Tibberup Windmill

Last updated
Tibberup Windmill
TibberupMill.jpg
Origin
Mill name Tibberup Windmill
Mill location Tibberup. Helsingør,, Denmark
Coordinates 55°59′06″N12°33′07″E / 55.984987°N 12.552032°E / 55.984987; 12.552032 Coordinates: 55°59′06″N12°33′07″E / 55.984987°N 12.552032°E / 55.984987; 12.552032
Year built 1870
Information
Purpose Corn mill
Type Smock mill
Storeys Three storey smock
Base storeys Single storey base
Smock sides Eight sides
No. of sails Four sails

Tibberup Windmill (Danish. Tibberup Mølle) is a smock mill perched on a small hill in Tibberup in the southern part of Helsingør, Denmark. Built in 1760, it remained in service until 1816 NS Qa liarws in ½950.

Danish language North Germanic language spoken in Denmark

Danish is a North Germanic language spoken by around six million people, principally in Denmark and in the region of Southern Schleswig in northern Germany, where it has minority language status. Also, minor Danish-speaking communities are found in Norway, Sweden, Spain, the United States, Canada, Brazil, and Argentina. Due to immigration and language shift in urban areas, around 15–20% of the population of Greenland speak Danish as their first language.

Smock mill type of windmill

The smock mill is a type of windmill that consists of a sloping, horizontally weatherboarded or thatched tower, usually with six or eight sides. It is topped with a roof or cap that rotates to bring the sails into the wind. This type of windmill got its name from its resemblance to smocks worn by farmers in an earlier period.

Helsingør Place in Capital, Denmark

Helsingør, classically known in English as Elsinore, is a city in eastern Denmark.

Contents

History

The first windmills at the site

Tibberup Stub Mill painted by Vilhelm Petersen in 1854 Tibberup Molle (Vilhelm Petersen).jpg
Tibberup Stub Mill painted by Vilhelm Petersen in 1854

Documents show that the owner of Krogerup constructed a stub mill on Tibberup Hill in 1697 as a replacement for an older watermill located at Søbækhuset in Espergærde. It is not known whether it was the first windmill built at the site. [1] [2] The windmill disappeared after a few years when a Swedish army led by Carl XII of Sweden landed on the Øresund coast at Tibberup in August 1700. They established a fortified camp on the hill where remains of their defensive structures can still be seen today. The camp contained up to 15,000 soldiers and continued all the way to Babyloneskoven at Humlebæk. [3] A new stub mill was built at the site after a few years. It was sold by the owner of Krogerup in 1806. This stub mill was torn down in 1868. [4]

Krogerup Danish manor house

Krogerup Højskole is a folk high school located outside Humlebæk in Fredensborg-Humlebæk Municipality north of Copenhagen, Denmark. Founded in 1953, it is based in a former manor house built from 1772 to 1777.

Espergærde is a town situated in North Zealand near Øresund in Denmark and is statistically considered part of the larger urban area Espergærde-Snekkersten-Elsinore, some 5 to 8 km south of the centre of Elsinore and in reality separated from the urban area of Elsinore-Snekkersten by a 100 m wide unbuilt area, Egebæksvang forest and area under natural protection around Flynderupgård. The urban area of Espergærde also covers the two former villages Tibberup and Mørdrup and part of the former fishing village of Skotterup, with 11.524 inhabitants (2008). Espergærde is well limited to the north by Egebæksvang forest and Flynderupgård, to the west by Rolighedsmoserne and Helsingørmotorvejen, to the south by Krogerup mansion fields and Babyloneskoven. Espergærde is part of Region Hovedstaden.

The currentwindmill

Tibberup Windmill in 1905 Tibberup Molle 1905.jpg
Tibberup Windmill in 1905
Tibberup Windmill Tibberup Molle vintage photo.jpg
Tibberup Windmill

The current smock mill was built at the site in 186970 by the timber Niels Andersen from Skotterup for the miller Niels Christiansen. ´He was third generation of millers at the site. The mill was decommissioned in 1916.It was listed in 1950. [5] The mill was converted into a residence by the artists Grethe and Karl Szabad in 1954. They also used it as studio and for exhibitions. The couple sold the windmill to Helsingør Municipality in 1975 but continued to live there until 1993. In 2006, Helsingør Municipality sold the windmill to a private buyer.

Skotterup

Skotterup is a former village and current neighbourhood located in the southern part of Helsingør, Denmark. It is located between Snekkersten to the north and Espergærde to the south and belongs to Snekkersten postal district.

Listed building Collection of protected architectural creations in the United Kingdom

A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England in England, Historic Environment Scotland in Scotland, Cadw in Wales, and the Northern Ireland Environment Agency in Northern Ireland.

Helsingør Municipality municipality in the Capital Region of Denmark

Helsingør Municipality, is a municipality in the Capital Region on the northeast coast of the island of Zealand (Sjælland) in eastern Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 122 km², and has a total population of 61,538. Its mayor as of 1 January 2014 is Benedikte Kiær, a member of the Conservative political party.

Description

The octagonal windmill consists of a three-storey tower standing on a field stone-and-brick case and topped by an ogee cap. Both tower can cap are covered in shingles. The cap carries the four sails. The only part of the machinery that has survived is the upright shaft.

Wood shingles are thin, tapered pieces of wood primarily used to cover roofs and walls of buildings to protect them from the weather. Historically shingles were split from straight grained, knot free bolts of wood. Today shingles are mostly made by being cut which distinguishes them from shakes which are made by being split out of a bolt.

Today

Tibberup Windmill is today owned by Christina Elm Andersen and Søren Anker Nielsen.

See also

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References

  1. "FæstniTibberup Mølle". tikobkommune.dk (in Danish). Retrieved 12 April 2016.
  2. "Den forsvundne landsby, Tibberup" (in Danish). Historisk Forening for Espergærde og Omegn. Retrieved 12 April 2016.
  3. "Fæstningen ved Tibberup Mølle". tikobkommune.dk (in Danish). Retrieved 12 April 2016.
  4. "Tibberup Mølle, Gammel Strandvej 410 B, Tibberup, 3060 Espergærde". moellearkivet.dk (in Danish). Retrieved 12 April 2016.
  5. "Sag: Tibberup Mølle" (in Danish). Kulturstyrelsen. Retrieved 12 April 2016.