Tibasosa

Last updated
Tibasosa
Municipality and town
Destellos en Navidad.JPG
Church of Tibasosa with Christmas
Flag of Tibasosa (Boyaca).svg
Flag
Colombia - Boyaca - Tibasosa.svg
Location of the municipality and town of Tibasosa in the Boyacá department of Colombia
CountryFlag of Colombia.svg  Colombia
Department Boyacá Department
Province Sugamuxi Province
Founded19 December 1778
Founded byManuel Antonio Flores
Government
  MayorGloria Cecilia Palacios Guastar
(2020-2023)
Area
   Municipality and town94.3 km2 (36.4 sq mi)
Elevation
2,538 m (8,327 ft)
Population
 (2015)
   Municipality and town14,063
  Density150/km2 (390/sq mi)
   Urban
4,766
Time zone UTC-5 (Colombia Standard Time)
Website Official website

Tibasosa (Spanish pronunciation:  [tiβaˈsosa] ) is a town and municipality in the Sugamuxi Province, part of the Colombian department of Boyacá. Tibasosa borders Duitama and Nobsa in the north, Nobsa and Sogamoso in the east, Firavitoba in the south and Paipa in the west. [1]

Contents

Etymology

The name Tibasosa comes from Chibcha and means "Chief of the domain". [2]

History

In the time before the Spanish conquest, Tibasosa was part of the Muisca Confederation, ruled by a cacique who was loyal to Tundama and the high priest iraca of Sugamuxi. The discovery and conquest of the lands of this municipality took place in 1537 when Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada en route to the Sun Temple entered the Iraca Valley.

On December 19, 1778 the Viceroy Manuel Antonio Flórez issued a decree founding the town of Tibasosa, he named a mayor to govern the town. In those days, people from distant lands settled in this village for its climate, also several families of distinguished Spanish origin arrived. Witness to this are the still existing colonial two-story houses with elegant balconies.

Tibasosa acceded in 1781 to the Movement Comunero of Socorro and San Gil, the first uprising in the independence of Colombia. The army left the village to join the troops of general Juan Francisco Berbeo of Zipaquirá.

The population of Tibasosa helped also with the pro-independence cause on the day of the Vargas Swamp Battle. In Tibasosa Inocencio Chincá died, after being wounded in the battle. On March 30, 1820 Simón Bolívar visited Tibasosa, heading towards Santa Rosa de Viterbo.

Economy

Main economical activities of Tibasosa are dairy farming, agriculture and on a lesser scale mining. Agricultural products are wheat, potatoes, maize, barley, arracacha, ruba, ibia, turnips, peas, beans, onions, apples, pears, prunes, oranges, peaches, cherries, figs and Colombian fruits as feijoa, chirimoya, guama, cañahuate and mortiño. The daily milk production of Tibasosa was 22,000 liters in February 2016. [1]

Trivia

Related Research Articles

Duitama Place in Boyacá, Colombia

Duitama is a city and municipality in the department of Boyacá. It is the capital of the Tundama Province. Duitama is located 240 kilometres (150 mi) northeast of Bogotá, the capital city of Colombia and 50 kilometres (31 mi) northeast of Tunja, the capital Boyacá. Duitama has existed since pre-Columbian times, when the Muisca inhabited the hills surrounding a former lake in the valley. The original name of Duitama was "Tundama", named after cacique Tundama. The elevation of the city is about 2,590 metres (8,500 ft) above sea level and the average temperature is 16 °C. Duitama is known as "The Pearl of Boyacá".

Floresta, Boyacá Municipality and town in Boyacá Department, Colombia

Floresta is a town and municipality in Boyacá Department, Colombia, part of the Tundama Province, a subregion of Boyacá. Floresta is situated on the Altiplano Cundiboyacense in the Eastern Ranges of the Colombian Andes. It borders Santa Rosa de Viterbo, Cerinza and Betéitiva in the north, in the east Busbanzá and Corrales in the west Santa Rosa de Viterbo and Nobsa in the south.

Iza, Boyacá Municipality and town in Boyacá Department, Colombia

Iza is a town and municipality in Boyacá Department, Colombia. Iza is located near the Tota Lake and part of the Sugamuxi Province, a subregion of Boyacá. Iza is located in the Eastern Ranges of the Colombian Andes on the Altiplano Cundiboyacense at a distance of 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) from Sogamoso and 90 kilometres (56 mi) from the department capital Tunja. The municipality borders Firavitoba and Sogamoso in the north, Sogamoso and Cuítiva in the east, in the west Pesca and Firavitoba, and in the south Cuítiva.

