1 September 2010, it has been part of the municipality of Südharz.

Große Wilde is a river of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. At its confluence with the Lude in Stolberg (Harz), the Thyra is formed.

Rottleberode Ortsteil of Südharz in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany

Rottleberode is a village and a former municipality in the Mansfeld-Südharz district, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. Since 1 January 2010, it is part of the municipality Südharz.

Influence

Several things are named after the Thyra, for example the Thyra thermal baths (Thyratherme) in Stolberg or the railway line known as the Thyraliesel.

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Güntersberge Locality of Harzgerode in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany

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Harzgerode Place in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany

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Stapelburg Ortsteil of Nordharz in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany

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Oder (Harz) river in the Harz Mountains

The Oder is a 56-kilometre-long river in Lower Saxony, Germany, and a right tributary of the Rhume. Its source is in the Harz mountains, near Sankt Andreasberg. It flows southwest through Bad Lauterberg, Pöhlde and Hattorf am Harz. The Oder flows into the Rhume in Katlenburg-Lindau.

The Bärlochsmühle is a former mill near Straßberg in the Harz mountains in Central Germany.

Alter Stolberg mountain range

The Alter Stolberg is a wooded karst plateau, up to 357.7 m above sea level (NN), in the South Harz in Central Germany. It lies in the districts of Nordhausen in the state of Thuringia and Mansfeld-Südharz in the state of Saxony-Anhalt.

Zillierbach Sidestream of the Holtemme stream

The Zillierbach is a stream in the Harz mountains of central Germany (Harz district in the state of Saxony-Anhalt. It is about 13 kilometres long. The stream rises on the western side of the Hohneklippen crags and runs initially southwards, then swings northeast at Drei Annen Hohne. South of Drei Annen Hohne it picks up the waters of the Wormsgraben, its main tributary. The Zillierbach supplies the Zillierbach Dam near Elbingerode. In front of the settlement of Voigtstieg it is joined by another two smaller brooks. In the Middle Ages the Zillierbach powered the mills between Voigtstieg and Wernigerode. This section of the valley is still called Mühlental today. In its lower reaches before its mouth the stream is known as the Flutrenne. The stream discharges into the Holtemme at Wernigerode northwest of the West Gate. It drops through a vertical height of almost 400 metres from source to mouth.

Großer Auerberg mountain in the Harz, Germany

The Große Auerberg is a hill, 580 metres (1,900 ft) high, in the eastern Harz in the district of Mansfeld-Südharz in the German state of Saxony-Anhalt. It is a so-called double peak with summits that are 580.4 metres high and 580.3 metres high (Josephshöhe), which are about 470 metres apart.

Ahlsburg (castle) castle ruin

The Ahlsburg or Alerdestein was an Imperial castle near Stapelburg in the present-day Harz district, in the German state of Saxony-Anhalt.

Christian Ernest of Stolberg-Wernigerode Count of Stolberg-Wernigerode

Christian Ernest, Count of Stolberg-Wernigerode, was a German politician and a member of the House of Stolberg. From 1710 to 1771 he ruled the County of Wernigerode in the Harz mountains, which in 1714 became a dependency of Brandenburg-Prussia.

Lower Harz Pond and Ditch System

Within the Lower Harz region are still many traces of the historical water management facilities used by the mining industry. In addition to water-carrying ditches and ponds, there are also long-abandoned ditches and dry pond beds. The Lower Harz Pond and Ditch System, which forms the major part of these old water management facilities, lies in the central Lower Harz, almost entirely within the borough of the present-day town of Harzgerode.

The Lude is an exactly 7-kilometre (4 mi) long stream in the Harz Mountains of central Germany. It is the strongest and – besides an affluent of itself – longest headwater of River Thyra and therefore hydrographically defined as its upper course.

Ilse valley

The Ilse valley is the ravine of the Ilse creek in the northern boundary of the Harz mountain range in Germany. Part of the Harz National Park, it runs from the town of Ilsenburg at the foot of the mountain range up to the source region near the summit of the Brocken massif, the highest mountain of the range. The scenic valley is a popular hiking area.

The Eckerloch is a forested mountain valley, 845 metres above sea level near the village of Schierke in the Harz Mountains of central Germany.

Ackeburg castle

The Ackeburg, also called the Ackenburg, in the Harz Mountains of central Germany, is the site of a high medieval hill castle, 333.2 m above sea level (NN), in the borough of Falkenstein/Harz in Harz district in the state of Saxony-Anhalt. It was first mentioned in 1216 and was abandoned or destroyed in 1400. There was also a village associated with it, known as Akkeburg.

Hunrodeiche

The Hunrodeiche or, more rarely, the Hunrodseiche, in the Harz Mountains of central Germany is an oak tree over 1,000 years old near Hainfeld in the county of Mansfeld-Südharz in the state of Saxony-Anhalt.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Pegel: Stolberg at: hochwasservorhersage.sachsen-anhalt.de
  2. Harzlive - Thyra