Tiberius Claudius Atticus Herodes (65 - before 160) was a distinguished Greek aristocrat of the Roman Empire.
Claudius Atticus was a Greek of Athenian descent. As he bears the Roman family name, Claudius, there is a possibility that a paternal ancestor of his, received Roman citizenship, from an unknown member of the Claudius gens. His great-great-grandfather was a man called Polycharmus (ca. 9/8 BC-22/23).Claudius Atticus was born and raised into a very distinguished, wealthy family. He was the son of Hipparchus (born c. 40) and an unnamed woman. His sister was called Claudia Alcia, and married the Athenian aristocrat Lucius Vibullius Rufus. In his lifetime, Hipparchus was considered one of the wealthiest men in the Roman Empire; he was reputed to possess one hundred million sesterces. This reputation is evident in a line from Suetonius (The Twelve Caesars, Vespasian, 13):
However, Hipparchus' fortune ultimately led to his downfall. Vespasian's second son Domitian, in either 92 or 93, ordered proscriptions on a large number of wealthy men.The father of Claudius Atticus seems to have been accused of attempting to form an extra-constitutional regime in Athens. Consequently, his fortune and estates were confiscated, and, on Domitian's orders, Hipparchus was either executed or exiled.
In later years, in a house that Claudius Atticus acquired near the Theatre of Dionysus in Athens, he found an immense treasure.As a precaution, he wrote a letter to the Emperor Nerva informing him of this and asking what to do with the treasure. Nerva replied in a letter stating: “Use what you have found”. However, Claudius Atticus again wrote to Nerva, stating that this discovery was beyond his station in life, to which Nerva replied: “Then misuse your windfall, for it is yours”. It is possible that this treasure was hidden there by Hipparchus during Domitian's proscriptions. With it, Claudius Atticus restored his family's influence and prestige.
In 98, using money from the treasure, Claudius Atticus purchased a seat in the Roman Senate. According to two fragments from the Christian chronicler Hegesippus,Claudius Atticus served as a legatus of the Iudaea Province from 99/100 to 102/103. Claudius Atticus served as one of the suffect consuls in the year 133, being the first Greek from old Greece to reach the post, and probably also its first member in the Roman Senate.
Claudius Atticus married an Athenian heiress called Vibullia Alcia Agrippina, a member of a very wealthy and prominent family. Vibullia was also his niece, being the daughter of his sister, Claudia Alcia.She bore him three children:
Herodes Atticus and his wife, Aspasia Annia Regilla, erected a great outdoor nymphaeum (a monumental fountain) at Olympia, Greece. The monumental fountain features statues and honors members of the ruling imperial family, relatives of Herodes Atticus, and his wife. Among the statues is a bust of Claudius Atticus, now on display at the Archaeological Museum of Olympia
Domitian was Roman emperor from 81 to 96. He was the younger brother of Titus and the son of Vespasian, his two predecessors on the throne, and the last member of the Flavian dynasty. During his reign, the authoritarian nature of his rule put him at sharp odds with the Senate, whose powers he drastically curtailed.
Agrippina may refer to:
The Flavian dynasty was a Roman imperial dynasty, which ruled the Roman Empire between 69 AD and 96 AD, encompassing the reigns of Vespasian (69–79), and his two sons Titus (79–81) and Domitian (81–96). The Flavians rose to power during the civil war of 69, known as the Year of the Four Emperors. After Galba and Otho died in quick succession, Vitellius became emperor in mid 69. His claim to the throne was quickly challenged by legions stationed in the Eastern provinces, who declared their commander Vespasian emperor in his place. The Second Battle of Bedriacum tilted the balance decisively in favour of the Flavian forces, who entered Rome on December 20. The following day, the Roman Senate officially declared Vespasian emperor of the Roman Empire, thus commencing the Flavian dynasty. Although the dynasty proved to be short-lived, several significant historic, economic and military events took place during their reign.
Herodes Atticus, or Atticus Herodes, son of Tiberius Claudius Atticus Herodes, was a Greco-Roman politician and sophist who served as a Roman senator. Appointed consul at Rome in 143, he was the first Greek to hold the rank of consul ordinarius, as opposed to consul suffectus. In Latin, his full name was given as Lucius Vibullius Hipparchus Tiberius Claudius Atticus Herodes. According to Philostratus, Herodes Atticus was a notable proponent of the Second Sophistic. M.I. Finley described Herodes Atticus as "patron of the arts and letters, public benefactor on an imperial scale, not only in Athens but elsewhere in Greece and Asia Minor, holder of many important posts, friend and kinsman of emperors."
Marcus Appius Bradua, also known by his full name Marcus Atilius Metilius Bradua was a Roman politician who lived in the second half of the 1st century and the first half of the 2nd century in the Roman Empire.
The Odeon of Herodes Atticus is a stone Roman theater structure located on the southwest slope of the Acropolis of Athens, Greece. The building was completed in 161 AD and then renovated in 1950.
De vita Caesarum, commonly known as The Twelve Caesars, is a set of twelve biographies of Julius Caesar and the first 11 emperors of the Roman Empire written by Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus.
Aspasia Annia Regilla, full name Appia Annia Regilla Atilia Caucidia Tertulla, was a wealthy, aristocratic and influential Roman woman, who was a distant relative of several Roman emperors and empresses. She was the wife of the prominent Greek Herodes Atticus.
Appius Annius Trebonius Gallus, sometimes known as Appius Annius Gallus was a Roman senator and consul.
Lucius Vibullius Rufus sometimes known as Vibullius Rufus. was a Greek Aristocrat that lived in the second half of the 1st century and the first half of the 2nd century in the Roman Empire
Vibullia Alcia Agrippina (early 80s – by 170, was a Greek aristocrat and heiress who lived in the Roman Empire.
Lucius Vibullius Hipparchus was a Greek aristocrat who lived in the second half of the 1st century AD and the first half of the 2nd century AD in the Roman Empire.
Publius Aelius Vibullius Rufus was a Greek aristocrat who lived in the 2nd century in the Roman Empire.
Claudia Tisamenis was a Greek Aristocratic woman that lived in the 2nd century in the Roman Empire
Lucius Vibullius Rufus, sometimes known as Lucius Vibullius Hipparchus, was a Greek aristocrat who lived in the 2nd century AD in the Roman Empire.
Marcia Annia Claudia Alcia Athenais Gavidia Latiaria, otherwise most commonly known as Athenais (143-161) was a Roman noblewoman of Greek Athenian and Italian Roman descent who lived in the Roman Empire.
Lucius Vibullius Hipparchus was a Roman noble of Greek Athenian and Italian Roman descent who lived in the Roman Empire.
Athenais was a Roman noblewoman of Greek Athenian and Italian Roman descent. Athenais lived between the second half of the 2nd century and first half of the 3rd century in the Roman Empire.
Appia Annia Claudia Atilia Regilla Elpinice Agrippina Atria Polla otherwise most commonly known as Elpinice (142-165) was a Roman noblewoman of Greek Athenian and Italian Roman descent who lived in the Roman Empire.
Tiberius Claudius Marcus Appius Atilius Bradua Regillus Atticus, otherwise known as Atticus Bradua was a Roman politician of Athenian and Italian descent who was consul ordinarius in 185 AD.
Quintus Flavius Tertullus,
and Junius Rusticus
as suffect consuls
| Suffect consul of the Roman Empire |
with Publius Sufenas Verus
Lucius Julius Ursus Servianus III,
and Titus Vibius Varus
as ordinary consuls