Tianmu Mountain

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Tianmu Mountain
20090711 1140 Mount Tianmu Park 1031.jpg
View from the old meteorological station on Tianmu
Highest point
Elevation 1,506 m (4,941 ft)
Coordinates 30°20′0″N119°25′0″E / 30.33333°N 119.41667°E / 30.33333; 119.41667 Coordinates: 30°20′0″N119°25′0″E / 30.33333°N 119.41667°E / 30.33333; 119.41667
Geography
China edcp relief location map.jpg
Red triangle with thick white border.svg
Tianmu Mountain

Tianmu Mountain, Mount Tianmu, or Tianmushan (Chinese : 天目山 ; pinyin :Tiānmù Shān; literally: 'Heavenly Eyes Mountain') is a mountain in Lin'an County 83.2 kilometers (51.7 mi) west of Hangzhou, Zhejiang, in eastern China. It is made up of two peaks: West Tianmu (1,506 meters or 4,941 feet) and East Tianmu (1,480 meters or 4,860 feet). [1] Twin ponds near the top of the peaks led to the name of the mountain. China's Tianmu Mountain National Nature Reserve lies on the northwest portion of the mountain. It is a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve as part of UNESCO's Man and the Biosphere Program. [2] The mountain has a lush sub-tropical climate with an annual rainfall of 1,767 millimeters (69.6 in) and an annual temperature of 17.3 °C (63 °F).

Simplified Chinese characters Standardized Chinese characters developed in mainland China

Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters for use in mainland China. Along with traditional Chinese characters, they are one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language. The government of the People's Republic of China in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s to encourage literacy. They are officially used in the People's Republic of China, Malaysia and Singapore.

Pinyin Chinese romanization scheme for Mandarin

Hanyu Pinyin, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan. It is often used to teach Standard Mandarin Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters. The system includes four diacritics denoting tones. Pinyin without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written with the Latin alphabet, and also in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters.

Hangzhou Prefecture-level & Sub-provincial city in Zhejiang, Peoples Republic of China

Hangzhou, formerly romanized as Hangchow, is the capital and most populous city of Zhejiang Province in East China. It sits at the head of Hangzhou Bay, which separates Shanghai and Ningbo. Hangzhou grew to prominence as the southern terminus of the Grand Canal and has been one of the most renowned and prosperous cities in China for much of the last millennium. The city's West Lake, a UNESCO World Heritage site immediately west of the city, is among its best-known attractions. A study conducted by PwC and China Development Research Foundation saw Hangzhou ranked first among "Chinese Cities of Opportunity". Hangzhou is also considered a World City with a "Beta+" classification according to GaWC.

Contents

Tianmu is known for giant Japanese cedars, waterfalls, Tianmu tea, peaks surrounded by clouds, bamboo shoots, temples and nunneries, and odd-shaped rocks. [3] More than 2,000 species of plants grow on the mountain, [4] including (on West Tianmu) the last surviving truly wild population of Ginkgo trees. [5] Prominent among the Japanese cedars is the "Giant Tree King", named by the Qianlong Emperor of the Qing. In 2009, it measured 26.5 meters (86 ft 11 in) in height, 2.33 meters (7 ft 8 in) in diameter, and 42.9 cubic meters (1,510 cu ft) in volume. [6] The mountain is also home to hundreds of species of birds and animals, including 39 endangered or protected species. [7] These include the clouded leopard and the black muntjac. [4]

<i>Cryptomeria</i> species of plant

Cryptomeria is a monotypic genus of conifer in the cypress family Cupressaceae, formerly belonging to the family Taxodiaceae. It includes only one species, Cryptomeria japonica. It is endemic to Japan, where it is known as sugi. The tree is called Japanese cedar or Japanese redwood in English.

Bamboo shoot edible shoots of many bamboo species

Bamboo shoots or bamboo sprouts are the edible shoots of many bamboo species including Bambusa vulgaris and Phyllostachys edulis. They are used as vegetables in numerous Asian dishes and broths. They are sold in various processed shapes, and are available in fresh, dried, and canned versions.

Buddhist temple Place of worship

A Buddhist temple is the place of worship for Buddhists, the followers of Buddhism. They include the structures called vihara, chaitya stupa, wat and pagoda in different regions and languages. Temples in Buddhism represent the pure land or pure environment of a Buddha. Traditional Buddhist temples are designed to inspire inner and outer peace. Its structure and architecture varies from region to region. Usually, the temple consists not only of its buildings, but also the surrounding environment. The Buddhist temples are designed to symbolize 5 elements: Fire, Air, Earth, Water, and Wisdom.

In Chinese, the name Tianmushan can also refer to the adjacent range of mountains, including Mount Mogan.

Mount Mogan mountain in Peoples Republic of China

Mount Mogan is a mountain located in Deqing County, Zhejiang Province, China, 60 kilometers from the provincial capital Hangzhou and 200 km from Shanghai. It is part of the Moganshan National Park and at its base is the small town of Moganshan.

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Simlipal National Park national park

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Wuling Mountains protected area

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Mulanje Mountain Forest Reserve

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Nimba Range

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Sokhondo Nature Reserve Biosphere reserve in Russian Federation | designated in 1984

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The Atlas Cedar Biosphere Reserve is a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve located in the central Atlas Mountains of Morocco. The biosphere reserve is home to 75% of the world’s majestic Atlas cedar tree population. This part of the Atlas Mountains is rich in ecosystems and its peaks, reaching up to 3,700 meters (12,100 ft), provide the region with critically important water resources. Fruit plantations, modern agriculture and tourist activities, which have replaced semi-nomadic pastoral traditions, are taking their toll on scarce water resources. The rich local Berber culture is particularly strong in this area.

Katon-Karagay National Park

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References

  1. "Tianmushan National Reserve (Hangzhou)". luopan.com. Retrieved 2009-06-10.
  2. "UNESCO's Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB)". Archived from the original on 2011-08-22. Retrieved 2009-06-10.
  3. "Hangzhou". China Custom Tours. Retrieved 2009-06-10.
  4. 1 2 Lu, Rong (2007-07-31). "Climbing high to blessed coolness". China Daily. Retrieved 2009-06-10.
  5. André van Beek, Teris (2000). Ginkgo biloba. Harwood Academic. p. 548. ISBN   90-5702-488-8. p. 9.
  6. "Tianmu Mountain" . Retrieved 2009-06-10.
  7. "Tianmushan - The Eyes of Heaven Mountain" . Retrieved 2009-06-10.

China Daily is an English-language daily newspaper owned by the Publicity Department of the Communist Party of China and published in the People's Republic of China.