|Elevation||1,138 m (3,734 ft)|
|Location||Tiantai County, Taizhou, Zhejiang Province, China|
|Hanyu Pinyin|| PRC Standard Mandarin:|
ROC Standard Mandarin:
Tiantai Mountain (also TíTaî in the local language) is a mountain in Tiantai County,Taizhou,Zhejiang Province,China. 1,138 meters (3,734 ft). The mountain was made a national park on 1 August 1988. One of nine remaining wild populations of Seven-Son Flower ( Heptacodium miconioides ) is located on mount Tiantai.Its highest peak,Huading,reaches a height of
In Chinese mythology,the creator goddess Nüwa cut the legs off a giant sea turtle (Chinese :鳌; pinyin :áo) and used them to prop up the sky after Gong Gong damaged Mount Buzhou,which had previously supported the heavens. A local myth holds that Tiantai was on the turtle's back before and Nüwa relocated it to its current position when she had to remove the turtle's legs.[ citation needed ]
Guoqing Temple on the mountain is the headquarters of Tiantai Buddhism and also a tourist destination. Tiantai,named for the mountain,focuses on the Lotus Sutra . The most prominent teacher of that school,Zhiyi,was based at Guoqing Temple. Over many years it has been an important destination for pilgrims,especially from Japan. The mountain was visited by Saichō in 805 who went on to found the related Japanese Buddhist school,Tendai.
The mountain has a famous temple to the Song-era monk Ji Gong at the Cave of Auspicious Mists that was associated with early modern fuji or "spirit writing" movements.
The Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors were two groups of mythological rulers or deities in ancient northern China. The Three Sovereigns lived before The Five Emperors,who have been assigned dates in a period from circa 3162 BCE to 2070 BCE. Today they may be considered culture heroes.
Chinese mythology is mythology that has been passed down in oral form or recorded in literature in the geographic area now known as Greater China. Chinese mythology includes many varied myths from regional and cultural traditions. Much of the mythology involves exciting stories full of fantastic people and beings,the use of magical powers,often taking place in an exotic mythological place or time. Like many mythologies,Chinese mythology has in the past been believed to be,at least in part,a factual recording of history. Along with Chinese folklore,Chinese mythology forms an important part of Chinese folk religion. Many stories regarding characters and events of the distant past have a double tradition:ones which present a more historicized or euhemerized version and ones which present a more mythological version.
Tiantai or T'ien-t'ai is an East Asian Buddhist school of Mahayana that developed in sixth century China. The school emphasizes the Lotus Sutra's doctrine of the "One Vehicle" (ekayana) as well as Madhyamaka philosophy,particularly as articulated in the works of the fourth patriarch Zhiyi. Brook Ziporyn states that Tiantai is "the earliest attempt at a thoroughgoing Sinitic reworking of the Indian Buddhist tradition." According to Paul Swanson,Tiantai Buddhism grew to become "one of the most influential Buddhist traditions in China and Japan."
Tendai,also known as the Tendai Lotus School is a Mahāyāna Buddhist tradition officially established in Japan in 806 by the Japanese monk Saichō. The Tendai school,which has been based on Mount Hiei since its inception,rose to prominence during the Heian period (794-1185). It gradually eclipsed the powerful Hossō school and competed with the rival Shingon school to become the most influential sect at the Imperial court.
Nüwa,also read Nügua,is the mother goddess of Chinese mythology. She is credited with creating humanity and repairing the Pillar of Heaven.
Mount Tai is a mountain of historical and cultural significance located north of the city of Tai'an. It is the highest point in Shandong province,China. The tallest peak is the Jade Emperor Peak,which is commonly reported as being 1,545 meters (5,069 ft) tall.
Gonggong is a Chinese water god who is depicted in Chinese mythology and folktales as having a copper human head with an iron forehead,red hair,and the body of a serpent,or sometimes the head and torso are human,with the tail of a serpent. He is destructive and is blamed for various cosmic catastrophes. In all accounts,Gonggong ends up being killed or sent into exile,usually after losing a struggle with another major deity such as the fire god Zhurong.
Yi Xing,born Zhang Sui,was a Chinese astronomer,mathematician,inventor,mechanical engineer,philosopher,and Buddhist monk of the Tang dynasty (618–907). His astronomical celestial globe featured a clockwork escapement mechanism,the first in a long tradition of Chinese astronomical clockworks.
Shide was a Tang Dynasty Chinese Buddhist poet at the Guoqing Temple on Mount Tiantai on the East China Sea coast;roughly contemporary with Hanshan and Fenggan,but younger than both of them. As close friends the three of them formed the "Tiantai Trio". Shide lived as a lay monk,and worked most of his life in the kitchen of Guoqing Temple.
