Tianmen Mountain

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Tianmen Mountain
Tianmen 38330-Zhangjiajie (49047525877).jpg
Highest point
Elevation 1,518.6 m (4,982 ft)
Prominence 1,518.6 m (4,982 ft)
Coordinates 29°2′59.57″N110°28′44.00″E / 29.0498806°N 110.4788889°E / 29.0498806; 110.4788889
Location map China Hunan EN.svg
Red triangle with thick white border.svg
Tianmen Mountain
Location in Hunan

Tianmen Mountain (simplified Chinese : ; traditional Chinese :天門山; pinyin :Tiānmén Shān; lit.'Heaven's Gate Mountain') is a mountain located within Tianmen Mountain National Park, Zhangjiajie, in the northwestern part of Hunan Province, China.


A cablecar was constructed in 2005 [1] by the French company Poma from nearby Zhangjiajie railway station to the top of the mountain. Tianmen Mountain Cableway is claimed in tourist publications as the "longest passenger cableway of high mountains in the world", with 98 cars and a total length of 7,455 m (24,459 ft) and ascent of 1,279 m (4,196 ft). The highest gradient is 37 degrees. Tourists can walk on kilometres of paths built along the cliff face at the top of the mountain, including sections with glass floors. An 11 km (7 mi) road - Tongtian Avenue - with 99 bends also reaches the top of the mountain and takes visitors to Tianmen cave natural arch in the mountain of a height of 131.5 m (431.4 ft). [2] As with the mountain, the cave translates as Heaven's Door/天门 and has a 999 step entrance known as "the Stairway to Heaven." [3]

The Tianmenshan Temple is located on the summit, with chairlift or footpath access. The original temple there was built during the Tang dynasty and destroyed during the first part of the 20th century. In 1949, as the Chinese Communist Revolution neared its end, construction of a new temple, with Tang dynasty architecture, began; the temple now sits on landscaped grounds covering 2 hectares (4.9 acres).

In 2007, Alain Robert scaled the cliff below the arch, bare-handed and without protection; a plaque commemorates his feat.

The World Wingsuit League held the first and second World Wingsuit Championships in Tianmen. On October 8, 2013, during a training jump for the second world championships, Viktor Kováts plunged to his death when he was unable to open his parachute. [4] [5]

In August 2016, a glass skywalk overlooking Tongtian Avenue, called the "Coiling Dragon Cliff", [6] opened to the public. [7]

In September 2016, the Italian driver Fabio Barone set the first speed world record with his Ferrari 458 Italia, covering the nearly 11 km (6.8-mile) route in 10 minutes and 31 seconds. [8]

In April 2023, four people died in a group suicide on one of the skywalks at Tianmen Mountain. Three men jumped to their deaths from the west line skywalk at a height of roughly 1,430 m (4,691.6 ft). The fourth person, a woman, was stopped from jumping but had already swallowed poison, causing her death. [9]

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