Tianqi Emperor

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Tianqi Emperor
Ming Xi Zong Zuo Xiang .tiff
Palace portrait on a hanging scroll, kept in the National Palace Museum, Taipei, Taiwan
Emperor of the Ming dynasty
Reign1 October 1620 
30 September 1627 [lower-alpha 1]
Enthronement1 October 1620
Predecessor Taichang Emperor
Successor Chongzhen Emperor
Born(1605-12-23)23 December 1605
Wanli 33, 14th day of the 11th month
Died30 September 1627(1627-09-30) (aged 21)
Tianqi 7, 22nd day (yimao day) of the 8th month
(天啟七年八月二十二日 (乙卯))
Palace of Heavenly Purity, Forbidden City, Shuntian Prefecture, North Zhili, Ming dynasty
Deling Mausoleum, Ming tombs, Beijing
(m. 1621)
  • Zhu Ciran, Crown Prince Huaichong
  • Zhu Ciyu, Crown Prince Daohuai
  • Zhu Cijiong, Crown Prince Xianhuai
  • Princess Yongning
  • Princess Huaining
  • Third daughter
Zhu Youjiao (朱由校)
Era name and dates
Tianqi (天啓): 22 January 1621 – 4 February 1628
Posthumous name
Emperor Datian Chandao Dunxiao Duyou Zhangwen Xiangwu Jingmu Zhuangqin Zhe (達天闡道敦孝篤友章文襄武靖穆莊勤哲皇帝 [lower-alpha 2] )
Emperor Datian Chandao Dunxiao Duyou Zhangwen Xiangwu Jingmu Zhuangqin Zhe (達天闡道敦孝篤友章文襄武靖穆莊勤悊皇帝 [lower-alpha 3] [1] )
Temple name
Xizong (熹宗)
House Zhu
Dynasty Ming
Father Taichang Emperor
Mother Empress Dowager Xiaohe
Tianqi Emperor
Portrait in the Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis, Indiana, United States
Longqing Emperor (1537–1572)
Wanli Emperor (1563–1620)
Empress Dowager Xiaoding (1545–1614)
Taichang Emperor (1582–1620)
Wang Chaocai
Empress Dowager Xiaojing (1565–1611)
Lady Ge
Tianqi Emperor (1605–1627)
Wang Yue
Empress Dowager Xiaohe (1582–1619)

Portrayals in the media

In August and September 2009, a 42-hour television series dramatising the events during the reign of the Tianqi Emperor was shown on Chinese television – two hours per night for 21 days. It vividly showed how a hereditary monarchy can lead to the rampant abuse of power. The series ended on 17 September, just two weeks before the 60th anniversary (five 12-year cycles) of the establishment of the People's Republic of China.

See also


  1. Dates given here are in the Gregorian calendar.
  2. This posthumous name was initially conferred by the Chongzhen Emperor
  3. This posthumous name was changed by the Chongzhen Emperor

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  1. 《崇禎長編》卷二指熹宗最初謚號為達天禪道敦孝篤友章文襄武靖穆莊勤哲皇帝,後由崇禎帝親自改。《說文解字》:「悊,敬也。」《說文解字》:「哲,知也。悊,哲或從心。」
  2. 1 2 3 "Tianqi". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2008.
  3. 1 2 3 4 "Zhu Yujiao – The Tianqi Emperor" . Retrieved 2014-03-22.
  4. "History of Homosexuality". china.org.cn. Shanghai Star. Archived from the original on November 19, 2003. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
  5. "Donglin". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2014-03-22.

Further reading

Tianqi Emperor
Born: 23 December 1605 Died: 30 September 1627
Regnal titles
Preceded by Emperor of the Ming dynasty
Emperor of China

Succeeded by