Tianqi Emperor

Last updated
Tianqi Emperor
天啓帝
Ming Xi Zong Zuo Xiang .tiff
Palace portrait on a hanging scroll, kept in the National Palace Museum, Taipei, Taiwan
Emperor of the Ming dynasty
Reign1 October 1620 
30 September 1627 [lower-alpha 1]
Enthronement1 October 1620
Predecessor Taichang Emperor
Successor Chongzhen Emperor
Born(1605-12-23)23 December 1605
Wanli 33, 14th day of the 11th month
(萬曆三十三年十一月十四日)
Died30 September 1627(1627-09-30) (aged 21)
Tianqi 7, 22nd day (yimao day) of the 8th month
(天啟七年八月二十二日 (乙卯))
Palace of Heavenly Purity, Forbidden City, Shuntian Prefecture, North Zhili, Ming dynasty
Burial
Deling Mausoleum, Ming tombs, Beijing
Spouse
(m. 1621)
Issue
  • Zhu Ciran, Crown Prince Huaichong
  • Zhu Ciyu, Crown Prince Daohuai
  • Zhu Cijiong, Crown Prince Xianhuai
  • Princess Yongning
  • Princess Huaining
  • Third daughter
Names
Zhu Youjiao (朱由校)
Era name and dates
Tianqi (天啓): 22 January 1621 – 4 February 1628
Posthumous name
Emperor Datian Chandao Dunxiao Duyou Zhangwen Xiangwu Jingmu Zhuangqin Zhe (達天闡道敦孝篤友章文襄武靖穆莊勤哲皇帝 [lower-alpha 2] )
Emperor Datian Chandao Dunxiao Duyou Zhangwen Xiangwu Jingmu Zhuangqin Zhe (達天闡道敦孝篤友章文襄武靖穆莊勤悊皇帝 [lower-alpha 3] [1] )
Temple name
Xizong (熹宗)
House Zhu
Dynasty Ming
Father Taichang Emperor
Mother Empress Dowager Xiaohe
Tianqi Emperor
TianqiEmperor.jpeg
Portrait in the Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis, Indiana, United States
Longqing Emperor (1537–1572)
Wanli Emperor (1563–1620)
Empress Dowager Xiaoding (1545–1614)
Taichang Emperor (1582–1620)
Wang Chaocai
Empress Dowager Xiaojing (1565–1611)
Lady Ge
Tianqi Emperor (1605–1627)
Wang Yue
Empress Dowager Xiaohe (1582–1619)

Portrayals in the media

In August and September 2009, a 42-hour television series dramatising the events during the reign of the Tianqi Emperor was shown on Chinese television – two hours per night for 21 days. It vividly showed how a hereditary monarchy can lead to the rampant abuse of power. The series ended on 17 September, just two weeks before the 60th anniversary (five 12-year cycles) of the establishment of the People's Republic of China.

See also

Notes

  1. Dates given here are in the Gregorian calendar.
  2. This posthumous name was initially conferred by the Chongzhen Emperor
  3. This posthumous name was changed by the Chongzhen Emperor

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Longqing Emperor</span> 13th emperor of the Ming dynasty

The Longqing Emperor, also known by his temple name as the Emperor Muzong of Ming (明穆宗), personal name Zhu Zaiji, art name Shunzhai (舜齋), was the 12th emperor of the Ming dynasty; he reigned from 1567 to 1572. He was initially known as the Prince of Yu (裕王) from 1539 to 1567 before he became the emperor. He succeeded his father, the Jiajing Emperor. "Longqing", the era name of his reign, means "great celebration".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Taichang Emperor</span> 15th emperor of the Ming dynasty

The Taichang Emperor, personal name Zhu Changluo, was the 15th emperor of the Ming dynasty. He was the eldest son of the Wanli Emperor and succeeded his father as emperor in 1620. However, his reign came to an abrupt end less than one month after his coronation when he was found dead one morning in the palace following a bout of diarrhea. He was succeeded by his son, Zhu Youjiao, who was enthroned as the Tianqi Emperor. His era name, "Taichang", means "grand prosperity." His reign was the shortest in Ming history.

The Chongzhen Emperor, personal name Zhu Youjian, courtesy name Deyue (德約), was the 17th and last emperor of the Ming dynasty. He reigned from 1627 to 1644. "Chongzhen", the era name of his reign, means "honorable and auspicious."

The Yongli Emperor, personal name Zhu Youlang, was the fourth and last emperor of the Southern Ming dynasty, reigning in turbulent times when the former Ming dynasty was overthrown and the Manchu-led Qing dynasty progressively conquered the entire China proper. He led the remnants of the Ming loyalists with the assistance of peasant armies to resist the Qing forces in southwestern China, but he was then forced to exile to Toungoo Burma and eventually captured and executed by Wu Sangui in 1662. His era title "Yongli" means "perpetual calendar".

