Tiachiv

Last updated
Tiachiv
Тячів
City of district significance
Tiachiv Panorama (5668-5670).jpg
Tyachiv panorama
Tachiv prapor.png
Tjachv gerb.png
Zakarpattia Oblast location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Tiachiv
Map of Zakarpattia Oblast with Tyachiv.
Coordinates: 48°00′41″N23°34′20″E / 48.01139°N 23.57222°E / 48.01139; 23.57222 Coordinates: 48°00′41″N23°34′20″E / 48.01139°N 23.57222°E / 48.01139; 23.57222
Country Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
Oblast Coat of arms of Zakarpattia Oblast.svg Zakarpattia Oblast
Raion Tiachiv Raion
Founded1326
Incorporated1961
Government
   Mayor Іvan Kovach (Ivan Kovacs)
Population
 (2022)
  Total8,887
  Density1,839.780/km2 (4,765.01/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
90500
Area code +380-3134
Climate Dfb
Website tyachiv.in.ua

Tiachiv (Ukrainian : Тячів; Rusyn : Тячово; Hungarian : Técső; Yiddish : טעטש, romanized: Tetch) is a city located on the Tisza River in Zakarpattia Oblast (region) in western Ukraine. It is the administrative center of Tiachiv Raion (district). Today, the population is 8,887 (2022 est.) [1] .

Contents

Names

There are several alternative names used for this city: Rusyn: Тячево, Yiddish: טעטש or Tetch, German: Groß-Teutschenau, Hungarian: Técső, Romanian: Teceu Mare, Slovak: Ťačiv or historically Tačovo, Russian : Тячев.

History

In the year 1211 the town was mentioned the first time as Tecu. Later, in 1333 as Thecho, in 1334 Teucev, in 1335 Theuchev. [2] The town was founded by Saxon and Hungarian colonists in the second half of 13 century. Until 1920, as part of Máramaros County it was part of the Kingdom of Hungary. In 1939, following the annexation of the whole of Carpathian Ruthenia, the city became again part of Hungary until the end of World War II.

Jewish history

Upon the departure of Rabbi Chananya Yom Tov Lipa Teitelbaum, called the "Ba'al Kedushes Yom Tov" (Hebrew : בעל קדושת יום טוב) who was the city's rabbi until his father's death, the town replaced him with his brother, Rabbi Eliyahu Betzalel Teitelbaum. [3]

A few years after Rabbi Eliyahu Betzalel's death, his son, Rabbi Moshe Teitelbaum, was appointed to the rabbinate, but died soon after, leaving the position vacant for several years, until he was succeeded by Rabbi Mayer Gruenwald, son of Rabbi Avrohom Yosef of Ungvar, son of Rabbi Moshe Greenwald of Chust, Hungary and progenitor of the Pupa Hasidic dynasty, who inherited the previous rabbi's position upon marrying his daughter in 1928.

Rabbi Chaim Teitelbaum, Eliyahu Betzalel's other son, was the rabbi of the community of the Sighet hasidim, and was supported by the followers of the Kosov sect as well.

Rabbi Mayer established a yeshiva for 45 teenagers (bochurim, "Yeshiva students").[ citation needed ] In January 1940, Rabbi Joel Teitelbaum of Satmer visited the town to support his cousin Rabbi Chaim Teitelbaum's claim to the rabbinate.[ citation needed ] The settlement reached a peak of 1,000 Jewish inhabitants by the year 1940.

In late May, 1944, the Nazis marched into town. Shortly thereafter the town's Jewish residents were deported to concentration camps. Rabbi Teitelbaum was put alive in fire, and Rabbi Grunwald and his family were taken to death camps in Auschwitz. While his wife and 9 children perished in Auschwitz,[ citation needed ] Rabbi Grunwald survived and after the war was instrumental in establishing and strengthening Orthodox Judaism[ citation needed ] in Toronto. He died in 1965.

Demographics

2001 census

  Ukrainians (83.2%)
  Romanians (12.4%)
  Hungarians (2.9%)
  Russians (1.0%)
  Other (0.5%)

In 2001, the population of Tiachiv region included mainly Ukrainians (83.2%), followed by Romanians (12.4%). There were 2.9% Hungarians and 1.0% Russians. The remaining people made up 0.5% of the population. [4]

Climate

The climate in Tiachiv is a mild/cool summer subtype (Köppen: Dfb) of the humid continental climate.

Climate data for Tiachiv
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Daily mean °C (°F)−3.1
(26.4)
−0.8
(30.6)
4.2
(39.6)
10.0
(50.0)
14.9
(58.8)
17.8
(64.0)
19.3
(66.7)
18.9
(66.0)
15.2
(59.4)
9.8
(49.6)
4.1
(39.4)
−0.4
(31.3)
9.2
(48.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches)51
(2.0)
45
(1.8)
44
(1.7)
54
(2.1)
77
(3.0)
99
(3.9)
84
(3.3)
75
(3.0)
48
(1.9)
45
(1.8)
55
(2.2)
68
(2.7)
745
(29.4)
Source: Climate-Data.org [5]

Twin towns — sister cities

Former synagogue Tiachev,sinagoga-Tyachev,former synagogue.jpg
Former synagogue

Tiachiv is twinned with:

Notable natives and residents

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2022 [Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2022](PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
  2. Ivanciuc, Teofil. "Primele atestări ale târgurilor de coroană maramureşene (The earliest mentions of the Maramureş Royal Market Towns)". Revista Arhivei Maramureşene.
  3. Gross, S. Y.; Kohen, Y. Y. (1983). Sefer Marmarosh (in Hebrew). pp. 303–305. LCCN   84247905.
  4. "Всеукраїнський перепис населення 2001 | English version | Results | General results of the census | National composition of population | Zakarpattia region". Archived from the original on 2007-09-11. Retrieved 2007-03-17.
  5. "Climate: Tiachiv". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 1 May 2014.