Tibet Area (administrative division)

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Tibet Area
Flag of the Republic of China.svg Area of the Republic of China (1928–1951)
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Area of the People's Republic of China (1951–1965)
ROC Div Xizang.svg
Tibet Area (red) in the Republic of China
Capital Lhasa
1,221,600 km2 (471,700 sq mi)
Historical era 20th century
23 May 1951
 Replacement of Kashag with the Preparatory Committee for the Tibet Autonomous Region
after the 1959 Tibetan rebellion
 Establishment of the
Tibet Autonomous Region
22 April 1965
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Flag of Tibet.svg Tibet (1912–1951)
Tibet Autonomous Region Flag of China.svg
Today part of China

The Tibet Area was a province-level administrative division of the Republic of China and early People's Republic of China. [1] [2]


The Republic of China never had any real control over the area, which was de facto controlled by the Ganden Phodrang government in Lhasa. When the republic was founded in 1912, the Kashag controlled about the same area as the Tibet Area, but later also took control of the western portion of Sikang Province; thus for the most of the Republic of China period, Lhasa controlled an area which was near identical to the contemporary Tibet Autonomous Region.[ citation needed ]

The People's Republic of China invaded Chamdo (not part of Tibet Area until 1951) in 1950 and incorporated the Dalai Lama-controlled[ citation needed ] regions in 1951.

Following the 1959 Tibetan rebellion, the State Council of the PRC ordered to replace the Kashag government with the "Preparatory Committee for the Tibet Autonomous Region" which was established in 1956. The current Tibet Autonomous Region was established in 1965.

Administrative divisions


Division (专区)TibetanSimplified ChineseHanyu PinyinCounty ()
Lhasa Division Office拉萨办事处Lāsà Bànshìchù9 counties
Xigazê Division Office日喀则办事处Rìkāzé Bànshìchù12 counties
Heihe Division Office黑河办事处Hēihé Bànshìchù4 counties
Ngari Division Office阿里办事处Ālǐ Bànshìchù8 counties
Shannan Division Office山南办事处Shānnán Bànshìchù10 counties
Tagong Division Office塔工办事处Tǎgōng Bànshìchù6 counties
Gyangzê Division Office江孜办事处Jiāngzī Bànshìchù6 counties
Qamdo Division Office昌都办事处Chāngdū Bànshìchù18 counties

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  1. Tibet, worldpopulationreview.com, 2018: "Tibet is an autonomous region located in the People’s Republic of China. Tibet was established in 1965 and replaced the administrative division known as the Tibet Area."
  2. Geoffrey Migiro, Is Tibet a Country?, worldatlas.com, September 14, 2018:"Tibet is an autonomous region of People’s Republic of China which was established in 1965 to replace an administrative region known as Tibet Area which they inherited from Republic of China."

See also