|Died||4 January 1955 88) (aged|
|Alma mater||University of Copenhagen|
Thyra Eibe (3 November 1866 – 4 January 1955)was a Danish mathematician and translator, the first woman to earn a mathematics degree from the University of Copenhagen. She is known for her translation of Euclid's Elements into the Danish Language.
Eibe was one of ten children of a Copenhagen bookseller. After completing a degree in historical linguistics in 1889 from N. Zahle's School (then a girls' school), Eibe studied mathematics at the University of Copenhagen, and earned a cand.mag. there in 1895. She returned to Zahle's School as a teacher, also teaching boys at Slomann's School and becoming the first woman to become an advanced mathematics teacher for boys in Denmark. In 1898 she moved to H. Adler Community College, later to become the Sortedam Gymnasium, where she remained until 1934, serving as principal for a year in 1929–1930.
In undertaking her translation of Euclid, Eibe was motivated by the earlier work of Danish historian Johan Ludvig Heiberg, who published an edition of Euclid's Elements in its original Greek, with translations into Latin.
As well as her translations, Eibe wrote several widely-used Danish mathematics textbooks.
In 1942, she was given the Tagea Brandt Rejselegat, an award for Danish woman who have made a significant contribution in science, literature or art.
Ada Sara Adler (1878–1946) was a Danish classical scholar and librarian.
The Elements is a mathematical treatise consisting of 13 books attributed to the ancient Greek mathematician Euclid in Alexandria, Ptolemaic Egypt c. 300 BC. It is a collection of definitions, postulates, propositions, and mathematical proofs of the propositions. The books cover plane and solid Euclidean geometry, elementary number theory, and incommensurable lines. Elements is the oldest extant large-scale deductive treatment of mathematics. It has proven instrumental in the development of logic and modern science, and its logical rigor was not surpassed until the 19th century.
Mary Somerville was a Scottish science writer and polymath. She studied mathematics and astronomy, and was nominated to be jointly the first female member of the Royal Astronomical Society at the same time as Caroline Herschel.
Princess Thyra of Denmark, Danish pronunciation: [ˈtsʰyːʁɑ], was the youngest daughter and fifth child of Christian IX of Denmark and Louise of Hesse-Kassel. In 1878, she married Ernest Augustus, the exiled heir to the Kingdom of Hanover. As the Kingdom of Hanover had been annexed by Prussia in 1866, she spent most of her life in exile with her husband in Austria.
Kirstine Bjerrum Meyer was a Danish physicist and was first woman from her country to earn a doctorate in natural sciences.
Sophie Willock Bryant was an Anglo-Irish mathematician, educator, feminist and activist.
Higher education was designed for men in colonial America. Since the 1800s women's positions and opportunities in the educational sphere have increased. In 1980, women surpassed men in number of bachelor's degrees conferred annually in the United States, and more bachelor's degrees have been conferred on women each year since. Since 2005, the majority of degrees in each category have been conferred on women in the U.S.
Elna Munch née Sarauw was a Danish feminist and politician,. She was the co-founder of the Landsforbundet for Kvinders Valgret or LKV (1907), the more radical of the two main Danish suffrage movements, and alongside Johanne Rambusch its leading member.
This is a timeline of women's education.
Anna Kirstine "Annestine" Margrethe Beyer, was a Danish reform pedagogue and pioneer on women's education.
Ida Charlotte Natalie Zahle was a Danish reform pedagogue and pioneer of women's education. She founded N. Zahle's School in 1851.
Caroline Emilie Mundt was a Danish painter, known for her portraits of children.
François Peyrard (1760–1822) was a French mathematician, educator and librarian. During the French Revolution, he was involved in the committee that reformed the French educational system. He was one of the founder of the École Polytechnique and its first librarian.
Erna Emilie Louise Juel-Hansen née Drachmann (1845–1922) was a Danish novelist and early women's rights activist. She introduced gymnastics into the educational curriculum and co-founded Denmark's first kindergarten.
Björg Carítas Þorláksson was an Icelandic scholar and teacher. After earning her teaching certificate in Ytriey she taught for three years and studied in Denmark, before applying to the Reykjavík Junior College to further her education. Refused admittance, she moved back to Copenhagen and earned a Danish teaching degree. She studied at the Athens Classes to learn Greek and Latin and was admitted to graduate study at the University of Copenhagen. After her marriage, she abandoned her studies to work on the preparation of an Icelandic-Danish Dictionary, for the next two decades with her husband. When the dictionary was completed, his work was recognized and hers was not. Divorcing, she moved to Paris and attained a PhD, the first woman in Iceland to attain the distinction. Suffering from ill-health, she published until her death from breast cancer.
Ida Mariette Helene Falbe-Hansen born Hansen (1849–1922) was a Danish educator, philologist and women's activist. A pioneer in the teaching of Swedish, she published textbooks and promoted Swedish literature in Denmark. She was also active on the board of the Danish Women's Society and chaired the Danish Women's Council.
Enriqueta González Baz y de la Vega was a Mexican mathematician, a co-founder of the Mexican Mathematical Society, and the first woman to earn a degree in mathematics at the National Autonomous University of Mexico in 1944.
The Natalie Zahle Memorial is located in Ørsted Park in Copenhagen, Denmark, close to the school that she founded in 1862. The school became a model for all upper secondary girl's schools in the country. The Natalie Zahle Memorial was the first monument in Copenhagen erected in honour of a woman who was not of royal ancestry and had exclusively gained prominence on the basis of her own merit.
Birgitte Possing is a Danish historian who has specialized in historical biography. In 1992, paying special attention to aspects relating to gender, she earned a doctorate with Viljens styrke, a biography of the pioneering feminist and educator Natalie Zahle. Possing has headed the manuscript department of the Danish National Library and coordinated research at the National Museum of Denmark. From 2000 to 2004, she was director of Danmarks Humanistiske Forskningscenter after which she was appointed senior researcher at the Danish National Archives. In the late 1990s, while collaborating with Kvinfo on Dansk kvindebiografisk leksikon covering women's biographies, Possing identified 1,140 Danish women of historical importance who had not been included in the authoritative biographical dictionary Dansk Biografisk Leksikon.
Ingeborg Hammer-Jensen was a historian of science and classical philologist from Denmark. She was the third woman to be awarded a PhD in Denamrk and was an expert on Greek scientific writing.