Tian Wenjing

Last updated

Tian Wenjing (simplified Chinese :田文镜; traditional Chinese :田文鏡; pinyin :Tián Wénjìng; 1662 – December 24, 1732), styled Yiguang (抑光), was a prominent mandarin who lived during the reign of the Kangxi and Yongzheng Emperors of the Qing Dynasty. [1]

Tian hailed from the Plain Yellow Banner of the Han Chinese military under the Qing Dynasty command. He was schooled in the Imperial Academy, and became a county official at the age of 21. In the last years of Kangxi's reign, Tian worked as a scholar in the imperial palace. It is not clear how his relationship with Yongzheng began. In 1734 after Yongzheng ascended the throne Tian was named governor of Henan, and was promoted to Governor-General (zongdu) several years later. He then served as Governor-General of Shandong, then Governor General of Beihe (北河总督). Yongzheng held Tian in very high regard, writing that Tian devoted his life to serving the court and the state, and was morally upright and just. [1] Tian retired in 1730, citing fatigue and illness.

Tian was interred at the Western Qing tombs, a very special honour, given that the tombs were generally reserved for royalty.

The 1998 hit TV series Yongzheng Dynasty depicted Tian as Yongzheng's foremost trusty fixer and lieutenant, being sent by Yongzheng to complete several missions in the south during flooding in the region. In the show, Tian's work in the south is used as a pretext for the eighth prince Yunsi to criticize the policies of Yongzheng. Historically, Wu Sidao (邬思道) or "Mr. Wu" actually served on the staff of Tian, but in the television series he was shown as Yongzheng's personal advisor prior to being recommended to Tian on advice from Li Wei. Tian also appeared in the 2002 TV series Grain Storage (天下粮仓) as a negative character.

Related Research Articles

Yongzheng Emperor Qing Dynasty Emperor

The Yongzheng Emperor, born Yinzhen, was the fifth Emperor of the Qing dynasty, and the third Qing emperor to rule over China proper, reigned from 1722 to 1735. A hard-working ruler, the Yongzheng Emperor's main goal was to create an effective government at minimal expense. Like his father, the Kangxi Emperor, the Yongzheng Emperor used military force to preserve the dynasty's position. His reign was known for being despotic, efficient, and vigorous.

Yinxiang, Prince Yi Prince Yi of the First Rank

Yinxiang, formally known as Prince Yi, was a Manchu prince of the Qing dynasty. The thirteenth son of the Kangxi Emperor, Yinxiang was a major ally of his brother Yinzhen during the latter's struggle for the succession of the throne. He was made a qinwang during Yongzheng's reign and became one of his closest advisors. He died eight years into the reign of the Yongzheng Emperor and was memorialized with top honours by the emperor. When he died, his title was granted "iron-cap" status and became perpetually inheritable, one of the only twelve such princes in Qing dynasty history.

Nian Gengyao Chinese general

Nian Gengyao, courtesy name Lianggong, was a Chinese military commander of the Qing dynasty. He was born a member of the Han Chinese Bordered Yellow Banner and had extensive military experience on the western frontier of the Qing Empire. Nian became commander-in-chief of the Qing armies in the northwest; and helped to incorporate the region of what is now Qinghai into the Qing Empire.

<i>Kangxi Dynasty</i> television program

Kangxi Dynasty is a 2001 Chinese television series based on the novel Kangxi Da Di by Eryue He. The series is a prequel to the 1997 television series Yongzheng Dynasty, and was followed by Qianlong Dynasty in 2002.

Hongshi was a Manchu prince of the Qing dynasty. Born to the ruling Aisin Gioro clan as the third son of the Yongzheng Emperor, he was banished from the imperial clan in 1725, ostensibly for supporting his uncle Yunsi, a political rival of his father. He died in disgrace in 1727 but was later posthumously restored to the imperial clan by his younger brother, the Qianlong Emperor.

Yunzhi, Prince Cheng Prince Cheng of the Second Rank

Yinzhi, also known as Yunzhi, was a Manchu prince of the Qing Dynasty.

Empress Xiaogongren Qing Dynasty empress

Empress Xiaogongren, of the Manchu Plain Yellow Banner Uya clan, was a consort of the Kangxi Emperor. She was six years his junior.

Empress Xiaoshengxian Empress Dowager Chongqing (崇慶皇太后)

Empress Xiaoshengxian, of the Manchu Bordered Yellow Banner Niohuru clan, was a consort of the Yongzheng Emperor. She was 14 years his junior.