Wei Zhongxian, born Wei Si (魏四), was a Chinese court eunuch who lived in the late Ming dynasty. As a eunuch he used the name Li Jinzhong (李进忠). He is considered by most historians as the most notorious eunuch in Chinese history. He is best known for his service in the court of the Tianqi Emperor Zhu Youjiao, when his power eventually appeared to rival that of the emperor.

Madame Ke, was the wet nurse of the Tianqi Emperor (1605–1627), and known for her great influence during his reign as emperor of the Ming dynasty from 1620 to 1627.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Zhu Yousong</span> Emperor of the Southern Ming dynasty

The Hongguang Emperor, personal name Zhu Yousong, childhood nickname Fuba (福八), was the first emperor of the Chinese Southern Ming dynasty. He reigned briefly in southern China from 1644 to 1645. His era name, "Hongguang", means "great light".

The Donglin movement was an ideological and philosophical movement of the late Ming and early Qing dynasties of China.

Zhu Shuang was an imperial prince of the Chinese Ming dynasty. He was the second son of the Hongwu Emperor, the founder of the Ming. In May 1370, the Hongwu Emperor granted the title of Prince of Qin to him, with a princely fiefdom in Xi'an.

Empress Xiaominrang, of the Ma clan, was the empress consort to the Jianwen Emperor and the second empress consort of China's Ming dynasty.

Empress Xiaojielie, of the Zhou clan, was a Chinese empress consort of the Ming dynasty, married to the Chongzhen Emperor. She is commonly referred to as Empress Zhou.

Empress Yi'an (1606–1644), of the Zhang clan, was the empress consort of the Tianqi Emperor of the Chinese Ming dynasty.

Consort Li may refer to:

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wanggongchang Explosion</span> 1626 disaster in China

The Wanggongchang Explosion, also known as the Great Tianqi Explosion (天啟大爆炸), Wanggongchang Calamity (王恭廠之變) or Beijing Explosive Incident in the late Ming dynasty (晚明北京爆炸事件), was a catastrophic explosion that occurred on May 30, 1626, during the late reign of the Tianqi Emperor at the heavily populated Ming Chinese capital of Beijing, and reportedly killed around 20,000 people. The epicenter was a major production center of gunpowder, but it is uncertain exactly what triggered the explosion.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Empress Dowager Wang (Taichang)</span>

Empress Dowager Xiaojing, of the Wang clan, was a Ming dynasty concubine of the Wanli Emperor and the biological mother of the Taichang Emperor. She was primarily known during her lifetime as Consort Gong, but is most commonly referred to by her posthumous name.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Empress Dowager Xiaochun</span>

Empress Dowager Xiaochun (1588–1615), of the Liu clan, was a Ming dynasty concubine of the Taichang Emperor and biological mother of the Chongzhen Emperor.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Empress Xiaoyizhuang</span> Princess consort of Yu

Empress Xiaoyizhuang, of the Li clan, was a Chinese imperial consort of the Ming dynasty, she was the first wife of the Longqing Emperor. Her father is Li Ming (李铭).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Empress Dowager Xiaohe</span>

Empress Dowager Xiaohe, of the Wang clan, was a Ming dynasty consort of the Taichang Emperor and the biological mother of Tianqi Emperor.

Zhu Cilang was a crown prince of the Ming dynasty. He was the eldest son of the Chongzhen Emperor and Lady Zhou, Empress Xiaojielie, and he was made the crown prince in 1630.

Imperial Noble Consort Gongshu, also known as Imperial Noble Consort Tian (田皇貴妃), Noble Consort Tian (田貴妃), or Consort Tian (田妃), personal name Tian Xiuying (田秀英), was a Chinese imperial consort married to the Chongzhen Emperor, the last emperor of the Ming dynasty. She was the favourite concubine of the emperor.

References

  1. 《崇禎長編》卷二指熹宗最初謚號為達天禪道敦孝篤友章文襄武靖穆莊勤哲皇帝,後由崇禎帝親自改。《說文解字》:「悊,敬也。」《說文解字》:「哲,知也。悊,哲或從心。」
  2. 1 2 3 "Tianqi". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2008.
  3. 1 2 3 4 "Zhu Yujiao – The Tianqi Emperor" . Retrieved 2014-03-22.
  4. "History of Homosexuality". china.org.cn. Shanghai Star. Archived from the original on November 19, 2003. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
  5. "Donglin". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2014-03-22.

Further reading

Tianqi Emperor
Born: 23 December 1605 Died: 30 September 1627
Regnal titles
Preceded by Emperor of the Ming dynasty
Emperor of China

1620–1627
Succeeded by