Tian Tian (female giant panda)

Last updated

Tian Tian at Edinburgh Zoo in 2012 Tian Tian.JPG
Tián Tián at Edinburgh Zoo in 2012
Tian Tian sitting on branches Tian Tian (Tian Tian ) sitting on branches.jpg
Tián Tián sitting on branches

Tian Tian (Chinese :甜甜; pinyin :Tián Tián, meaning "Sweetie") is a female panda born on 24 August 2003 at the Beijing Zoo from mother Niu Niu and father Ying Ying, and a former resident at Edinburgh Zoo, Scotland. [1] She arrived in Edinburgh in December 2011 [2] together with a male panda named Yáng Guāng (Chinese :陽光, meaning "sunshine"). They were the only two pandas in the United Kingdom. [3] They are on loan from the Bifengxia Breeding Centre in China at a cost of £640,000 per year. [4]

Contents

The initial ten-year loan was extended by two years due to the COVID-19 pandemic; in September 2023 it was announced that the pair would return to China in December of that year. [5]

The pandas arrived in China on December 4, 2023.

Pregnancies

When in China Tian Tian, successfully gave birth to twins on 7 August 2009. The male cub was named Shen Wei and the female Bo Si. [6] After her arrival at Edinburgh Zoo she had an unsuccessful mating season in 2012. [7] In April 2013 Royal Zoological Society of Scotland performed on her the first artificial insemination procedure on a giant panda in the UK. They later confirm that Tian Tian had become pregnant, but most likely reabsorbed the foetus late term. [8] On 12 August 2014 Iain Valentine, Director of Giant Pandas for the Royal Zoological Society of Scotland, announced that a second implantation had taken place, she was pregnant and birth was expected around the end of August 2014. [9] On 22 September 2014 Edinburgh Zoo announced that she was no longer pregnant. [10] On 26 March 2015 it was announced that a third artificial insemination had taken place [11] but by August 2015 it was believed she had lost the cub. [12] [13] In October 2015 scientists said they were exploring cloning the pandas at Edinburgh Zoo. [13]

On 24 August 2017 it was revealed that Edinburgh Zoo had believed she was pregnant again after being artificially inseminated for the fifth time in 2016. [14] The expected date for a birth was as early as 25 August 2017 [14] although the Zoo said was hard to predict and the panda breeding season can last until late September. [15] On 11 September 2017, the Zoo said that Tian Tian was not pregnant and her hormone levels had returned to normal. [16]

In the media

The coverage of Tian Tian's pregnancies at Edinburgh Zoo became so widespread that BBC Radio 4 current affairs programme PM broadcast satirical daily "Possible Panda Pregnancy Update[s]". [17]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Giant panda</span> Species of bear

The giant panda, sometimes called a panda bear or simply panda, is a bear species endemic to China. It is characterised by its bold black-and-white coat and rotund body. The name "giant panda" is sometimes used to distinguish it from the red panda, a neighboring musteloid. Though it belongs to the order Carnivora, the giant panda is a folivore, with bamboo shoots and leaves making up more than 99% of its diet. Giant pandas in the wild occasionally eat other grasses, wild tubers, or even meat in the form of birds, rodents, or carrion. In captivity, they may receive honey, eggs, fish, yams, shrub leaves, oranges, or bananas along with specially prepared food.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">National Zoological Park (United States)</span> Zoo in Washington, D.C., and Front Royal, Virginia

The National Zoological Park, commonly known as the National Zoo, is one of the oldest zoos in the United States. The zoo is part of the Smithsonian Institution and does not charge admission. Founded in 1889, its mission is to "provide engaging experiences with animals and create and share knowledge to save wildlife and habitats".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Edinburgh Zoo</span> Zoo in Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom

Edinburgh Zoo, formerly the Scottish National Zoological Park, is an 82-acre (33 ha) non-profit zoological park in the Corstorphine area of Edinburgh, Scotland.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tai Shan (giant panda)</span> Male giant panda

Tai Shan is a giant panda born at the National Zoo in Washington, D.C., on July 9, 2005. He is the first panda cub born at the National Zoo to survive for more than a few days. He is the oldest brother of Bao Bao, Bei Bei and Xiao Qi Ji.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chapultepec Zoo</span> Zoo in Chapultepec, Mexico

Chapultepec Zoo is a zoo located in Chapultepec Park; it is one of four zoos near Mexico City, and the best known Mexican zoo. It was founded July 6, 1923, by Mexican biologist Alfonso Luis Herrera using donations from private citizens and governmental funds from the Ministry of Agriculture and Development, and also with funds from the Society of Biological Studies.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mei Xiang</span> Female giant panda

Mei Xiang is a female giant panda who lived at the National Zoo in Washington D.C.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tian Tian (male giant panda)</span> Male giant panda

Tian Tian is a 275-pound male giant panda formerly at the National Zoo in Washington D.C. The panda was born on August 27, 1997, at the China Conservation and Research Center for the Giant Panda at the Wolong National Nature Reserve in Sichuan Province, to Yong Ba (mother) and Pan Pan (father). Tian Tian is the half-brother of Bai Yun, formerly at the San Diego Zoo.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bai Yun</span>

Bai Yun was the first female giant panda who was born at the Wolong Giant Panda Research Center in China. From September 1996 she lived at the San Diego Zoo for more than 20 years, until being returned to China in May 2019. Bai Yun gave birth to her sixth cub in 2012 since arriving at the San Diego Zoo, considered the most surviving pandas born at a breeding facility outside of native China. Bai Yun returned to China with her last-born as the 23-year conservation loan of the pandas came to an end between China and San Diego Zoo Global.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gao Gao</span>

