Tiaki Omana

Last updated

Tiaki Omana
Tiaki Omana.jpg
Born18 December 1891
Mahia Peninsula, New Zealand
Died24 June 1970
Napier, New Zealand
Relatives John Davies Ormond (grandfather)
Rugby union career
Position(s) Loose Forward
National team(s)
YearsTeamApps(Points)
1923 New Zealand 1 (0)

Tiaki Omana (18 December 1891 – 24 June 1970), also known by the English name Jack Ormond, was a New Zealand rugby union player and politician. He won the Rātana Movement's fourth Maori electorate of Eastern Maori in 1943 from Āpirana Ngata who had held it since 1905. He was of aristocratic Ngāti Rongomaiwahine descent and was also a grandson of John Davies Ormond, first Superintendent of Hawke's Bay.

Rugby union Team sport, code of rugby football

Rugby union, commonly known in most of the world simply as rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century. One of the two codes of rugby football, it is based on running with the ball in hand. In its most common form, a game is between two teams of 15 players using an oval-shaped ball on a rectangular field with H-shaped goalposts at each end.

Rātana religion and a political movement

The Rātana movement is a church and pan-iwi political movement founded by Tahupōtiki Wiremu Rātana in early 20th-century New Zealand. The Rātana Church has its headquarters at the settlement of Rātana pā near Whanganui.

Eastern Maori was one of the four original New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorates founded in 1867. It was replaced by the Te Tai Rawhiti electorate in 1996.

Contents

Early life

A keen rugby player, Tiaki Omana played Ranfurly Shield matches for his province, Hawke's Bay, and once for the All Blacks in 1923 against a team from New South Wales. Even after joining the New Zealand Maori (Pioneer) Battalion and fighting in France during World War I, he was still able to play on the wing for the Pioneer Battalion team.

Ranfurly Shield

The Ranfurly Shield, colloquially known as the Log o' Wood, is a trophy in New Zealand's domestic rugby union competition. First played for in 1904, the Shield is based on a challenge system, rather than a league or knockout competition as with most football trophies. The holding union must defend the shield in challenge matches, which are played at the shield holders home venue, and if the challenger is successful in their challenge they will become the new holder of the Shield.

Hawkes Bay Rugby Union Rugby Union club in New Zealand

The Hawke's Bay Rugby Union (HBRU) is the governing body of rugby union in the Hawke's Bay region of New Zealand. The union is based in Napier.

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In September 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Omana was a sheepfarmer on the isolated Mahia Peninsula before becoming a Member of Parliament.

Mahia Peninsula Place in Hawkes Bay, New Zealand

Mahia Peninsula, is located on the east coast of New Zealand's North Island, in the Hawke's Bay region, between the cities of Napier and Gisborne.

Member of Parliament

New Zealand Parliament
YearsTermElectorateParty
1943 1946 27th Eastern Maori Labour
1946 1949 28th Eastern Maori Labour
1949 1951 29th Eastern Maori Labour
1951 1954 30th Eastern Maori Labour
1954 1957 31st Eastern Maori Labour
1957 1960 32nd Eastern Maori Labour
1960 1963 33rd Eastern Maori Labour

A koata of the 'second cut', Omana first contested the Tairawhiti electorate of Eastern Maori in 1928,[ citation needed ] finally winning the electorate in 1943. [1] As a Rātana/Labour member, he raised the issue of land claims, housing and health for Māori, and discrimination in social security. Omana held the electorate until his retirement in 1963, [1] when he returned to farming and to his original Church of England faith.

Koata was the term for the four Māori seats reserved for Māori in Parliament, used in 1928 by T W Ratana, who called himself Piri Wiri Tua or the campaigner. From the Maori language and literally meaning a quarter, the word is applied to each of the four New Zealand Maori seats and the Ratana movement Members of Parliament who held them.

1928 New Zealand general election

The New Zealand general election of 1928 was held on 13 and 14 November in the Māori and European electorates, respectively, to elect 80 MPs to the 23rd session of the New Zealand Parliament.

Ratana name

Tiaki Omana was also referred to as Hamuera after Tahupōtiki Wiremu Rātana's son Hamuera Ratana, symbol of the end of tohunga witchcraft.

T. W. Ratana Maori prophet, Ratana religion founder

Tahupōtiki Wiremu Rātana was the founder of the Rātana religion in the early 20th century in New Zealand. He rose to prominence as a faith healer.

In the culture of the Māori of New Zealand, a tohunga is an expert practitioner of any skill or art, either religious or otherwise. Tohunga include expert priests, healers, navigators, carvers, builders, teachers and advisors. "A tohunga may have also been the head of a whanau but quite often was also a rangatira and an ariki". The equivalent and cognate in Hawaiian culture is kahuna.

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References

  1. 1 2 Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. p. 224. OCLC   154283103.
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New Zealand Parliament
Preceded by
Āpirana Ngata
Member of Parliament for Eastern Maori
19431963
Succeeded by
Puti Tipene Watene