Tianhe in Guangzhou
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||96.33 km2 (37.19 sq mi)|
|• Density||16,000/km2 (40,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|Guangdong Romanization||Tin1ho4 Kêu1|
|Hanyu Pinyin||Tīanhé Qū|
|Alternative Chinese name|
Tianhe District (Chinese :天河区) is one of the eleven districts of Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong province. In Chinese, the name Tianhe literally means "a river in the sky/heavens", which is also a Chinese name for the Milky Way. It is bordered by Yuexiu District on the west, Baiyun District on the north and Huangpu District on the east. Haizhu District is on its south, though they are separated by the Pearl River.
Tianhe became a district in the 1980s as the city expanded its size. Back then, it was east of Dongshan District (which was merged into Yuexiu in 2005) and retained a suburban or even rural atmosphere. Even though a majority of colleges and universities in the city were located in the district, the rest of the district was mostly composed of rice fields.[ citation needed ] Tianhe has since developed into one of the most desirable areas in Guangzhou.
Symbolic landmarks of Guangzhou located in Tianhe District are: Citic Plaza, Guangzhou International Finance Center, Guangzhou Opera House, and the Guangdong Museum. The 6th and 9th of The National Games of the People's Republic of China, and the 2010 Asian Games were also held in Tianhe District, Guangzhou.
Prehistoric population settled in what is now Longdong Subdistrict (龙洞村) in the Neolithic Period. Eastern Han tombs were discovered in Tianhe. During the Song Dynasty, Tianhe area was called Dashuixu (大水墟; 'large river town'). The area of modern Tianhe District was part of Panyu County for more than two thousand years. The area was gradually put under Guangzhou's administration between 1937 and 1958. By the liberation of Guangzhou (October 1949), there were two districts in Tianhe area, namely Shahe (沙河区) and Shipai (石牌区). In 1951 both districts were merged into the newly established Baiyun District , while five years later Baiyun was further merged with Huangpu and Xinjiao Districts to form suburban district (郊区). In 1960 Jiaoqu was dissolved and the area consisting of modern Tianhe became Huangpu District , however it was reestablished two years later. In 1985 part of Jiaoqu was split, and Tianhe District was established then.
In 1987 Tonghe Town (同和镇) was put into Baiyun District. In 1992 Yangji Cun was put into Dongshan District. By 1994, Kemulang (柯木塱), Yushatan (渔沙坦), and Fenghuang (凤凰) Farms along with Shadongcun (沙东村) and Erduicun were placed under Tianhe's jurisdiction. In 2000, former Xintang (新塘), Mubei (沐陂), Lingtang (凌塘), and Yushu (玉树) Farms were also placed under Tianhe and the farms gradually became subdistricts.
|Name||Simplified Chinese||Pinyin||Guangdong Romanization||Population (2010)||Area (km2)|
|Changxing Subdistrict||长兴街道||Chángxīng Jiēdào||cêng4 hing1 gai1 dou6||66,098||13.21|
|Chebei Subdistrict||车陂街道||Chēbēi Jiēdào||cé1 béi1 gai1 dou6||102,787||5.60|
|Fenghuang Subdistrict||凤凰街道||Fènghuáng Jiēdào||fung6 wong4 gai1 dou6||19,534||22.99|
|Huangcun Subdistrict||黄村街道||Huángcūn Jiēdào||wong4 qun1 gai1 dou6||29,501||6.17|
|Liede Subdistrict||猎德街道||Lièdé Jiēdào||lib6 deg1 gai1 dou6||22,522||3.10|
|Linhe Subdistrict||林和街道||Línhé Jiēdào||lam4 wo4*2 gai1 dou6||59,732||3.80|
|Longdong Subdistrict||龙洞街道||Lóngdòng Jiēdào||lung4 dung6*2 gai1 dou6||70,055||11.70|
|Qianjin Subdistrict||前进街道||Qiánjìn Jiēdào||qin4 zên3 gai1 dou6||59,700||4.90|
|Shadong Subdistrict||沙东街道||Shādōng Jiēdào||sa1 dung1 gai1 dou6||29,522||2.16|
|Shahe Subdistrict||沙河街道||Shāhé Jiēdào||sa1 ho4*2 gai1 dou6||42,814||1.26|
|Shipai Subdistrict||石牌街道||Shípái Jiēdào||ség6 pai4 gai1 dou6||177,198||4.30|
|Tangxia Subdistrict||棠下街道||Tángxià Jiēdào||tong4 ha6 gai1 dou6||177,864||7.42|
|Tianhenan Subdistrict||天河南街道||Tiānhénán Jiēdào||tin 1ho4 nam4 gai1 dou6||62,912||2.08|
|Tianyuan Subdistrict||天园街道||Tiānyuán Jiēdào||tin1 yun4 gai1 dou6||54,769||4.03|
|Wushan Subdistrict||五山街道||Wǔshān Jiēdào||ng5 san1 gai1 dou6||131,795||10.59|
