Tibanica

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Tibanica Wetland
Humedal Tibanica
Colombia Bogota location map.png
Green pog.svg
Location in Bogotá
Location Bosa, Bogotá
Soacha, Cundinamarca
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia
Coordinates 4°36′07.5″N74°12′15.9″W / 4.602083°N 74.204417°W / 4.602083; -74.204417 Coordinates: 4°36′07.5″N74°12′15.9″W / 4.602083°N 74.204417°W / 4.602083; -74.204417
Area28.8 ha (71 acres)
Elevation2,542 m (8,340 ft)
DesignatedSeptember 2003
Named for Muysccubun: "portal of the altars"
AdministratorEAAB - ESP
Website Humedal Tibanica

Tibanica (Spanish : Humedal Tibanica) is a wetland, part of the Wetlands of Bogotá, located on the border of the locality Bosa, Bogotá and Soacha, Cundinamarca, Colombia. The wetland on the Bogotá savanna covers an area of about 28.8 hectares (71 acres). Tibanica is located in the Tunjuelo River basin. [1] [2]

Contents

Etymology

The name Tibanica has its origin in Muysccubun, the language of the Muisca Confederation, the former country on the Altiplano Cundiboyacense before the Spanish conquest. Tiba means "lord", niki; "gate, altar" and ica or icu refers to the supreme being in the Muisca religion, Chiminigagua or the afterlife. The accepted meaning is thus "portal of the altars"; the entrance to a sacred place for the indigenous Muisca. [1]

Flora and fauna

The black-winged kite is of the wetlands of Bogota uniquely registered in Tibanica Black-winged Kite (Elanus caeruleus), Zimbabwe (5099383493).jpg
The black-winged kite is of the wetlands of Bogotá uniquely registered in Tibanica

Flora

Flora registered in Tibanica are among others Senna viarum , Humboldt's willow ( Salix humboldtiana ), common duckweed ( Lemna minor ), common cattail ( Typha latifolia ), and Juncus bogotensis . [3]

Birds

In Tibanica, 24 bird species have been registered, of which one endemic, uniquely to this wetland, the black-winged kite (Elanus caeruleus). [4] [5]

Other bird species as the Bogotá rail (Rallus semiplumbeus), spot-flanked gallinule (Gallinula melanops bogotensis), and Apolinar's wren (Cistothorus apolinari), named after Colombian monk and ornithologist Apolinar María, have been spotted in Tibanica. [1] [3]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 (in Spanish) Humedal Tibanica website
  2. Moreno et al., s.a., p.17
  3. 1 2 Moreno et al., s.a., p.18
  4. Andrade & Benitez, s.a., p.8
  5. Andrade & Benitez, s.a., p.11

Bibliography