|Genus:|| Tibellomma |
Tibellomma is a monotypic genus of Venezuelan huntsman spiders containing the single species, Tibellomma chazaliae. It was first described by Eugène Louis Simon in 1903,and is found in Venezuela. The single species, T. chazaliae, was originally added to Prusias under the name Prusias chazaliae, and was moved to its own genus in 1903.
Huntsman spiders, members of the family Sparassidae, are known by this name because of their speed and mode of hunting. They are also called giant crab spiders because of their size and appearance. Larger species sometimes are referred to as wood spiders, because of their preference for woody places. In southern Africa the genus Palystes are known as rain spiders or lizard-eating spiders. Commonly they are confused with baboon spiders from the Mygalomorphae infraorder, which are not closely related.
Anyphaenidae is a family of araneomorph spiders, sometimes called anyphaenid sac spiders. They are distinguished from the sac spiders of the family Clubionidae and other spiders by having the abdominal spiracle placed one third to one half of the way anterior to the spinnerets toward the epigastric furrow on the underside of the abdomen. In most spiders the spiracle is just anterior to the spinnerets. Like clubionids, anyphaenids have eight eyes arranged in two rows, conical anterior spinnerets and are wandering predators that build silken retreats, or sacs, usually on plant terminals, between leaves, under bark or under rocks. There are more than 500 species in over 50 genera worldwide.
Philodromidae, also known as philodromid crab spiders and running crab spiders, is a family of araneomorph spiders first described by Tord Tamerlan Teodor Thorell in 1870. It contains over 600 species in thirty genera. Most are dull colored- brown, gray, yellowish or mottled with a leaf-like cardiac mark on the anterior dorsal abdomen, and seldom reach above 10 millimetres (0.39 in) long. None of the species build webs, but they do use silk for draglines and egg sacs.
Nebridia is a monotypic genus of Venezuelan jumping spiders containing the single species, Nebridia semicana. It was first described by Eugène Louis Simon in 1902, and is only found in Venezuela. It was briefly considered a synonym of Amphidraus, it was elevated to genus status in 2017.
Tylogonus is a genus of jumping spiders that was first described by Eugène Louis Simon in 1902. It is considered a senior synonym of Phintodes.
Barychelidae, also known as brushed trapdoor spiders, is a spider family with about 300 species in 42 genera. Most spiders in this family build trapdoor burrows. For example, the 20 millimetres (0.79 in) long Sipalolasma builds its burrow in rotted wood, with a hinged trapdoor at each end. The 10 millimetres (0.39 in) long Idioctis builds its burrow approximately 5 centimetres (2.0 in) deep, just below the high tide level, sealing the opening with a thin trapdoor.
Tarantulas comprise a group of large and often ″hairy″ spiders of the family Theraphosidae. Currently, about 1,000 species have been identified. The term tarantula is usually used to describe members of the family Theraphosidae, although many other members of the same infraorder (Mygalomorphae) are commonly referred to as "tarantulas" or "false tarantulas". Some of the more common species have become popular in the exotic pet trade. Many New World species kept as pets have urticating hairs that can cause irritation to the skin, and in extreme cases, cause damage to the eyes.
Cyriocosmus is a genus of tarantulas that was first described by Eugène Louis Simon in 1903.
Trichopelma is a genus of South American and Caribbean tarantulas first described by Eugène Simon in 1888.
Bolostromus is a genus of wafer trapdoor spiders that was first described by Anton Ausserer in 1875.
Mecynogea is a genus of orb-weaver spiders first described by Eugène Simon in 1903. The name is derived from the Greek mekyno (μηυνω), meaning "to lengthen", and "gea" (γεα), meaning "earth".
Megaloremmius is a monotypic genus of Malagasy huntsman spiders containing the single species, Megaloremmius leo. It was first described by Eugène Louis Simon in 1903, and is found on Madagascar.
Origes is a genus of South American huntsman spiders that was first described by Eugène Louis Simon in 1897. As of September 2019 it contains three species, found in Ecuador, Peru, and Argentina: O. chloroticus, O. nigrovittatus, and O. pollens. O. chloroticus may be misplaced in this genus and family.
Pterotricha is a genus of ground spiders that was first described by Władysław Kulczyński in 1903.
Systenita is a monotypic genus of Venezuelan cellar spiders containing the single species, Systenita prasina. It was first described by Eugène Louis Simon in 1893, and is only found in Venezuela.
Ilipula is a monotypic genus of Vietnamese nursery web spiders containing the single species, Ilipula anguicula. It was first described by Eugène Louis Simon in 1903, and is only found in Vietnam.
Prusias is a genus of huntsman spiders that was first described by Octavius Pickard-Cambridge in 1892.
Tjurunga is a monotypic genus of Tasmanian sheetweb spiders containing the single species, Tjurunga paroculus. The female of the species was first described by Eugène Simon in 1903 under the name Rubrius paroculus, and it was moved to its own genus in 1967.
Halonoproctidae is a family of mygalomorph spiders, split off from the family Ctenizidae in 2018. Species in the family are widely distributed in North and Central America, Australasia, Asia, southern Europe and North Africa. One species is recorded from Venezuela in South America. They are relatively large, sombrely coloured spiders, that live in burrows with some kind of trapdoor.
Josa is a genus of South American anyphaenid sac spiders first described by Eugen von Keyserling in 1891. It is a senior synonym of "Gayenella", "Haptisus", "Olbophthalmus", and "Pelayo".
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