Tianmu Lake

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Coordinates: 31°17′22.6″N119°25′11.9″E / 31.289611°N 119.419972°E / 31.289611; 119.419972

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.


Tianmu Lake gate Tian Mu Hu Da Men .JPG
Tianmu Lake gate

Tianmu Lake (Chinese :天目湖) is a lake which is 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) south of Liyang City in Jiangsu Province, [1] [2] China. It was listed as a provincial tourist resort in 1993 [1] [2] and is currently graded an AAAA nature reserve after being graded as such in 2001. [3] The lake covers an area of 300 square kilometres (120 sq mi), and its depth ranges from an average of 10 feet (3.0 m) to a maximum of 28 feet (8.5 m). [3] The lake enjoys a legal conservation status, and since the municipal government took action in 1995 to overhaul the sewage disposal systems around the lake, [4] the water quality has been in a good condition, achieving the second highest rating for water quality. [2] As such, the lake is home to many freshwater fish such as cod. [1]

Chinese language family of languages

Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases not mutually intelligible, language varieties, forming the Sinitic branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family. Chinese is spoken by the Han majority and many minority ethnic groups in China. About 1.2 billion people speak some form of Chinese as their first language.

China State in East Asia

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.404 billion. Covering approximately 9,600,000 square kilometers (3,700,000 sq mi), it is the third- or fourth-largest country by total area. Governed by the Communist Party of China, the state exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities, and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.

Nature reserve protected area for flora, fauna or features of geological interest

A nature reserve is a protected area of importance for flora, fauna or features of geological or other special interest, which is reserved and managed for conservation and to provide special opportunities for study or research. Nature reserves may be designated by government institutions in some countries, or by private landowners, such as charities and research institutions, regardless of nationality. Nature reserves fall into different IUCN categories depending on the level of protection afforded by local laws. Normally it is more strictly protected than a nature park.

Surrounding area

In the surrounding area of the lake (known as the Tianmu Lake Scenic Area), wild animals such as mallard, pheasant and wild boar live. [1] Some animals are also kept in captivity and fed by humans, such as a camel. [2] The largest production of this area is tea. The production of tea each year here reaches 1000 tons. [2] [ clarification needed ] Around the lake, there are also two other China AAAA-level tourist resort called "South Hill Bamboo Sea" (also called NanShan Zhu Hai) and "Yushui Hot Spring". [5]

Mallard species of dabbling duck

The mallard is a dabbling duck that breeds throughout the temperate and subtropical Americas, Eurasia, and North Africa and has been introduced to New Zealand, Australia, Peru, Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, Chile, Colombia, the Falkland Islands, and South Africa. This duck belongs to the subfamily Anatinae of the waterfowl family Anatidae. The male birds (drakes) have a glossy green head and are grey on their wings and belly, while the females have mainly brown-speckled plumage. Both sexes have an area of white-bordered black or iridescent blue feathers called a speculum on their wings; males especially tend to have blue speculum feathers. The mallard is 50–65 cm (20–26 in) long, of which the body makes up around two-thirds the length. The wingspan is 81–98 cm (32–39 in) and the bill is 4.4 to 6.1 cm long. It is often slightly heavier than most other dabbling ducks, weighing 0.72–1.58 kg (1.6–3.5 lb). Mallards live in wetlands, eat water plants and small animals, and are social animals preferring to congregate in groups or flocks of varying sizes. This species is the main ancestor of most breeds of domesticated ducks.

Pheasant bird in family Phasianidae

Pheasants are birds of several genera within the subfamily Phasianinae, of the family Phasianidae in the order Galliformes. The family's native range is restricted to Asia.

Wild boar species of mammal

The wild boar, also known as the wild swine, Eurasian wild pig, or simply wild pig, is a suid native to much of Eurasia, North Africa, and the Greater Sunda Islands. Human intervention has spread its distribution further, making the species one of the widest-ranging mammals in the world, as well as the most widely spread suiform. Its wide range, high numbers, and adaptability mean that it is classed as least concern by the IUCN and it has become an invasive species in part of its introduced range. The animal probably originated in Southeast Asia during the Early Pleistocene, and outcompeted other suid species as it spread throughout the Old World.

South Hill Bamboo Sea

South Hill Bamboo Sea (Chinese: 南山竹海 or in pinyin Nanshan Zhuhai), [6] south of Tianmu Lake, is an area of 35 thousand acres of millions of bamboo plants, flowing streams and a sculpture. The Bamboo Culture Park provides information about the cultural meaning of bamboo. It also offers mountain climbing.

Nanshan Zhuhai is an ecological tourist area in the southern mountains of the county level city of Liyang, Jiangsu province, China. This tourist area has been open to the public since 2000 and is in close proximity to Tianmu Lake (天目湖), another ecological tourist area. Aside from tourism, Nanshan Zhuhai is also known for its ecological sound use of resources, protection of local habitats and ecology, and its picturesque landscape. With about 2300 hectares of bamboo, this "bamboo sea" serves as its most important feature and attracts a stream of tourists every year. Tickets cost 90 RMB and admission is free for children who are shorter than 1.2 m and the elderly who are more than 70 years old. The scenic spot opens from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. The area includes Seazan head, JinNiuLing, the ancient GuanDao, and ancient military sites. The site's five functional zones include a lake entertainment district, a recreational area, a historic area, and a longevity culture area and mountaineering recreational area.

Bamboo subfamily of plants

The bamboos are evergreen perennial flowering plants in the subfamily Bambusoideae of the grass family Poaceae. The word "bamboo" comes from the Kannada term bambu (ಬಂಬು), which was introduced to English through Indonesian and Malay.

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  1. 1 2 3 4 "Tianmu Lake". Chinaculture.org. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 "Tianmu Lake". culturalchina.org. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  3. 1 2 "Tianmu Lake Tourist Region". Jiansu.net. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  4. "Soothing vistas of Tianmu Lake". Shanghai Star . 15 July 2004. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  5. Tianmu Lake Yushui Hot Spring Tianmu Lake Tourism Company. Retrieved August 13, 2012.
  6. Tianmu Lake South Hill Bamboo Sea Tianmu Lake Tourism Company. Retrieved August 13, 2012.