|Tiếng gọi thanh niên|
Call of the Youths
|Anthem of the Vanguard Youth|
|Lyric||Lyric 1: (1941)|
Lưu Hữu Phước
Mai Văn Bộ
Lyric 2: (1943)
Lê Khắc Thiều
Đặng Ngọc Tốt
Lyric 3: (1945)
Hoàng Mai Lưu
|Music||Lưu Hữu Phước|
|Original version||La Marche des Étudiants|
|Alternative name||Tiếng gọi sinh viên|
Call of the Students
|Thể loại||Pre-1945 Vietnamese music|
Tiếng gọi Thanh niên ("Call of the Youths") and originally the March of the Students (Vietnamese : Sinh Viên Hành Khúc, French : La Marche des Étudiants) is a famous song of the musician Lưu Hữu Phước.
Its lyric was modified to make the anthem of State of Vietnam from 1948 to 1955 and Republic of Vietnam from 1955 to 1975, with the name Call to the Citizens (Vietnamese : Tiếng Gọi Công Dân). This move was strongly protested by the original author Lưu Hữu Phước.
The original version is the official one used in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. The modified version is used by anti-communist Vietnamese expatriates.
The anthem was originally named La Marche des Étudiants (March of the Students), composed by Lưu Hữu Phước and written by Mai Văn Bộ in late 1939, and first adopted by a student club. In 1941, it became the anthem of the Indochina Students General Association, Phước renamed the anthem as Tiếng Gọi Thanh Niên (Call to the Youths), the lyrics was rewritten in Vietnamese and divided into three verses. The first verse was written by Lưu Hữu Phước and Mai Văn Bộ in 1941, and secretly spread until 1945, the second verse (Tiếng Gọi Sinh Viên, Call to the Students) was written by Lê Khắc Thiều and Đặng Ngọc Tốt in late 1941, and published in 1943, the third verse was written by Hoàng Mai Lưu on April 4, 1945, and published before the August Revolution. In 1945 it became the anthem of the Vanguard Youth, the lyrics were small modified and became known as Tiếng Gọi Thanh Niên or Thanh Hiên Hành Khúc.
In 1948, the Provisional Central Government of Vietnam adopted the song as the national anthem. The song was later modified with the name changed to Tiếng Gọi Công Dân (Call to the Citizens) or Công Dân Hành Khúc (March of the Citizens), and became the official national anthem of South Vietnam. –1949) on 14 June 1948, and it was inherited as a national anthem by the State of Vietnam (1949–1955) and the Republic of Vietnam (1955–1975). The lyrics of Thanh Niên Hành Khúc were revised by former President Ngo Dinh Diem in 1956.Thanh niên Hành Khúc was first adopted as the national anthem by the Provisional Central Government of Vietnam (Pre-government of the State of Vietnam. 1948
The original author Lưu Hữu Phước made a strong criticism against South Vietnam's regimes use of the song. In 1949 he made a protesting letter. Later the Voice of Vietnam made sproadically broadcast of Lưu Hữu Phước's criticisms.
|English: "Call to the Citizens"|
|Thanh Niên Hành Khúc|
Former national anthem of
State of Vietnam
|Also known as||"Sinh Viên Hành Khúc" (English: "Song of the Students")|
"National Anthem of the Republic of Vietnam"
|Lyrics||Mai Văn Bộ (original lyric), 1939|
|Music||Lưu Hữu Phước, 1939|
|Adopted||1948 (by the State of Vietnam)|
1955 (by South Vietnam)
|Relinquished||1955 (by the State of Vietnam)|
1975 (by South Vietnam)
|Preceded by||"La Marseillaise"|
|Succeeded by||"Giải phóng miền Nam"|
"Tiếng Gọi Công Dân" (instrumental)
After 1975, the original version and name (Tiếng Gọi Thanh Niên) of the song was performed as the official version in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
The anti-communist expatriates continued to use the revised version and dubbed it as "Anthem of Free Vietnam".
Này thanh niên ơi! Đứng lên đáp lời sông núi.
Thanh niên ơi! Ta quyết đi đến cùng. Thanh niên ơi! Ta nguyền đem hết lòng.
Youth of Vietnam, arise! And at our Country's call
Này Công Dân ơi! Quốc gia đến ngày giải phóng.
Oh citizens! Our country has reached the day of liberation.
Tiến Quân Ca, known in English as the Army Marching Song, Song of Marching Army or Song of Advancing Soldiers, is the National Anthem of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (SRV), both written and composed by Văn Cao in 1944. The "Army Marching Song" was adopted as the national anthem of North Vietnam in 1954, and was adopted as the national anthem of the new unified Socialist Republic of Vietnam in 1976, following the reunification of both North Vietnam and South Vietnam at the end of the Vietnam War. Though it has two verses, the first one is mainly sung.
Dương Triệu Vũpronunciation (help·info)(born January 1, 1984 in Cam Ranh, Vietnam) is the stage name of Tuấn Linh, a singer on the popular Vietnamese diaspora music show Paris By Night.