|Xiancun Subdistrict||冼村街道||Xiǎncūn Jiēdào||xin2 qun1 gai1 dou6||51,284||4.07|
|Xinghua Subdistrict||兴华街道||Xìnghuá Jiēdào||hing1 wa4 gai1 dou6||68,139||4.28|
|Xintang Subdistrict||新塘街道||Xīntáng Jiēdào||sen1 tong4 gai1 dou6||41,207||14.95|
|Yuancun Subdistrict||员村街道||Yuáncūn Jiēdào||yun4 qun1 gai1 dou6||81,831||5.37|
|Yuangang Subdistrict||元岗街道||Yuángǎng Jiēdào||yun4 gong1 gai1 dou6||30,610||3.23|
|Zhuji Subdistrict||珠吉街道||Zhūjí Jiēdào||ju1 ged1 gai1 dou6||52,552||10.01|
The first big project built in the district during the 1980s was the Tianhe Sports Center when the city was selected to host the Sixth National Games in 1986. The complex includes a stadium of 65,000 seats, a gymnasium and an indoor swimming pool. Its construction had a lasting impact on the development of the district. Soon other projects followed and rice fields gave away to residential complexes called xiaoqu (meaning "little districts"). The construction of xiaoqu began in the mid and late eighties and most of them had residential buildings of no more than 10 stories. Each floor was kept to no more than four units due to the lack of elevators since they would increase the construction cost. Also, due to the sheer number of residential buildings – some xiaoqu had more than 20 residential buildings – a lot of land was needed and thus converted.
The building of Guangzhou East railway station in 1990 further contributed to the growth of the district. The old Guangzhou Railway Station is 10 km (6.2 mi) to the west and was the terminus for trains to and from Beijing and Hong Kong. To relieve the traffic, the East Railroad Station was built and is now the terminus for trains to and from Hong Kong and Shenzhen.
As the district developed, the size of xiaoqu became smaller since land became more valuable and expensive. Most of the new xiaoqu now only consist of four to six residential buildings but each can contain 30 floors or more since the growth of district attracted big developers where the cost of construction (such as elevators) was no longer an issue. Also, taller residential buildings gave rise to taller office buildings.
South of the Sports Center and north of the Zhujiang River is Zhujiang New Town, an area desolate a decade ago but which is now one of the fastest-developing areas of Guangzhou. Many of Guangzhou's newest and most iconic buildings are found in this part of the district.
Several venues used for the 2010 Asian Games are located in Tianhe District.
The Consulate General of the United States, Guangzhou is in Zhujiang New Town, Tianhe District.
Many of the city's colleges and universities are located in the district. They include:
International schools in the district include:
Former international schools:
Besides the Guangzhou East railway station (referred to by locals as simply "East Station"), Tianhe is also the terminus for several Guangzhou Metro lines, and one line goes through it:
Tianhe is currently service by five metro lines operated by Guangzhou Metro:
The Guangzhou Metro is the rapid transit system of the city of Guangzhou in Guangdong Province of China. It is operated by the state-owned Guangzhou Metro Corporation and was the fourth metro system to be built in mainland China, after those of Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai.
Baiyun District is one of 11 urban districts of the prefecture-level city of Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong Province, China. The district is located in the city's northern suburbs, and is named after the Baiyun Mountain, one of the area's natural attractions.
The American International School of Guangzhou is an independent, non-profit, multicultural, and co-educational day school for foreign children from preschool to grade 12. It is located in Guangzhou, Guangdong, China, with an elementary school campus on Ersha Island, Yuexiu District and a middle and high school campus in Science Park, Huangpu District. Founded in 1981, it is the oldest international school in South China. AISG offers an international curriculum guided by American educational standards and principles.
