Tiberiopolis

Last updated
Tiberiopolis
Turkey adm location map.svg
Archaeological site icon (red).svg
Shown within Turkey
Coordinates 37°54′N31°55′E / 37.900°N 31.917°E / 37.900; 31.917

Tiberiopolis (Ancient Greek : Τιβεριούπολις; sometimes in sources, Tiberiapolis, and Pappa-Tiberiopolis; formerly Pappa) [1] [2] was a town in the Roman province of Phrygia Pacatiana, mentioned by Ptolemy, [3] Socrates of Constantinople [4] and Hierocles. [5] At various times, it was considered as part of Phrygia, Isauria, and the late Roman province of Pisidia. [6]

Roman province Major Roman administrative territorial entity outside of Italy

The Roman provinces were the lands and people outside of Rome itself that were controlled by the Republic and later the Empire. Each province was ruled by a Roman who was appointed as governor. Although different in many ways, they were similar to the states in Australia or the United States, the regions in the United kingdom or New Zealand, or the prefectures in Japan. Canada refers to some of its territory as provinces.

Ptolemy 2nd-century Greco-Egyptian writer and astronomer

Claudius Ptolemy was a mathematician, astronomer, geographer and astrologer. He lived in the city of Alexandria in the Roman province of Egypt, under the rule of the Roman Empire, had a Latin name, which several historians have taken to imply he was also a Roman citizen, cited Greek philosophers, and used Babylonian observations and Babylonian lunar theory. The 14th-century astronomer Theodore Meliteniotes gave his birthplace as the prominent Greek city Ptolemais Hermiou in the Thebaid. This attestation is quite late, however, and there is no other evidence to confirm or contradict it. He died in Alexandria around AD 168.

Socrates of Constantinople, also known as Socrates Scholasticus, was a 5th-century Christian church historian, a contemporary of Sozomen and Theodoret.

Contents

It struck its own coins at least from the time of Trajan.

Trajan Roman emperor from 98 to 117

Trajan was Roman emperor from 98 to 117. Officially declared by the Senate optimus princeps, Trajan is remembered as a successful soldier-emperor who presided over the greatest military expansion in Roman history, leading the empire to attain its maximum territorial extent by the time of his death. He is also known for his philanthropic rule, overseeing extensive public building programs and implementing social welfare policies, which earned him his enduring reputation as the second of the Five Good Emperors who presided over an era of peace and prosperity in the Mediterranean world.

Roman Sarcophagus (2nd C AD) Roman Sarcophagus (6526103787).jpg
Roman Sarcophagus (2nd C AD)

It was situated at the modern village of Yunuslar, Beyşehir district, in Konya Province, Turkey. [2] At Tiberiopolis the famous Roman sarcophagus showing the Twelve Labours of Hercules now displayed at the Konya Archaeological Museum was recovered. [2]

Beyşehir Town in Akdeniz, Turkey

Beyşehir is a large town and district of Konya Province in the Akdeniz region of Turkey. The town is located on the southeastern shore of Lake Beyşehir and is marked to the west and the southwest by the steep lines and forests of the Taurus Mountains, while a fertile plain, an extension of the lake area, extends in the southeastern direction. According to 2000 census, the population of the district is 118,144 of which 41,312 live in the town of Beyşehir.

Konya Province Province of Turkey in West Anatolia

Konya Province is a province of Turkey in central Anatolia. The provincial capital is the city of Konya. By area it is the largest province of Turkey. Its traffic code is 42.

Turkey Republic in Western Asia

Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country located mainly on the Anatolian peninsula in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe. East Thrace, the part of Turkey in Europe, is separated from Anatolia by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorous strait and the Dardanelles. Turkey is bordered by Greece and Bulgaria to the northwest, Georgia, Armenia and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan to the northeast, Iran to the east, and Iraq and Syria to the south. Istanbul is the largest city while Ankara is the capital. Approximately 70 to 80 per cent of the country's citizens identify as Turkish. Kurds are the largest minority; the size of the Kurdish population is a subject of dispute with estimates placing the figure at anywhere from 12 to 25 per cent of the population.

It must have been Christianised at an early date. Nicephorus, a presbyter at Tiberiopolis was martyred in 361 or 362, and later cannonised. [7] His feast is celebrated on 28 November. [7]

In the New Testament, a presbyter is a leader of a local Christian congregation. The word derives from the Greek presbyteros, which means elder or senior. The Greek word episkopos literally means overseer; it refers exclusively to the office of bishop. Many understand presbyteros to refer to the bishop functioning as overseer. In modern Catholic and Orthodox usage, presbyter is distinct from bishop and synonymous with priest. In predominant Protestant usage, presbyter does not refer to a member of a distinctive priesthood called priests, but rather to a minister, pastor, or elder.

Bishopric

Tiberiopolis

The bishopric of Tiberiopolis appears in the oldest Greek Notitiae episcopatuum among the suffragans of Laodicea in Phrygia, capital and metropolitan see of the late Roman province of Phrygia Pacatiana, but in the 8th century it was attached to Hierapolis in Phrygia, capital and metropolitan see of Phrygia Pacatiana Secunda, and as such appears in the Notitiae episcopatuum of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople until the 13th century, when the area was overrun by the Seljuk Turks.

Laodicea on the Lycus ancient town in Phrygia, Asia Minor, now Turkey

Laodicea on the Lycus was an ancient city built on the river Lycus (Çürüksu). It was located in the Hellenistic regions of Caria and Lydia, which later became the Roman Province of Phrygia Pacatiana. It is now situated near the modern city of Denizli, Turkey. In 2013 the archaeological site was inscribed in the Tentative list of World Heritage Sites in Turkey.

Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople autocephalous church of Eastern Orthodox Christianity

The Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople is one of the fourteen to sixteen autocephalous churches that together compose the Eastern Orthodox Church. It is headed by the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, currently Bartholomew I, Archbishop of Constantinople.

Bishops

Le Quien [8] mentions five of its bishops known by their presence at councils:

Roman Catholic titular see

Tiberiopolis remains a titular see in the Roman Catholic Church. [9] Titular bishops have been: [9]

Pappa

Under the name of Pappa, the town was also a bishopric of the province of Pisidia, and later a titular see of the Roman Catholic Church. [10]

Notes

  1. Richard Talbert , Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World , ( ISBN   0-691-03169-X ), Map 65.
  2. 1 2 3 "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-05-10. Retrieved 2017-06-11.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. V, 2, 25.
  4. Hist. eccl., VII, 46.
  5. Synecdemus , 668, 9.
  6. Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.
  7. 1 2 "St. Nicephorus, Presbyter, at Tiberiopolis - Catholic Online". www.catholic.org. Retrieved 2016-08-14.
  8. Oriens christianus, I, 797.
  9. 1 2 Catholic Hierarchy
  10. Catholic Hierarchy

Related Research Articles

Acmonia or Akmonia is an ancient city and a titular see of Phrygia Pacatiana, in Asia Minor, now known as Ahat Köyü. It is mentioned by Cicero and was a point on the road between Dorylaeum and Philadelphia. Under the Romans, it was within the conventus iuridicus of Apamea.

Mossyna or Mosyna (Μοσύνα) was a city of the middle Maeander valley in the late Roman province Phrygia Pacatiana II. It is mentioned as a bishopric by Hierocles and other ecclesiastical writers. It may have been named for the classical Mossynoeci. Or for the Greek word for tower made of wood (Μοσσύν).

Palaeopolis was a city in ancient Lydia that was included in the late Roman province of Asia Prima. Its bishopric was thus a suffragan of Ephesus, the metropolitan see of that province.

Parlais is a former Roman city of Pisidia.

Orcistus or Orkistos was a city originally in the northeast of ancient Phrygia and later a bishopric in the Roman province of Galatia Secunda, situated south of the town now called Ortaköy and previously Alikel Yaila.

Magydus was an settlement and bishopric of ancient Pamphylia on the Mediterranean coast of southwestern Asia Minor, which remains a Latin Catholic titular see. It is probably the same as Mygdale (Μυγδάλη) described in the Stadiasmus Maris Magni.

Olba (ancient city)

Olba or Olbe was an ancient city and bishopric in the Roman province of Isauria, in present-day southern Turkey. It is included in the Catholic Church's list of Latin titular sees.

Harpasa was a city and bishopric in ancient Caria in Roman Asia Minor, which only remains a Latin Catholic titular see.

Motella, Metello(u)polis, or Pulcherianopolis was a city in the Roman province of Phrygia Pacatiana, in Asia Minor, probably on the site of the modern Medele.

Synaus was a city in the Roman province of Phrygia Pacatiana, now Simav, Kütahya Province, Turkey.

Cotenna was a city in the Roman province of Pamphylia I in Asia Minor. It corresponds to modern Gödene, near Konya, Turkey.

Cidyessus (Κιδύησσος) was a city of some importance, west of Ammonia in west-central Phrygia, in the territory of the Setchanli Ova, or Mouse Plain; this large and fertile valley projects far into Phrygia Salutaris, but the city was in Phrygia Pacatiana.

Traianopolis, Trajanopolis, Tranopolis, or Tranupolis was a Roman and Byzantine city in Phrygia Pacatiana Prima.

Trapezopolis or Trapezoupolis (Τραπεζούπολις) was a city of ancient Caria, and later in the late Roman province of Phrygia Pacatiana Prima.

Kılıç, Anamur Village in Mersin Province, Turkey

Kılıç is a small village in the Anamur district of Mersin Province, Turkey. It is situated in the Toros Mountains at 36°14′N32°47′E. It is 22 kilometres (14 mi) away from Anamur. The population of Kılıç is only 50 as of 2011.

Dalisandus or Dalisandos was an ancient city and bishopric in eastern Pamphylia, in Asia Minor and remains a Latin titular see.

Dionysiopolis or Dionysopolis, was a city of Phrygia in Asia Minor. The demonym Dionysopolitae (Διονυσοπολείτης) occurs on medals, and in a letter of M. Cicero to his brother Quintus, in which he speaks of the people of Dionysopolis being very hostile to Quintus, which must have been for something that Quintus did during his praetorship of Asia. Pliny places the Dionysopolitae in the conventus of Apamea, which is all the ancient writers note of their position. We may infer from the coin that the place was on the Maeander, or near it. Stephanus of Byzantium says that it was founded by Attalus and Eumenes. Stephanus mentions another Dionysopolis in Pontus, originally called Cruni, and he quotes two verses of Scymnus about it; however, the town of Dionysupolis in Thrace but on the Pontus, rather than in Pontus could be meant.

Agathonice or Agathonicea was a town and bishopric in Thrace during the Middle Ages. It remains a titular see of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church, and of the Roman Catholic Church.

Claneus or Klaneos or Klaneous was an ancient city and bishopric in Asia Minor, which remains a Latin Catholic titular see.

Zarela, also known as Durzela, Zorzila, Dyrzela, and Zorzela, was an city and bishopric in ancient Pisidia, which remains a Latin Catholic titular see. It site is unlocated.

References

Attribution