Tianlong Tunbao town

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Tianlong Tunbao (also spelled Tunpu) (simplified Chinese:天龙屯堡) is an historic town and tourist attraction located near Anshun city of Guizhou province in China. [1] The town is home to members of the Tunbao, an officially unrecognized ethnic group of Han people originally descended from members of an army sent on an expedition to Guizhou during the Hongwu reign of the Ming Dynasty. [2] The traditional homes and customs of the Tunbao have been preserved, including performances of the DIxi opera or "ground opera". [3] Located next to the town is the Tiantaishan Wulong Temple (Simplified Chinese: 天台山伍龙寺), a former stronghold of Ming Dynasty general Wu Sangui.

Anshun Prefecture-level city in Guizhou, Peoples Republic of China

Anshun is a prefecture-level city of Guizhou province, near the location of Huangguoshu Waterfall, the tallest in China. Within the borders of its prefecture there are attractions such as The Long Gong Dragon Caves and The Getu River. As of 2010, it had a population of 2,297,339. The city proper had a population of 765,313. The city is known for its aerospace industry.

Guizhou Province

Guizhou, is a province of the People's Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country. Its capital city is Guiyang. Guizhou is a relatively poor and economically undeveloped province, but rich in natural, cultural and environmental resources. Demographically it is one of China's most diverse provinces. Minority groups account for more than 37% of the population.

China State in East Asia

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.404 billion. Covering approximately 9,600,000 square kilometers (3,700,000 sq mi), it is the third- or fourth-largest country by total area. Governed by the Communist Party of China, the state exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities, and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.

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Tiantaishan Wulong Temple is a tourist attraction located near Anshun city in Pingba County of Guizhou Province, China. It is located close to the Tianlong Tunbao (屯堡) town. It is one of the Major National Historical and Cultural Sites of Guizhou. The combined hilltop fortress and Buddhist temple was built in the Ming Dynasty and was once home to famous Ming general Wu Sangui. Several relics of Wu Sangui are on display including his sword, robe, and water bucket. There is also an exhibit of costumes and photos from local Dixi Opera or "ground opera" performances.


The Tunbao are an officially unrecognized ethnic group of Guizhou and Yunnan provinces, China. The Tunbao are descended from ethnic Han Chinese who were part of an army sent on an expedition to Guizhou during the Hongwu reign of the Ming Dynasty. Long thought to have been a non-Han ethnic minority, their Han origins were proved by Japanese anthropologist Torii Ryuzo in 1896. The Tunbao have preserved much of their culture, costumes, and language from the Ming era.

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The Tianlongshan Grottoes are caves located in Taiyuan, Shanxi Province, China, that are notable for the Buddhist temples located within them. The temple complex spans two mountains: there are eight grottoes on the eastern mountain and 13 on the western mountain. The complex was constructed over a number of centuries, from the northern Qi dynasty until the Tang dynasty, and contains Buddhist art of high historic importance. The majority of the caves date to the Tang dynasty. The caves have been designated by the government as a Major Historical and Cultural Site Protected at the National Level.

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  1. "Tianlong Tunbao Ming Dynasty City" . Retrieved 8 August 2013.
  2. "Tunpu culture in Anshun" . Retrieved 8 August 2013.
  3. The Rough Guide to Southwest China. Penguin. 2012. p. 306. ISBN   9781405393584.

Coordinates: 26°21′18″N106°09′25″E / 26.355°N 106.157°E / 26.355; 106.157

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

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