Li Wei was a prominent mandarin who lived during the reign of the Yongzheng Emperor (1722–1735) of the Qing Dynasty. He was instrumental in carrying out Yongzheng's nationwide reforms in his role in various regional governing positions.

Western Qing tombs

The Western Qing tombs are located some 140 km (87 mi) southwest of Beijing in Yi County, Hebei Province. They constitute a necropolis that incorporates four royal mausoleums where seventy-eight royal members are buried. These include four emperors of the Qing dynasty and their empresses, imperial concubines, princes and princesses, as well as other royal servants.

<i>Yongzheng Dynasty</i> television series

Yongzheng Dynasty is a 1999 Chinese historical television series starring Tang Guoqiang and Jiao Huang. The series, spanning 44 episodes, occupied the CCTV-1 prime time slot; after its premiere, there have been many re-runs of the show on television networks in mainland China, Taiwan and Hong Kong. The series was adapted from Eryue He's historical novels, which are loosely based on historical events in the reigns of the Kangxi and Yongzheng Emperors in the Qing dynasty (1644–1911). The series was followed by a 2001 prequel, Kangxi Dynasty, and a 2002 sequel, Qianlong Dynasty, both of which were also based on Eryue He's novels.

<i>Palace</i> (TV series) Chinese television series

Palace is a 2011 Chinese television series produced by Yu Zheng; starring Yang Mi, Feng Shaofeng, Mickey He and Tong Liya. The series was directed by Lee Wai-chu and starred cast members from mainland China, Taiwan and Hong Kong. The series was first broadcast on Hunan TV in China from 31 January to 21 February 2011. It is later followed by Palace 2 (Chinese: 宮鎖珠帘) (2012), Palace 3: The Lost Daughter, and the film The Palace.

Temple of Confucius, Qufu largest and most renowned temple of Confucius in East Asia

The Temple of Confucius in Qufu, Shandong Province, is the largest and most renowned temple of Confucius in East Asia.

The Deliberative Council of Princes and Ministers, also known as the Council of Princes and High Officials and Assembly of Princes and High Officials, or simply as the Deliberative Council, was an advisory body for the emperors of the early Qing dynasty (1636–1912). Derived from informal deliberative groups created by Nurhaci (1559–1626) in the 1610s and early 1620s, the Council was formally established by his son and successor Hong Taiji (1592–1643) in 1626 and expanded in 1637. Staffed mainly by Manchu dignitaries, this aristocratic institution served as the chief source of advice on military matters for Hong Taiji and the Shunzhi and Kangxi emperors. It was particularly powerful during the regencies of Dorgon (1643–1650) and Oboi (1661–1669), who used it to enhance their personal influence.

Imperial hunt of the Qing dynasty

The imperial hunt of the Qing dynasty was an annual rite of the emperors of China during the Qing dynasty (1636–1912). It was first organized in 1681 by the Kangxi Emperor at the imperial hunting grounds at Mulan (modern-day Weichang Manchu and Mongol Autonomous County, near what would become the summer residence of the Qing emperors at Chengde. Starting in 1683 the event was held annually at Mulan during the autumn, lasting up to a month. The Qing dynasty hunt was a synthesis of earlier Chinese and Inner Asian hunting traditions, particularly those of the Manchus and Mongols. The emperor himself participated in the hunt, along with thousands of soldiers, imperial family members, and government officials.

<i>Hero of the Times</i> Singaporean-Taiwanese wuxia television series

Hero of the Times is a Singaporean-Taiwanese wuxia television series based on legends about Fong Sai-yuk, a Chinese folk hero and martial artist who lived during the Qing dynasty. It was co-produced by the Television Corporation of Singapore and Taiwan's China Television, directed by Hu Mingkai, and starred Chinese actor Vincent Zhao as Fang Shiyu. It was first aired in Singapore on TCS Eighth Frequency from late 1999 to early 2000.

Fang Bao, courtesy names Fengjiu (鳳九), Linggao (靈皋), and Wangxi (望溪), was a Chinese nobleman, courtier, orator, philosopher, poet, scholar, author and government official in the service of the Qing dynasty. He is best known as an icon of the Tongcheng school of literary prose which was influential during the mid-Qing dynasty.

Imperial Noble Consort Dunsu, of the Han Chinese Bordered Yellow Banner Nian clan, was a consort of the Yongzheng Emperor.

Events from the year 1662 in China.


  1. 1 2 "Who was Tian Wenjing?".