Tiberius Hemsterhuis

Last updated
Tiberius Hemsterhuis LB.jpg

Tiberius Hemsterhuis (9 January 1685 – 7 April 1766) was a Dutch philologist and critic.



He was born in Groningen. His father, a learned physician, gave him a good early education and he entered the university of his native city in his fifteenth year, where he proved himself the best student of mathematics. After a year or two at Groningen, he was attracted to the University of Leiden by the fame of Perizonius. While there, he was entrusted with the duty of arranging the manuscripts in the library. Though he accepted an appointment as professor of mathematics and philosophy at Amsterdam in his twentieth year, he had already directed his attention to the study of the ancient languages.

In 1717 Hemsterhuis was appointed a professor of Greek at the University of Franeker to replace Lambert Bos, but he did not enter on his duties there till 1720. In 1738 he became a professor of national history as well. Two years afterward, he was called to teach the same subjects at Leiden, where he died on the 7 April 1766.

He was the father of Frans Hemsterhuis.


In 1706, he completed the edition of Julius Pollux's Onomasticon begun by Jean-Henri Lederlin (1672-1737), but the praise he received from his countrymen was more than counterbalanced by two letters of criticism from Bentley, which mortified him so keenly that for two months he refused to open a Greek book. Hemsterhuis was the founder of a Dutch school of criticism which had disciples in Valckenaer, Jacob van Lennep and David Ruhnken.

His major writings are:

See Elogium T. Hemsterhusii (with Bentley's letters) by Ruhnken (1789), and Supplementa annotationis ad elogium T. Hemsterhusii, etc. (Leiden, 1874); also JE Sandys's History of Classical Scholarship, ii. (1908).

See also

Related Research Articles

Thomas Joannes Stieltjes mathematician

Thomas Joannes Stieltjes was a Dutch mathematician. He was a pioneer in the field of moment problems and contributed to the study of continued fractions. The Thomas Stieltjes Institute for Mathematics at Leiden University, dissolved in 2011, was named after him, as is the Riemann–Stieltjes integral.

Albert Schultens Dutch philologist

Albert Schultens was a Dutch philologist.

Richard Bentley English classical scholar and Master of Trinity College, Cambridge

Richard Bentley was an English classical scholar, critic, and theologian. He was Master of Trinity College, Cambridge.

David Ruhnken German classical scholar

David Ruhnken was a Dutch classical scholar of German origin.

Johann August Ernesti German theologian

Johann August Ernesti was a German Rationalist theologian and philologist. Ernesti was the first who formally separated the hermeneutics of the Old Testament from those of the New.

Daniel Albert Wyttenbach German-Swiss classical scholar

Daniel Albert Wyttenbach was a German Swiss classical scholar. A student of Hemsterhuis, Valckenaer and Ruhnken, he was an exponent of the methods of criticism which they established, and with them he laid the foundations of modern Greek scholarship.

François Hemsterhuis Dutch philosopher (1721-1790)

François Hemsterhuis was a Dutch writer on aesthetics and moral philosophy.

Richard Porson British classical scholar

Richard Porson was an English classical scholar. He was the discoverer of Porson's Law. The Greek typeface Porson was based on his handwriting.

Johann Jakob Wettstein was a Swiss theologian, best known as a New Testament critic.

Friedrich Ludwig Abresch was a Dutch philologist of German origins.

University of Franeker university

The University of Franeker (1585–1811) was a university in Franeker, Friesland, the Netherlands. It was the second oldest university of the Netherlands, founded shortly after Leiden University.

Job Cohen Dutch politician

Marius Job Cohen is a retired Dutch politician of the Labour Party (PvdA) and jurist.

Petrus Camper Dutch scientist

Petrus Camper FRS, was a Dutch physician, anatomist, physiologist, midwife, zoologist, anthropologist, palaeontologist and a naturalist in the Age of Enlightenment. He was one of the first to take an interest in comparative anatomy, palaeontology, and the facial angle. He was among the first to mark out an "anthropology," which he distinguished from natural history. He studied the orangutan, the javan rhinoceros, and the skull of a mosasaur, which he believed was a whale. Camper was a celebrity in Europe and became a member of the Royal Society (1750), the Göttingen (1779), and Russian Academy of Sciences (1778), the Royal Society of Edinburgh (1783), the French (1786) and the Prussian Academy of Sciences (1788). He designed and constructed tools for his patients, and for surgeries. He was amateur-drawer, a sculptor, a patron of art and a conservative, royalist politician. Camper published some lectures containing an account of his craniometrical methods. These laid the foundation of all subsequent work.

Lodewijk Caspar Valckenaer Dutch classical scholar

Lodewijk Caspar Valckenaer was a Dutch classical scholar, at Leiden. He was a follower of Tiberius Hemsterhuis, and his successor in 1766 in the chair of Greek at Leiden. He was born in Leeuwarden.

Johan Valckenaer Dutch lawyer, diplomat and patriot

Johan Valckenaer was a Dutch lawyer, patriot and diplomat.

Jan Hope Anglo-Dutch merchant and banker

John Hope, also known as Jan Hope, was a Dutch banker, the son of Thomas Hope and Margaretha Marcelis. A first cousin of Henry Hope, he was father of Thomas Hope, and a follower of the Scottish Enlightenment. He is best known today for his Groenendaal Park in Heemstede, Netherlands, where he summered from 1767 to his death in 1784.

John Bruckner was a Dutch Lutheran minister and author, who settled in Norwich, England.

Willem van der Woude Dutch mathematician

Willem van der Woude was a Dutch mathematician and rector magnificus of the University of Leiden.

Elie Luzac Dutch writer, jurist and lawyer

Elie Luzac was a Dutch jurist, journalist, writer of philosophical, historical and political literature, and book-seller, who was considered an important ideologue of the "democratic wing" of the Orangist movement, both after the Orangist restoration in the Dutch Republic in 1748, and during the Patriottentijd.

Theodor Juynboll Dutch theologian

Theodor Willem Johannes Juynboll also: Theodorus Willem Johannes Juijnboll, Theodorus Guiliemus Johannes Juynboll was a Dutch Reformed theologian and oriental philologist.