Tiantongyuan (Chinese :天通苑; pinyin :tiān tōng yuàn) is a suburb in northern Beijing's Changping District. As of April 2008, it was said to have over 400,000 residents. As of 2019, the population of Tiantongyuan had jumped to 700,000, making it the largest Xiaoqu (housing community) in China, and the suburb accounts for 3% of the population of Beijing.
Both Beijing Subway Line 5 and the BRT3 bus serve the area, as do many other Beijing public buses. There are two large bus hubs at Tiantongyuan North subway station and Tiantongyuan North neighborhood. Future expansion of the subway system will see Tiantongyuan acquire two new stations.
Tiantongyuan North Station is the northern terminus of Line 5 of the bus system.There are two other Line 5 stations in Tiantongyuan, as well, namely Tiantongyuan and Tiantongyuan South. A subway journey from Tiantongyuan to Dongdan Station (which is on Line 5 in the very center of Beijing, close to the Forbidden City) takes about 35 minutes.
Tiantongyuan has two shopping malls, namely 龙德广场 (lóng dé guǎng chǎng) and BHG Mall (or 北京华联天通苑购物中心 - beǐ jīng huá lián tiān tōng yuàn gòu wù zhōng xīn). These malls are about a kilometer apart. 龙德 (lóng dé) Plaza contains a branch of Carrefour.
Tiantongyuan is divided into Tiantongyuan West (天通西苑), Tiantongyuan East (天通东苑), Tiantongyuan North (天通北苑), Central Tiantongyuan (天通中苑), and Old Tiantongyuan (本区 or 老区); each such neighborhood is further subdivided into sections 1, 2, and 3 (except for Central Tiantongyuan, which is divided into North, South, East, and West and east north).
During the early decades of the People's Republic, the area had been the site of a labor camp for class enemies.
The Beijing Subway is the rapid transit system of Beijing Municipality that consists of 24 lines including 19 rapid transit lines, two airport rail links, one maglev line and 2 light rail lines, and 428 stations. The rail network extends 727 km (452 mi) across 12 urban and suburban districts of Beijing and into one district of Langfang in neighboring Hebei province. With 3.8484 billion trips delivered in 2018, an average of 10.544 million trips per day, the Beijing Subway is the world's busiest metro system. Single-day ridership set a record of 13.7538 million on July 12, 2019.
Guomao is an area in Beijing at the center of the Beijing central business district, demarcated by the intersection of Jianguomen Outer Street and the Third Ring Road. The Chinese World Trade Center is located there. It was formerly known as Dabeiyao, and bus stops in the vicinity still bear this name.
Shunyi District is an administrative district of Beijing, located to the northeast of the city's urban core. As of 2014, the population of the district is around 983,000, of which approximately 601,000 have local residency permits. The Beijing Capital International Airport is located in the geographical boundaries of the district, though it is technically under the jurisdiction of Chaoyang district. Shunyi borders the Beijing districts of Pinggu to the east, Tongzhou to the south, Chaoyang to the southwest, Changping to the west, Huairou to the north, and Miyun to the northeast, as well as Hebei province to the southeast.
Line 1 of the Beijing Subway is the oldest and one of the busiest lines of Beijing's mass transit rail network. Line 1 runs underneath Chang'an Avenue, the city's grand east–west thoroughfare, right through the heart of Beijing with stops on either side of Tiananmen Square. Line 1's color is red. As the oldest line of the Beijing Subway, Line 1 was also the most heavily used from the time the subway opened in 1971 until January 2013, when the near-completion of the Line 10 loop caused ridership on that line to surge past Line 1. Recent traffic relief efforts have been completed in recent years. The opening of the first phase of the parallel Line 6, caused an 8.46% decrease in daily demand and a 10-20% reduction in peak flow during rush hour. In addition Beijing BRT line 2 parallels the eastern section of Line 1. However, during peak hours, sections of the line were reported in 2013 to still operate above 100% capacity.
