Tianxin District

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Tianxin
天心区
District
Location map China Hunan EN.svg
Red pog.svg
Tianxin
Location in Hunan
Coordinates: 28°06′52″N112°59′24″E / 28.1145°N 112.9899°E / 28.1145; 112.9899 Coordinates: 28°06′52″N112°59′24″E / 28.1145°N 112.9899°E / 28.1145; 112.9899
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hunan
Prefecture-level city Changsha
Seat Qingyuan
Area
  Total 74 km2 (29 sq mi)
Population (2007)
  Total 420,000
  Density 5,700/km2 (15,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)

Tianxin District (simplified Chinese :天心区; traditional Chinese :天心區; pinyin :Tiānxīn Qū) is one of six urban districts of Changsha, the capital of Hunan province, China. the district is bordered by Yuetang District of Xiangtan to the south, Yuhua District to the east, Furong and Kaifu districts to the north, Yuelu District across the Xiang river to the west. Located in the southern central Changsha, Tianxin covers 141.05 km2 (54.46 sq mi) with population of 604,600 (as of 2016). [1] The district has 14 subdistricts under its jurisdiction, the government seat is at Qingyuan Subdistrict.

Simplified Chinese characters standardized Chinese characters developed in mainland China

Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters for use in mainland China. Along with traditional Chinese characters, they are one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language. The government of the People's Republic of China in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s to encourage literacy. They are officially used in the People's Republic of China and Singapore.

Traditional Chinese characters

Traditional Chinese characters are Chinese characters in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946. They are most commonly the characters in the standardized character sets of Taiwan, of Hong Kong and Macau, and in the Kangxi Dictionary. The modern shapes of traditional Chinese characters first appeared with the emergence of the clerical script during the Han Dynasty, and have been more or less stable since the 5th century.

Hanyu Pinyin, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan. It is often used to teach Standard Mandarin Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters. The system includes four diacritics denoting tones. Pinyin without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written with the Latin alphabet, and also in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters.

Contents

History

Tianxin District was formed on 22 April 1996 as a result of adjusting the administrative districts of Changsha. It covers most of the historic South District, including Yunanjie (裕南街), Jinpenling (金盆岭), Chengnanlu (城南路), Shuyuanlu (书院路) and Nandalu (南大路) 5 subdistricts, Pozijie (坡子街) and Xueyuanjie (学院街) two subdistricts of the historic West District, Shiren (石人), Xinkai (新开) and Yuchang (渔场) 3 villages of Yuhuating Township (雨花亭乡) and Datuo Township (大托乡) of the historic Suburb District. [2] [3]

Muyun (暮云) and Nantuo (南托) subdistricts of Changsha County were added to Tianxin District on 14 January 2015. [4]

Muyun subdistrict in Hunan, China

Muyun is a subdistrict of Tianxin District in Changsha, Hunan province, China. It contains 11 administrative villages and two communities, with the government based in Muyun Community.

Changsha County County in Hunan, Peoples Republic of China

Changsha County is a county in Hunan Province, China. It is under the administration of Changsha City. Located in the west portion of Changsha, the county is bordered to the north by Miluo City and Pingjiang County, to the west by Wangcheng, Kaifu and Furong Districts, to the southwest by Yuhua District, and to the southeast and the east by Liuyang City. Changsha County covers 1,756 km2 (678 sq mi). As of 2015 it has a registered population of 743,000 and a permanent resident population of 916,000. The county has 5 subdistricts and 13 towns under its jurisdiction. The county seat is Xingsha Subdistrict (星沙街道).

Subdivisions

According to the No.2 Notice on adjustment of administrative divisions of Hunan Province in 2015 published on February 27, 2015, Tianxin has 14 subdistricts under its jurisdiction, [1] they are:

14 subdistricts
Qingyuan, Changsha Subdistrict in Hunan, China

Qingyuan Subdistrict is an urban subdistrict and the seat of Tianxin District, Changsha City, Hunan Province, China. The subdistrict is located in the east central part of the district, it is bordered to the north by Wenyuan Subdistrict, to the northwest by Xinkaipu Subdistrict, to the west and the southwest by Heishipu Subdistrict, to the south by Guihuaping Subdistrict, to the southeast and the east by Dongjing and Jingwanzi Subdistricts of Yuhua District. Qingyuan covers 3.6 km2 (1.4 sq mi) with a population of about 59,000, it is divided into 4 communities under its jurisdiction.

Economy

According to preliminary accounting of the statistical authority, the gross domestic product of Tianxin District in 2017 was 87,674 million yuan (12,985 million US dollars), up by 9.4 percent over the previous year. Of this total, the value added of the primary industry was 165 million yuan (24 million US dollars), up by -19 percent, that of the secondary industry was 27,436 million yuan (4,064 million US dollars), up by 3.8 percent and that of the tertiary industry was 60,073 million yuan (8,897 million US dollars), up by 12.3 percent. The value added of the primary industry accounted for 0.19 percent of the GDP; that of the secondary industry accounted for 31.29 percent; and that of the tertiary industry accounted for 68.52 percent. The per capita GDP in 2017 was 134,088 yuan (19,860 US dollars). [5]

Gross domestic product market value of goods and services produced within a country

Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all the final goods and services produced in a period of time, often annually. GDP (nominal) per capita does not, however, reflect differences in the cost of living and the inflation rates of the countries; therefore using a basis of GDP per capita at purchasing power parity (PPP) is arguably more useful when comparing differences in living standards between nations.

Renminbi official currency of the Peoples Republic of China

The renminbi is the official currency of the People's Republic of China. The yuan is the basic unit of the renminbi, but is also used to refer to the Chinese currency generally, especially in international contexts where "Chinese yuan" is widely used to refer to the renminbi. The distinction between the terms renminbi and yuan is similar to that between sterling and pound, which respectively refer to the British currency and its primary unit. One yuan is subdivided into 10 jiao, and a jiao in turn is subdivided into 10 fen. The renminbi is issued by the People's Bank of China, the monetary authority of China.

United States dollar Currency of the United States of America

The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States and its territories per the United States Constitution since 1792. In practice, the dollar is divided into 100 smaller cent (¢) units, but is occasionally divided into 1000 mills (₥) for accounting. The circulating paper money consists of Federal Reserve Notes that are denominated in United States dollars.

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References

  1. 1 2 《2015年湖南省行政区划调整公告(2号)》(湘民行发〔2015〕2号) [No.2 Notice on adjustment of administrative divisions of Hunan Province in 2015]. Ministry of Civil Affairs Hunan. 2015-02-27.
  2. 《国务院关于同意湖南省调整长沙市市辖区行政区划的批复》(国函〔1996〕29号) [Reply of the State Council on adjusting the administrative districts of Changsha, Hunan (22-Apr-96)]. xzqh.org. or lawtime.cn
  3. 长沙市人民政府关于调整市辖区行政区划的通知 (长政发〔1996〕24号 - 1996年6月19日) [Notification on Adjusting the Administrative Districts of the People's Government of Changsha City (19-Jun-96)]. Peking University School of Law. or chinalawedu.com
  4. 《跳马镇并入长沙雨花区 暮云南托并入天心区》. chinanews.com Hunan. 2015-01-15., or 《跳马镇并入长沙雨花区 暮云南托并入天心区》. voc.com Hunan. 2015-01-15. or xinhuanet (2015-01-15)
  5. according to the Statistical Communiqué of Tianxin District on the 2017 National Economic and Social Development / 天心区2017年国民经济和社会发展统计公报 see hntj.gov (2018-04-02) or changsha.gov (2018-04-03)