Sogamoso City in Boyacá, Colombia

Sogamoso is a city in the department of Boyacá of Colombia. It is the capital of the Sugamuxi Province, named after the original Sugamuxi. Sogamoso is nicknamed "City of the Sun", based on the original Muisca tradition of pilgrimage and adoring their Sun god Sué at the Sun Temple. The city is located at an altitude of 2,569 metres (8,428 ft) on the Altiplano Cundiboyacense in the Eastern Ranges of the Colombian Andes.

Aquitania, Boyacá Municipality and town in Boyacá Department, Colombia

Aquitania is a town and municipality in Boyacá Department, Colombia, part of the Sugamuxi Province, a subregion of Boyaca. Aquitania borders Sogamoso, Cuítiva and Mongua in the north, Zetaquirá, San Eduardo and Páez in the south, Labranzagrande, Pajarito, Recetor and Chámeza in the east and Cuítiva, Tota, Zetaquirá and San Eduardo in the west. The urban centre is situated on the Altiplano Cundiboyacense as one of the highest towns at an altitude of 3,030 metres (9,940 ft). The town of Aquitania borders Lake Tota to the east.

Tota, Boyacá Municipality and town in Boyacá Department, Colombia

Tota is a town and municipality in the department of Boyacá, Colombia, part of the Sugamuxi Province. Tota is located approximately 40 km from Sogamoso and the municipality borders in the north Cuítiva, Aquitania in the east, Zetaquirá and San Eduardo in the south and westward of Tota the municipality of Pesca is located. Nearby and named after the village is Lake Tota, the largest lake of Colombia.

Pisba Municipality and town in Boyacá Department, Colombia

Pisba is a town and municipality in Boyacá Department, Colombia, part of the subregion of La Libertad Province. Pisba is situated in the Eastern Ranges of the Colombian Andes at altitudes between 2,400 metres (7,900 ft) and 3,500 metres (11,500 ft). Distance to Sogamoso is 128 kilometres (80 mi) and to Tunja 176 kilometres (109 mi). The municipality borders Paya in the east, Labranzagrande in the south and Mongua in the northwest. The Casanare municipality Támara borders Pisba in the north.

Toca, Boyacá Municipality and town in Boyacá Department, Colombia

Toca is a town and municipality in the Colombian Department of Boyacá, part of the subregion of the Central Boyacá Province. Toca is situated on the Altiplano Cundiboyacense 27 kilometres (17 mi) northeast from the department capital Tunja. It borders Tuta in the north, Siachoque in the south, Pesca in the east and Tuta and Chivatá in the west.

Turmequé Municipality and town in Boyacá Department, Colombia

Turmequé is a town and municipality in the Colombian Department of Boyacá, part of the subregion of the Márquez Province. Turmequé is located at 105 kilometres (65 mi) northeast from the capital Bogotá. The municipality borders Ventaquemada in the west, in the east Úmbita, in the north Nuevo Colón and in the south the municipality Villapinzón of the department of Cundinamarca.

Cuítiva Municipality and town in Boyacá Department, Colombia

Cuítiva is a town and municipality in the Sugamuxi Province, part of the Colombian department of Boyacá. The urban centre is situated on the Altiplano Cundiboyacense at an altitude of 2,750 metres (9,020 ft) and a distance of 85 kilometres (53 mi) from the department capital Tunja. The altitudes of the municipality range from 2,727 metres (8,947 ft) to 3,200 metres (10,500 ft) and it borders Iza in the north, Sogamoso in the east, Aquitania in the west and Tota in the south.

Firavitoba Municipality and town in Boyacá Department, Colombia

Firavitoba is a town and municipality in Sugamuxi Province, a subregion of the department of Boyacá in Colombia.

Gámeza Municipality and town in Boyacá Department, Colombia

Gámeza is a town and municipality in the Colombian Department of Boyacá, part of the Sugamuxi Province, a subregion of Boyacá. The town center is located at 18 kilometres (11 mi) from Sogamoso and the municipality borders Tasco and Corrales in the north, Tópaga and Mongua in the south, in the east Socotá and westward of Gámeza Corrales and Tópaga.

Mongua Municipality and town in Boyacá Department, Colombia

Mongua is a town and municipality in Sugamuxi Province in the Colombian Department of Boyacá. Mongua is situated in the Eastern Ranges of the Colombian Andes at altitudes between 1,400 metres (4,600 ft) and 4,000 metres (13,000 ft). The municipality borders Gámeza, Socotá, Pisba, Labranzagrande, Aquitania, Sogamoso, Monguí and Tópaga.

