Tianyuan (Go)

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The Tianyuan (Chinese: 天元; Pinyin: Tiān Yuán) is the name of a Go competition in China organized by the Chinese Weiqi Association. The word tiānyuán literally means the center or origin of heaven, and is the center point on a Go board. The Tianyuan is equivalent to the Nihon Ki-in's Tengen and the Hanguk Kiwon's Chunwon.

Hanyu Pinyin, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan. It is often used to teach Standard Mandarin Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters. The system includes four diacritics denoting tones. Pinyin without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written with the Latin alphabet, and also in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters.

Chinese Weiqi Association, or Chinese Go Association, founded in Hefei, Anhui in 1962, is the major go organization in China. As a branch of the Zhongguo Qiyuan, it oversees professional players as well as strong amateurs, functioning in the same way as the Nihon Kiin and other such groups.

Nihon Ki-in Japanese organization

The Nihon Ki-in (日本棋院), also known as the Japan Go Association, is the main organizational body for Go in Japan, overseeing Japan's professional system and issuing diplomas for amateur dan rankings. It is based in Tokyo. The other major Go association in Japan is Kansai Ki-in. Its innovations include the Oteai system of promotion, time limits in professional games, and the introduction of issuing diplomas to strong amateur players, to affirm their ranks.

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The Tianyuan competition is sponsored by the Zhongguo Qiyuan, New People's Evening News , and New People's Weiqi Monthly Magazine . It consists of a preliminary tournament in which 32 players compete against one another to determine the challenger to the previous year's winner. The preliminary is a single-elimination format, and the title match is decided in a best-of-three. The winner's purse is ¥250,000 ($39,026) and ¥100,000 ($15,611) for the runner-up, as of 2018.

Past Winners and Runners-up

YearWinnerScoreRunner-up
1987 Ma Xiaochun 2–1 Nie Weiping
1988 Liu Xiaoguang 3–2Ma Xiaochun
1989 3–2 Jiang Zhujiu
1990 3–2 Qian Yuping
1991 Nie Weiping3–0Liu Xiaoguang
1992 3–1Ma Xiaochun
1993 Liu Xiaoguang3–1Nie Weiping
1994 Ma Xiaochun3–0Liu Xiaoguang
1995 3–1Nie Weiping
1996 3–1Liu Xiaoguang
1997 Chang Hao 3–1Ma Xiaochun
1998 3–2 Wang Lei
1999 3–1Liu Xiaoguang
2000 3–1 Dong Yan
2001 3–0 Ding Wei
2002 Huang Yizhong 2-0Chang Hao
2003 Gu Li 2–1Huang Yizhong
2004 2–0 Xie He
2005 2–1 Zhou Heyang
2006 2-1 Zhou Ruiyang
2007 2-1 Liu Shizhen
2008 2-1Zhou Heyang
2009 Chen Yaoye 2–0Gu Li
2010 2-1
2011 2–0 Zhou Hexi
2012 2–0Zhou Hexi
2013 2–0 Gu Lingyi
2014 2–1 Ke Jie
2015 2–0 Mi Yuting
2016 2–0 Tang Weixing
2017 Lian Xiao 2-0Chen Yaoye
2018 2-1 Xie Ke
20192-1 Fan Yunruo

See also

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