Tianjin Maritime Court

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Tianjin Maritime Court (天津海事法院) is a maritime court with jurisdiction of all matters of national and international Maritime law. The Court was the first of the ten specialized maritime courts set up in China in 1986, and it has jurisdiction over all port, coasts islands and sea of Tianjin Municipality and Hebei Province in an area delimited by a line between the junction of Hebei Province and Liaoning Province and a line from the junction between Hebei Province and Shandong Province. [1] The Tianjin Maritime Court is a middle-level court, and it falls under the appellate jurisdiction of Tianjin Higher People's Court

Admiralty law or maritime law is a body of law that governs nautical issues and private maritime disputes. Admiralty law consists of both domestic law on maritime activities, and private international law governing the relationships between private parties operating or using ocean-going ships. While each legal jurisdiction usually has its own legislation governing maritime matters, the international nature of the topic and the need for uniformity has, since 1900, led to considerable international maritime law developments, including numerous multilateral treaties.

The court deals specifically with all forms of contracts, torts, offenses and crimes under maritime law, including hearing cases of maritime trade contracts, bills of lading, common average, marine insurance disputes, maritime arbitration award recognition and enforcement (which the court refers to a subordinate court set up in Qinhuangdao.), maritime transport, salvage, marine insurance, marine environmental damage, marine exploration and development, port operations, port warehousing, shipping and freight forwarders and other types of cases.

Marine insurance covers the loss or damage of ships, cargo, terminals, and any transport by which the property is transferred, acquired, or held between the points of origin and the final destination. Cargo insurance is the sub-branch of marine insurance, though Marine insurance also includes Onshore and Offshore exposed property,, Hull, Marine Casualty, and Marine Liability. When goods are transported by mail or courier, shipping insurance is used instead.

The court has a good reputation as equitable and efficient, and it is a favorite venue for pollution cases due to its perceived friendliness to suitors, independence and its willingness to apply innovative interpretations of the appropriate statutes, but it still suffers from the common problems of lack of follow-through and enforcement powers, and vulnerability to corruption. [2]

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References

  1. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-10-06. Retrieved 2014-10-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. http://english.caijing.com.cn/2006-04-17/100014007.html