Lương Bích Hữu is a Chinese Vietnamese actress and pop singer. Before working with the Thế Giới Giải Trí, Huu was one of the Nguyễn Productions singers. After working in the company and as member of girl group H.A.T., she returned to Nguyễn Productions and released her first solo album called "Cô gái Trung Hoa", which means "Chinese girl". It was the first solo album of a H.A.T member. In 2008 she briefly joined girl group Ngũ Long Công Chúa. After releasing her third album, she left Nguyễn Productions and founded her own company, Khải Sao Entertainment.
Paris By Night 78: Đường Xưa is a Paris By Night program produced by Thúy Nga that was filmed at the Canadian Broadcasting Centre Studio #40 in Toronto, Canada on June 11, 2005. The MC's were Nguyễn Ngọc Ngạn and Nguyễn Cao Kỳ Duyên. Seats are limited to a studio audience and is considered a private event.
Paris By Night 64: Đêm Văn Nghệ Thính Phòng is a Paris By Night program produced by Thúy Nga that was filmed at the Knott's Berry Farm, California in 2002. The MC's were Nguyễn Ngọc Ngạn and Nguyễn Cao Kỳ Duyên. To keep the show formal, this episode did not have a comedy skit, a "Hài Kịch."
Phạm Tuyên is a Vietnamese musician. He was head of the music service at Hanoi's Voice of Vietnam Radio during the Vietnam War. He is the author of many popular socialist songs, for example Như có Bác Hồ trong ngày vui đại thắng and Đảng đã cho ta mùa xuân.
Đăng đàn cung was the royal anthem of Nguyễn Dynasty, Vietnam.
Paris By Night 96 - Nhạc Yêu Cầu 2 is a Paris By Night program produced by Thúy Nga that was filmed at the Knott's Berry Farm on April 18, 2009 and April 19, 2009 and release DVD from June 25, 2009. The show was MC'ed by Nguyễn Ngọc Ngạn and Nguyễn Cao Kỳ Duyên.
Vietnamese poetry originated in the form of folk poetry and proverbs. Vietnamese poetic structures include six-eight, double-seven six-eight, and various styles shared with Classical Chinese poetry forms, such as are found in Tang poetry; examples include verse forms with "seven syllables each line for eight lines," "seven syllables each line for four lines", and "five syllables each line for eight lines." More recently there have been new poetry and free poetry.
Paris by Night 98: Fly With Us to Las Vegas is a Paris by Night program produced by Thúy Nga that was filmed at the Theatre for the Performing Arts in Planet Hollywood Resort & Casino and had a DVD release on December 10, 2009. The show was hosted by Nguyễn Ngọc Ngạn and Nguyễn Cao Kỳ Duyên.
Paris By Night 100: Ghi Nhớ Một Chặng Đường is a Paris By Night program produced by Thúy Nga Productions that was filmed at the Planet Hollywood Theatre for the Performing Arts in Planet Hollywood Resort & Casino from July 3–4, 2010 and released DVD on October 7, 2010. The show was hosted by emcees Nguyễn Ngọc Ngạn and Nguyễn Cao Kỳ Duyên.
Paris By Night 99 – Tôi Là Người Việt Nam is a Paris By Night program produced by Thúy Nga Productions that was filmed at Knott's Berry Farm on 16 and 17 January 2010 and released DVD from 8 April 2010. The show was hosted by Nguyễn Ngọc Ngạn, Nguyễn Cao Kỳ Duyên and Trịnh Hội.
Paris By Night 102: is a Vietnamese Paris By Night program produced by Thúy Nga Productions. Filming began on July 12, 2010, and continued through February 13, 2011 at Charles M. Schulz Theatre in Recreation Knott's Berry Farm, Buena Park, Southern California. The theme continues from Paris By Night 92: Nhạc yêu cầu and Paris by Night 96: Nhạc yêu cầu 2 but limited requirements required of the audience in the songs of composer Lam Phuong. The majority of performances were live theater performances and were filmed live. The DVD was released on April 15, 2011. In the DVD, Thuy Nga changed the mix is made by musician Hoai Phuong instead of Tung Chau and other musicians like the majority of previous productions of Paris by Night.
Lưu Hữu Phước was a Vietnamese composer, a member of the National Assembly, and Chairman of the Committee of Culture and Education of the National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
Phan Huỳnh Điểu was a Vietnamese composer. He composed the military anthem vi:Đoàn Vệ quốc quân (1945), and was a recipient of the Hồ Chí Minh Prize in 2000.
Paris By Night 16 is a Paris By Night program produced by Thúy Nga that was filmed in Paris. The MC's were Khánh Ly, Hương Lan & Elvis Phương. This show was released on VHS in 1992.
Văn Phụng was a Vietnamese songwriter. His wife is the singer Châu Hà.
Nguyễn Văn Lợi was a Vietnamese linguist who served as the Deputy Director of the Institute of Linguistics at the Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences.