Tibet Area (administrative division)

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Tibet Area
Area of the People's Republic of China
Capital Lhasa
1,221,600 km2 (471,700 sq mi)
23 May 1951
 Replacement of Kashag with the Preparatory Committee for the Tibet Autonomous Region
after the 1959 Tibetan rebellion
 Establishment of the
Tibet Autonomous Region
22 April 1965
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Flag of Tibet.svg Tibet (1912–1951)
Tibet Autonomous Region Blank.png
Today part ofChina

The Tibet Area in Chinese conception includes the Ü-Tsang (central Tibet) and Ngari (western Tibet) areas, but excluding the Amdo and Kham areas. [1] After the annexation of Tibet, the People's Republic of China administered the annexed region under the name "Tibet Area" until 1965. [2] In 1965, the region was reorganised as a province-level Tibet Autonomous Region. [3] [4] The Chamdo territory of the Kham area was merged into the region at that time, but not the Amdo area.


After the 1959 Tibetan rebellion, the State Council of the PRC ordered the replacement of the Tibetan Kashag government with the "Preparatory Committee for the Tibet Autonomous Region" (PCTAR).


In the 18th century, the Qing dynasty established a protectorate over Tibet. After the 1904 Younghusband expedition, China attempted to exert more direct control over Tibet, including incursions and occupation of the Kham region. However, after the 1911 Xinhai Revolution which overthrew the Qing dynasty, Tibet disarmed and expelled all the Chinese officials from the Tibet Area. The newly established Republic of China unilaterally declared Tibet as being part of the "Five Races under One Union". However its policy was not consistent. While its constitution and communications with external powers maintained that Tibet was a "province" of the Republic of China, it recognized that Tibet was not part of China, inviting them to "join" China. The Dalai Lama and the Tibetan administration consistently refused the invitation. They maintained that under the priest–patron relationship that prevailed under the Qing dynasty, Tibet enjoyed wide independence and they wished to preserve it. [5] There was no Chinese control over Tibet throughout the life of Republican China.

The People's Republic of China (PRC), after its establishment, fought and defeated the Tibetans at the 1950 Battle of Chamdo, and took control of Tibet. [6]

Administrative divisions


Division (专区)TibetanSimplified ChineseHanyu PinyinCounty ()
Lhasa Division Office拉萨办事处Lāsà Bànshìchù9 counties
Xigazê Division Office日喀则办事处Rìkāzé Bànshìchù12 counties
Heihe Division Office黑河办事处Hēihé Bànshìchù4 counties
Ngari Division Office阿里办事处Ālǐ Bànshìchù8 counties
Shannan Division Office山南办事处Shānnán Bànshìchù10 counties
Tagong Division Office塔工办事处Tǎgōng Bànshìchù6 counties
Gyangzê Division Office江孜办事处Jiāngzī Bànshìchù6 counties
Qamdo Division Office昌都办事处Chāngdū Bànshìchù18 counties

See also

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  1. Ma, Rong (2011), Population and Society in Contemporary Tibet, Hong Kong University Press, pp. 17–18, ISBN   978-962-209-202-0
  2. Ling, Nai-min (1968), Tibet, 1950-1967, Union Research Institute, p. 743: "In 1951, the Chinese Communists had set up the Work Committee of the CCP for the Tibet Area. It became the supreme power organization in the Tibet area during the revolt."
  3. Tibet, worldpopulationreview.com, 2018: "Tibet is an autonomous region located in the People’s Republic of China. Tibet was established in 1965 and replaced the administrative division known as the Tibet Area."
  4. Geoffrey Migiro, Is Tibet a Country?, worldatlas.com, 14 September 2018:"Tibet is an autonomous region of People’s Republic of China which was established in 1965 to replace an administrative region known as Tibet Area which they inherited from Republic of China."
  5. Yu & Kwan 2020, pp. 86–87.
  6. Yu & Kwan 2020, p. 87.