Tianjin Free-Trade Zone

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Tianjin Free-Trade Zone

中国(天津)自由贸易试验区
Free-Trade Zone
Gate of China (Tianjin) Pilot Free Trade Zone.jpg
CountryFlag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
Municipality Tianjin
Area
  Total119.9 km2 (46.3 sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Website http://www.china-tjftz.gov.cn/

Tianjin Free-Trade Zone (Tianjin FTZ, colloquially known as 天津自由贸易区/天津自贸区 in Chinese), officially China (Tianjin) Pilot Free-Trade Zone (Chinese :中国(天津)自由贸易试验区; pinyin :Zhōngguó (Tiānjīn) Zìyóu Màoyì Shìyànqū) is a free-trade zone in Tianjin, China. It is the only free-trade zone in North China. [1] [2] The zone covers three areas — Tianjin Airport Economic Area, Dongjiang Free Trade Port Zone and Binhai New Area Central Business District. [3] [4]

Simplified Chinese characters Standardized Chinese characters developed in mainland China

Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters for use in mainland China. Along with traditional Chinese characters, they are one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language. The government of the People's Republic of China in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s to encourage literacy. They are officially used in the People's Republic of China, Malaysia and Singapore.

Pinyin Chinese romanization scheme for Mandarin

Hanyu Pinyin, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan. It is often used to teach Standard Mandarin Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters. The system includes four diacritics denoting tones. Pinyin without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written with the Latin alphabet, and also in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters.

A free-trade zone (FTZ) is a class of special economic zone. It is a geographic area where goods may be landed, stored, handled, manufactured or reconfigured and re-exported under specific customs regulation and generally not subject to customs duty. Free trade zones are generally organized around major seaports, international airports, and national frontiers—areas with many geographic advantages for trade.

Contents

Under the Overall program of China (Tianjin) Pilot Free-Trade Zone (中国(天津)自由贸易试验区总体方案), the mission of Tianjin FTZ's foundation is an important initiative to implementation of coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei (京津冀协同发展战略). [5]

History

Binhai New Area Central Business District, was under construction in 2011. Yuan Tiao Xiang Luo Wan Shang Wu Qu .jpg
Binhai New Area Central Business District, was under construction in 2011.
Dongjiang International Products Exhibition Center (Dong Jiang Guo Ji Shang Pin Zhan Xiao Zhong Xin ) Dong Jiang Guo Ji Shang Pin Zhan Xiao Zhong Xin 20130430.jpg
Dongjiang International Products Exhibition Center (东疆国际商品展销中心)

In 2006, CPC Tianjin Municipal Research Room (中共天津市委研究室) said the Dongjiang Free Trade Port Zone will be the highly open and free trade demonstration harbor. The goal of medium-term development is built the first free-trade zone which is meeting international practice in 2015, and the goal of long-term development is built the comprehensive free-trade zone in 2020. [6]

In December 2007, Dongjiang Free Trade Port Zone determined the clear direction for the development of free-trade zone. [7]

Yujiapu China (Tianjin) Pilot Free-Trade Zone Yujiapu.JPG
Yujiapu

In 2013, Commerce Ministry of PRC reported the embodiments of the Shanghai and Tianjin FTZ, but the embodiment of Tianjin was not passed. [8] In July, the drafting group of the embodiment of Tianjin FTZ was founded. [9]

On August 7, 2014, Tianjin and Beijing signed the Implement the joint development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei major national strategy to promote the implementation of key work agreement (贯彻落实京津冀协同发展重大国家战略推进实施重点工作协议), the agreement mentioned Beijing supported Tianjin to build the free-trade zone. [10]

On December 28, 2014, the executive meeting of State Council of PRC passed the resolution for Tianjin FTZ. [11] [12]

On March 24, 2015, the Overall program of China (Tianjin) Pilot Free-Trade Zone (中国(天津)自由贸易试验区总体方案) was passed by Politburo of the Communist Party of China. [13] On April 8, 2015, the Overall program of Tianjin FTZ was approved by the State Council of PRC. [5]

Founding Ceremony of Tianjin FTZ Tian Jin Zi Mao Qu Gua Pai Yi Shi .jpg
Founding Ceremony of Tianjin FTZ

On April 21, 2015, Tianjin FTZ was founded. [14] Also, twenty-six financial institutions (include headquarters and branches) were founded in Tianjin FTZ. [15]

Layout

Tianjin Free-Trade Zone covers an area of 119.9 square kilometres (46 square miles) and included three areas — Tianjin Airport Economic Area, Dongjiang Free Trade Port Zone and Binhai New Area Central Business District. [5]

Related Research Articles

Tianjin Municipality in Peoples Republic of China

Tianjin, alternatively romanized as Tientsin, is a municipality and a coastal metropolis in Northern China on the shore of Bohai Sea, it is one of the nine national central cities in Mainland China, with a total population of 15,621,200 as of 2016 estimation. Its built-up area, made up of 12 central districts, was home to 12,491,300 inhabitants in 2016 and is also the world's 29th-largest agglomeration and 11th-most populous city proper.

Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area

Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area, commonly abbreviated as TEDA is the main free market zone in Binhai, Tianjin, China. It was formed in late 1984.

