Tianxingzhou Yangtze River Bridge

Last updated
Tianxingzhou Bridge

武汉天兴洲长江大桥
Tianxingzhou Yangtze River Bridge.JPG
Coordinates 30°39′25″N114°24′18″E / 30.656889°N 114.404969°E / 30.656889; 114.404969 Coordinates: 30°39′25″N114°24′18″E / 30.656889°N 114.404969°E / 30.656889; 114.404969
Carries6 lanes of the Wuhan Third Ring Road
2 tracks of Wuhan–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway
2 tracks of the Hefei–Wuhan High-Speed Railway
Crosses Yangtze River
Locale Wuhan, Hubei, China
Characteristics
Design Cable-stayed
Total length4,657 metres (15,279 ft)
Height190 metres (620 ft)
Longest span504 metres (1,654 ft)
History
Construction start2004
Construction cost CN¥11 billion
OpenedDecember 26, 2009 (2009-December-26)
China Hubei location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Tianxingzhou Bridge
Location in Hubei

The Tianxingzhou Yangtze River Bridge (Chinese :武汉天兴洲长江大桥) is a combined road and rail bridge across the Yangtze River in the city of Wuhan, the capital of the Hubei Province of China.

Contents

The bridge crosses the Yangtze in the northeastern part of the city, a few kilometers downstream of the Second Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge. Its name is due to the Tianxing Island (天兴洲, Tianxingzhou), above which it crosses the river. Built at the cost of CN¥ 11 billion, the 4,657-meter cable suspension bridge was opened on December 26, 2009, [1] in time for the opening of the Wuhan Railway Station. The bridges main span measures 504 metres (1,654 ft), the longest combined road and rail cable-stayed span in the world. [2]

Description

The bridge is a combined road and rail bridge; it has 4 railroad tracks and 6 vehicular traffic lanes. [3] It is the northeastern (downstream) Yangtze crossing for Wuhan's Third Ring Road (the southwestern, upstream, crossing is the Baishazhou Bridge).

As of 2012 there are at least half a dozen of road crossings of the Yangtze River in Wuhan, as well as a subway line under the river. The Tianxingzhou Bridge is only the second railway crossing. It carries the Wuhan–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway across the river, and allows trains to cross the river at speeds up to 250 km/h. [3] It also makes it possible for some of the high-speed trains arriving to Wuhan from the east over the Hewu Passenger Railway to cross the river and to reach the Wuhan Railway Station (instead of their usual destination, the Hankou Railway Station).

See also

Related Research Articles

Transport in China Getting around in the Peoples Republic

Transport in China has experienced major growth and expansion in recent years. Although China's transport system comprises a vast network of transport nodes across its huge territory, the nodes tend to concentrate in the more economically developed coastal areas and inland cities along major rivers. The physical state and comprehensiveness of China's transport infrastructure tend to vary widely by geography. While remote, rural areas still largely depend on non-mechanized means of transport, a modern maglev system was built in China to connect the city center of Shanghai with Shanghai Pudong International Airport. Airports, roads, and railway construction will provide a massive employment boost in China over the next decade.

Wuhan Sub-provincial city in Hubei, Peoples Republic of China

Wuhan is the capital of Hubei Province in the People's Republic of China. It is the largest city in Hubei and the most populous city in Central China, with a population of over 11 million, the ninth-most populous Chinese city and one of the nine National Central Cities of China.

Yichang Prefecture-level city in Hubei, Peoples Republic of China

Yichang, alternatively romanized as Ichang, is a prefecture-level city located in western Hubei province, China. It is the second largest city in the province after the capital, Wuhan. The Three Gorges Dam is located within its administrative area, in Yiling District. As of the 2010 census, its population was 4,059,686 inhabitants of whom 1,350,150 lived in the built-up area consisting of Yiling, Xiling, Wujiagang and Dianjun urban districts. The Xiaoting District has not yet been urbanized.

Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge

The Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge is a double-decked road-rail truss bridge across the Yangtze River in Nanjing, Jiangsu, connecting the city's Pukou and Gulou districts. Its upper deck is part of China National Highway 104, spanning 4,588 metres (15,052 ft). Its lower deck, with a double-track railway, is 6,772 metres (22,218 ft) long, and completes the Beijing–Shanghai railway, which had been divided by the Yangtze for decades. Its right bridge consists of nine piers, with the maximum span of 160 metres (525 ft) and the total length of 1,576 metres (5,171 ft). The bridge carries approximately 80,000 vehicles and 190 trains per day.

China Road and Bridge Corporation

China Road and Bridge Corporation (CRBC), a subsidiary of Fortune Global 500 company China Communications Construction Company (CCCC), focuses on global civil engineering and construction projects such as highways, railways, bridges, ports, and tunnels. Growing out of the Foreign Aid Office of the Ministry of Communications of China, CRBC and its predecessors have been executing projects since 1958. In 1979, CRBC was formally established and entered the international contracting market. The parent entity, CCCC, was formed through the combination of CRBC and China Harbour Engineering Co Ltd (CHEC) in 2005.

Second Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge bridge in Peoples Republic of China

The Second Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge is a bridge across the Yangtze River in Wuhan, Hubei province, China. It is located northeast (downstream) of the historic central area of the city's Hankou District and is the northern crossing for the Inner Ring Road. It is a cable-stayed bridge built of pre-stressed concrete, has a central span of 400 metres (1,300 ft). It is 4.678 kilometres (2.907 mi) in length and is 26 metres (85 ft) wide. Its main bridgeheads are 90 metres (300 ft) high each, pulling 392 thick slanting cables together in the shape of double fans, so that the central span of the bridge is well-balanced on the piers and the bridge's stability and vibration resistance are ensured.

Baishazhou Yangtze River Bridge bridge in Peoples Republic of China

The Baishazhou Yangtze River Bridge, sometimes referred as the Third Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge for being the third Yangtze river bridge in Wuhan, is a highway bridge over the Yangtze River in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. It is located 6.8 kilometres southwest (upstream) of the First Bridge. The two bridge names come from the order of construction, and from the name of the small island located under the bridge.

Shijiazhuang–Wuhan high-speed railway railway line

The Shijiazhuang–Wuhan high-speed railway, or Shiwu passenger railway, is an 840 km (520 mi) high-speed rail line operated by China Railway High-speed between Shijiazhuang and Wuhan, the provincial capitals of Hebei and Hubei, respectively. Construction commenced in October 2008, with a total investment of 116.76 billion yuan. The design speed is 350 km/h (220 mph). It is part of the Jingguang passenger-dedicated line, a high-speed railway connecting Beijing and Guangzhou, which runs parallel to the older conventional Jingguang Railway.

Bridges and tunnels across the Yangtze River Wikimedia list article

The bridges and tunnels across the Yangtze River carry rail and road traffic across China's longest and largest river and form a vital part of the country's transportation infrastructure. The river bisects China proper from west to east, and every major north-south bound highway and railway must cross the Yangtze. Large urban centers along the river such as Chongqing, Wuhan, and Nanjing also have urban mass transit rail lines crossing the Yangtze.

Yichang–Wanzhou railway railway line

The Yichang–Wanzhou railway, or the Yiwan railway connects the cities of Yichang and Wanzhou via Lichuan, Hubei. It was completed in 2010, and will be part of the future Huhanrong passenger-dedicated line from Shanghai to Wuhan to Chengdu. Out of the line's total 377 km (234 mi) length, 288 km (179 mi) runs on bridges or in tunnels. According to the chief engineer, Zhang Mei, the line was the most difficult ever constructed in China. Operation started on 22 December 2010.

Chongqing–Lichuan railway railway line

The Chongqing–Lichuan railway, or the Yuli railway is a railway connecting central Chongqing with the Hubei city of Lichuan. The 244-km long railway, connecting Chongqing North railway station with the Lichuan Station on the Yiwan railway, is a section of the Huhanrong Passenger Dedicated Line, which extends to Wuhan, Nanjing, and Shanghai.