Tāizhōu,alternately known as Taichow,is a city located at the middle of the East China Sea coast of Zhejiang province. It is located 300 km (190 mi) south of Shanghai and 230 km (140 mi) southeast of Hangzhou,the provincial capital. It is bordered by Ningbo to the north,Wenzhou to the south,and Shaoxing,Jinhua,and Lishui to west. In addition to the municipality itself,the prefecture-level city of Taizhou includes 3 districts,3 county-level cities,and 3 counties. As of the 2020 census,its total population was 6,662,888 inhabitants whom 3,578,660 lived in the built-up area made of the three urban Districts and Wenling City now being largely conurbated.
Fenggan was a Chinese Zen monk-poet lived in the Tang Dynasty,associated with Hanshan and Shide in the famed "Tiantai Trio" (天台三聖).
Mount Jiuhua located in Chizhou,Anhui Province in China is an important Buddhist site and natural scenic spot. It is one of the four famous Buddhist mountains in China,one of the first batch of 5A level scenic spots in China,one of the first batch of natural and cultural heritage sites in China,and the main scenic spot of "two mountains and one lake" tourism development strategy in Anhui Province. The planned area of the scenic spot is 120 square kilometers,and the protected area is 174 square kilometers,which is composed of 11 scenic spots.
Sacred mountains are central to certain religions and are the subjects of many legends. For many,the most symbolic aspect of a mountain is the peak because it is believed that it is closest to heaven or other religious worlds. Many religions have traditions centered on sacred mountains,which either are or were considered holy or are related to famous events. In some cases,the sacred mountain is purely mythical,like the Hara Berezaiti in Zoroastrianism. Mount Kailash is believed to be the abode of the Hindu deities Shiva and Parvati,and is considered sacred in four religions:Hinduism,Bon,Buddhism,and Jainism. Volcanoes,such as Mount Etna in Italy,were also considered sacred,Mount Etna being believed to have been the home of Vulcan,the Roman god of fire and the forge.
The Guoqing Temple is a Buddhist temple on Mount Tiantai,in Taizhou,Zhejiang Province,China. Originally built in 598 during the Sui Dynasty,and renovated during the reign of the Qing Yongzheng Emperor,the temple is located roughly 220 kilometres (140 mi) from the city of Hangzhou. It was the initial site for the creation of the Tiantai school of Mahayana Buddhism,founded by Zhiyi. The temple covers an area of some 23,000 m2 (250,000 sq ft) and features 600 rooms in a total of 14 different halls,including the Grand Hall of Sakyamuni,the Hall of Five Hundred Arhats and the Hall of Monk Jigong. The exterior of the building features Chinese pagodas such as the Sui Pagoda,the Seven Buddha Pagoda,and the Memorial Pagoda of Monk Yi Xing.
The World Turtle,also called the Cosmic Turtle or the World-bearing Turtle,is a mytheme of a giant turtle supporting or containing the world. It occurs in Hindu mythology,Chinese mythology,and the mythologies of the Indigenous peoples of the Americas. The comparative mythology of the World-Tortoise discussed by Edward Burnett Tylor (1878:341) includes the counterpart World Elephant.
The Great Flood of Gun-Yu,also known as the Gun-Yu myth,was a major flood event in ancient China that allegedly continued for at least two generations,which resulted in great population displacements among other disasters,such as storms and famine. People left their homes to live on the high hills and mounts,or nest on the trees. According to mythological and historical sources,it is traditionally dated to the third millennium BCE,or about 2300-2200 BCE,during the reign of Emperor Yao.
The Nüwa Palace,also known as Wahuang Palace and by its Chinese name Wahuanggong,is a compound of palaces and temples beside Phoenix Mountain (Fenghuangshan) in She County,Handan Prefecture,Hebei Province,China. It principally honors the Chinese goddess Nüwa,whom the ancient Chinese believed created mankind and repaired the sky in prehistoric times. As such,the location is treated as a kind of ancestral shrine of all mankind and sees increased pilgrimage on Tomb Sweeping Day. The scenic area now covers 2600 mu and was made a AAAAA tourist attraction by China's National Tourism Administration in 2015.
Chuanyin is a Chinese Buddhist monk,Chan master and religious leader. He was best known as Venerable Master of the Buddhist Association of China.
Tiantai Temple,also known as the Temple of Ksitigarbha (地藏寺),is the highest Buddhist temple located on Mount Jiuhua,in Qingyang County,Anhui,China. It was first built in the Tang dynasty (618–907),and went through many changes and repairs through the following dynasties. Most of the present structures in the temple were repaired or built in the late Qing dynasty (1644–1911).
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