Tianma Wan

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Tianma Wan (Chinese :天麻丸) is a blackish-brown pill used in Traditional Chinese medicine to "relieve rheumatism, alleviate muscle contracture, remove obstructions from collaterals and channels, promote blood circulation and relieve pain". [1] It is slightly aromatic and tastes slightly sweet and bitter. It is used where there is "deficiency of liver and kidney, stagnation of wind-damp marked by muscle contracture and numbness of the limbs, aching in the loins and legs". [2] The binding agent of the pill is honey.

Chinese language family of languages

Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases not mutually intelligible, language varieties, forming the Sinitic branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family. Chinese is spoken by the Han majority and many minority ethnic groups in China. About 1.2 billion people speak some form of Chinese as their first language.

Traditional Chinese medicine Medicine system that has developed in China over more than 2000 years

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a style of traditional medicine based on more than 2,500 years of Chinese medical practice that includes various forms of herbal medicine, acupuncture, massage, exercise (qigong), and dietary therapy, but recently also influenced by modern Western medicine. TCM is widely used in Greater China where it has a long history, and recently it has begun "gaining global recognition". One of the basic tenets of TCM is that "the body's vital energy circulates through channels, called meridians, that have branches connected to bodily organs and functions." Concepts of the body and of disease used in TCM reflect its ancient origins and its emphasis on dynamic processes over material structure, similar to European humoral theory.

Contents

Chinese classic herbal formula

NameChinese (S)Grams
Rhizoma Gastrodiae天麻 60
Rhizoma et Radix Notopterygii羌活 100
Radix Angelicae Pubescentis独活 50
Cortex Eucommiae (stir-baked with salt)杜仲 (盐炙) 70
Radix Achyranthis Bidentatae牛膝 60
Rhizoma Dioscoreae Hypoglaucae山药 60
Radix Aconiti Lateralis (processed) 生附子 (炙) 10
Radix Angelicae Sinensis当归 100
Radix Rehmanniae生地黄 160
Radix Scrophulariae玄参 60

See also

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Chinese classic herbal formulas are combinations of herbs used in Chinese herbology for greater efficiency in comparison to individual herbs. They are the basic herbal formulas that students of Traditional Chinese medicine learn. Later these students will adapt these classic formulas to match the needs of each patient.

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Chaihu Shugan Wan is a blackish-brown honeyed pill used in Traditional Chinese medicine to "disperse stagnated liver-qi, to activate the flow of qi, to relieve distension and pain". It is used in cases where there is "stagnation of liver qi, distension of chest and hypochondria, indigestion, and acid eructation".

Daochi Wan is a blackish-brown honeyed pill used in Traditional Chinese medicine to "remove heat, quench fire, relieve dysuria and to relax bowels". It is used in cases where there are "ulcers in the mouth or on the tongue, sore throat, fidgetness and distress in the chest, micturition of small amount of red urine, and constipation due to virulent-internal-heat". It tastes sweet and bitter.

Erlong Zuoci Wan is a brownish-black honeyed pill used in Traditional Chinese medicine to "replenish the kidney and subdue hyperactivity of the liver". It is used in cases where there is "deficiency of yin of the liver and the kidney marked by tinnitus, impairment of hearing, dizziness and blurred vision". It is sweet and slightly sour in taste.

Yinqiao Jiedu Wan is a brown pill used in Traditional Chinese medicine to "induce diaphoresis, remove heat and counteract toxicity". It is aromatic, and it tastes bitter, pungent and slightly sweet. It is used where there is "upper respiratory infection with fever, headache, cough, dryness of the mouth and sore throat".

Qingfei Yihuo Wan is a yellowish-brown honeyed pill used in Traditional Chinese medicine to "remove heat from the lungs, relieve cough, resolve phlegm and relax the bowels". It has a slight odor, and tastes bitter. It is used where there is "heat in the lung marked by cough, yellowish sticky phlegm, dryness of the mouth, sore throat and constipation".

Huanglian Shangqing Wan is a blackish-brown pill used in Traditional Chinese medicine to "remove heat, ease constipation, dispel wind and relieve pain". It is aromatic, and it tastes bitter. It is used where there is "Wind-heat in the upper part of the body, vertigo and head distension, painful and swollen gums, sores in the mouth or tongue, swollen throat, ear-ache, tinnitus, congestive conjunctivitis, constipation, or dark urine". The binding agent is honey. Each pill weighs about 6 grams.

