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Tiberius Hemsterhuis (9 January 1685 –7 April 1766) was a Dutch philologist and critic.
He was born in Groningen. His father, a learned physician, gave him a good early education and he entered the university of his native city in his fifteenth year, where he proved himself the best student of mathematics. After a year or two at Groningen, he was attracted to the University of Leiden by the fame of Perizonius. While there, he was entrusted with the duty of arranging the manuscripts in the library. Though he accepted an appointment as professor of mathematics and philosophy at Amsterdam in his twentieth year, he had already directed his attention to the study of the ancient languages.
In 1717 Hemsterhuis was appointed a professor of Greek at the University of Franeker to replace Lambert Bos, but he did not enter on his duties there till 1720. In 1738 he became a professor of national history as well. Two years afterward, he was called to teach the same subjects at Leiden, where he died on 7 April 1766.
He was the father of Frans Hemsterhuis.
In 1706, he completed the edition of Julius Pollux's Onomasticon begun by Jean-Henri Lederlin (1672–1737), but the praise he received from his countrymen was more than counterbalanced by two letters of criticism from Bentley, which mortified him so keenly that for two months he refused to open a Greek book. Hemsterhuis was the founder of a Dutch school of criticism which had disciples in Lodewijk Caspar Valckenaer, Jacob van Lennep and David Ruhnken.
His major writings were:
Thomas Joannes Stieltjes was a Dutch mathematician. He was a pioneer in the field of moment problems and contributed to the study of continued fractions. The Thomas Stieltjes Institute for Mathematics at Leiden University, dissolved in 2011, was named after him, as is the Riemann–Stieltjes integral.
Albert Schultens was a Dutch philologist.
David Ruhnken was a Dutch classical scholar of German origin.
Johann August Ernesti was a German Rationalist theologian and philologist. Ernesti was the first who formally separated the hermeneutics of the Old Testament from those of the New.
Daniel Albert Wyttenbach was a German Swiss classical scholar. A student of Hemsterhuis, Valckenaer and Ruhnken, he was an exponent of the methods of criticism which they established, and with them he laid the foundations of modern Greek scholarship.
François Hemsterhuis was a Dutch writer on aesthetics and moral philosophy.
Frederik "Frits" Bolkestein is a retired Dutch politician of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) and businessperson who served as European Commissioner from 16 September 1999 until 22 November 2004.
Johann Jakob Wettstein was a Swiss theologian, best known as a New Testament critic.
Jean Abraham Chrétien Oudemans was a Dutch astronomer. He was the director of the Utrecht Observatory from 1875 until 1898, when he retired.
Lambert Bos was a Dutch scholar, critic and forerunner of Tiberius Hemsterhuis.
The University of Franeker (1585–1811) was a university in Franeker, Friesland, the Netherlands. It was the second oldest university of the Netherlands, founded shortly after Leiden University.
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Petrus Camper FRS, was a Dutch physician, anatomist, physiologist, midwife, zoologist, anthropologist, palaeontologist and a naturalist in the Age of Enlightenment. He was one of the first to take an interest in comparative anatomy, palaeontology, and the facial angle. He was among the first to mark out an "anthropology," which he distinguished from natural history. He studied the orangutan, the javan rhinoceros, and the skull of a mosasaur, which he believed was a whale. Camper was a celebrity in Europe and became a member of the Royal Society (1750), the Göttingen (1779), and Russian Academy of Sciences (1778), the Royal Society of Edinburgh (1783), the French (1786) and the Prussian Academy of Sciences (1788). He designed and constructed tools for his patients, and for surgeries. He was amateur-drawer, a sculptor, a patron of art and a conservative, royalist politician. Camper published some lectures containing an account of his craniometrical methods. These laid the foundation of all subsequent work.
Isaak Vossius, sometimes anglicised Isaac Voss was a Dutch scholar and manuscript collector.
Nicolaus Mulerius was a professor of medicine and mathematics at the University of Groningen.
John Bruckner was a Dutch Lutheran minister and author, who settled in Norwich, England.
Herman Tollius was a Dutch philologist and historian.
Willem van der Woude was a Dutch mathematician and rector magnificus (chancellor) of the University of Leiden.
Theodor Willem Johannes Juynboll also: Theodorus Willem Johannes Juijnboll, Theodorus Guiliemus Johannes Juynboll was a Dutch Reformed theologian and oriental philologist.
Hendrik Arent Hamaker was a Dutch philologist and orientalist, born in Amsterdam on 25 February 1789 and died in Nederlangbroek on 7 October 1835. He studied most European and Asian languages, and the history and geography of the East. He was an associate of the orientalist Johannes Hendricus van der Palm, and Theodor Juynboll was among his pupils.