Tianzhong Mountain

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Tianzhong Mountain [1] [2] has another name of Tiantai, and the original Tianzhong mountain is a circle little hill, covering an area of about 540 square meters, being 3.6 meters tall. It is located in the place, which is two kilometers far away of the northern Runan 汝南县, Zhumadian, Henan [3] province. And the unique geographical position forms the ecological resources of Tianzhong mountain.


According to history:“Yu the Great points for the world into Jiuzhou and since Yuzhou is the center of Jiuzhou and Runan is the center of Yu, Runan is called Tianzhong.” Another said is because of no clock for the ancient times during the day and hour can only calculate through the change of the shadow, Runan old volunteers recording: “since ancient times the shadow is measured, people collect stones to remember time by making a record of the sun's shadow”. [4] [5] [6]

Yu the Great Xia Dynasty king and founder

Yu the Great, born Si Wenming, was a legendary ruler in ancient China famed for his introduction of flood control, inaugurating dynastic rule in China by establishing the Xia dynasty, and for his upright moral character.

Name and history

The name of Tianzhong mountain has been seen in official history since Tang Dynasty, the reason of which is that Yan Zhenqing [7] put “Tianzhong mountain” himself, thus the inscription became its name. History says, in the third year of Jianzhong, Tangdezhong 唐德宗建中三年(AD782), Huaixi Li Xilie was revolting to Tang. The second year, Yan was sent to Xuchang to comfort Li’s department and just when Yan wanted to read out emperor’s order, over thousand of Li’s familiar soldiers and the foster sons surrounded Yan, hand knife, murderous look around. Yan didn’t change the color of his face, not going behind half step. Then Li hence drink back to all polite and promised high official positions to rebel against the court. However, Yan would rather die than to give in. Then Yan was sent to Caizhou [8] (now Runan), where he wrote the characters of Tianzhong mountain. After Huaixi’s rebel was put down, people established “Yan Lugong temple 颜鲁公庙” in the Runan city in honor of Yan. Owing to Yan’s writing “Tianzhong mountain”, this mountain became famous all the world.

Yan Zhenqing Chinese calligrapher

Yan Zhenqing was a leading Chinese calligrapher and a loyal governor of the Tang Dynasty. His artistic accomplishment in Chinese calligraphy is equal to that of the greatest master calligraphers of history, and his regular script style, Yan, is often imitated.

Li Xilie (李希烈) was a general of the Chinese Tang Dynasty who, believing himself to be strong enough to claim imperial title, did so as the emperor of a new state of Chu. His efforts to expand Chu was repeatedly thwarted by generals loyal to Tang, however, and in 786, after he grew ill, he was killed with poison by his general Chen Xianqi.

Xuchang Prefecture-level city in Henan, Peoples Republic of China

Xuchang is a prefecture-level city in central Henan province in Central China. It borders the provincial capital of Zhengzhou to the northwest, Kaifeng to the northeast, Zhoukou to the east, Luohe to the southeast, and Pingdingshan to the southwest.

The culture of Tianzhong mountain

Because of beautiful scenery of Tianzhong, there are rich natural resources and cultural resources. Liu Yuxi, a great poet in Tang Dynasty, had visited Tianzhong mountain and Nanhai temple, [9] [10] [11] then wrote down the immortal sentence, which spread for long long time: “Mountain is fame for saint, not its altitude and river is fame for dragon, not its depth. [12] ”And this expresses the magic of the place. Tianzhong mountain is another poem that praise the mountain, the author of which said, Tianzhong mountain is an island alone and you could see boundless wilderness, then clouds and mountains reflect the other land. As we all know, there are large of smoldering rubbles after wars and the shadow like yesterday, sun doesn’t change, villages is still in the sunset. [13]

Liu Yuxi Chinese writer and philosopher

Liu Yuxi (772–842) was a Chinese poet, philosopher, and essayist, active during the Tang Dynasty.

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  1. zh:汝南县
  2. zh:蔡州
  3. [山不在高,有仙则名:水不在深,有龙则灵]
  4. [孤屿当城北, 登临见大荒。 云阴连楚甸, 山色入吴房。 百战余残垒, 千村祗夕阳。 土圭常不改, 影似昔时常]