Gao Gao is a male giant panda formerly at the San Diego Zoo from 2003 to 2018 and was then returned to China. He was diagnosed with a heart murmur in 2013. His right testicle was removed for health in 2014. To date, he has fathered five giant pandas in captivity.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Zoo Aquarium de Madrid</span> Zoo in Madrid, Spain

The Madrid Zoo Aquarium is a 20-hectare (49-acre) zoo and aquarium located in the Casa de Campo in Madrid, Spain. The zoo is owned by the city, but is managed by the international entertainment operator Parques Reunidos. Opened in 1770, it is one of the largest zoos in Spain and one of the few zoos in the world that houses giant pandas.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wang Wang and Fu Ni</span>

Wang Wang and Fu Ni are the only giant pandas in the Southern Hemisphere. Born at the Wolong Giant Panda Research Centre in China, the pair relocated to Adelaide Zoo in Adelaide, South Australia, on 29 November 2009. Wang Wang and Fu Ni were on loan for ten years for $1 million annually as part of a giant panda breeding program, but have not bred after more than five unsuccessful attempts by the zoo. Fu Ni has experienced many false pregnancies, which are difficult to distinguish from actual pregnancies. The loan has been described as an instance of "panda diplomacy" between Australia and China.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Yuan Zai (giant panda)</span>

Yuan Zai is a female giant panda born at the Taipei Zoo on July 6, 2013. She is the first panda cub born in Taiwan, to parents Tuan Tuan and Yuan Yuan by artificial insemination. As Tuan Tuan and Yuan Yuan were sent to Taiwan from People's Republic of China in exchange for two Formosan sika deer and two Taiwan serows, Yuan Zai does not need to be returned.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bao Bao</span> Female giant panda (born 2013)

Bao Bao is a female giant panda cub who was born at the National Zoo in Washington, D.C. She lived at the Zoo for four years until February 2017. She is currently located at the China Conservation and Research Center for the Giant Panda in Sichuan Province. She is the sister of Tai Shan, Bei Bei and Xiao Qi Ji.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">JoGayle Howard</span> American zoologist

JoGayle Dillon Howard was an American zoologist and theriogenologist specializing in the captive breeding of endangered species such as pandas, clouded leopards, and black-footed ferrets.

As of 2019, there are 27 zoos in 21 countries outside of mainland China, that have giant pandas. These zoos have contracts with China to house these pandas for a few years. The two exceptions are the three pandas held at Taipei Zoo, which are owned by the Taiwanese government, and one panda held in Mexico. Giant pandas are on the IUCN Red List so part of the reason these contracts exist between China and international zoos is to try to help the species reproduce before they are brought back to their native land. For this reason, pandas are treated very well.

Tiantian or Tian Tian may refer to:

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bei Bei</span> Giant panda at the US National Zoo

Bei Bei is a male giant panda cub who was born and lived at the National Zoo in Washington, D.C., in the United States. He was part of US-China relations panda diplomacy, and was sent to the People's Republic of China on November 19, 2019, at the age of 4. He is currently at the Ya’an Bifengxia Base of the Giant Panda Conservation and Research Center in southwest Sichuan province. He is the brother of Tai Shan, Bao Bao, and Xiao Qi Ji.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Xiao Qi Ji</span> Panda cub born at National Zoo, Washington, D.C.

Xiao Qi Ji is a male giant panda cub who was born at the National Zoo in Washington, D.C., on August 21, 2020. The fourth surviving cub of Mei Xiang and Tian Tian, Xiao Qi Ji is a result of an artificial insemination of Mei Xiang on March 22, 2020. Xiao Qi Ji is the youngest brother of Tai Shan, Bao Bao and Bei Bei.

You You was a male giant panda born by artificial insemination in the Ueno Zoo in Japan. His parents are Fei Fei and Huan Huan.

References

  1. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 June 2014. Retrieved 12 August 2014.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. Carrell, Severin (4 December 2011). "Giant pandas touch down in Edinburgh". The Guardian.
  3. "Page not found - Edinburgh Zoo". www.edinburghzoo.org.uk. Archived from the original on 13 August 2014. Retrieved 12 August 2014.{{cite web}}: Cite uses generic title (help)
  4. Nicholls, Henry (2 December 2011). "What price captive pandas?". The Guardian.
  5. "Edinburgh Zoo's giant pandas to return to China in December". BBC News . 4 September 2023. Retrieved 11 September 2023.
  6. "Edinburgh Zoo | www.GiantPandaZoo.com". Archived from the original on 31 July 2014. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
  7. "Giant pandas fail to mate". The Guardian.
  8. "Edinburgh Zoo panda Tian Tian 'no longer pregnant'". BBC News. 15 October 2013.
  9. "Page not found - Edinburgh Zoo". www.edinburghzoo.org.uk.{{cite web}}: Cite uses generic title (help)
  10. "News World news Animals Edinburgh zoo says giant panda Tian Tian is no longer pregnant". The Guardian. 22 September 2014.
  11. "Giant Panda Breeding Season Update". Edinburgh Zoo. 26 March 2015. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
  12. "Edinburgh zoo panda no longer believed to be pregnant". BBC News, Edinburgh, Fife & East Scotland. 25 August 2015. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  13. 1 2 "Scottish scientists looking at ways to clone Edinburgh pandas". The Guardian. 4 October 2015. Retrieved 24 February 2016.
  14. 1 2 "Edinburgh Zoo 'believes giant panda Tian Tian is pregnant'". 24 August 2017.
  15. "Edinburgh panda 'believed to be pregnant'". BBC News. 24 August 2017.
  16. Carrell, Severin (11 September 2017). "Edinburgh zoo's giant panda fails to produce cub". The Guardian.
  17. "Pandering to the media: What we can learn from Britain's panda watch". Archived from the original on 21 October 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2014.