Thyra Beate Christiane Manicus-Hansen (1872–1954) was a Danish ceramist and trade unionist. As head of the Keramisk Malerforening (Ceramic Painters Union), she successfully pressed for better pay and working conditions for those working as artists in Den Kongelige Porcelainsfabrik and Bing & Grøndahl porcelain factories. She also campaigned internationally for women's rights.
Born in Vladivostok, Russia, on 7 September 1872, Thyra Beate Christiane Manicus-Hansen was the daughter of the telegraph manager Emil Anton Hansen (1827-1906) and Helene Mathilde Manicus (1840-1929). At the time of her birth, the family happened to be in Vladivostok where her father represented the Store Nordiske Telegrafselskab. He and the family later moved to France and England where Manicus-Hansen was brought up. On her father's retirement in 1892, the family finally settled in Copenhagen.
In 1898, Manicus-Hansen was employed as one of the many painters at the Kongelige Porcelainsfabrik. She lived with her sister Xiane who also worked there. Despite the fact that the porcelain they decorated was produced for the royal houses of Europe, the salaries were extremely low. When the management failed to respond to their requests for improved wages, in 1905 they decided to club together, forming the trades union known as the Keramisk Malerforening, with some 80 members from the Kongelige Porcelainsfabrik and from Bing & Grøndahl. Manicus-Hansen headed the union. After a conflict, she was fired but 40 of her colleagues went on strike. The firm's management finally relented and the women were all re-engaged. Manicus-Hansen remained president of the union until 1934 and worked at the porcelain factory until 1936 when she retired on grounds of poor health. From 1909 to 1934, she was also a member of the management committee of Keramisk Forbund which she represented at the 1909 congress of the French ceramic union.
With the threat of World War I, Manicus-Hansen also campaigned for the peace movement. She attended the international women's peace conference in The Hague in 1915, together with other Danish activists including Clara Tybjerg, Thora Daugaard and Andrea Brochmann. She went on to establish the Danish branch of what became the Women's International League for Peace and Freedon.
Thyra Manicus-Hansen died in Copenhagen on 29 August 1954. She is buried in the Assistens Cemetery.
Royal Copenhagen, officially the Royal Porcelain Factory, is a Danish manufacturer of porcelain products and was founded in Copenhagen in 1775 under the protection of Danish Dowager Queen Juliane Marie. It is recognized by its factory mark, the three wavy lines above each other, symbolizing Denmark’s three straits: Storebælt, Lillebælt and Øresund.
Harald Viggo Moltke was a Danish painter, author and explorer. Among his activities Moltke, participated as draftsman in four Arctic expeditions.
Jean René Gauguin was a French-Danish sculptor.
Bing & Grøndahl was a Danish porcelain manufacturer founded in 1853 by the sculptor Frederik Vilhelm Grøndahl and merchant brothers Meyer Hermann Bing and Jacob Herman Bing. The trademark backstamp for Bing & Grøndahl (B&G) porcelains is the three towers derived from the Coat of Arms of Copenhagen. The company's Seagull dinnerware series became known as the "National Service of Denmark" in the 1950s when it was found in one tenth of all Danish households. In 1987 the company merged with its primary competitor, the Royal Porcelain Factory under the name Royal Copenhagen.
Gunnar Nylund was a Swedish ceramic designer since the 1930s, best known as the artistic director of Rörstrand, was already a well-established ceramic artist in Denmark first at the Bing & Grøndahl Porcelain factory in Copenhagen 1925-28. Later, in 1928, in collaboration with chemist Nathalie Krebs, he started a ceramics workshop, which became Saxbo in 1930, which kept making his stoneware until 1932. Nylund worked for Rörstrand from 1931–1955, the majority of the time as artistic director. He became well known for his new matte feldspar glazed stoneware in hare’s fur and crystal glazes and for his stoneware animal sculptures.
Heinrich Hansen was a Danish architectural painter and State Councillor. His son, Adolf Heinrich-Hansen, was also an architectural painter.