Port of Tianjin Port of China

The Port of Tianjin, formerly known as the Port of Tanggu, is the largest port in Northern China and the main maritime gateway to Beijing. The name "Tianjin Xingang", which strictly speaking refers only to the main seaport area, is sometimes used to refer to the whole port. The port is on the western shore of the Bohai Bay, centred on the estuary of the Haihe River, 170 km southeast of Beijing and 60 km east of Tianjin city. It is the largest man-made port in mainland China, and one of the largest in the world. It covers 121 square kilometers of land surface, with over 31.9 km of quay shoreline and 151 production berths at the end of 2010.

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Layout of the Port of Tianjin

The Port of Tianjin is divided into nine areas: the three core areas of Beijiang, Nanjiang, and Dongjiang around the Xingang fairway; the Haihe area along the river; the Beitang port area around the Beitangkou estuary; the Dagukou port area in the estuary of the Haihe River; and three areas under construction.

The Port of Tianjin falls under the supervisory and regulatory purview of the Tianjin Municipality People’s Government. The 2004 incorporation of the Tianjin Port Authority into TPG formally divested the group of its role as Port Regulator, which passed to the Tianjin Transportation and Port Authority (天津市交通运输和港口管理局), formerly the Tianjin Transport Commission. The TTPA implements state policy on port work; drafts local policies, by-laws and regulations; and licenses, audits, and issues certifications to businesses operating in the port, in particular to ship terminals. The TTPA supervises and manages compliance to all laws and regulations regarding environmental protection, service compliance, pilotage, maintenance of port infrastructure and handling of dangerous goods and disinfection in all terminals and storage areas.

The Port of Tianjin, formerly known as the Port of Tanggu, is the largest port in Northern China and the main maritime gateway to Beijing. The name "Tianjin Xingang"(Chinese: 天津新港; pinyin: tiānjīn xīngǎng; literally: 'Tianjin New Port'), which strictly speaking refers only to the main seaport area, is sometimes used to refer to the whole port. The Port is located on the western shore of the Bohai Bay, centered on the estuary of the Haihe River, 170 km south east of Beijing and 60 km east of Tianjin city. It is the largest man-made port in mainland China, and one of the largest in the world. It covers 121 square kilometers of land surface, with over 31.9 km of quay shoreline and 151 production berths at the end of 2010.

Shanghai Free-Trade Zone Free-Trade Zone in Shanghai, China

Shanghai Free-Trade Zone, officially China (Shanghai) Pilot Free-Trade Zone is a free-trade zone in Shanghai, China. On 22 August 2013, the State Council approved the establishment of SFTZ. Officially launched on 29 September 2013 with the backing of Chinese Premier Li Keqiang, it is the first free-trade zone in mainland China. The zone covers an area of 240.2 square kilometres (92.7 sq mi) and integrates four existing bonded zones in the district of Pudong — Waigaoqiao Free Trade Zone, Waigaoqiao Free Trade Logistics Park, Yangshan Free Trade Port Area and Pudong Airport Comprehensive Free Trade Zone. Since 21 April 2015, Shanghai FTZ's areas are expanded, including Lujiazui Financial and Trade Zone, Shanghai Jinqiao Economic and Technological Development Zone and Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park. On 6 August 2019,Shanghai FTZ's areas are expanded again, including Nanhui New City, Lingang Equipment Industry Area, Xiao Yangshan island and south side of Pudong Airport.

Fujian Free-Trade Zone Free-Trade Zone in China

Fujian Free-Trade Zone, officially China (Fujian) Pilot Free-Trade Zone is a free-trade zone in Fujian province, China. The mainland free-trade zone is the nearest to Taiwan. The zone covers an area of 118.04 square kilometres and integrates three existing bonded zones in three areas — Pingtan Subdistrict, Fuzhou Subdistrict and Xiamen Subdistrict. Fujian FTZ was founded in Mawei District, Fuzhou on 21 April 2015.

Guangdong Free-Trade Zone Free-Trade Zone in China

Guangdong Free-Trade Zone, officially China (Guangdong) Pilot Free-Trade Zone is a free-trade zone in Guangdong province, China. It is a free-trade zone near Hong Kong and Macau. The zone covers an area of 116.2 square kilometres and integrates three existing bonded zones in four areas — Nansha New Area in Guangzhou, Qianhai and Shekou Industrial Zone in Shenzhen and Hengqin Subdistrict in Zhuhai.

Counter-Japanese Military and Political University organization

Counter-Japanese Military and Political University, also commonly known as Kàngdà (抗大) and Kangri Junzheng University (抗日军政大学), was a comprehensive public university located in Yan'an, Shaanxi, the headquarters of the Communist Party of China during the Second Sino-Japanese War. Its former site has been converted to a memorial hall.

TEDA Holding

TEDA Investment Holding Co., Ltd. known as TEDA Holding is a Chinese state-owned enterprise based in Tianjin. The company was supervised by the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission (SASAC) of Tianjin Government.

Zhejiang Free-Trade Zone Free-Trade Zone in Zhejiang, China

Zhejiang Free-Trade zone, officially China (Zhejiang) Pilot Free-Trade Zone is a free-trade zone in Zhoushan, Zhejiang Province, China. Covering a total area of 119.95 square kilometres (46.31 sq mi) of land spaces and anchorage sea water, the FTZ consists of three parts - Outlying Islands Zone, Northern Zhoushan Island Zone and Southern Zhoushan Island Zone. Established in 2014, the FTZ primarily focuses on trade of bulk commodity in eastern China, such as petroleum and oil products.

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