Jianpi Wan is a blackish-brown pill used in Traditional Chinese medicine to "invigorate the spleen function and improve the appetite". It tastes slightly sweet and bitter. It is used where there is "weakness of the spleen and stomach marked by epigastric and abdominal distension, anorexia and loose bowels". The binding agent is honey. Each pill weighs about 9 grams.

Maiwei Dihuang Wan is a blackish-brown pill used in Traditional Chinese medicine to "nourish the kidney to receive qi". It tastes slightly sweet and sour.

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Shaofu Zhuyu Wan is a blackish-brown pill used in Traditional Chinese medicine to "promote blood flow, remove blood stasis, dispel cold and relieve pain". It is aromatic and tastes pungent and bitter. It is used in cases of "menstrual disorder caused by blood stasis together with cold, accompanied by distension and pain in the lower abdomen, lumbago and leukorrhea". The binding agent is honey.

Sijunzi Tang Wan also called the Four Gentlemen, is a brown pill used in Traditional Chinese medicine to "replenish qi and invigorate the functions of the spleen". It tastes slightly sweet. It is used where there is "deficiency of qi of the spleen and stomach marked by anorexia and loose bowels". SiJunzi Tang Wan is the base for many spleen qi deficiency formulas in Traditional Chinese medicine.

Siwu Tang Wan is a brownish-black pill used in traditional Chinese medicine to "normalize menstruation and enrich blood". It is aromatic and tastes slightly sweet and bitter. It is used where there is "deficiency of blood, and irregular menstruation". The name Siwu Tang Wan literally means Pill of Four Substances in Chinese.

Fuke Tongjing Wan is a vermillion waxed pill with yellowish-brown core used in Traditional Chinese medicine to "remove blood stasis and emmenagogue, to alleviate mental depression, and to relieve pain". It tastes slightly salty. It is used where there is "dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, distension in the chest and diaphragm, distension and pain at loins and abdomen due to the stagnation of qi and blood". It is typically taken with millet soup or yellow rice wine in the morning before breakfast, and is contraindicated in pregnancy and in patients with amenorrheal abdominalgia or loose stool due to deficiency in qi and blood.

Tongjing Wan is a brownish-black pill used in Traditional Chinese medicine to "promote blood flow, dispel cold, regulate menstruation and relieve pain". It tastes slightly sweet and bitter. It is used where there is "abdominal pain during menstruation due to stagnation of blood by cold ". Tongjing Wan is to be taken before menstruation.

Wuji Baifeng Wan is a blackish-brown pill used in Traditional Chinese medicine to "replenish qi and blood, regulate menstruation and arrest excessive leukorrhea". It is slightly aromatic and tastes sweet and slightly bitter. It is used where there is "deficiency of both qi and blood marked by emaciation and general feebleness, aching and limpness of loins and knees, disorders of menstruation with abnormal uterine bleeding and excessive leukorrhea". The binding agent of the pill is honey. Wuji Baifeng Wan translates to: Black Chicken White Phoenix Pill.

Xiangfu Wan is a dark yellow to dark brown pill used in Traditional Chinese medicine to "regulate the flow of qi and nourish blood". It is aromatic and tastes pungent, slightly sweet and slightly bitter. It is used when there is "stagnation of qi and deficiency of blood, marked by sensations of stuffiness in the chest, costal pain, abdominal pain during menstrual periods and menstrual disorders". The binding agent of the pill is honey.

Xianglian Wan is a pale yellow to yellowish brown pill used in Traditional Chinese medicine to "eliminate damp-heat, promote the flow of qi and relieve pain". It is slightly aromatic and tastes bitter. It is used when there are symptoms of "dysentery with tenesmus, abdominal pain and diarrhea". The binding agent of the pill is honey.

Xiangsha Yangwei Wan is a black pill with a dark brown core, and is used in Traditional Chinese medicine to "regulate the function of the stomach". It is slightly aromatic and tastes pungent and slightly bitter. It is used when there are symptoms of "anorexia, vomiting of acid fluid, epigastric distension and lassitude".

References

  1. State Pharmacopoeia Commission of the PRC (2005). "Pharmacopoeia of The People's Republic of China (Volume I)". Chemical Industry Press. ISBN   7-117-06982-1.
  2. Long Zhixian, Li Qingye, Liu Zhanwen. "Formulas of Traditional Chinese Medicine" (方剂学 fāngjì xué), Academy Press (学苑出版社 xuéyuàn chūbǎnshè), Beijing University of Traditional Medicine. 2005. ISBN   7-5077-1270-2.