Anna Louise Birgitte Syberg was a Danish painter who, together with her husband Fritz Syberg, was one of the Funen Painters (Fynboerne) who lived and worked on the island of Funen. She is remembered for her lively watercolours of flower arrangements.
Alhed Maria Larsen née Warberg, the wife of Johannes Larsen, was one of the Fynboerne or "Funen Artists" who lived and worked on the Danish island of Funen. She appears to have been a central figure for the Funen Painters, frequently acting as hostess.
Gertrud Vasegaard, née Hjorth, (1913–2007) was a Danish ceramist, remembered above all for her tea set (1956) which was included in the Danish Culture Canon. A designer for Bing & Grøndahl and Royal Copenhagen, she also had her own workshop where she collaborated with her daughter Myre.
Vilhelmine "Ville" Jais Nielsen was a Danish painter. She is remembered for the many portraits of women she painted while in Sweden during the Second World War, marked by strong brushstrokes and sensitive lighting effects. Her husband was the artidst Jais Nielsen.
Danish Christmas plates are collectibles which are issued annually by porcelain manufacturers in Denmark. The first annual Christmas plate was produced by Bing & Grøndahl in 1895, with Royal Copenhagen following suit in 1908. Blue and white in color, and bearing the year of issuance, the mold is discontinued after Christmas Eve.
The Matthias Hansen House, formerly also known as the Schoustrup House (English: Schoustrups Gård, is a Renaissance-style townhouse on Amagertorv in central Copenhagen, Denmark. Built in 1616, it is one of few buildings of its kind which has survived the Copenhagen Fires of 1728 and 1795. The building is now home to a flagship store for the Royal Copenhagen porcelain factory.
Svend Hammershøi was a Danish painter and ceramist. He is remembered principally for the classical pottery designs he contributed to the Royal Copenhagen and to Kähler's Ceramics Factory in Næstved.
Achton Friis was a Danish illustrator, painter and writer. He participated in the Denmark Expedition to Northeast Greenland in 1906–1908, creating a large number of works in the process, both landscape paintings and portraits, as well as a written account which was published in 1909. He later published several comprehensive and richly illustrated works with descriptions of the nature and cultural history of different parts of Denmark. In addition, he designed decorative works for the Bing & Grøndahl porcelain manufacturer.
Suzette Catherine Holten was a Danish painter and ceramist who belonged to the Skovgaard family of artists. In addition to landscapes, flower paintings and portraits, she created and decorated ceramics and also worked as an embroiderer. As a woman, she was unable to achieve the same level of success as her father or brothers.
Louise Christiane Ravn-Hansen was a Danish landscape painter and etcher.
Ingeborg Plockross Irminger (1872–1962) was a Danish artist who is remembered both for her sculptures and for the miniature porcelain statues of animals and human figures she designed while working for Bing & Grøndahl. A bronze cast of her 1903 bust of the writer Herman Bang was installed on Sankt Annæ Plads in Copenhagen in 2012.
Kristiane Konstantin-Hansen, also Christiane Constantin Hansen, was a Danish weaver, textile artist and retailer who specialized in embroidery. A daughter of the celebrated painter Constantin Hansen, together with the daughter of another Golden Age figure, she opened an embroidery shop in central Copenhagen in 1873. The business proved to be highly successful over the next 30 years, attracting custom from individuals, churches and schools, and receiving several international awards. It closed in 1903 to enable Konstantin-Hansen and her colleague Johanne Bindesbøll to create large tapestries for Frederiksborg Castle. Konstantin-Hansen was also active as a pioneering feminist.
Anna Marie Louise Sandholt (1872–1942) was a Danish painter and ceramist who practised outdoor painting at a time when it was unusual for women to do so. Before studying painting, she had been active as an embroidery teacher. As a ceramist, she created porcelain figures for Bing & Grøndahl. Many of her landscapes depicted trees, with which she developed a special relationship after the First World War.