Nobsa Municipality and town in Boyacá Department, Colombia

Nobsa is a town and municipality in the Sugamuxi Province, part of the Colombian department of Boyacá. The urban centre is situated on the Altiplano Cundiboyacense at 125 kilometres (78 mi) from the national capital Bogotá at an altitude of 2,510 metres (8,230 ft). Other parts of the municipality range in altitude between 2,500 metres (8,200 ft) and 3,300 metres (10,800 ft). The Chicamocha River flows through Nobsa. The municipality borders Santa Rosa de Viterbo and Floresta in the north, Corrales and Tópaga in the east, Tibasosa and Santa Rosa de Viterbo in the west and in the south Tibasosa and Santa Rosa de Viterbo.

Pesca Municipality and town in Boyacá Department, Colombia

Pesca is a town and municipality in the Colombian Department of Boyacá, part of the Sugamuxi Province, a subregion of Boyacá. The town is located in the Eastern Ranges of the Colombian Andes at altitudes between 2,540 metres (8,330 ft) and 4,000 metres (13,000 ft). Pesca is 108 kilometres (67 mi) west from the department capital Tunja and borders Firavitoba in the north, Iza in the northeast, Tuta in the northwest, in the east Tota, Zetaquirá in the south, Rondón and Siachoque in the southwest and Toca in the west.

Tópaga Municipality and town in Boyacá Department, Colombia

Tópaga is a town and municipality in the Sugamuxi Province, part of the Colombian department of Boyacá. Tópaga is situated on the Altiplano Cundiboyacense with the urban center at an altitude of 2,900 metres (9,500 ft) while the topography varies over the municipality from 2,400 metres (7,900 ft) to 3,200 metres (10,500 ft). It borders Nobsa and Corrales in the west, in the east Mongua and Gámeza, in the north Gámeza and in the south Monguí and Sogamoso. Department capital Tunja is 98 kilometres (61 mi) away. Chicamocha River flows through Tópaga.

Betéitiva Municipality and town in Boyacá Department, Colombia

Betéitiva a town and municipality in the Valderrama Province, part of the Colombian department of Boyacá. The urban centre of Betétiva is situated at 250 kilometres (160 mi) from the capital Bogotá, 110 kilometres (68 mi) from the department capital Tunja and 45 kilometres (28 mi) from Sogamoso. The municipality, located on the Altiplano Cundiboyacense, borders in the north Belén, in the northeast Paz de Río, in the east Tasco, in the southeast Corrales and in the west with Busbanzá and Cerinza.

Socotá Municipality and town in Boyacá Department, Colombia

Socotá is a town and municipality in the Valderrama Province, part of the Colombian department of Boyacá. The municipality is situated in the Eastern Ranges of the Colombian Andes. The urban centre is at an altitude of 2,443 metres (8,015 ft) at a distance of 134 kilometres (83 mi) from the department capital Tunja. It borders Jericó and Sativanorte in the north, Pisba and Mongua in the south, Chita and Támara, Casanare in the east and Sativasur, Tasco, Socha and Gámeza in the west.

Sugamuxi Tribal chief

Sugamuxi was the last iraca; cacique of the sacred City of the Sun Suamox. Sugamuxi, presently called Sogamoso, was an important city in the religion of the Muisca who inhabited the Altiplano Cundiboyacense in the times before the Spanish conquistadors reached the central highlands of the Colombian Andes. Fellow Muisca rulers of other territories within the Muisca Confederation were Tundama in Tundama, zaque Aquiminzaque in Hunza and zipa Sagipa in Bacatá.

Nompanim Iraca

Nompanim or Nomparem was the second-last iraca; cacique of the sacred City of the Sun; Sugamuxi. Sugamuxi, presently called Sogamoso, was an important city in the religion of the Muisca who inhabited the Altiplano Cundiboyacense in the times before the Spanish conquest of the Muisca conquistadores reached the central highlands of the Colombian Andes. Fellow Muisca rulers of other territories within the Muisca Confederation were Tundama in Tundama, zaque Quemuenchatocha in Hunza and zipas Nemequene and Tisquesusa in Bacatá.

References

  1. 1 2 (in Spanish) Official website Tibasosa Archived 2015-06-04 at Archive.today
  2. (in Spanish) Etymology Tibasosa - Excelsio.net

Coordinates: 5°50′N72°58′W / 5.833°N 72.967°W / 5.833; -72.967