Yangluo Yangtze River Bridge suspension bridge

The Yangluo Yangtze River Bridge is a suspension bridge over the Yangtze River in Wuhan, Hubei, China. With a main span of 1,280 metres (4,200 ft), at its opening it was tied with the Golden Gate Bridge as the fifteenth longest suspension bridge in the world. The bridge carries the G70 Fuzhou–Yinchuan Expressway and G4201 Wuhan Ring Expressway over the Yangtze River and provides easy access to both sides of the river as part of a larger plan to promote development in the eastern portion of the city. Construction on the bridge began on November 4, 2003, and it opened to traffic on December 26, 2007.

Nanjing Dashengguan Yangtze River Bridge road bridge in Nanjing, China

The Nanjing Dashengguan Yangtze River Bridge, was Third Nanjing Yangtze Bridge, is the first cable-stayed bridge with steel tower stanchions located in Nanjing, China. It is the third crossing of the Yangtze River at Nanjing. The cable-stayed portion is just a part of the 4.7 kilometers of the complete bridge. Constructed in slightly more than two years at a cost of $490 million, this bridge features dual 215 meters towers. The main span measures 648 meters. When it was completed in 2005 it was the third longest cable stayed span in the world. It still ranks among the top 20. The bridge carries the G42 Shanghai–Chengdu Expressway and the G2503 Nanjing Ring Expressway. The bridge has renamed on 20 December 2019.

Line 2 (Wuhan Metro) Line of Wuhan Metro

The Line 2 of Wuhan Metro is the first underground metro line crossing the Yangtze River. This line has started trial run on September 25, 2012, and has opened on December 28, 2012. It is Wuhan's second metro line after Line 1, and the city's first underground line, since Line 1 is mostly elevated. Line 2 runs in a northwest–southeast direction, connecting Hankou and Wuchang, including Hankou Railway Station and major commercial districts.

Nantong–Shanghai railway

Nantong–Shanghai railway, abbreviated as Tonghu railway is a railway in China's Yangtze River Delta area, connecting Shanghai, the region's main city located south of the Yangtze, with Nantong in Jiangsu province, north of the river.

Twin River Bridges (Chongqing) bridge in Peoples Republic of China

The Dongshuimen Bridge and the Qianximen Bridge, known collectively as the Twin River Bridges, are a pair of bridges that form a road and rail connection in Chongqing, China. Consisting of two cable-stayed bridges and a tunnel across the Yuzhong peninsula, the connection opened in 2014.

Wuhan Zhuankou Yangtze River Bridge Bridge in Peoples Republic of China

Wuhan Zhuankou Yangtze River Bridge, also known as Zhankou Yangtze River Highway Bridge, formerly known as Huangjiahu Yangtze River Bridge, Is a highway cable-stayed bridge located in Wuhan, Hubei, China, which crosses the Yangtze River and connects the Caidian District on the north shore of the Qingling Subdistrict of Xujiabao and the south bank are one of the important components and control engineering of Wuhan Fourth Ring Road, and Wuhan Junshan Yangtze River Bridge 9.2 kilometers, 7 kilometers from the Baishazhou Yangtze River Bridge downstream. The total length of the bridge is 5.296 kilometers. The main bridge structure is a five-span, one-twin, twin tower face steel box girder cable-stayed bridge with a main span of 760 meters and a bridge width of 46 meters.

The Hutong Yangtze River Bridge is a combined rail and road bridge which crosses the Yangtze River in Jiangsu, China.

References

  1. Tianxingzhou highway-railway Bridge in Wuhan opens to traffic Archived 2010-03-30 at the Wayback Machine . english.cnhubei.com 2009-12-28
  2. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2013-03-19.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. 1 2 China's new highway-railway bridge sets world records, www.chinaview.cn 2008-09-10