Yuexiu District is one of 11 urban districts of the prefecture-level city of Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong Province, China, located west of the Tianhe District and east of the Liwan District. It is the commercial, political and cultural centre of Guangdong and noted for its high quality education. The Guangdong provincial government and the Guangzhou city government are both located in the Yuexiu District. Established in 1960, the district absorbed the former Dongshan District in May 2005 along with several former subdistricts of the Baiyun and Tianhe district
Chang'an District is one of eight districts of the prefecture-level city of Shijiazhuang, the capital of Hebei Province, North China, located in the northeast of the urban core of the city. The area is 110.24 km2 (42.56 sq mi). There are 426,500 residents, among which 109,700 residents are farmers. The leading pharmaceutical manufacturer in China, North China Pharmaceutical Group Corp (NCPC) located in Chang'an District, Shijiazhang.
Tiyu Xilu Station is an interchange station on Line 1 and Line 3 of the Guangzhou Metro. It started operations on 28 June 1999 and 26 December 2005. It is situated under Tiyu Road West (体育西路) and Tianhe 1st South Road (天河南一路) in the Tianhe District of Guangzhou. It is near Teemall (天河城广场) and Guangzhou Books Center (广州购书中心), which makes it one of the busiest metro stations in Guangzhou.
Zoo Station, formerly planned to be called "Guangzhou Zoo South Entrance Station" (动物园南门站), is a station on Line 5 of the Guangzhou Metro. It is located below the junction of Tianhe Road (天河路), East Huanshi Road and Shuiyin Road in the Yuexiu District, near the south gate of Guangzhou Zoological Garden (广州动物园). It opened on 28 December 2009.
Dashadi Station, formerly Gangwanlu Station (港湾路站) during planning, is a station on Line 5 of the Guangzhou Metro. It is located underground the junction of West Dashadi Road (大沙地西路) and Gangwan Road (港湾路), in the Huangpu District of Guangzhou, near Huangpu Police Station, Dashadi Shopping City and Huangpu Commercial City. It opened in December 2009.
Keyun Lu Station is a station on Line 5 of the Guangzhou Metro. It is located at the under the junction of Huangpu Avenue Middle (黄埔大道中) and Keyun Road (科韵路) in the Tianhe District, near Tianhe Science and Technology Park (天河科技园). It opened on 28 December 2009.
China Resources Beverage (Holdings) Ltd. or CR Beverage is the division of China Resources that sells soft drinks. Its head office is in the north area of the Hi-tech Park in Nanshan District, Shenzhen. The company maintains regional offices in Beijing, Chengdu, Shanghai, Shenyang, and Shenzhen.
Guangzhou Tram is the tram system in Guangzhou, Guangdong province, China. It is operated by Guangzhou Tram Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Guangzhou Metro Corporation.
Jinyi Cinemas is a cinema operator in China, headquartered in the Leedon Sunshine Hotel in Zhujiang New Town, Tianhe District, Guangzhou. As of 2004 the shares are with Guangzhou Performance Company and Guangzhou Jiayu Real Estate Development Company. Some locations are named Jinyi International Cinemas..
The Japanese School of Guangzhou is a Japanese international school in Tianhe District, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China. It was established in April 1995. On June 13, 1995 the Ministry of Education of China approved the establishment of the school.
The École Française Internationale de Canton(EFIC; Chinese: 广州法国国际学校) is a French international school located in "the paradiso", Baiyun District, Guangzhou. It serves levels maternelle (preschool) until lycée. It was established in 1997. In 2016 it had 150 students.
Huamei-Bond International College is an international school in Tianhe District, Guangzhou. It provides both a Chinese curriculum and an Ontario, Canada curriculum, allowing students to earn diplomas from both systems.
Guangzhou Nanfang International School is an international school on the property of the South Industrial Park, in Longdong area of Tianhe District, Guangzhou. The school serves ages 2.5 through 17, in early years through secondary levels.
Alcanta International College is an international school in Baiyun District, Guangzhou.
Guangdong Prison Administrative Bureau is the correctional agency of Guangdong Province, China. It is headquartered in Baiyun District, Guangzhou. As of September 2014 Liu Fang is the head of the bureau.
Line 18 of Guangzhou Metro is a rapid transit express line under construction in Guangzhou. It will run in a south-north direction, connecting Wanqingsha in Nansha District, Panyu Square in Panyu District, Pazhou in Haizhu District, Zhujiang New Town and Guangzhou East railway station in Tianhe District.
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