Tianhe District

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Tianhe

天河区
GZ Twin Towers.png
Tianhe District
Administrative Division Guangzhou.png
  Tianhe in Guangzhou
Country People's Republic of China
Province Guangdong
Sub-provincial city Guangzhou
Area
  Total96.33 km2 (37.19 sq mi)
Population
 (2014 [1] )
  Total1,506,100
  Density16,000/km2 (40,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
510630
Area code(s) 020
Website http://www.thnet.gov.cn/
Tianhe District
Simplified Chinese 天河区
Traditional Chinese 天河區
Guangdong Romanization Tin1ho4 Kêu1
Hanyu Pinyin Tīanhé Qū
Alternative Chinese name
Chinese 天河
Guangdong Romanization Tin1ho4
Hanyu Pinyin Tīanhé

Tianhe District (Chinese :天河区) is one of the eleven districts of Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong province. In Chinese, the name Tianhe literally means "a river in the sky/heavens", which is also a Chinese name for the Milky Way. It is bordered by Yuexiu District on the west, Baiyun District on the north and Huangpu District on the east. Haizhu District is on its south, though they are separated by the Pearl River.

Contents

Tianhe became a district in the 1980s as the city expanded its size. Back then, it was east of Dongshan District (which was merged into Yuexiu in 2005) and retained a suburban or even rural atmosphere. Even though a majority of colleges and universities in the city were located in the district, the rest of the district was mostly composed of rice fields.[ citation needed ] Tianhe has since developed into one of the most desirable areas in Guangzhou. [2]

Symbolic landmarks of Guangzhou located in Tianhe District are: Citic Plaza, Guangzhou International Finance Center, Guangzhou Opera House, and the Guangdong Museum. The 6th and 9th of The National Games of the People's Republic of China, and the 2010 Asian Games were also held in Tianhe District, Guangzhou.

History

Prehistoric population settled in what is now Longdong Subdistrict (龙洞村) in the Neolithic Period. [3] Eastern Han tombs were discovered in Tianhe. During the Song Dynasty, Tianhe area was called Dashuixu (大水墟; 'large river town'). [4] The area of modern Tianhe District was part of Panyu County for more than two thousand years. The area was gradually put under Guangzhou's administration between 1937 and 1958. By the liberation of Guangzhou (October 1949), there were two districts in Tianhe area, namely Shahe (沙河区) and Shipai (石牌区). In 1951 both districts were merged into the newly established Baiyun District , while five years later Baiyun was further merged with Huangpu and Xinjiao Districts to form suburban district (郊区). In 1960 Jiaoqu was dissolved and the area consisting of modern Tianhe became Huangpu District , however it was reestablished two years later. In 1985 part of Jiaoqu was split, and Tianhe District was established then.

In 1987 Tonghe Town (同和镇) was put into Baiyun District. In 1992 Yangji Cun was put into Dongshan District. By 1994, Kemulang (柯木塱), Yushatan (渔沙坦), and Fenghuang (凤凰) Farms along with Shadongcun (沙东村) and Erduicun were placed under Tianhe's jurisdiction. In 2000, former Xintang (新塘), Mubei (沐陂), Lingtang (凌塘), and Yushu (玉树) Farms were also placed under Tianhe and the farms gradually became subdistricts.