Line 5 of the Beijing Subway is Beijing's only subway line with an entirely north-south route. Line 5's color is maroon. It entered into operation on October 7, 2007. It runs for 27.6 km (17.1 mi) in a near straight line through the city center from Tiantongyuan Bei (N) in Changping District to Songjiazhuang in Fengtai District. Though Line 4 and Line 8 also broadly follow north-south routes, Line 5 remains the only line to follow an almost entirely straight north-south course. Line 5 is also notable for including three stations in the densely populated northern suburb of Tiantongyuan, as well as providing convenient access to the Temple of Earth and Temple of Heaven. Since Line 5 connects with Line 1, Line 2 (twice), Line 6, Line 7, Line 10 (twice), Line 13, Line 14 and Line 15, and also links densely populated suburbs directly to the city center, it tends to experience very crowded conditions during rush hour and even very late into the evening. Over 1 million passengers use the line every weekday in 2019.
Tongzhou District is a district of Beijing. It is located in southeast Beijing and considered the eastern gateway to the nation's capital. Downtown Tongzhou itself lies around 20 km (12 mi) east of central Beijing, at the northern end of the Grand Canal and at the easternmost end of Chang'an Avenue. The entire district covers an area of 906 km2 (350 sq mi), or 6% of Beijing's total area. It had a population of 673,952 at the 2000 Census, and has seen significant growth and development since then, growing to a population of 1,184,000 at the 2010 Census. The district is subdivided into four subdistricts, ten towns, and one ethnic township.
Changping District, formerly Changping County (昌平县), is a district situated in the suburbs of north and northwest Beijing.
Tianhe District is one of the eleven districts of Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong province. In Chinese, the name Tianhe literally means "a river in the sky/heavens", which is also a Chinese name for the Milky Way. It is bordered by Yuexiu District on the west, Baiyun District on the north and Huangpu District on the east. Haizhu District is on its south, though they are separated by the Pearl River.
Line 14 of the Beijing Subway is a rapid transit rail line in the south and east of Beijing. The line is operated by the Beijing MTR Corporation Limited.
Line 8 of the Beijing Subway is a rapid transit line in Beijing. It sits on the central axis of Beijing. Line 8's color is green.
The Fangshan Line of the Beijing Subway is a rapid transit line in western Beijing that runs from Yancun Dong (E) in Fangshan District north and east to Dongguantou Nan (S) in Fengtai District. The line is 31.8 km (19.8 mi). It is mainly elevated, including 10 elevated stations and 6 underground stations. It allows residents of Beijing's western suburbs to connect to the rest of the Beijing Subway network. It was opened on December 30, 2010.
Tian'anmen Dong (E) Station is a station on Line 1 of the Beijing Subway. It provides the most direct access to many Beijing tourist sites, including Tiananmen Square, the Forbidden City, and the National Museum of China.
Tiantongyuan Bei (N) Station is a station on and the northern terminus of Line 5 of the Beijing Subway.
Tiantong Yuan Station is a subway station on Line 5 of the Beijing Subway.
Tiantongyuan Nan (S) Station is a station on Line 5 of the Beijing Subway.
Beyond Pingguo Yuan, the terminus that is accessible to the public, there are three other stations on Line 1, Beijing Subway.
Public bus service in Beijing is the among the most extensive, widely used and affordable form of public transportation in urban and suburban districts of the city. In 2015, the entire network consisted of 876 routes with a fleet of 24,347 buses and trolleybuses carried 3.98 billion passengers annually. Trolleybuses run on over 31 routes including 6, 38, 42, 65, 101-112, 114-118, 124, 128, 301, BRT 1-3. Many of these trolleybus routes are located inside the Third Ring Road but some, such as 301 and BRT 1-3, do extend as far out as the Fifth Ring Road. Since 2013, In an effort to reduce urban air pollution, Beijing has been converting regular bus routes to trolleybus routes by installing overhead power lines on several corridors. Public bus service in the city began in 1921. Today there are two operators. The city's primary public bus operator, the state-owned Beijing Public Transport Holdings, Ltd. operates most routes and the Beijing Xianglong Bus Co., Ltd., an independent operator, provides service on 32 "Yuntong" (运通) bus routes.
Line 17 of the Beijing Subway is a rapid transit line under construction in Beijing. The line is fully underground with a total length of 49.7 km (30.9 mi). The line is scheduled to open in parts in 2021 and 2022. It will be operated by Beijing MTR Corporation Limited.
Daxing Airport Express of the Beijing Subway is an airport rail link from Caoqiao to the Beijing Daxing International Airport. It is colored blue on subway maps. The line opened on September 26, 2019.
Wanquanhe Qiao station is a station on Line 16 of the Beijing Subway.