Tianeti

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Tianeti
თიანეთი
Townlet
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View on Tianeti
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Tianeti
Location of Tianeti in Georgia
Georgia Mtskheta-Mtianeti location map.svg
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Tianeti
Tianeti (Mtskheta-Mtianeti)
Coordinates: 42°6′30″N44°57′55″E / 42.10833°N 44.96528°E / 42.10833; 44.96528 Coordinates: 42°6′30″N44°57′55″E / 42.10833°N 44.96528°E / 42.10833; 44.96528
Country Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia
Mkhare Mtskheta-Mtianeti
Municipality Tianeti
Elevation
1,100 m (3,600 ft)
Population
 (2014) [1]
  Total2,479
Time zone UTC+4 (Georgian Time)

Tianeti is a townlet in east-central Georgia, in the Caucasus Mountains. Tianeti is the administrative center of Municipality of Tianeti, which also comprises the town of Sioni and 43 neighbouring villages (total area – 907 km2; population – 9,468, 2014 census). It was known as Tionets during the Russian Empire's rule.

Contents

Tianeti is situated in the North-Eastern part of Georgia (Mtskheta-Mtianeti region). According to the 2014 State Census, its population was 2,479 people. [1] As 2003 studies of poverty in Georgia suggest, Mtskheta-Mtianeti Region, and Tianeti district in particular, are among the poorest regions and districts of Georgia. In 2003, 63% of the population of Tianeti's populace was below the poverty line, compared to 47% of the Georgian population (Labbate, Jamburia, Mirzashvili, 2003: 21).

According to the Ministry of Labor, Health and Social Affairs of Georgia, as of November 2008, 14% of Tianeti families were receiving social assistance in December 2008, compared to 8% countrywide.[ citation needed ] During the Soviet times, Tianeti was a district (‘rayon’) centre. Several food processing enterprises, factories, as well poultry and meat producing farms were functioning in the district, providing employment opportunities for the local population (Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia 1979: 678–679). Soviet cultural, medical and educational infrastructure was also developed there. In 2008, Tianeti was still the centre of the municipality (which is the contemporary analogue to Soviet-era term ‘rayon’) with two secondary schools, two kindergartens, a vocational school, library, hospital and ethnographic museum.[ citation needed ] A municipal governance office, post office, and police station are also located in Tianeti. One of the Georgian banks has an office in Tianeti. There is a farmer's market, where most of the population purchases food, and several private grocery stores. None of the factories and farms that operated during the Soviet time are working today, and no new enterprises have been established.[ citation needed ] A small part of the population works at state institutions (so called “budget jobs”: schools, hospital, local self-governance, post-office, etc.). Products and/or income from subsistence farming contribute to a significant share of the local economy. However, Tianeti has a shortage of arable land (Labbate, Jamburia, Mirzashvili, 2003:21). In addition, the climate is quite severe, thus sometimes the population is unable to harvest crops before the winter.

Adapted from forthcoming: Tamar Zurabishvili, Tinatin Zurabishvili. 2012. Remittances in Provincial Georgia: The Case of Daba Tianeti. In: Migrant Marginality: A Transnational Perspective. Routledge.

Climate

Climate data for Tianeti
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)2.0
(35.6)
2.8
(37.0)
7.3
(45.1)
13.7
(56.7)
18.9
(66.0)
22.5
(72.5)
25.3
(77.5)
25.1
(77.2)
21.2
(70.2)
15.6
(60.1)
8.6
(47.5)
3.8
(38.8)
13.9
(57.0)
Daily mean °C (°F)−2.5
(27.5)
−1.7
(28.9)
2.5
(36.5)
7.8
(46.0)
13.0
(55.4)
16.4
(61.5)
19.2
(66.6)
19.0
(66.2)
15.1
(59.2)
10.0
(50.0)
4.2
(39.6)
−0.4
(31.3)
8.5
(47.4)
Average low °C (°F)−6.9
(19.6)
−6.2
(20.8)
−2.2
(28.0)
2.0
(35.6)
7.1
(44.8)
10.3
(50.5)
13.1
(55.6)
13.0
(55.4)
9.0
(48.2)
4.5
(40.1)
−0.2
(31.6)
−4.6
(23.7)
3.2
(37.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches)36
(1.4)
47
(1.9)
67
(2.6)
93
(3.7)
135
(5.3)
132
(5.2)
96
(3.8)
86
(3.4)
69
(2.7)
64
(2.5)
61
(2.4)
47
(1.9)
933
(36.8)
Source: Climate-Data.org [2]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "Population Census 2014". www.geostat.ge. National Statistics Office of Georgia. November 2014. Retrieved 28 June 2021.
  2. "Tianeti climate - Climate-Data.org". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 2019-08-04.