Administrative divisions

Name Simplified Chinese Pinyin Guangdong Romanization Population (2010) [5] Area (km2)
Changxing Subdistrict 长兴街道Chángxīng Jiēdàocêng4 hing1 gai1 dou666,09813.21
Chebei Subdistrict 车陂街道Chēbēi Jiēdàocé1 béi1 gai1 dou6102,7875.60
Fenghuang Subdistrict 凤凰街道Fènghuáng Jiēdàofung6 wong4 gai1 dou619,53422.99
Huangcun Subdistrict 黄村街道Huángcūn Jiēdàowong4 qun1 gai1 dou629,5016.17
Liede Subdistrict 猎德街道Lièdé Jiēdàolib6 deg1 gai1 dou622,5223.10
Linhe Subdistrict 林和街道Línhé Jiēdàolam4 wo4*2 gai1 dou659,7323.80
Longdong Subdistrict 龙洞街道Lóngdòng Jiēdàolung4 dung6*2 gai1 dou670,05511.70
Qianjin Subdistrict 前进街道Qiánjìn Jiēdàoqin4 zên3 gai1 dou659,7004.90
Shadong Subdistrict 沙东街道Shādōng Jiēdàosa1 dung1 gai1 dou629,5222.16
Shahe Subdistrict 沙河街道Shāhé Jiēdàosa1 ho4*2 gai1 dou642,8141.26
Shipai Subdistrict 石牌街道Shípái Jiēdàoség6 pai4 gai1 dou6177,1984.30
Tangxia Subdistrict 棠下街道Tángxià Jiēdàotong4 ha6 gai1 dou6177,8647.42
Tianhenan Subdistrict 天河南街道Tiānhénán Jiēdàotin 1ho4 nam4 gai1 dou662,9122.08
Tianyuan Subdistrict 天园街道Tiānyuán Jiēdàotin1 yun4 gai1 dou654,7694.03
Wushan Subdistrict 五山街道Wǔshān Jiēdàong5 san1 gai1 dou6131,79510.59
Xiancun Subdistrict 冼村街道Xiǎncūn Jiēdàoxin2 qun1 gai1 dou651,2844.07
Xinghua Subdistrict 兴华街道Xìnghuá Jiēdàohing1 wa4 gai1 dou668,1394.28
Xintang Subdistrict 新塘街道Xīntáng Jiēdàosen1 tong4 gai1 dou641,20714.95
Yuancun Subdistrict 员村街道Yuáncūn Jiēdàoyun4 qun1 gai1 dou681,8315.37
Yuangang Subdistrict 元岗街道Yuángǎng Jiēdàoyun4 gong1 gai1 dou630,6103.23
Zhuji Subdistrict 珠吉街道Zhūjí Jiēdàoju1 ged1 gai1 dou652,55210.01

Developments

The first big project built in the district during the 1980s was the Tianhe Sports Center when the city was selected to host the Sixth National Games in 1986. The complex includes a stadium of 65,000 seats, a gymnasium and an indoor swimming pool. Its construction had a lasting impact on the development of the district. Soon other projects followed and rice fields gave away to residential complexes called xiaoqu (meaning "little districts"). The construction of xiaoqu began in the mid and late eighties and most of them had residential buildings of no more than 10 stories. Each floor was kept to no more than four units due to the lack of elevators since they would increase the construction cost. Also, due to the sheer number of residential buildings – some xiaoqu had more than 20 residential buildings – a lot of land was needed and thus converted.

The building of Guangzhou East railway station in 1990 further contributed to the growth of the district. The old Guangzhou Railway Station is 10 km (6.2 mi) to the west and was the terminus for trains to and from Beijing and Hong Kong. To relieve the traffic, the East Railroad Station was built and is now the terminus for trains to and from Hong Kong and Shenzhen.

As the district developed, the size of xiaoqu became smaller since land became more valuable and expensive. Most of the new xiaoqu now only consist of four to six residential buildings but each can contain 30 floors or more since the growth of district attracted big developers where the cost of construction (such as elevators) was no longer an issue. Also, taller residential buildings gave rise to taller office buildings.

South of the Sports Center and north of the Zhujiang River is Zhujiang New Town, an area desolate a decade ago but which is now one of the fastest-developing areas of Guangzhou. Many of Guangzhou's newest and most iconic buildings are found in this part of the district.

Several venues used for the 2010 Asian Games are located in Tianhe District.

Economy

Diplomatic missions

The Consulate General of the United States, Guangzhou is in Zhujiang New Town, Tianhe District. [14]

Education

Many of the city's colleges and universities are located in the district. They include:

International schools in the district include:

Former international schools:

Transportation

Besides the Guangzhou East railway station (referred to by locals as simply "East Station"), Tianhe is also the terminus for several Guangzhou Metro lines, and one line goes through it:

Metro

Tianhe is currently service by five metro lines operated by Guangzhou Metro:

Notable buildings

The CITIC Plaza and Tianhe Sports Center Guangzhou dusk 11-5-2008.png
The CITIC Plaza and Tianhe Sports Center

See also

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Coordinates: 23°7′37.737″N113°21′21.95″E / 23.12714917°N 113.3560972°E / 23.12714917; 113.3560972