Tianqi Emperor

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Tianqi Emperor
天啓帝
Ming Xi Zong Zuo Xiang .tiff
Palace portrait on a hanging scroll, kept in the National Palace Museum, Taipei, Taiwan
16th Emperor of the Ming dynasty
Reign1 October 1620 
30 September 1627 [1]
Enthronement1 October 1620
Predecessor Taichang Emperor
Successor Chongzhen Emperor
Born(1605-12-23)23 December 1605
(萬曆三十三年 十一月 十四日)
(Wanli 33, 14th day of the 11th month)
Died30 September 1627(1627-09-30) (aged 21)
(天啟七年 八月 二十二日)
(Tianqi 7, 22nd day of the 8th month)
Palace of Heavenly Purity, Forbidden City, Shuntian Prefecture, North Zhili, Ming dynasty
Burial
Deling Mausoleum, Ming tombs, Beijing
Consorts
(m. 16211627)
Issue
  • Zhu Ciran, Crown Prince Huaichong
  • Zhu Ciyu, Crown Prince Daohuai
  • Zhu Cijiong, Crown Prince Xianhuai
  • Princess Yongning
  • Princess Huaining
  • Third daughter
Names
Zhu Youjiao
(朱由校)
Era name and dates
Tianqi (天啓): 22 January 1621 
4 February 1628
Posthumous name
Emperor Datian Chandao Dunxiao Duyou Zhangwen Xiangwu Jingmu Zhuangqin Zhe
(達天闡道敦孝篤友章文襄武靖穆莊勤悊皇帝)
Temple name
Xizong
(熹宗)
House Zhu
Dynasty Ming
Father Taichang Emperor
MotherEmpress Dowager Xiaohe
Tianqi Emperor
TianqiEmperor.jpeg
Portrait in the Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis, Indiana, United States
Jiajing Emperor (1507–1567)
Longqing Emperor (1537–1572)
Empress Xiaoke (d. 1554)
Wanli Emperor (1563–1620)
Li Wei (1527–1583)
Empress Dowager Xiaoding (1545–1614)
Lady Wang
Taichang Emperor (1582–1620)
Wang Chaocai
Empress Dowager Xiaojing (1565–1611)
Lady Ge
Tianqi Emperor (1605–1627)
Wang Yue
Empress Dowager Xiaohe (1582–1619)

Portrayals in the media

In August and September 2009, a 42-hour television series dramatising the events during the reign of the Tianqi Emperor was shown on Chinese television – two hours per night for 21 days. It vividly showed how a hereditary monarchy can lead to the rampant abuse of power. The series ended on 17 September, just two weeks before the 60th anniversary (five 12-year cycles) of the establishment of the People's Republic of China.

See also

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Empress Dowager Xiaohe

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References

  1. Dates given here are in the Gregorian calendar.
  2. 1 2 3 "Tianqi". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2014-03-22.
  3. 1 2 3 4 "Zhu Yujiao – The Tianqi Emperor" . Retrieved 2014-03-22.
  4. "History of Homosexuality". china.org.cn. Shanghai Star. Archived from the original on November 19, 2003. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
  5. "Donglin". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2014-03-22.

Further reading

Tianqi Emperor
Born: 23 December 1605 Died: 30 September 1627
Regnal titles
Preceded by Emperor of the Ming dynasty
Emperor of China

1620–1627
Succeeded by