Tianyuan Cave

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Tianyuan Cave
China edcp relief location map.jpg
Archaeological site icon (red).svg
Location in China
Coordinates 39°39′28″N115°52′17″E / 39.65778°N 115.87139°E / 39.65778; 115.87139
Founded42,000 BP
Abandoned39,000 BP
Periods Paleolithic China

Tianyuan Cave (simplified Chinese :田园洞; traditional Chinese :田園洞; pinyin :Tiányuán Dòng) is near Beijing, where Tianyuan man, one of the earliest modern humans, was found. [1] [2]

Simplified Chinese characters standardized Chinese characters developed in mainland China

Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters for use in mainland China. Along with traditional Chinese characters, they are one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language. The government of the People's Republic of China in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s to encourage literacy. They are officially used in the People's Republic of China and Singapore.

Traditional Chinese characters Traditional Chinese characters

Traditional Chinese characters are Chinese characters in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946. They are most commonly the characters in the standardized character sets of Taiwan, of Hong Kong and Macau, and in the Kangxi Dictionary. The modern shapes of traditional Chinese characters first appeared with the emergence of the clerical script during the Han Dynasty, and have been more or less stable since the 5th century.

Pinyin Chinese romanization scheme for Mandarin

Hanyu Pinyin, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan. It is often used to teach Standard Mandarin Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters. The system includes four diacritics denoting tones. Pinyin without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written with the Latin alphabet, and also in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters.


It was revealed that the remains in the Tianyuan Cave has ancestral relation "to many present-day Asians and Native Americans". [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]

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  1. "Early Modern Human from Tianyuan Cave, China". Texas A&M University Press.
  2. "DNA analysis of an early modern human from Tianyuan Cave, China". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America . 110: 2223–2227. doi:10.1073/pnas.1221359110. PMC   3568306 .
  3. "A relative from the Tianyuan Cave". Max Planck Society. 2013-01-21.
  4. "A relative from the Tianyuan Cave: Humans living 40,000 years ago likely related to many present-day Asians and Native Americans". Science Daily . 2013-01-21.
  5. "DNA Analysis Reveals Common Origin of Tianyuan Humans and Native Americans, Asians". Sci-News. 2013-01-24.
  6. "Ancient human DNA suggests minimal interbreeding". Science News . 2013-01-21.
  7. "Ancient Bone DNA Shows Ancestry of Modern Asians & Native Americans". Caving News. 2013-01-31.